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Vi 

■ , ■ v:‘,i 


\ 


GENEALOGY 

97A.70E 

NAEIBB 


Robert  A.  Van  Wyck, 


THE 


AUG  7IISS 


Brown  Book 


^ Biographical  Record 
of  Public  Officials  of 
The  City  of  New  York 
for  1898-9  . . . . 


^izNLALOGiCAu  SOCltTY 
OF  THE  CHURCH  OF  JESUS  CHRIST 
OF  LATTSS.I).^V  SAIHTS 

presented  to  3198(1 

C^ZAiL 


DATE  fbliCROFICHEO 

FEB  2 3 2003 


153  2 


BY 


J.  EARL  ARRINGTON 
HOLLIS.  L.  I.,  N.  Y. 


Published  by 


MARTIN  B.  BROWN  COMPANY, 
New  York,  


.899.  ’^'withdrawn 


From  Vns  Family 
History  Library 


Copyright,  1899, 

BY 

-Martin  B.  Brown  Company. 


INTRODUCTION. 


Apart  from  a brief  description  of  the  scope  and  functions  of 
the  Departments  connected  with  the  City  Government,  which  has 
a natural  place  in  a volume  of  this  nature,  this  book  will  not  in 
any  sense  tell  of  what  has  gone  before  in  making  this  municipality 
the  second  greatest  city  in  the  world. 

The  past  is  on  record.  There  is  so  much  to  chronicle  that  is 
important  and  timely  in  the  present  and  future  of  the  Greater 
City  that  repeating  in  another  form  what  has  already  been  pub- 
lished would  be  a useless  work. 

Never  since  the  dawn  of  the  City  of  New  York  have  its  offi- 
cials been  confronted  with  such  grave  problems  and  great  possi- 
bilities. The  reason  of  this  is  obvious. 

To  carry  out  the  provisions  of  the  present  Charter,  which  is 
not  denied  was  framed  by  men  of  high  capacity  and  rare  authority 
on  municipal  affairs,  but  which,  nevertheless,  was  subject  to  much 
study  and  necessitated  many  radical  changes  and  innovations, 
was  a problem  involving  complications  and  difficulties  which  had 
not  been  met  before.  In  spite  of  this,  however,  it  can  safely  be 
said  that  the  first  year  of  the  consolidated  City  Government  under 
the  present  executive  and  administrative  heads  has  been  a dis- 
tinct success. 

To  begin  with,  the  present  City  officials  are  men  of  capacity 
and  ability,  whose  previous  business,  law  and  official  careers  have 
been  such  that  they  were  entitled  to  a trial  of  the  increased 
responsibilities  which  the  duties  of  the  Greater  City  demanded. 

That  they  have  been  true  to  their  trust  is  evideiiL  Tom  the 
’ ■ idorsement  and  approval  the  Administration  has  received  on  all 
ides  and  from  all  factions  for  the  year  which  has  just  passed, 
'he  deportment  of  every  Department  of  the  City  Government  has 


4 


warranted  this  indorsement.  The  work  of  administration  h, 
been  conducted  on  business  principles  with  the  view  of  attainin 
the  highest  efficiency. 

The  changes  in  the  City  Government,  caused  by  the  resigns 
tions  of  Nathan  Straus  and  John  F.  Carroll  and  the  deaths  Ci 
Augustus  W.  Peters,  John  Purcell,  John  Delmar  and  Daniel 
Ryan,  have  lost  to  the  City  a number  of  trained  and  valuable 
officials  whose  places  it  has  not  been  easy  to  fill.  The  above 
named  left  their  public  af¥airs  in  such  shape,  however,  that  it  was 
only  necessary  to  appoint  fit  men  in  touch  with  the  purpose  of 
the  administration  and  familiar  with  the  established  order  of 
things  to  carry  on  the  work  demanded.  This  has  been  done. 

The  public  has  a right  to  know  who  its  officials  are.  The 
officials  in  turn  have  the  same  right  to  be  known  as  they  are. 
In  view  of  the  fact  that  there  has  not  heretofore  been  a publica- 
tion in  permanent  form  which  contained  faithful  biographies  of 
the  officials  of  New  York,  the  publishers  of  The  Brown  Book 
have  issued  this  volume  in  the  hope  that  it  will  fulfill  that  pur- 
pose. 


f 


I 


Contents. 


FRONTISPIECE — Mayor  Robert  A.  Van  Wyck. 

INTRODUCTION 

THE  CITY  OF  NEW  YORK— 

Provisions  of  the  Charter 

MAYOR’S  OFFICE— 

Robert  A.  Van  Wyck,  Alfred  M.  Downes,  Richard  S. 
Farley,  Ross  F.  Keogh,  David  J.  Roche,  George  W. 
Brown,  Jr 

COMMISSIONERS  OF  ACCOUNTS— 

Edward  Owen,  John  C.  Hertle,  John  E.  Ellison 

BOARD  OF  ARMORY  COMMISSIONERS 

' MUNICIPAL  ASSEMBLY— 

j Members  of  the  Council 

! Randolph  Guggenheimer 

j John  T.  Oakley,  P.  J.  Scully,  Nicholas  J.  Hayes 

I Members  of  the  Board  of  Aldermen 

' Thomas  F.  Woods,  William  H.  Gledhill,  Robert 

j Muh,  Michael  F.  Blake 

. PRESIDENTS  OF  THE  BOROUGHS— 
i Augustus  W.  Peters  (Died  Dec.  29th,  1898),  Edward  M. 
Grout,  Louis  F.  Haffen,  George  Cromwell,  Frfderick 
Bowley,  Ira  E.  Rider,  Joseph  P.  Hennessy,  James  W. 
i Stevenson 

DEPARTMENT  OF  FINANCE- 

BIRD  S.  COLER,  Michael  T.  Daly,  Edgar  J.  Levey, 
Edward  Gilon,  David  O'Brien,  David  E.  Austen, 
John  J.  McDonough,  William  McKinny,  Walter  H. 
Holt,  John  J.  Fetherston,  George  Brand,  Frederick 
w.  Bleckwenn,  John  T.  Gouldsbury,  William  F. 
Baker,  Patrick  Keenan,  John  H.  Timmerman 

ijBOARD  OF  PUBLIC  IMPROVEMENTS— 

.•  ^ilurice  F.  Holahan,  John  H.  Mooney 

' Department  of  Highways  : 

7^  jiMES  P.  Keating,  Henry  P.  Morrison,  John  P. 
^ M/Dden,  Thomas  R.  Farreli 

I 


PAGE 

3-4 

9-13 

14-20 

21-27 

28-29 

30 

36t38 

40-42 

33 

43-46 

47-57 

58-77 

78-83 

84-88 


vi  CONTENTS. 

BOARD  OF  PUBLIC  IMPROVEMENTS  {Continued)—  page 

Department  of  Sewers — James  Kane,  Matthew  F.  Dono- 
hue, William  Brennan,  Matthew  J.  Goldner 88-92 

Depart me7it  of  Street  Cleaning — James  McCari'ney,  F.  M. 

Gibson,  Patrick  H.  Quinn 92-9U 

Department  of  Bridges — JOHN  L.  Shea,  Thomas  H.  York  96-98 
Department  of  Public  Buildings  — S.  Kearny, 

Peter  J.  Dooling 98-99 

Department  of  Water  Supply — William  Dalton,  Thomas 
J.  Mulligan,  James  Moffett,  George  W.  Birdsall, 

W.  G.  Byrne,  Joseph  Fitch 100-105 

LAW  DEPARTMENT— 

John  Whalen,  Theodore  Connoly,  Charles  Blandy, 

Almet  F.  Jenks,  William  W.  Ladd,  Jr.,  John  P.  Dunn.  . 106-1 1 1 
DEPARTMENT  OF  CHARITIES— 

John  W.  Keller,  Thomas  S.  Brennan,  A.  Simis,  Jr., 

James  Feeny,  Charles  A.  Aldfn,  Arthur  A.  Quinn, 

J.  McKee  Borden 112-117 

FIRE  DEPARTMENT— 

John  J.  Scannell,  Hugh  Bonner,  James  H.  Tully, 

Augustus  T.  Docharty 118-123 

DEPARTMENT  OF  BUILDINGS— 

Thomas  J.  Brady,  Alfred  J.  Johnson,  Daniel  Campbell  124-12S 
DEPARTMENT  OF  PARKS— 

George  C.  Clausen,  George  V.  Brower,  August  Moebus, 

Willis  Holly,  Clinton  H.  Smith,  Robert  T.  Brown, 

John  DeWolf 129-1 38 

DEPARTMENT  OF  EDUCATION— 

Charles  Bulkley  Hubbell,  Parker  P.  Simmons, 

A.  Emerson  Palmer,  C.  B.  J.  Snyder,  Hubbard  R. 

Yetman,  Franklin  C.  Vitt '39-148 

DEPARTMENT  OF  TAXES  AND  ASSESSMENTS— 

Thomas  L.  Feitner,  Edward  C.  Sheehy,  Arthur  C. 

Sal.mon,  Thomas  j.  Patterson,  William  F.  Grell 149-156 

DEPARTMENT  OF  DOCKS  AND  FERRIES— 

J.  Sergeant  Cram,  Peter  F.  Meyer,  Charles  F.  Murphy, 

William  H.  Burke 157-160 

AQUEDUCT  COMMISSION— 

Maurice  J.  Power,  William  H.  Ten  Eyck,  John  P. 

WiNDOLPH,  Alphonse  Fteley,  Harry  W.  Walker ,-61-166 

DEPARTiMENT  OF  HEALTH— 

Col.  Michael  C.  Murphy,  Gen.  Emmons  Clark,  LV. 

William  T.  Jenkins,  Dr.  John  B.  Cosby 167-17I5  ! 


CONTENTS. 


vii 

DISTRICT  ATTORNEY’S  OFFICE—  page 

Col.  Asa  Bird  Gardiner,  John  F.  McIntyre,  Stephen 
S.  Blake,  James  D.  McClelland,  William  J.  McKenna, 

James  J.  Walsh,  Thomas  F.  Byrne,  Charles  E.  Le 
I Barrier,  Robertson  Honey,  Gerald  Hull  Gray, 

I Robert  Townsend,  John  F.  Cowan,  James  Lindsay  Gor-  , 

I DON,  James  W.  Osborne,  Charles  E.  F.  McCann,  Henry 
W.  Unger,  Forbes  J.  Hennessy,  Valentine  Carleton, 

Moses  Herrman,  Albert  E.  Bryan,  Edward  T.  Flynn, 


John  J.  Connell,  James  J.  Grady,  Daniel  O’Reilly 177-197 

BOARD  OF  CITY  RECORD— 

William  A.  Butler,  Solon  Berrick,  Thomas  C. 
Cowell,  Washington  H.  Hettler 198-202 

DEPARTMENT  OF  CORRECTION— 

Francis  J.  Lantry,  N.  O.  Fanning,  James  J.  Kirwin, 

Arthur  Phillips 203-207 

CHANGE  OF  GRADE  DAMAGE  COMMISSION— 

Gen.  James  M.  Varnu.m,  Daniel  Lord,  William  E. 

Stillings 208-210 

, BUREAU  OF  MUNICIPAL  STATISTICS— 

Dr.  John  T.  Nagle 211-214 

I BOARD  OF  ASSESSORS— 

' Edward  McCue,  Edward  Cahill,  Thomas  A.  Wilson, 

Maj.  Patrick  M.  Haverty,  William  H.  Jasper 215-220 


POLICE  DEPARTMENT— 

Bernard  J.  York,  John  B.  Sexton,  Henry  E.  Abell, 

Jacob  Hess,  Col.  William  H.  Kipp,  William  S.  Devery  221-227 

MUNICIPAL  CIVIL  SERVICE  COMMISSION— 

Charles  H.  Knox,  William  N.  Dykman,  Robert  E. 


Deyo,  Lee  Phillips 228-232 

NEW  EAST  RIVER  BRIDGE  COMMISSION— 

Lewis  Nixon,  Julian  D.  Fairchild,  James  W.  Boyle, 

Smith  E.  Lane,  Thomas  S.  Moore,  John  W.  Weber — 233-240 


EXAMINING  BOARD  OF  PLUMBERS— 

John  Renehan,  Edward  Haley,  James  E.  McGovern.  . 241-244 


PUBLIC  ADMINISTRATOR— 

' William  M.  Hoes.  William  B.  Davenport 245-246 

I COUNTY  CLERKS  OFFICE— 

I William  SoHMER,  George  H.  Fahrbach 247-249 

i SHERIFF’S  OFFICE— 


. Tho.masJ.Dunn,  Henry P.Mulvany,  Patrick  H. Pickett  250-253 
I COMMISSIONER  OF  JURORS— 

Charles  Welde,  H.  W.  Gray 


254-255 


CONTENTS. 


viii 


REGISTER’S  OFFICE—  page 

Isaac  Fromme 256-257 


JUDGES  OF  THE  SUPREME  COURT— 

Abraham  R.  Lawrence,  Charles  H.  Truax,  Charles 
F.  MacLean,  Frederick  Smvth,  Joseph  F.  Daly,  Miles 
Beach,  Roger  A.  Pryor,  Leonard  A.  Geigerich,  Henry 
W.  Bookstaver,  Henry  R.  Beekman,  Henry  A.  Gilder- 


sleeve,  Francis  M.  Scott,  Henry  Bischoff,  Jr.,  John  J. 
Friedman,  William  N.  Cohen,  P.  Henry  Dugro, 

David  McAdam  258-264 

SUPREME  COURT,  APPELLATE  DIVISION— 

Morgan  J.  O’Brien,  George  C.  Barrett,  William  Rum-  ’ 

SEY,  Chester  B.  McLaughlin,  George  L.  Ingraham, 
Charles  H.  Van  Brunt,  Edward  Patterson 264-267 


COURT  OF  GENERAL  SESSIONS— 

Rufus  B.  Cowing,  James  Fitzgerald,  Joseph  E.  New- 
EURGER,  Martin  T.  McMahon,  J.  W.  Goff,  E.  R.  Carroll  268-269 
COURT  OF  SPECIAL  SESSIONS— 

Elizur  B.  Hinsdale,  William  T.  Jerome,  Ephraim  A. 


Jacob,  John  Hayes,  William  C.  Holbrook 270-274 

JUDGES  OF  THE  CITY  COURT— 

John  H.  McCarthy,  Edward  F.  O’Dwyer,  John  P. 

Schuchman,  W.  M.  K.  Olcott,  Thomas  F.  Smith 275-278 

SURROGATES’  COURT— 

John  H.  V.  Arnold,  Frank  T.  Fitzgerald 279-280 

JUDGES  OF  THE  MUNICIPAL  COURT— 


Joseph  H.  Stiner,  Hermann  Bolte,  George  F.  Roesch, 
Wauhope  Lynn,  William  F.  Moore,  James  A.  O’Gorman, 

Henry  M.  Goldfogle,  Daniel  F.  Martin,  J.  B.  McKean  281-286 
CITY  MAGISTRATES— 

Clarence  W.  Meade,  John  O.  Mott,  Joseph  M.  Deuel, 

Robert  C.  Cornell,  Leroy  B.  Crane,  Charlfis  A. 
Flammer,  Henry  A.  Brann,  Willard  H.  Olmstead, 

Thomas  F.  Wentworth,  Herman  C.  Kudlich,  Charles 


E.  Simms,  Joseph  Pool 287-295 

CORONERS— 

Antonio  Zucca,  Jacob  E.  Bausch,  John  Seaver 294-296 

MISCELLANEOUS— 


Mutiicipal  Art  Commission — William  H.  Maxwell,  Hor- 
ace Loomis,  Thomas  J.  Byrne,  Francis  J.  Worcester. 
Charles  V.  Adee,  Edward  J.  Cornell,  P.  J.  Andrev,  s, 

Joseph  P.  Fallon.  Association  City  Hall  Reporters— 

George  C.  Trantor,  William  Hannah 297-306 

PUBLIC-SPIRITED  CITIZENS— 

Richard  Croker,  Nathan  Straus,  John  F.  Carroll  . 307-3U 


THE  CITY  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Provisioxs  of  tfie  Cfiarter. 

The  City  of  New  York  under  the  present  Charter  now'  em-' 
braces  the  territory  comprising  the  former  City  of  New  York, 
on  Manhattan  Island,  the  annexed  territory  in  Westchester 
County,  the  former  City  of  P>rooklyn,  in  Kings  County,  the 
entire  County  of  Richmond,  known  as  Staten  Island,  and  the 
portion  of  Queens  County  included  in  Long  Island  City,  the 
Towns  of  Newtown,  Jamaica  and  Flushing,  and  nearly  one-half 
of  the  Town  of  Hempstead,  L.  I. 

The  above  territory  is  divided  into  five  boroughs,  as  follows  : 
The  Borough  of  IManhattan,  including  Manhattan  Island,  and 
the  adjacent  smaller  islands;  Borough  of  The  Bronx,  comprising 
that  part  of  the  former  City  of  New  York  in  Westchester  County, 
also  north  of  the  Harlem  river  and  Spuyten  Duyvil  Creek  and 
the  islands  adjacent;  Borough  of  Brooklyn,  comprising  the 
whole  of  Kings  County;  Borough  of  Queens,  including  Long 
Island  City,  Newtown.  Jamaica,  Flushing  and  part  of  Hemp- 
stead, L.  L;  Borough  of  Richmond,  which  comprises  the  whole 
of  Staten  Island. 

The  powers  of  government  formerly  administered  by  these 
localities  separately  are  now  merged  into  one,  with  the  IMayor 
and  the  Corporation  of  the  City  as  the  head.  Legislative  power 
is  vested  by  the  Municipal  Assembly,  composed  of  two  houses. 
The  Council  of  t centy-nine  members,  to  hold  office  for  four 
vears,  and  the  Board  of  Aldermen,  of  sixty  members,  to  hold 
office  for  two  years.  The  President  of  the  Council  is  elected  by 
the  entire  citv,  but  the  other  members  are  chosen  from  the  Coun- 
cil Districts  where  they  reside.  There  are  ten  of  these  districts; 
New  York  Citv  contains  five;  Brooklyn,  three;  Richmond,  one, 
and  Queens,  one.  Each  district  in  New  York  City  and  Brooklyn 
is  represented  by  three  Councilmen,  and  there  are  tw^o  members 
from  Richmond  and  two  from  Queens,  making  altogether,  w'ith 
the  President  of  the  Council,  the  requisite  twenty-nine  members. 

Each  member  of  the  Board  of  Aldermen  represents  an 
Assembly  District.  Each  ex-Mayor  is  cx-ofHcio  entitled  to  a seat 


lO 


in  the  Council,  with  a right  to  participate  in  its  discussions;  and 
each  administrative  head  of  a department  to  a seat  in  the  Board 
of  Aldermen,  with  a like  privilege,  but  no  cx-officio  member  is 
entitled  to  vote  in  either  body. 

The  Councilmen  and  Aldermen  make  up  the  Municipal  As- 
sembly, to  which  ' is  granted  large  powers.  It  has  legislative 
anthorit}',  not  only  over  all  the  usual  subjects  of  municipal  juris- 
diction but,  with  a view  of  self  development,  is  included  power 
to  establish  ferries;  to  build  bridges  over  and  tunnels  under  all 
waters  within  its  domain;  to  build  docks  and  improve  the  harbor 
of  the  entire  city;  to  construct  parks,  school-houses  and  public 
buildings;  to  open  streets  and  e.xtend  them;  to  provide  water,  and 
also  the  means  of  securing  cheap  and  rapid  communication 
liy  ferry  and  railroad  from  one  part  of  the  city  to  another.  Every 
act  of  the  Municipal  Assembly  shall,  before  it  takes  effect,  be 
presented,  duly  certified,  to  the  iMayor  for  his  approval.  The 
Mayor  shall  return  such  act  to  the  House  in  which  it  orginated 
within  ten  days  after  receiving  it,  or  at  the  next  meeting  of  the 
house  after  the  expiration  of  said  ten  days,  e.xcept  in  special 
legislation,  in  which  case  the  Mayor  shall  return  said  act  to  the 
house  in  which  it  originated  within  ten  days  after  the  abstract 
of  its  provisions  or  a reference  thereto  shall  have  been  published 
in  the  City  Record,  or  at  the  next  meeting  of  the  house  after  the 
exj^iration  of  said  ten  days.  If  he  approve  it  he  shall  sign  it. 

If  he  disapprove  it  he  shall  specify  his  objections,  in  writing.  If 
it  is  not  returned  with  such  disapproval  within  the  time  specified 
it  shall  take  effect  as  if  he  had  approved  it. 

In  the  granting  of  franchises  the  concurrent  action  of  the 
Board  of  Estimate  and  Apportionment  is  recpiired.  Eranchises 
for  streets,  avenues,  parkways  or  highways  cannot  be  granted 
for  a longer  period  than  twenty-five  years,  subject  to  renewal  on 
new  terms.  The  approval  of  the  Board  of  Estimate  must  be 
secured  Itefore  the  Municipal  Assembly  acts,  and  its  action  must 
be  bv  a three-fourths  vote.  If  the  iMayor  vetoes  such  grant,  a 
five-sixtlis  vote  is  required  to  pass  the  act.  The  prior  approval 
of  the  Board  of  Estimate  is  required  before  any  loan  can  be 
created  or  bond  issued  by  the  ^Municipal  Assembly.  The  Munic- 
ipal Assemblv  is  also  given  power  to  construct,  establish  and 
maintain  additional  water-works  and  to  acquire  property  within 
and  beyond  the  limits  of  the  city  for  this  purpose. 

The  IMunicipal  Assembly  is  authorized  to  consider  the  tax  . 
budget  as  prepared  by  the  Board  of  Estimate,  and  also  has  the 


1 1 

power  to  reduce  the  amounts  fixed,  but  not  to  increase  them. 
J’ower  to  pass  all  necessary  ordinances  is  devolved  upon  the 
Aiunicipal  Assembly,  and  all  ordinances  in  force  at  the  beginning 
of  the  year  remain  in  force  until  repealed  or  amended. 

It  is  the  duty  of  the  members  of  the  ^Municipal  Assembly  to 
see  that  the  laws  and  ordinances  are  faithfully  observed  by  all 
the  departments,  and  they  have  power,  by  joint  resolution,  to 
inquire  at  any  time  into  the  working  of  any  department  and 
whether  the  duties  of  ariy  city  official  are  being  faithfully  per- 
formed. I'he  Municipal  Assembly  also  authorizes  contracts  to 
be  made  by  the  heads  of  departments  for  all  work  or  supplies 
involving  an  expenditure  of  more  than  $1,000,  unless  otherwise 
ordered  by  a three-fourths  vote. 

The  executive  and  administrative  powers  of  the  City  Govern- 
ment arc  vested  in  the  Mayor  and  heads  of  the  Departments. 
With  the  single  exception  of  the  Comptroller,  who  is  elected  at 
the  same  time  and  for  a like  term  as  the  iXIayor,  the  latter  ap- 
points the  heads  of  the  City  Departments.  The  following  are 
the  Departments  of  the  City; 

Executive  Department — Mayor’s  Office. 

IMunicipal  Assembly — The  Council  and  Board  of  Aldermen, 

Department  of  Finance. 

City  Chamberlain. 

Law  Department — Corporation  Counsel. 

Police  Department. 

Board  of  Public  Improvements,  in  which  are  represented  the 
Department  of  Water  Supply,  Department  of  High- 
ways, Department  of  Street  Cleaning,  Department  of 
Sewers,  Department  of  Public  Buildings,  Lighting  and 
Supplies,  and  the  Department  of  Bridges. 

Department  of  Puldic  Charities. 

Department  of  Correction. 

Fire  Department. 

Department  of  Parks. 

Department  of  Docks  and  Ferries. 

Department  of  Taxes  and  Assessments. 

Department  of  Education. 

Department  of  Health. 

Department  of  Buildings. 

Tn  addition  to  the  above  there  are  many  important  city  com- 
missions. bureaus  and  offices  the  functions  of  which  are  entirely 


12 


separate  and  distinct  from  any  of  the  preceding  departments, 
d'lie  following  is  the  list  of  commissions  and  bureaus: 

Aqueduct  Commissioners. 

Commissioners  of  Accounts. 

Board  of  Armory  Commissioners. 

^Municipal  Civil  Service  Commission. 

Bureau  of  IMunicipal  Statistics. 

Board  of  Estimate  and  Apportionment. 

Board  of  Assessors. 

Commissioners  of  the  Sinking  Fund. 

Bureau  of  the  City  Record. 

East  River  Bridge  Commission. 

Change  of  Grade  Damage  Commission  (Twenty-third  and 
Twenty-fourth  Wards). 

Examining  Board  of  Plumbers. 

Art  Commission. 

Rapid  Transit  Commission. 

Inspectors  and  Sealers  of  Weights  and  Measures. 

The  governments  of  the  counties  included  in  the  Boroughs  of 
Manhattan,  Brooklyn,  Richmond  and  Queens  are  as  follows  : 

County  Clerk. 

District  Attorney. 

Commissioner  of  Jurors. 

Special  Commissioner  of  Jurors. 

Register. 

Sheriff. 

Coroner. 

Public  Administrator,  and  the 

Surrogate. 

The  following  is  the  list  of  courts,  city,  county  and  State, 
located  in  the  Greater  New  York:  Surrogates’  Court;  Supreme 
Court;  Court  of  General  Sessions:  Appellate  Division,  Supreme 
Court;  Criminal  Division,  Supreme  Court;  City  Court;  Court  of 
Special  Sessions;  IMunicipal  Courts,  and  City  Magistrates’ 
Courts. 

In  addition  to  the  above  each  of  the  boroughs  has  a President 
elected  by  the  people  at  large.  The  functions  of  these  offices  are 
primarily  for  the  purposes  of  local  improvements  in  every  section 
of  the  city.  The  President,  by  virtue  of  his  office,  is  the  presid- 


13 

ing  officer  of  a local  board  for  each  Senate  District  in  his  bor- 
ough, composed  of  each  member  of  the  Municipal  Assembly 
who  is  a resident  of  such  local  improvement  district  by  virtue 
’ of  his  office  and  during  his  term  as  such  member.  Removal 
! from  the  district  shall  vacate  their  offices  as  members  of  said 
I local  board.  The  members  of  a local  board  shall  serve  as  such 

members  without  compensation. 

The  City,  as  it  inherits  all  the  powers,  franchises,  rights  and 
properties  of  the  consolidated  corporations,  assumes  all  the  valid 
debts  of  every  locality.  This  provides  for  a uniform  rate  of  taxa- 
tion throughout  the  entire  City  " e.xcept  that  all  assessments  for 
benefits  heretofore  laid  or  provided  to  be  laid  for  the  payment  of 
any  portion  of  such  debts  or  to  reimburse  any  of  the  said  munici- 
pal and  public  corporations  which  created  such  debt  in  respect 
thereof,  shall  be  preserved  and  enforced.” 

The  key-note  of  the  system  provided  by  the  new  Charter  for 
the  administrative  department  of  the  City  is  based  upon  the  fact 
i that  wdien  the  w'ork  is  principally  discretionary  a Board  has  been 

! created  to  investigate  and  carry  out  the  work.  Where  the  work 

i is  largely  executive  a single  Commissioner  has  been  provided. 

J Included  in  the  former  is  the  Police  Department,  with  which  are 

' also  combined  the  duties  of  Election  Commissioners.  In  this 

Department  a bi-partisan  board  of  four  is  provided  for,  composed 
of  equal  representation  from  the  two  leading  parties.  .-\,s  an  ex- 
j ample  of  a single-headed  Commission  may  be  cited  the  Fire 
j Department  and  the  Department  of  Correction,  both  of  wdiich 
Departments  are  principally  executive,  as  stated  above. 


THE  MAYOR. 


The  executive  power  of  the  City  of  New  York  is  vested  in 
the  Mayor  and  the  officers  of  the  Departments.  The  Mayor  is 
tlie  chief  executive  officer  of  the  City  and  will  hold  his  office  for 
the  term  of  four  years,  commencing  at  noon  on  the  first  day  of 
January  after  his  election.  He  is  ineligible  for  the  next  term  after 
the  termination  of  his  office.  The  salary  of  the  office  is  $15,000 
a year.  The  Mayor  appoints  the  heads  of  all  departments  except 
that  of  the  Finance  Department. 

Section  95  of  The  Charter. — At  any  time  within  six  months 
after  the  commencement  of  his  term  of  ofi'ice  the  mayor,  elected 
for  a full  term,  may,  whenever  in  his  judgment  the  public  interests 
shall  so  require,  remove  from  office  any  public  officer  holding 
office  by  appointment  from  the  mayor,  except  members  of  the 
board  of  education  and  school  boards,  and  except  also  judicial 
officers,  for  whose  removal  other  provision  is  made  by  the  con- 
stitution. After  the  e.xpiration  of  said  period  of  six  months  any 
such  public  officer  may  be  removed  by  the  mayor  for  cause  upon 
charges  preferred  and  after  opportunity  to  be  heard,  subject, 
however,  before  such  removal  shall  take  effect  to  the  approval 
of  the  governor  expressed  in  writing. 

Section  1 15  of  I'he  Charter. — It  shall  be  the  duty  of  the  mayor: 

1.  To  communicate  to  the  municipal  assembly,  at  least  once 
in  each  year,  a general  statement  of  the  finances,  government, 
and  improvements  of  the  city. 

2.  To  recommend  to  the  municipal  assembly  all  such  meas- 
ures as  he  shall  deem  expedient. 

3.  To  keep  himself  informed  of  the  doings  of  the  several  de- 
partments. 

4.  To  be  vigilant  and  active  in  causing  the  ordinances  of  the 
city,  and  laws  of  the  state  to  be  executed  and  enforced,  and  for 
that  purpose  he  may  call  together  for  consultation  and  co-opera- 
tion any  or  all  of  the  heads  of  departments. 

5.  And  generally  to  perform  all  such  duties  as  may  be  pre- 
scribed for  him  by  this  act,  the  city  ordinances  and  the  laws  of 
the  state. 

Section  122  of  The  Charter. — The  mayor  may  be  removed 
from  office  by  the  governor  in  the  same  manner  as  sheriffs,  ex- 
cept that  the  governor  may  direct  the  inquiry  provided  by  law  to 
be  conducted  by  the  attorney-general;  and  after  the  charges  have 


15 


been  received  by  the  governor  he  may,  pending  the  investigation, 
suspend  the  mayor  for  a period  not  exceeding  thirty  days. 

The  Mayor  also  appoints  such  clerks  and  subordinates  as  he 
may  require  to  aid  him  in  the  discharge  of  his  official  duties. 
Every  three  months  he  must  report  to  the  Municipal  Assembly 
the  expenses  and  receipts  of  his  office.  He  has  the  power  to  veto 
all  ordinances  and  resolutions  of  the  Municipal  Assembly,  but  if 
he  does  not  disapprove  they  become  laws  after  a lapse  of  ten  days. 
An  ordinance  or  resolution  can  be  passed  over  the  Mayor’s  veto 
by  a two-thirds  vote  of  all  the  members  of  the  Municipal  Assem- 
bly, except  when  such  ordinance  or  resolution  involves  an  ex- 
penditure of  money,  the  creation  of  a debt,  or  the  laying  of  an 
assessment,  or  the  grant  of  a franchise,  a five-sixths  vote  is 
required. 

All  warrants  drawn  by  the  Comptroller  upon  the  Chamberlain 
for  payments  on  behalf  of  the  Corporation  must  be  countersigned 
by  the  Mayor.  He  must  also  sign  all  bonds  together  with  the 
Comptroller.  In  the  absence  of  the  Mayor,  or  in  case  of  sick- 
ness, the  President  of  the  Council,  is  the  Acting  Mayor. 


ROBERT  A.  VAN  WYCK. 

Robert  A.  \'an  Wyck,  the  first  Mayor  of  New  York — under 
the  consolidation  act  known  as  Charter  of  th.e  City  of  New  York 
— is  a man  of  whose  mental  make-up  there  can  be  but  little 
speculation.  Students  of  human  nature  will  not  have  to  puzzle 
long  over  his  character,  for  every  line — by  which  a man  is 
judged  above  his  shoulders — in  him  shows  courage,  capacity  and 
ability — qualities  inherited  and  developed — inherited  from  the 
fine  old  Dutch  stock  from  which  he  comes — developed  in  a 
splendid  judicial  career  which  fits  him  well  for  the  high  position 
he  now  fills. 

Mr.  Van  WTxk  was  born  in  the  old  Van  Wyck  mansion  on 
Lexington  avenue  in  the  year  1850.  His  father.  William  Van 
Wyck,  was  a well-known  New  York  lawyer  and  a descendant  of 
Cornelius  Barents  ^^an  Wyck. 

At  twelve  years  of  age  young  \’'an  Wyck  left  school  and  five 
years  later  studied  law.  At  twenty-two  he  was  graduated  from 
Columbia  Law  School  at  the  head  of  a class  of  124.  His  first 
affiliation  with  a political  organization  was  with  Tammany  Hall, 
and  from  the  moment  of  his  connection  with  it  he  was  energetic, 
loval  and  intensely  interested  in  every  movement  to  win  for  it 


j6 


power  and  prestige.  In  1879,  with  a number  of  others,  he  with- 
drew from  the  organization  on  a question  of  policy,  and  during 
all  his  subsequent  career  he  was  a bold,  open  tighter,  and  in  his 
public  speeches  always  refrained  from  indulging  in  abuse  or  per- 
sonalities of  any  kind.  In  1889  he  returned  to  the  organization 
of  his  first  love  and  has  been  ever  since  one  of  its  most  inde- 
fatigable workers  and  wisest  counsellors.  In  the  above  vear 
he  was  elected  Judge  of  the  City  Court,  which  position  he  re- 
signed to  become  first  Mayor  of  Greater  New  York! 

Such  are  the  brief,  bare  facts  connected  with  the  career  of 
iMayor  Van  Wyck,  and  although  enough  has  been  told  which 
throws  a strong  side-light  on  his  character,  a more  intimate 
glance  at  the  man  from  the  human  standpoint  will  give  a better 
estimate  of  him  than  any  cut  and  dried  chronicle  could  possibly 
do. 

His  record  so  far,  as  Chief  Magistrate  of  the  city,  has  won 
praise  from  his  friends  and  silenced  his  enemies.  In  the  dis- 
charge of  his  duties  friendship  or  political  association  does  not 
relieve  any  subordinate  from  a strict  adherence  to  all  laws  and 
ordinances.  If  the  head  of  a department  does  not  devote  his 
time  to  the  business  of  the  office,  the  Mayor  does  not  hesitate 
to  reprimand  or  discharge  the  offender,  no  matter  how  intimate 
they  may  be  in  their  personal  relations  or  how  strongly  fortified 
the  defendant  may  be  by  political  influence. 

A man  who  knows  men  wisely  and  iMayor  Van  Wyck 
well  enough  tc  judge,  has  summed  him  up  as  a man  to  whom 
material  success  means  nothing  unless  deserved.  Absolutely 
independent  when  he  feels  that  he  is  in  the  right  and  hard  to 
swerve  when  his  ideas  are  once  fixed,  but  willing  to  listen  at  all 
times  to  the  other  side  and  to  yield  if  proven  to  be  wrong.  A 
man  who  does  not  “ wear  his  heart  upon  his  sleeve,”  but  never- 
theless of  a sympathetic  nature,  devoid  of  emotionalism.  In- 
tuitive, but  rarely  acting  upon  his  intuitions,  unless  verified  by 
reason,  his  career  as  the  chief  executive  of  the  city  up  to  the 
present  writing  gives  us  every  assurance  that  the  part  he  will 
plav  in  the  administration  of  the  city’s  affairs  for  the  next  four 
years  will  be  a wise,  conservative  and  consistent  one. 


Richard  S.  Farley, 

Chief  Clerk,  Mayor's  Office. 
David  J.  Roche, 

Chief,  Bureau  of  Licenses. 


Ross  F.  Keogh, 

Bond  and  Warrant  Clerk,  Mayor's  Office. 
George  W.  Brown,  Jr., 

Deputy  Chief , Bureau  o/  Licenses, 


i8 


T 


Private  Secretary 
to 

Mayor  Van  Wyck. 


Alfred  M.  Downes  was  born  in  New^  Haven,  Conn.,  about 
thirty-five  years  ago.  He  graduated  from  Yale  Law-  .School  and 
was  admitted  to  the  bar.  About  ten  years  ago  he  came  to  New- 
York  and  engaged  in  newspaper  work.  For  more  than  nine 
years  he  was  one  of  the  bright  political  writers  on  the  New'  York 
Times.  Lately  he  was  political  editor  of  the  Morning  Telegraph. 
When  Mayor  Van  V'yck  was  looking  around  for  a trusty,  wide- 
awake man  for  secretar}-  he  selected  Mr.  Dowmes.  Few'  young 
men  in  politics  have  been  so  successful,  few'  are  so  popular,  few 
have  so  many  friends.  This  is  easily  accounted  for  in  his  case 
for  he  possesses  not  only  tact  and  patience,  but  is  a good  judge 
of  human  nature  as  well.  All  men  are  the  same  to  Mr.  Dow'nes 
w'hen  they  have  business  w'ith  the  Mayor.  Apart  from  his  official 
duties  there  are  few  pleasanter  people  to  meet. 

Success  has  not  turned  his  head  and  he  is  still  a reporter  in 
spirit — one  of  the  kind  who  takes  an  interest  in  w'hat  his  fellow' 
men  are  doing  and  who  has  a good  word  for  all  w'ho  w'alk  his 
way. 

RICHARD  S.  FARLEY. 

Rtch.vrd  S.  Farley,  Chief  Clerk  of  the  Mayor’s  office,  w'as 
born  in  this  city  in  the  year  1868.  He  received  his  early  educa- 
tion in  the  public  schools  and  at  St.  Francis  Xavier’s  College. 

After  his  graduation  from  the  latter  institution,  Mr.  Farley 
entered  Columbia  College,  where  he  finished  his  tuition  in  the 
Post-Graduate  and  Law  Departments,  and  w'as  finally  admitted 
to  the  Bar  in  1890. 

After  the  latter  event,  Mr.  Farley  began  the  practice  of  law' 
as  a member  of  the  firm  of  Farley,  Lydon  & Carroll,  but  sub- 
sequently withdrew  to  become  a member  of  the  firm  of  Delany, 


19 


Murphy  & Farley,  at  No.  27  William  street,  with  which  firm  he 
continued  up  to  the  time  of  his  appointment  by  iSIayor  \'an  Wyck 
as  Chief  Clerk. 

Mr.  Farley  is  a member  of  the  family  of  that  name  which  is 
well  known  all  over  the  upper  West  side  of  the  Borough  of  INIan- 
hattan,  through  the  reputation  acquired  by  his  father,  the  late 
Terence  Farley,  who  was  an  extensive  builder  and  developer  of 
\\Tst  Side  property. 

Mr.  Farley  is  well  known  in  social  and  literary  circles,  and  for 
the  last  two  years  has  been  the  Supreme  Knight  for  the  State  of 
New  York  of  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  in  which  organization 
he  has  achieved  considerable  renown  because  of  his  qualities  as 
a finished  orator.  He  is  a member  of  many  clubs,  among  them 
being  the  Democratic  and  University  Athletic. 

ROSS  F.  KEOGH. 

Ross  F.  Keogh,  the  Bond  and  Warrant  Clerk  of  }^Iavor  \"an 
Wyck,  was  born  in  this  city  on  October  27,  1866.  He  received 
his  early  education  in  the  parochial  and  public  schools  of  the  city, 
and  finished  his  studies  at  the  Brick  Church  High  School,  Lack- 
awanna, Pa.  Subsequently  Mr.  Keogh  took  up  the  study  of  law, 
but  he  soon  abandoned  this  to  enter  commercial  life.  He  was  for 
many  years  assistant  buyer  in  the  eastern  office  of  the  Hunting- 
ton-Hopkins  Company,  the  pioneer  hardware  house  of  the  Pacific 
Coast,  of  which  Collis  P.  Huntington,  the  railway  magnate,  was 
the  head.  When  the  house  dissolved  some  years  ago  because  of 
the  desire  of  jMr.  Huntington  and  his  partners  to  devote  their 
time  to  their  railway  and  other  enterprises,  Mr.  Keogh  began 
his  newspaper  career,  and  was  on  the  reportorial  staff  of  several 
of  the  leading  city  dailies. 

About  four  years  ago  Mr.  Keogh  joined  the  staff  of  the  local 
office  of  the  Associated  Press,  and  soon  after  was  assigned  to 
act  as  its  representative  at  the  State  Courts  in  the  City  Hall  and 
County  Court-house. 

While  there  he  became  more  closely  identified  with  the  Tam- 
many Hall  Organization,  and,  in  the  campaign  of  1896  he  man- 
aged the  canvass  of  its  candidate  in  the  Thirty-first  Assembly 
District.  Since  then  he  has  resided  in  the  Twenty-third  Assembly 
District,  where  he  has  been  prominently  identified  with  the  dis- 
trict organization. 

Mr.  Keogh  was  one  of  Mayor  Van  Wyck’s  special  appoint- 
ments. During  his  career  as  a reporter  he  and  the  IMayor,  then 


20 


Judge  Van  W'yck,  often  met.  Mr.  Keogh’s  accuracy  in  report- 
ing court  news,  coupled  with  his  courtesy  and  tact,  were  not  for- 
gotten by  the  incoming  Mayor,  who,  having  a personal  knowl- 
edge of  Mr.  Keogh’s  past  work,  gave  him  the  position  he  now 
fills,  to  which  his  abilities  entitle  him. 

DAVID  J.  ROCHE. 

David,  J.  Roche,  Chief  of  the  Bureau  of  Licenses,  was  bom 
in  New  York  City  on  February  13,  1861.  He  received  his  early 
education  at  Public  School  No.  iS  and  High  School  No.  35. 
After  graduating  he  devoted  four  years  to  the  trade  of  horse- 
shoeing, in  his  father’s  shop  that  had  been  established  since  1865. 
While  thus  employed  he  was  elected  to  the  Board  of  Aldermen 
in  1889,  1890  and  1891,  and  each  year  was  returned  with  in- 
creased majority,  showing  his  popularity  conclusively. 

He  is  a staunch  Tammany  Democrat,  member  of  the  Demo- 
cratic Club,  Treasurer  of  the  IMohegan  Club,  and  is  also  a mem- 
ber of  several  other  social  and  benevolent  organizations. 

Jn  addition  to  the  above  organizations  Mr.  Roche  has  been 
very  active  in  advancing  the  interest  of  his  craft.  He  has  been 
President  of  Local  Association  of  Horseshoers  for  two  years, 
and  by  his  exertions  he  has  succeeded  in  securing  favorable 
legislative  enactments  for  the  benefit  of  the  association. 

His  efforts  in  the  above  cause  were  so  well  directed  and 
successful  that  during  the  last  election  he  was  given  much  im- 
portant work  to  do  in  connection  with  the  campaign.  Here 
again  he  was  equally  successful  and  demonstrated  thoroughly 
that  he  was  in  every  way  capable  of  filling  his  present  position. 

GEORGE  W.  BROWN,  Jr. 

George  W.  Brown,  Jr.,  Deputy  Chief  of  the  Bureau  of 
Licenses,  was  born  and  brought  up  in  the  City  of  New  York. 
He  was  graduated  from  Princeton  in  the  famous  “ Class  of  ’77,” 
afterward  from  the  Law  School  of  Columbia,  under  Professor 
Dwight,  and  then  admitted  to  the  Bar  here  in  1880.  Three 
years  later  he  received  his  appointment  from  Mayor  Edson,  and 
has  been  retained  in  office  successively  by  Mayors  Grace,  Hewitt, 
Grant,  Gilroy,  Strong  and  Van  Wyck.  He  is  an  active  member 
of  the  Bar  Association,  Democratic  Club,  Tammany  Hall,  and 
other  organizations.  He  is  also  a prominent  Freemason,  having 
held  high  offices  with  honor  to  himself  and  credit  to  the  craft. 


THE  COMMISSIONERS  OF  ACCOUNTS. 


The  Commissioners  of  Accounts,  in  addition  to  being  the 
INIayor’s  confidential  officers  and  accountants,  make  special 
inspections  for  the  Mayor,  during  the  progress  of  the  work,  of 
contracts  of  every  description  awarded  by  the  different  depart- 
ments of  the  City,  and  they  report  directly  to  him  any  violation 
of  the  specifications. 

In  gross  cases  of  violations,  where  the  same  are  not  remedied, 
they  at  once  notify  the  Comptroller  to  withhold  payment  until 
the  specifications  are  complied  with,  and  the  Commissioners  of 
Accounts  stand  ready  to  defend  their  action  in  court.  In  every 
case  where  litigation  has  followed  they  have  been  sustained  in  the 
courts  as  far  as  the  Court  of  Appeals. 

For  the  purpose  of  making  these  inspections  they  have  a 
complete  chemical  and  physical  laboratory,  in  charge  of  an 
expert  chemist,  who  has  been  engaged  by  the  present  Commis- 
sioners. 

This  chemist’s  duty  will  be  to  determine  the  quantitative  and 
qualitative  analysis  of  asphalts,  cements,  stone,  sand,  and  all 
other  materials  used  in  the  construction  of  roads,  pavements  and 
other  public  improvements.  ' 

The  above  laboratory  is  under  the  supervision  of  a Chief 
Engineer,  who  has  also  under  him  a staff  of  engineers,  draftsmen 
and  surveyors,  and,  in  addition,  he  has  a staff  of  inspectors,  who 
are  constantly  engaged  in  making  examinations  of  contract  work 
in  course  of  construction  in  the  different  boroughs.  These 
inspectors  make  daily  reports  to  the  Chief  Engineer,  who  in  turn 
reports  to  the  Commissioners  of  Accounts,  any  well-founded 
causes  of  complaint. 

There  are  employed  throughout  the  year  examiners  whose 
sole  duty  is  to  examine  the  receipts  and  expenditures  of  the 
Einance  Department  of  the  City,  which  includes  the  Chamber- 
lain’s and  Comptroller’s  offices,  and  the  Commissioners  of  Ac- 
counts make  a quarterly  and  annual  report  to  the  Mayor  and 
Common  Council  containing  a detailed  and  classified  statement 
of  the  financial  condition  of  the  city  as  shown  by  such  examina- 
tion, as  required  by  the  Charter. 


22 


Every  voucher  and  cancelled  warrant  for  which  any  payment 
has  been  made  by  the  City  of  New  York,  including  all  the  bor- 
oughs, is  thoroughly  examined  by  this  office  as  to  clerical  cor- 
rectness, but  the  legality  of  the  expenditure  and  the  correctness 
of  the  prices  paid  are  made  the  objects  of  special  examinations  of 
the  respective  departments. 

The  Commissioners  of  Accounts  have  the  power  to  subpoena 
any  City  Officer  or  any  citizen  who  has  business  relations  with 
the  City  Government,  and  can  examine  his  books  and  accounts, 
if  necessary. 

While  the  Comptroller  has  the  general  supervision  of  the 
manner  of  keeping  the  books  of  the  different  departments,  still, 
the  Commissioners  of  Accounts  can  criticise  and  recommend 
such  improvements  as  they,  in  the  course  of  their  examination^, 
find  necessary,  and  in  some  of  the  departments  the  law  specifies 
that  the  books  shall  be  kept  in  the  form  approved  by  the  Com- 
missioners of  Accounts. 

The  present  Commissioners,  John  C.  Hertle  and  Edward 
Owen,  have  been  extremely  active,  and  besides  reporting  to  the 
Mayor  innumerable  numbers  of  violations  of  specifications  bv 
contractors,  have,  among  many  others,  made  examinations  and 
reported  on  the  following  subjects  ; 

The  revision  of  the  final  estimates  for  the  Board  of  Estimate 
and  Apportionment:  a statement  of  all  bonds  authorized  and 
unissued  from  1882  up  to  the  present  time,  and  also  showing  the 
unexpended  balances  of  the  several  accounts  for  which  the  monev 
realized  from  these  bonds  was  used;  a detailed  examination  and 
report  of  the  expenditures  of  the  East  River  Bridge;  a complete 
report  of  the  expenditures  of  the  Rapid  Transit  Commission; 
an  examination  made  by  them  of  the  New  York  Society  for  the 
Relief  of  the  Ruptured  and  Crippled,  in  which  they  showed  that 
this  institution  was  overpaid  by  the  Comptroller’s  Office  many 
thousand  dollars;  the  manner  of  receipting  for  forage  and  coal 
delivered  to  the  Fire  Department;  an  examination  and  recom- 
mendation of  improvements  in  selling  ferry  tickets  and  keeping 
accounts  of  the  Clerk  in  charge  of  those  matters  for  the  Depart- 
ment of  Charities;  an  examination  of  the  Health  Board  for  the 
sale  of  laboratory  products,  such  as  diphtheria  anti-toxins  and 
vaccine  virus;  the  accounts  of  the  Penitentiary,  which  show'cd 
that  $30,052.87  had  not  been  collected  from  the  State  for  main- 
tenance of  felons  committed  for  terms  of  less  than  a year,  since 
1875;  the  accounts  and  records  of  the  several  Clerks  of  the 


23 


^Magistrates’  Courts,  showing  a deficit  of  $131  ; a report  to  the 
jMayor  recommending  a system  of  keeping  books  for  the  City 
Record,  a statement  showing  the  unexpended  balance  of  tlic 
School-house  Fund  Account  of  the  Department  of  Education ; 
the  records  of  the  several  Clerks  of  the  Magistrates’  Courts  and 
the  Wardens  of  the  respective  prisons  attached  thereto,  showing 
a deficit  of  $1,263.50;  Clerk  and  Warden’s  Account  of  Special 
.Sessions;  the  accounts  of  the  Clerk  of  the  Court  of  General  Ses- 
sions; an  examination  of  the  Mission  of  the  Immaculate  Virgin, 
showing  the  net  amount  of  over-payment  by  the  Comptroller  to 
this  Mission  of  $16,292.85;  the  accounts  of  the  Clerk  of  the  City 
Court  from  January  26,  1892,  to  March  31,  1898;  an  examination 
of  the  thirteen  Civil  District  Courts  for  the  year  1897;  an  exam- 
ination of  the  Bureau  of  Licenses  from  January  i,  1895,  to  April 
30,  1898;  the  failure  of  the  Magistrates  of  the  City  of  New  York 
for  the  past  twenty-two  years  to  commit  vagrants  as  tramps, 
thereby  depriving  the  City  of  the  opportunity  to  charge  the  State 
for  the  support  of  tramps,  as  a result  of  wdiich  this  failure  has 
been  remedied.  The  Commissioners  of  Accounts  furnish  the 
forms  and  check  the  monthly  trial  balances  rendered  by  the  dif- 
ferent departments  to  the  Mayor. 

It  will  thus  be  seen  that  the  Commissioners  of  Accounts  have 
large  powers,  great  authority  and  much  discretion  for  the  pur- 
pose of  carrying  on  their  work.  Of  course  they  could  abuse 
their  privileges  and  neglect  their  duties,  but  the  history  of  the 
office  is  a clean  one. 


EDWARD  OWEN, 

COMMISSIONER  OF  ACCOUNTS. 

Edward  Owen,  Commissioner  of  Accounts,  was  born  in 
Cincinnati,  O.  He  attended  the  public  schools  of  that  city,  fin- 
ishing his  education  in  Ken}  on  College,  Gambler,  Ohio. 

Mr.  Owen’s  business  career  began  in  New  Orleans,  where, 
before  he  reached  his  majority,  he  was  filling  an  important  posi- 
tion in  the  office  of  a cotton  house  in  that  city,  later  becoming  a 
partner  in  the  concern. 

When  the  Civil  War  broke  out  Mr.  Owen  was  one  of  the 
early  Volunteers,  and  distinguished  himself  on  more  than  one 
occasion  for  bravery  and  service.  As  a member  of  the  famous 
Battalion  of  Washington  Artillery  of  New'  Orleans,  he  was  pro- 
moted from  private  to  Orderly  Sergeant,  and  at  the  first  battle 


24 


of  Bull  Run  was  further  promoted  to  a first  lieutenancy  of  the 
First  Company. 

Mr.  Owen  was  severely  wounded  twice,  but  nevertheless 
“ stuck  it  out,”  remaining  in  the  war  until  the  surrender  of 
Appomattox,  when  he  returned  to  Louisiana  and  resumed  his 
former  business,  in  partnership  with  General  James  Longstreet. 
During  the  “ carpet  bag  ” reign  in  New  Orleans,  Mr.  Owen 
removed  to  New  York  and  became  a member  of  the  Cotton  Ex- 
change. In  1885  he  was  appointed  to  a clerkship  in  the  office 
of  Commissioner  of  Accounts,  and  shortly  after  was  advanced 
to  Chief  Clerk  of  the  office. 

In  1893,  Mayor  Gilroy  made  him  Commissioner  of  Accounts, 
and  during  his  administration  he  conducted  the  affairs  of  the 
office  on  such  a strict  business  basis,  combined  with  a fine 
system  of  detail,  that  it  was  often  referred  to  by  business  men  as 
one  of  the  model  city  departments. 

When  Mayor  Strong  assumed  office  he  received  so  many 
letters  from  prominent  citizens  concerning  Mr.  Owen’s  capabil- 
ities that,  although  the  policy  of  his  administration  would  not 
admit  of  a re-appointment,  they  requested  him  to  remain  as 
Chief  Clerk.  When  Mayor  Van  Wyck  made  his  appointments 
he  knew  the  City  would  be  in  safe  hands  with  Air.  Owen  again 
as  Commissioner  of  Accounts. 

Apart  from  business  Mr.  Owen  is  a quiet  gentleman,  with  a 
flavor  of  Southern  chivalry  in  his  bearing  and  manner  that  makes 
him  esteemed  and  respected  by  all  who  know  him.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  the  Southern  Society, 
Lieutenant  Commander  and  Paymaster  of  the  Confederate  Vet- 
eran Camp  of  New  York.  In  both  of  these  associations,  as 
well  as  with  the  general  public,  he  stands  high  as  a man,  a citi- 
zen and  a public  official. 


^john.c.hertle 


JOHN.E. 


JOHN  C.  HERTLE, 


COM.MISSIOXER  OF  ACCOUNTS. 

John  C.  Hertle  was  born  in  New  York  City,  of  German 
parents. 

After  leaving  school  he  entered  one  of  the  best  business  col- 
leges at  that  time  to  accpiire  a thorough  commercial  education, 
which  he  mastered  so  rapidly  that  his  fellow-students  came  to 
him  for  assistance,  which  attracted  the  attention  of  the  president 
of  the  college,  who  offered  him  a position  as  teacher,  during 
which  time  he  labored  studiously,  acquiring  the  higher  branches 
and  finally  was  induced  to  accept  the  position  of  principal,  which 
he  held  for  five  years,  when  he  accepted  the  position  of  account- 
ant for  a manufacturing  corporation. 

This  position  he  held  until  he  started  a manufacturing  bus- 
iness for  himself  and  succeeded  in  establishing  a prosperous 
business,  employing  over  250  hands,  which  he  was  compelled  to 
sell,  owing  to  ill  health. 

Regaining  his  health  he  accepted  the  position  of  accountant 
for  a large  silk  manufacturing  company,  having  their  salesroom 
in  New'  York  City. 

He  managed  the  affairs  of  the  counting-room  so  well  that  he 
was  finally  made  superintendent  and  confidential  man,  which 
position  he  held  for  ten  years,  when  Mayor  Van  Wyck  selected 
him  as  a Commissioner  of  Accounts. 

In  politics  he  has  always  voted  the  Democratic  ticket  and  for 
several  years  has  been  and  is  now  a member  of  the  Democratic 
Club,  and  Society  of  Tammany  or  Columbian  Order. 

Mr.  Hertle  has  a way  of  grasping  a large  subject  directly  and 
quickly,  and  this,  added  to  his  long  experience  as  an  expert  ac- 
countant, peculiarly  qualifies  him  for  the  important  position  he 
now'  fills. 


JOHN  E.  ELLISON, 

CHIEF  CLERK,  COMMISSIONERS  OF  ACCOUNTS. 

John  PI.  Ellison  was  born  in  New'  York  City,  of  American 
parents,  whose  ancestors  were  Scotch-Irish. 

His  father,  Samuel  Ellison,  having  died  before  the  subject  of 
this  sketch  had  attained  the  age  of  eleven  years,  he  being  the 
eldest  of  a family  of  five  children,  was  obliged  to  leave  school  and 
become  a breadwinner  for  the  family. 


He  advanced  rapidly  in  tlie  public  schools  of  this  city,  being 
near  the  first  class  in  old  Eighty-seventh  Street  School,  of  which 
Dr.  John  W.  Boyce  was  the  principal. 

He  at  once  commenced  the  serious  duties  of  life  and  entered 
the  law  office  of  one  of  the  old  school  practitioners  of  the  city,  a 
descendant,  by  the  way,  of  one  of  the  original  committee  of  one 
hundred  which  was  formed  in  revolutionary  times  for  the  pro- 
tection of  the  lives  and  property  of  the  city. 

While  in  the  above  employ  Mr.  Ellison  developed  a taste  for 
good  literature,  and  embraced  every  opportunity  to  improve  his 
mind.  His  employers  took  a deep  interest  in  his  welfare,  plac- 
ing many  advantages  in  his  way  of  acquiring  an  education.  In 
this  connection  he  gained  a knowledge  of  Latin  and  history  that 
youths  in  his  position  do  not  usually  possess  when  away  from 
school-house  precincts. 

He  entered  Columbia  College  Law  School,  and,  devoting  his 
spare  time  and  evenings  to  the  study  of  law,  succeeded  in  gradu- 
ating in  the  class  of  1878,  having  acquired  a good  and  substantial 
knowledge  of  the  law,  both  theoretically  and  practically. 

’ He  has  been  engaged  in  many  important  cases,  involving 
I complicated  questions  in  real  estate  law  and  the  law  of  trusts. 

I In  politics  he  has  always  voted  the  Democratic  ticket,  and  is 
, now  the  President  of  the  Manhasset  Club,  a large  and  flourishing 
* club,  the  representative  Tammany  organization  of  the  Annexed 
! District,  which  rendered  valuable  aid  in  the  last  campaign. 

His  abilities  hav’e  been  fully  recognized  by  the  bench  and  bar. 
and  he  has  many  testimonials  as  to  his  ability  and  standing. 


BOARD  OF  ARMORY  COMMISSIONERS. 

The  Armory  Board  of  the  City  of  New  York  was  first  created 
by  chapter  91  of  the  Laws  of  1S84,  and  was  composed  of  The 
Mayor,  Hon.  Franklin  Edson;  the  Major-General  Commanding 
the  First  Division  of  the  National  Guard,  Gen.  Alexander  Shaler; 
the  Commissioner  of  Public  Works,  Hubert  O.  Thompson. 

The  Board  was  reconstructed  by  chapter  487  of  the  Laws  of 
1886,  as  follows:  The  Mayor,  Hon.  Wm.  R.  Grace;  the  two 

senior  ranking  officers  in  command  of  troops  of  the  National 
Guard  in  the  City  and  County  of  New  York,  Brig.-Gen.  W.  G. 
Ward,  Brig.-Gen.  L.  Fitzgerald;  the  President  of  the  Depart- 
ment of  Taxes  and  Assessments,  Hon.  Michael  Coleman;  the 
Commissioner  of  Public  WYrks,  Rollin  ]\I.  Squire. 

The  Charter  of  the  greater  city  does  not  provide  for  any  Com- 
missioner of  Public  Works,  nor  does  it  provide  any  substitute  for 
him  in  the  Armory  Board,  so  that  the  Board,  since  January  i, 
has  consisted  of  only  four  members. 

The  personnel  at  this  time  is:  Hon.  Robert  A.  Van  Wyck, 
President,  the  IMayor;  Brig.-Gen.  }vIcCoskry  Butt,  Brig.-Gen. 
George  Moore  Smith,  the  two  senior  ranking  officers  in  com- 
mand of  troops  of  the  National  Guard  in  the  City  and  County  of 
New  York;  Hon.  Thomas  L.  Feitner,  Secretary,  President  of 
the  Department  of  Taxes  and  Assessments. 

The  Mayor  has  always  been  chairman  of  the  Board,  and  since 
the  reconstruction  in  1886,  the  President  of  the  Department  of 
Taxes  and  Assessments  has  been  the  secretary. 

The  object  of  the  creation  of  the  Armory  Board  was  to  pro- 
vide the  National  Guard  of  the  City  and  County  of  New  York 
with  new  and  suitable  armories,  and  the  Board  was  empowered 
to  purchase  sites  and  erect  buildings  of  a suitable  character,  as 
well  as  to  alter,  repair,  enlarge  or  rent  armories  and  to  supply 
the  same  with  furniture,  to  appropriate  money  to  pay  for  the 
same,  money  to  come  from  the  sale  of  bonds,  and  all  to  be  done 
only  with  the  concurrence  of  the  Sinking  Fund. 

Prior  to  the  formation  of  this  Board  the  city  had  given  the 
site  for  the  Seventh  Regiment  Armory,  and  that  organization 
had  erected  the  building  now  thus  occupied. 

In  1884  the  following  sites  were  selected  and  purchased: 


29 


For  the  Twenty-second  Regiment — The  block  bounded  by 
Sixty-seventh  and  Sixty-eighth  streets,  Columbus  avenue  and 
the  Boulevard. 

For  the  Twelfth  Regiment— An  L-shaped  plot  on  the  west- 
erly side  of  Columbus  avenue,  between  Sixty-first  and  Sixty- 
second  streets. 

For  the  Eighth  Regiment — The  block  between  Park  and 
Madison  avenues,  and  Ninety-fourth  and  Ninety-fifth  streets. 

Contracts  were  also  entered  into  for  a building  for  the  Twelfth 
Regiment,  designed  by  Architect  James  E.  ^Yare. 

In  1888  contracts  were  let  for  the  erection  of  an  Armory,  de- 
signed by  Architect  John  R.  Thomas,  for  the  Eighth  Regiment, 
on  300  feet  of  the  easterly  end  of  the  plot  purchased  for  that 
purpose. 

In  1889,  the  armory  building,  designed  by  Architect  John  P. 
Leo,  for  the  Twenty-second  Regiment,  was  contracted  for. 

In  1890  the  plot  on  the  easterly  side  of  Park  avenue,  between 
Thirty-third  and  Thirty-fourth  streets,  was  secured  for  the 
Seventy-first  Regiment  Armory,  and  in  1892  a building  designed 
by  Architect  John  R.  Thomas  was  contracted  for,  to  accommo- 
date the  Seventy-first  Regiment  and  the  Second  Battery. 

In  1891  a site  was  secured  for  the  Ninth  Regiment  on  the 
north  side  of  Fourteenth  street,  running  through  to  Fifteenth 
street,  a short  distance  west  of  Sixth  avenue,  and  in  1894  a 
building  designed  by  W.  A.  Cable  and  E.  A.  Sargent,  Associate 
Architects,  was  erected  thereon. 

In  1893  the  Government  loaned  the  ship  “ New  Hampshire  ” 
for  an  armory  for  the  First  Naval  Battalion,  and  the  Armory 
Board  fitted  up  the  same  as  suitable  quarters  for  that  organiza- 
tion. 

In  1894  a building  designed  by  J.  R.  Thomas,  Architect,  was 
erected  adjoining  the  Eighth  Regiment  Armory,  as  quarters  for 
Squadron  “ A.” 

In  1894  a modern  rifle  range  was  constructed  in  the  Seventh 
Regiment  Armor}*,  and  in  1898,  the  building  was  wired  and 
furnished  with  fixtures  for  lighting  the  same  by  electricity. 

Preliminary  steps  have  been  taken  for  securing  sites  for  the 
First  Battery  of  Artillery,  and  for  the  Sixty-ninth  Regiment. 

The  expenditures  made  under  this  Board  since  its  creation 
have  amounted  to  about  four  million  dollars. 


30 


MEMBERS  OF  THE  COUNCIL. 

1898,  1899,  1900  and  1901. 


BOROUGH  OF  MANHATTAN. 


Council 

Dist. 

NAME 

RESIDENCE 

BUSINESS  ADDRESS 

R-VNDOLPH  Guggenheimer, 
President. 

8 East  Si  St  Street 

30  Broad  Street. 

f 

1 ■! 

John  T.  Oakley,  ...  . . . 

Vice-Chairman. 
Thomas  F.  Foley 

442  East  14th  Street 

20  James  Slip 

413  East  14th  Street. 

113  Centre  Street. 

50  Centre  Market. 

[ 

Martin  Engel 

303  Broome  St  .... 

1 

Fr.ank  J.  Goodwin  

363  West  24th  Street. . . . 

280  Broadway. 

Charles  F.  Allen 

153  West  43th  Street  ... 

1.33  West  45th  Street. 

Patrick  J.  Kvder 

1.34  Spring  Street  

437  East  84th  Street... 

7 Vandam  Street. 

Harry  C Hart  

78  Park  Row. 

George  B.  Christman 

331  East  55th  Street  ... 

313-318  East  93th  Street. 

) 

John  J.  Murphy 

393  First  Avenue 

393  First  Avenne. 

( 

Eugene  A.  Wise 

301  West  138th  Street  . . 

145th  Street  and  8th  Ave. 

4 

Stewart  M.  Brice  

693  Fifth  Avenue 

80  Broadway. 

2478  Second  Avenue. 

( 

Herman  Sulzer 

2478  Second  Avenue 

BOROUGH  OF  THE  BRONX. 


William  J.  Hyland  

Westchester 

320  Broadway. 
271  Broadwav. 

5 

Adolph  C.  Hottesroth.  . . 

668  East  134th  Street... 

/ 

Bernard  C.  Murray 

1263  Boston  Road 

1263  Boston  Road, 

BOROUGH  OF  BROOKLYN. 


8 


Charles  H.  Francisco 

F'TiAvnfl  "F  Wn  r.TAM«. 

1192  Halsey  Street 

25  Orient  Avenue  

CoyRAD  H.  Hester  ..  

183  Central  Avenue 

Adam  H Leich  ...  . 

314  Monroe  Street  . 

78  Bradford  Street 

Hevrt  French  

Charles  H Ebbets  

H2H  First  Street  

Jr»wv  J Alprii'Rnv  .... 

176  Xpvins  Sfrppt 

William  A.  Doyle 

Martin  F.  Conly 

261  58th  Street  

92  Adams  Street  .... 

1193  Halsey  St.,  Brooklyn. 

) Maspeth  and  Gardiner 
I Avenues,  Brooklyn. 

183  Central  Ave.,  Brooklyn. 
300  Montague  St.,  Brooklyn. 
78  Bradford  St..  Brooklyn. 
Eastern  Park,  Brooklyn. 
(Franklin  Building, 

1 183  Kenisen  St.,  Brooklyn. 
193  Montague  St.,  Brooklyn. 
93  Adams  Street,  Brooklyn. 


BOROUGH  OF  QUEENS. 


Q ' 

David  L.  Van  Nostrand.. 

Little  Neck 

Little  Neck,  L.  I. 

Joseph  C.vssidy 

99  Hulst  St.,  BiiSBville.. 

99  Hulst  St.,  Blissville,  L.  I. 

BOROUGH  OF  RICHMOND. 


in  I 

Joseph  F.  O’Grady.,  

New  Brighton  

New  Brighton,  S.  I. 

10  ] 

Ben.iamin  j.  Bodine 

Port  Richmond 

Port  Richmond,  S.  I. 

P.  J.  Scully,  Cltrk. 


L 


STANDING  COMMITTEES  OF  THE  COUNCIL 


For  Ihe  Years  1898,  1899,  1900  and  1901. 


Finance. 

Councilman  ALLEX, 

“ BRICE, 

CHRISTMAN, 

HESTER, 

FRENCH. 

OGRAUV, 

LEIGH. 

I Law. 

; Councilman  HOTTENROTH, 

GOODWIN, 

i VAN  NOSTRAND. 

! BODINE,- 

EBBETS, 
McGARRY, 
WILLIAMS. 

Eailroads. 

Councilman  OAKLEY, 

“ HART. 

HYLAND, 

CONLY, 

HESTER. 

CASSIDY, 

FRANCISCO. 


Street  Cleaning. 

Councilman  HYLAND, 

FOLEY, 

MURPHY, 

CONLY, 

VAN  NOSTRAND. 


Salaries  and  Offices. 

Councilman  BRICE. 

OAKLEY. 

HOTTENROTH, 

EBBETS, 

••  LEICH. 

Fire. 

I Councilman  O’GRADY, 

I “ SULZER, 

I * MURPHY, 

i ••  HESTER, 

“ FRANCISCO. 


Building  Department. 

Councilman  DOYLE, 

" ALLEN. 

McGARRY, 

••  VAN  NOSTRAND, 

WISE. 

Markets. 

Councilman  FOLEY, 

“ GOODWIN, 

FRENCH, 

VAN  NOSTRAND, 
WILLIAMS. 

Privileges  and  Elections. 

Councilman  EBBETS, 
GOODWIN, 

BRICE, 

“ DOYLE, 

’■  WILLIAMS. 

Claims. 

Councilman  MURRAY, 
SULZER. 

“ CASSIDY, 

HESTER, 

LEICH. 

Streets  and  Hightvays. 

Councilman  MURPHY, 
SULZER, 

“ ENGEL, 

" MURRAY, 

FRENCH. 
FR.ANCISCO, 

“ VAN  NOSTRAND. 


Public  Buildings,  Lighting 
and  Snj)plies. 

Councilman  CHRISTMAN, 
BRICE. 

ALLEN, 

DOYLE. 

“ ENGEL, 

“ BODINE, 

WILLIAMS. 


32 


Docks  and  Ferries, 

> Cou^fCIL5IA^•  RYDER, 

WISE, 

“ HOTTEMROTII, 

“ McGARRY, 

HESTER, 
CASSIDY, 

LEICII. 

JRules. 

Councilman  OAKLEY, 

“ GOODWIN, 

“ BODINE. 

VAN  NOSTRAND, 
“ IlOTTENROTH, 

HESTER, 

" WILLIAMS. 

Fublic  Education . 

Councilman  BRICE, 

“ HART, 

HYLAND, 

“ O'GRADY, 

" WILLIAMS. 

Public  Health. 

Councilman  WISE, 

GOODWIN, 

" FRENCH, 

VAN  NOSTRAND, 
“ FRANCISCO. 

Penal  Institutions. 

Councilman  HESTER, 

CHRISTMAN, 

MURRAY, 

“ CASSIDY, 

“ LEICH. 

Public  Charities. 

Councilman  HART, 

“ ALLEN, 

“ SULZER, 

'■  McGARRY, 

“ BODINE. 


I Police. 

Councilman  ENGEL, 

“ RYDER, 

HART, 

“ FRENCH, 

WILLIAMS. 

Parks. 

Councilman  SI7LZER, 
RYDER, 

“ HAXAND, 

MURPHY, 
EBBETS, 

“ WILLIAMS, 

“ BODINE. 


Sewers. 

Councilman  GOODWIN, 
“ FOLEY, 

WISE, 
MURRAY, 
HESTER, 
LEICH, 
O’GR.ADY. 


Bridges  and  Tunnels. 

Councilman  CONLY, 

CHRISTMAN, 

BRICE, 

'■  HYLAND, 

FRENCH, 

“ CASSIDY, 

LEICH. 

Water  Supplg. 

Councilman  FOLEY, 

“ HART, 

WISE, 

“ HOTTENROTH, 

DOYLE, 

“ O'GRADY, 

“ WILLIAMS. 


JOINT  COMMITTEES. 


Printed  and  Engrossed 
Ordinances  and  Resolutions. 

Councilman  McGARRY. 

“ HOTTENROTH 

" BRICE, 

“ BODINE, 

“ FRANCISCO. 


Public  Printing. 

Councilman  RYDER, 

“ O’GRADY 

“ CONLY,  : 

“ MURRAY, 

LEICH. 


33 


MEMBERS  OF  THE  BOARD  OF  ALDERMEN, 

1898  AND  1899. 


Dist. 

NAME. 

RESIDENCE. 

BUSINESS  ADDRESS. 

No. 

New  York  Co. 

101  East32d  St. 
543  W.  34th  St. 

11 

William  H.  Gledhill,  V.  P. 

359  West  34th  St 

1 

Jeremiah  Is E.NNEFiCK  .. 

57  Dey  St 

57  Dey  St. 

2 New  Chambers  St. 
128  West  Houston  St. 
122  Nassau  St. 

Pier  43  North  River. 

5 

Joseph  A.  Flisn 

37  Grove  St  

199  Centre  St. 

838  Greenwich  St. 

Patrick  H.  Keahos 

136  Bank  St 

315-347  Grand  St. 
.307  West  26th  St. 
179  East  96th  St. 
34  Jackson  St. 

334  West  42d  St. 
200  First  Av. 

10 

14 

James  P.  Hart 

200  First  A V 

513  W 47th  St. 

16 

191  Stanton  St. 
786  Ninth  Av. 

^9 

220  Broadway. 
1760  Broadwav. 

John-  S.  Poddy 

251  West  noth  St 

22 

Michael  Ledwith 

162  East  46th  St 

3d  Av.  and  46th  St. 

23 

CoLLiK  H.  Woodward 

473  West  145th  St 

306  West  145th  St. 

24 

Frank  Dunn  

317  East  60th  St 

23 

P.  Tecdmseh  Sherman.  . .. 

126  East  27th  St  

59  W'all  St. 

26 

Fd.  T.  McEneaney . 

419  East  75th  St 

419  East  75th  St 

27 

Joseph  Oatman 

714  Seventh  Av 

l.a56  Broadway. 

28 

John  T.  McCall 

2.30  East  81st  St  

Herald  Building. 

29 

Homer  Folks  

53  East  87th  St 

105  East  22d  St. 

30 

George  A.  Burrell 

163  East  90th  St 

2 Lispenard  St. 

31 

Elias  Goodman 

05  East  127th  St  

468  Sixth  Av. 

32 

William  F.  Schneider,  Jr. 

130  East  105th  St  

H.  B.  Claflin  Co. 

33 

Thomas  F.  McCaul 

1625  Madison  Av 

127  East  108th  St. 

34 

La-k-rence  W.  McGrath.... 

4.58  Willis  Av 

458  Willis  Av. 

:35 

TTenrs-  Geiger  

P’36  Clover  St 

1 19  3 Boston  Road. 
1 West  Chester. 

Annexed  District. 

' Frank  Gass |west  Chester 

1 

John  L.  Burleigh 

Kings  Co. 

Pierrepont  House,  B'klyn . . 

26  Court  St. 

2 

James  J.  Bridges 

283  Front  St.,  Brooklyn 

283  Front  St.,  Brooklyn. 

3 

Moses  J.  M'afer  

124  Harrison  St.,  Brooklyn. 

124  Harrison  St.,  Brooklyn. 

4 

David  S.  Stewart 

407  Lafayette  Av.,  B'klyn.. 

544  Franklin  Av.,  B’klyn. 

5 

James  F.  Elliott 

86  South  9th  St.,  Brooklyn. 

So.  6th  St.  & Kent  Av.  B'klyn. 

6 

John  Diemer  

.33  Hopkins  St.,  Brooklyn.. 

35  Hopkins  St.,  Brooklyn. 

William  Keegan 

99th  St.,  near3d  Av.,  B’klyn 

9 Court  Square,  Brooklyn. 
402  Union  St.,  Brooklyn. 

8 

Francis  P.  Kenny 

i 402  tTnion  St.,  Brooklyn  ... 

9 

Frank  Hennt,sst 

1514  Court  St.,  Brooklyn 

544  Court  St.,  Brooklyn. 

10 

Francis  J . Byrne 

90  Clermont  Av.,  Brooklyn 

90  Clermont  Av.,  Brookljm. 

11 

Stephen  W.  McKee\"er 

133  Sixth  Av.,  Brooklyn.  . . 

95  Washington  St.,  B’klyn. 
395  Court  St.,  Brooklyn. 

12 

Matthew  E.  Dooley 

384  Sixth  St.,  Brooklyn 

13 

Hector  McXeil 

101  Diamond  St.,  Brooklyn 

8 White  St.,  New  York. 

14 

Edward  S.  Scott 

181  North  4th  St.,  B'klyn. . . 
179  Montrose  Av..  B'klyn.. 

Foot  So  5th  St.,  Brooklyn. 

15 

Jacob  J.  Velton 

60  Broadway,  Brooklyn. 

16 

William  Wentz 

174  Bainbridge  St.,  B’klyn. 

WestWashingt’nMkt.,  N.Y 

J.ACOB  D.  Ackerman 

17  Verona  Place.  Brooklyn. 

Pier  18,  North  River. 

18 

James  H.  McInnes 

1387  Pacific  St.,  Brooklyn  . 

45  East  12th  St.,  New  York. 

19 

Bernard  Schmitt 

81  Evergreen  Av..  Brooklyn 

81  Evergreen  Av.,  Brooklyn 

20 

John  T.  Lang 

127  Central  Av.,  Brooklyn. 

127  Central  Av.,  Brooklyn.. 

21 

Elias  Helgans 

337  Van  Siclen  Av.,  B’klyn 
1 Tottenville,  Staten  Islands 

John  J.  Vaughan,  Jr 

Richmond  Co. 
[Tottenville,  Staten  Island.. 

Queens  Co.  L.  1.  City.— Newtown. 
1 Joseph  Geiser |835  Albert  St.,  L.  I.  City.  .. 

j8:35  Albert  St,  L.  1.  City, 

Jamaica.— Flushing.— Hempstead. 

1 William  T.  James |l20  Jamaica  Av.,  Flushing.] 20  Main  St.,  Flushing. 

3 


JIiCHAEL  F.  Blake,  CterV. 


34 


STANDING  COMMITTEES  OF  THE  BOARD  OF  ALDERMEN 

For  the  Years  1898  and  1899. 


Finance. 

Alderman  MUH. 

HART, 

“ SIEFKE, 

“ SCOTT, 

BYRNE, 

“ GEISER. 

“ GOODMAN. 

La  IV. 

Alderman  BURRELL, 
ELINN, 

GLfCK, 

“ DOOLEY, 

“ VELTON, 

“ GAFFNEY, 

McINNES. 

Ilailroads, 

Alderman  LEDWITH, 

“ FLECK, 

“ SMITH, 

“ KEEGAN, 

SCOTT, 
McCALL, 

“ GOOD  .man. 

Farks. 

Alderman  McGRATH. 

“ HARRINGTON, 

DUNN, 

“ McKEEVER, 

HENNESSY, 

“ VAUGH.tN, 

SHERMAN. 

Sewers. 

Alderman  McCAUL, 
MINSKY, 
GEISER, 

“ RODDY, 

“ WAFER, 

WOODWARD, 

SCHNEIDER. 


Bridges  and  Tunnels. 

Alderman  KEAHON, 

SCHNEIDER, 
“ NEUFELD, 
BYRNE, 
LANG, 

■ GEIGER, 

“ McNeill. 


IVater  Sup2>hj. 

Alderman  KENNEFICK, 

“ BURRELL, 

“ GASS, 

" ELLIOTT. 

“ SCHMIDT, 

“ VAUGHAN, 

JAMES. 

Streets  and  Jlifjhivays. 

Alderman  ELLIOTT, 

RODDY, 

GEIGER, 

“ DUNN, 

“ BRIDGES, 

“ CRONIN, 

“ BURLEIGH 

I Public  Buildings,  LigJding 
' and  Supplies. 

Alderman  GLEDHILI., 

“ GAFFNEY, 

McENEANEY, 

“ BYRNE, 

“ HELGANS, 

“ GEISER, 

“ GOODMAN. 


Docks  and  Ferries. 

Alderman  GAFFNEY, 
LEDWITH, 

“ FLINN, 

“ SCOTT. 

“ McKEEVER, 

“ CRONIN, 

STEWART. 

Rules. 

Alderman  GLICK, 

“ WELLING, 

“ METZGER, 

BRIDGES, 
KENNEY, 
GEIGER. 
McINNES. 


Public  Education. 

Alderman  SCHNEIDER, 
HART, 

“ HENNESSY, 
“ OATMAN, 

“ VAUGHAN. 


35 


ruhlic  Health. 

Alderman  McKEEVER, 
METZGER, 

I “ BUNN, 

' " , MUH. 

FOLKS. 


Penal  Institutions. 

Alderman  VELTON, 
CRONIN, 
“ KOCH. 

“ McCALL, 
" BIEMER. 


Public  Charities. 

Alderman  VAUGHAN, 

“ SIEFKE, 

“ WELLING, 
WAFER, 

“ ACKERMAN. 


Privileges  and  Elections. 

Alderman  GLEDHILL, 

KENNEFICK, 

KENNEY, 

“ GEISER, 

“ JAMES. 


Building  Department. 

Alderman  SIEFKE, 
GASS, 

“ HENNESSY', 

BURRELL, 

“ BURLEIGH. 

Police. 

Alderman  SMITH, 

" KOCH, 

“ KEAHON, 

“ McKEEVER, 

“ STEWART. 


Street  Cleaning. 

Alderman  FLECK, 
GEIGER, 

“ BRIDGES, 

HARRINGTON, 
“ OKIE. 

Salaries  and  Offices. 

Alderman  CRONIN, 
NEUFELD, 

“ HENNESSY', 

McGR.YTH, 

“ WENTZ. 

Fire. 

Alderman  HART, 

“ KOCH, 

■ DOOLEY, 

McCAUL, 
DIEMER. 

Markets. 

Alderman  METZGER, 

McENEANEY, 

MINSKY, 

ELLIOTT, 

“ ACKERMAN, 


Affairs  of  Boroughs, 


McCALL, 

CRONIN. 

SCHMITT, 

ELLIOTT. 

WOODWARD. 


Legislation. 

Alderaian  GAFFNEY', 

“ MUH, 

GLICK, 

DUN-N. 

“ GLEDHILL, 

“ LANG, 

“ SMITH, 

BURLEIGH, 

WOODWARD 

GOODMAN. 


JOINT  COMMITTEES. 

Printed  and  Engrossed 
Ordinances  and  Resolutions. 


Alderman  GASS, 


“ KENNEFICK, 

KENNEY, 

“ SCHNEIDER, 

“ SHERMAN. 

Public  Printing. 

Claims. 

' Alderman  WELLING, 

Alderman  FLINN, 

GLICK, 

“ Y-ELTON, 

! “ HELGANS, 

“ KOCH, 

1 “ G EAGAN, 

“ WENTZ, 

I “ MeINNES. 

j 

McGRATH. 

1 

L_  „ 

36 


RANDOLPH  GUGGENHEIMER. 

Randolph  Guggenheimer  is  a type  of  the  class  of  Ameri- 
cans who  illustrate  the  possibility  for  advancement  and  distinc- 
tion where  energy,  perserverance  and  integrity  are  the  ruling 
incentives,  and  who,  through  honesty,  industry  and  ability  have 
pushed  their  way  forward  from  comparative  poverty  to  an  honor- 
able position  in  business  and  professional  life.  Mr.  Guggen- 
heimer is  now  in  the  very  prime  of  life,  having  been  born 
forty-nine  years  ago  in  Eynchburg,  \"a.,  where  his  parents  were 
extensively  engaged  in  business.  While  still  a youth  he  came 
to  New  York,  and  by  his  own  efforts  and  with  his  own  earnings 
supported  himself  until  he  graduated  as  a lawyer  in  the  Univer- 
sity of  the  City  of  New  York.  By  his  ability  and  industry  Mr. 
Guggenheimer  soon  carved  out  for  himself  a considerable  prac- 
tice, and  in  1882,  when  he  was  already  known  as  a rising  and 
prosperous  lawyer,  he  established  the  well-known  firm  of  Gug- 
genheimer & Untermyer,  now  Guggenheimer,  Untermyer  & 
Marshall. 

Mr.  Guggenheimer,  from  the  time  he  came  to  New  York, 
took  a deep  interest  in  the  welfare  of  the  public  schools,  and 
this  fact  received  recognition  at  the  hands  of  Mayor  Grace  in 
1887,  when  he  appointed  Mr.  Guggenheimer  a Commissioner 
of  the  common  schools,  the  only  public  office  which  he  has  ever 
held.  During  the  nine  years  that  he  was  connected  with  the 
public  school  system  his  activity  made  itself  felt  in  every  depart- 
ment of  the  Board.  He  won  the  esteem  and  confidence  of  the 
teachers  by  his  uniform  courtesy  and  fair  treatment,  and  always 
upheld  the  rights  of  the  local  teachers  to  promotion  to  the  highest 
offices  open  to  them.  When  it  appeared  that  the  accommoda- 
tion in  the  public  schools  as  they  then  existed  was  not  sufficient 
for  all  the  children  of  the  city,  Mr.  Guggenheimer,  at  a critical 
moment,  became  Chairman  of  the  Committee  on  Sites,  and 
worked  night  and  day  to  acquire  suitable  and  convenient  loca- 
tions for  new  school  buildings,  and  it  is  but  justice  to  him  to  say 
that  a very  large  percentage  of  the  new  school-houses  which 
have  been  erected  during  the  last  nine  years  are  the  fruits  of  his 
labors  and  sagacity.  He  urged  forward,  in  spite  of  great  opposi- 
tion, the  plan  of  having  a sufficient  number  of  schools  thrown 
open  in  the  evening  for  the  tuition  of  those  who  were  unable  to 
secure  educational  advantages  during  the  day. 


RANDOLPH  GUGGENHEI.MER, 

President  of  the  Colixcil. 


The  retention  of  the  German  language  as  an  indispensable 
part  of  the  school  curriculum  was  due  solely  to  his  efforts,  and 
was  the  result  of  a long  and  arduous  fight  on  his  part. 

Mr.  Guggenheimer  was  the  pioneer  in  introducing  large  office 
buildings  on  Broadway,  between  Houston  and  Fourteenth 
streets.  He  bought  the  site  of  the  old  New  York  Hotel  and 
erected  upon  it  the  New  York  Commercial  Buildings,  a splendid 
structure,  occupying  the  entire  block,  and  the  largest  of  its  kind 
in  the  United  States.  Mr.  Guggenheimer  is  an  old  and  valued 
member  of  the  Arion  Society,  and  is  also  a member  of  the  IMan- 
hattan,  Lotus  and  several  other  clubs. 

He  is  thoroughly  domestic  in  his  tastes  and  has  long  been 
happily  married,  and  has  a family  of  two  sons  and  one  daughter. 
In  politics  Mr.  Guggenheimer  has  always  been  a Democrat,  never 
seeking  any  office,  but  always  willing  to  help  the  cause  and  its 
candidates.  He  was  elected  President  of  the  Municipal  Council, 
because  in  him  are  found  and  recognized  those  qualities  of  man- 
hood and  character  that  will  guarantee  to  the  citizens  of  Greater 
New  York  an  official  who  will  not  only  act  in  the  best  interests 
of  the  City,  but  who  will  bring  into  public  life  the  same  business 
capacity  and  honorable  dealing  that  have  been  the  cause  of  his 
success  in  private  life. 

Mr.  Guggenheimer’s  course  since  he  assumed  the  office  of 
President  of  the  Council  not  only  confirms  the  above  estimate 
of  him.  but  also  shows  that  a man  of  rare  attainments  is  seldom, 
if  ever,  understood  by  a certain  element  of  the  public.  To 
another  element,  however- — the  high-minded  and  right  thinking 
— he  has  demonstrated  as  surely  and  clearly  as  is  possible  to 
demonstrate  in  public  life,  that  he  is  a strong,  sincere,  honest  and 
unique  character. 


John  T.  Oakley, 

Vice-President,  The  Cci 


P.  J.  SCL-LLV, 

City  Clerk. 


N.  J.  Hayes, 

Deputy  City  Clerk. 


40 


JOHN  T.  OAKLEY. 

John  T.  Oakley,  Vice-President  of  the  Council,  was  born  in 
New  York  City  of  Irish  parents,  thirty-five  years  ago.  Educated 
in  the  grammar  schools  and  New  York  College.  After  leaving 
school,  assisted  his  father  in  business.  Was  appointed  Index 
Clerk  in  the  Register’s  Office  in  1885,  where  he  remained  two 
years,  going  thence  to  the  Custom-house  as  Statistician  for  six 
months.  He  then  became  Deputy  Collector  of  Internal  Revenue 
in  the  Second  District,  where  he  remained  until  Benjamin  Harri- 
son was  elected  President  and  the  administration  of  the  office 
changed.  In  March,  1890,  after  the  necessary  Civil  Service 
examination,  he  was  appointed  Complaint  and  Corresponding 
Clerk  in  the  Department  of  Street  Cleaning,  which  position  he 
held  until  he  was  nominated  for  Alderman  in  1892  in  the  then 
Tenth  Assembly  District.  He  was  elected  by  a plurality  of  over 
3,000;  was  made  Chairman  of  the  Law  Committee  and  gave 
such  satisfaction  that  he  was  renominated  and  re-elected  in  1894. 
He  became  the  leader  of  the  Democratic  minority  and  succeeded 
Hon.  William  M.  K.  Olcott  as  Chairman  of  the  Finance  Com- 
mittee and  Commissioner  of  the  Sinking  Fund. 

In  1897  he  was  nominated  and  elected  Councilman  in  the 
First  District,  and  on  January,  1898,  when  the  Council  organ- 
ized, he  was  elected  Vice-Chairman.  He  has  always  been  a 
Tammany  Democrat,  is  a member  of  the  Executive  Committee 
of  Tammany  Hall  and  leader  of  that  organization  in  the  Four- 
teenth District.  He  is  in  the  hotel  business,  is  married  and  has 
three  children. 


P.  J.  SCULLY. 

P.  J.  Scully,  the  City  Clerk  and  Clerk  of  the  Municipal 
Assembly,  the  first  officer  of  the  title  in  New  York,  appointed 
under  the  Charter  of  1897,  is  a native  of  the  City  of  New  York. 
He  was  born  in  Christopher  street  on  the  9th  of  January,  1855. 
The  history  of  the  man  tells  the  story  of  how  success  is  attainable 
in  municipal  politics  by  perseverance,  industry,  loyalty  and  hon- 
esty. 

Mr.  Scully  had  his  education  at  the  old  De  La  Salle  Institute 
on  Second  street.  New  York  City.  He  was  a member  of  a circle 
devoted  to  literary  pursuits  and  the  study  of  parliamentary  usage, 
most  of  whom  attained  eminence  in  the  careers  selected  by  them. 
To-day  there  are  judges,  lawyers,  business  and  medical  men  who 


1 


41 


have  achieved  prominence  through  the  same  training.  In  those 
days  the  traits  that  developed  into  the  successful  leader  in  public 
life  were  marked  in  P.  J.  Scully.  An  interested  listener,  temper- 
ate in  debate,  calm  in  the  expression  of  judgment  and  tactful  in 
the  disposition  of  adverse  claimants,  his  opinion  was  always 
solicited  and  his  decision  usually  confirmed  by  authority.  At 
the  end  of  his  school  life  Mr.  Scully  engaged  in  business,  yet 
devoting  his  leisure  to  the  studies  proposed  by  the  clubs  of  which 
he  was  a member.  His  accuracy  as  an  accountant  merited  his 
appointment  as  Teller  in  the  United  States  Custom-house  at 
New  York.  Among  the  young  men  who  advanced  in  Mr. 
Scully’s  set  was  the  late  Edward  F.  Reilly,  whose  public  career 
rounded  in  his  election  as  County  Clerk  of  New  York  County. 
On  that  event  Mr.  Reilly  sought  the  help  of  Mr.  Scully  to  organ- 
ize the  vast  interests  of  the  County  Clerk’s  Office,  which,  in  New 
York  County,  is  also  the  office  of  the  Clerk  of  the  Supreme 
Court.  At  the  earnest  request  of  influential  friends,  who  believed 
in  his  capacity  and  were  acquainted  with  the  difficulties  the  new 
administration  would  encounter,  Mr.  Scully  accepted  the  office 
of  Deputy  County  Clerk,  and  was  sworn  in  on  January  i,  18S9. 

Briefly  the  legal  profession  recognized  the  efficiency  of  the 
new  service,  the  promptness  and  accuracy  with  which  the  com- 
plicated business  was  executed,  and  on  the  death  of  Mr.  Reilly 
during  his  incumbency,  in  response  to  a general  demand  that  the 
new  system  should  continue,  Mr.  Scully  was  appointed  County 
Clerk  to  fill  the  vacancy.  On  the  election  of  Judge  Giegerich 
to  the  office  !Mr.  Scully  was  continued  as  Deputy,  and  again 
reappointed  by  Henry  D.  Purroy,  on  his  election  in  1892. 

After  the  election  of  1897,  when  the  municipalities  and  town- 
ships were  merged  into  the  consolidated  City  of  New  York,  the 
gigantic  interests  and  powers  conferred  upon  the  Municipal 
Assembly  were  the  subjects  of  discussion  by  able  jurists. 

Public  necessity  demanded  and  private  authority  recognized 
the  extreme  occasion  for  capable,  efficient  and  honest  organiza- 
tion of  the  staff  that  should  execute  the  business  of  this  new 
legislative  and  administrative  body,  the  Municipal  Assembly. 
At  the  first  meeting  held  in  the  new  chambers  of  the  Municipal 
Assembly  at  the  City  Hall  on  January  3,  1898,  P.  J.  Scully  was 
unanimously  elected  City  Clerk  and  Clerk  of  the  Municipal  As- 
sembly. 

The  selection  was  made  on  Mr.  Scully’s  record  in  the  public 
service.  Despite  the  entanglements  of  the  new  Charter,  Mr. 


42 


Scully,  with  characteristic  force,  organized  the  system  and  per- 
sonnel of  the  office  of  the  City  Clerk  so  satisfactorily  that  it 
elicited  the  written  commendation  of  political  partisans  and  the 
favorable  recognition  of  the  press. 

NICHOLAS  T.  HAYES. 

Nicholas  J.  Hayes,  the  First  Deputy  City  Clerk  of  the  City 
of  New  York,  was  born  in  Troy,  N.  Y.,  in  1854.  He  came  to 
New  York  in  1866  and  entered  the  College  of  St.  Francis  Xavier. 
After  a two  years’  course  there  and  a term  at  the  Bryant  & Strat- 
ton Business  College,  Mr.  Hayes  embarked  in  business  with  a 
well-known  tea  house.  His  application  and  energy  early  at- 
tracted the  attention  of  ex-Mayor  Edward  Cooper,  and  when 
that  gentleman  assumed  office  in  1879  he  took  Mr.  Hayes  with 
him  in  a confidential  capacity.  When  the  Mayor’s  term  expired 
Mr.  Hayes  returned  to  the  tea  business  and  remained  there  until 
1886  when  his  activity  in  politics  secured  for  him  a clerkship  in 
the  Superior  Court.  He  held  this  position  until  the  consolida- 
tion of  the  courts  in  1896,  when  he  was  transferred  to  the  Su- 
preme Court,  where  he  remained  until  appointed  First  Deputy 
City  Clerk  on  January  3,  1898. 

Mr.  Hayes  is  best  known  as  “ Nick,”  and  by  this  name  is 
hailed  throughout  the  Assembly  District  in  which  he  resides  by 
young  and  old.  His  extreme  popularity  could  receive  no  better 
test  than  in  the  contest  for  member  of  the  Executive  Committee 
of  Tammany  Hall,  which  occurred  in  January,  1896,  when,  not- 
withstanding the  extremely  inclement  weather,  fully  nine  hundred 
of  his  neighbors  showed  their  friendship  and  regard  for  him  by 
remaining  in  line  for  hours  in  order  to  get  an  opportunity  to  vote 
for  him.  The  rescue  of  his  district  from  the  Republican  column 
by  a large  majority  proved  the  wisdom  of  this  choice,  and  the 
untiring  efiorts  of  Mr.  Hayes  to  aid  the  members  of  his  organiza- 
tion to  secure  employment  have  still  further  endeared  him  to 
them. 


43 


THOMAS  F.  WOODS, 

PRESIDENT  OF  TPIE  BOARD  OF  ALDERMEN. 

Thomas  F.  Woods  was  born  in  New 
York  City  in  1866.  He  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools.  At  an  early  age,  however, 
he  evinced  such  a fondness  for  horses  that, 
although  he  was  unable  at  the  time  to  grat- 
ify his  ambition  to  become  a breeder  of  the 
animal,  upon  leaving  school  he  determined 
upon  his  calling  at  once. 

Learning  the  trade  of  a horseshoer  in  all 
its  scientific  and  practical  branches,  he  rap- 
idly rose  to  the  front  in  his  craft,  until  he 
now  possesses  one  of  the  finest  establishments  for  the  purpose 
in  the  city. 

His  taste  for  a political  career  has  permitted  him  of  late  years 
to  take  a prominent  place  in  the  affairs  of  the  city.  From  the 
first  he  has  been  a Tammany  Democrat,  his  quiet,  manly,  sincere 
qualities  winning  their  way  in  the  councils  of  his  party  and  mak- 
ing of  him  a leader  in  his  district — the  Twentieth. 

Mr.  Woods  makes  a pleasing  and  dignified  figure  as  the  first 
President  of  the  Board  of  Aldermen  for  Greater  New  York,  and 
although  not  previously  a student  of  the  conduct  of  legislative 
bodies,  he  has  coached  himself  .thoroughly  in  the  rules  and 
methods  of  the  Board,  and  is  thoroughly  alive  and  in  touch  with 
all  its  procedure  and  acts. 

WILLIAM  H.  GLEDHILL. 

William  H.  Gledhill,  Vice-President 
of  the  Board  of  Aldermen,  was  born  in  Nev/ 
York  City  on  May  9,  1858,  and  was  educated 
at  Grammar  School  No.  32,  West  Thirty- 
fifth  street,  in  that  city. 

Mr.  Gledhill  left  Grammar  School  No. 
32  at  the  early  age  of  fourteen,  to  enter  the 
wall  paper  business  with  his  father,  in  which 
capacity  he  has  been  engaged  for  the  past 
twenty-five  years. 

Mr.  Gledhill  was  elected  in  1895  to  the 
Assembly,  after  one  of  the  most  spirited  contests  in  New  York 
County,  by  a plurality  of  967  votes  over  hif  Republican  opponent. 


44 


He  was  re-elected  to  the  Assembly  in  1896  by  an  increased  plu- 
rality. Of  the  measures  introduced  in  the  Assembly  by  Mr. 
Gledhill,  which  subsequently  became  laws,  the  best  known  is  the 
“ Gledhill  bill  to  protect  empoyees  in  buildings  in  course  of  con- 
struction.” It  is  unquestioned  that  since  the  adoption  of  this  bill 
the  casualties  to  employees  on  buildings  have  materially  de- 
creased. 

In  the  fall  of  1897,  the  Democratic  party  tendered  to  Mr. 
Gledhill  the  nomination  as  Alderman  for  the  Eleventh  Assembly 
District.  Mr.  Gledhill  was  elected  by  a large  majority,  and  sub- 
sequently was  honored  by  the  Board  of  Aldermen  in  the  election 
to  the  office  of  Vice-President  of  that  body. 

The  firm  of  wdiich  Mr.  Gledhill  is  a member  employs  a large 
number  of  hands,  and  ahhough  the  concern  employs  hundreds, 
and  has  been  established  over  seven  years,  its  relations  with  its 
employees  have  always  been  friendly.  Mr.  Gledhill’s  record 
shows  that  he  does  not  believe  in  “ strikes,”  and  this  is  the 
principle  he  has  carried  all  through  his  private  and  political  career 
up  to  date. 

ROBERT  MUH. 

Robert  Muh,  Chairman  of  the  Finance 
Committee  of  the  Board  of  Aldermen,  was 
born  in  Leipsig,  Germany,  on  the  25th  day 
of  February,  1851.  He  came  to  this  coun- 
try with  his  parents  in  the  fall  of  1853.  He 
attended  public  school  until  he  was  eleven 
years  of  age,  when  his  father  died.  He  then 
had  to  go  to  work  to  help  support  his 
mother,  and  in  the  course  of  time  he  was 
apprenticed  to  a manufacturer  of  jewelry 
cases  at  No.  45  Ann  street.  After  being 
with  him  for  about  ten  years  Mr.  Muh  became  a partner  in 
the  business,  which  was  successful.  In  1886  he  retired  from 
business  and  went  into  the  real  estate  business,  at  which  he 
was  also  successful.  He  was  elected  in  1892  to  represent  the 
Eighteenth  District  in  the  Board  of  Aldermen  and  in  1894  was 
again  elected  to  represent  the  same  district.  Mr.  Muh  was 
elected  again  in  1897  to  represent  wdiat  is  now  the  Fifteenth  Dis- 
trict under  the  reapportionment.  During  his  term  of  office  in 
the  Board  of  Aldermen  he  had  the  honor  of  being  on  some  very 
important  committees,  to  all  of  which  he  gave  such  careful  at- 


45 


tention  that  his  present  position  as  Chairman  of  the  Finance  Com- 
mittee of  the  Board  of  Aldermen,  which  carries  with  it  also  mem- 
bership in  the  Sinking  Fund  Commission,  is  an  appreciation  in 
part  of  his  conscientious  and  painstaking  services  in  every  official 
capacity  in  which  he  has  been  connected. 

Personally,  Mr.  Muh  is  an  agreeable  gentleman — one  of  the 
kind  who  is  always  within  hailing  distance  when  his  friends  re- 
quire a service  or  a favor.  This,  coupled  with  his  reputation  as 
an  honorable  business  man  and  a faithful  city  official,  has  made 
him  a popular  citizen  and  his  close  friends  predict  a fine  career 
for  him  in  the  make-up  of  the  city’s  government  of  the  future. 

MICHAEL  F.  BLAKE. 

Michael  F.  Blake,  Clerk  of  the  Board  of  Aldermen,  was 
born  in  the  Eighteenth  Ward  of  the  City  of  New  York,  on  the 
ist  day  of  August,  1857.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools 
and  Columbia  College  Law  School,  and  studied  law  in  the  office 
of  the  late  ex-Supreme  Court  Justice  Abraham  B.  Tappen  and 
Henry  Parsons.  Subsequently  embarked  in  journalism,  and  was 
for  many  years  a writer  on  the  staff  of  the  New  York  Herald. 
In  1889  he  resigned  from  the  Herald  to  accept  the  position  of 
Deputy  Clerk  in  the  Board  of  Aldermen,  where  he  served  for 
some  years  under  Captain  Francis  J.  Twomey,  the  veteran  Clerk 
of  the  Common  Council.  When  Captain  Twomey  retired  on 
account  of  age  and  increasing  infirmities,  Mr.  Blake  was  elected 
Clerk  of  the  Common  Council,  which  position  he  held  for  some 
years.  In  January,  1898,  Mr.  Blake  was  reappointed  to  the  old 
position  of  Clerk  to  the  Board  of  Aldermen,  which  position  he 
now  holds.  He  is  Vice-Chairman  of  the  General  Committee  of 
Tammany  Hall  of  the  Eighteenth  Assembly  District,  and  Chair- 
man of  the  Law  Committee  of  that  district.  He  is  a member  of 
the  Democratic,  Press  and  Anawanda  Clubs.  He  still  resides 
in  the  district  where  he  was  born.  Mr.  Blake  is  a lawyer  in 
excellent  standing,  and  is  looked  upon  as  an  authority  on  laws 
and  ordinances  relating  to  the  City  of  New  York. 

Personally  Mr.  Blake  is  an  affable,  broad-minded  gentleman, 
possessing  liberal  views  on  all  topics  and  a respect  for  the  opin- 
ions and  hobbies  of  others,  which  has  made  him  a great  favorite 
and  secured  to  him  a large  circle  of  friends.  Although  he 
takes  the  most  interest  in  the  active  work  connected  with  his 
official  position,  he  has  a decided  liking  for  literature,  especially 


46 


works  pertaining  to  the  history  of  New  York  City.  His  books 
on  this  subject  alone  would  make  a small  library  in  itself,  and  he 
is  always  happy  when  he  can  dig  out  some  forgotten  or  over- 
looked fact  pertaining  to  the  early  history  of  the  city,  and  which 
may  have  a bearing  on  the  present  administration  of  municipal 
afifairs. 


i 


L _ 


PRESIDENTS  OF  THE  BOROUGHS  AND 
LOCAL  BOARDS. 


Borough  Presidents  hold  office  for  a term  of  four  years. 
Their  offices  are  located  in  the  City  or  Borough  Halls,  and  they 
are  cx-officio  members  of  the  Local  Boards  for  each  of  the  dis- 
tricts of  local  improvements.  They  are  also  chairmen  of  these 
local  boards,  entitled  to  preside  at  the  board  meetings  and  to 
vote,  but  not  to  have  the  power  of  veto. 

These  local  boards  give  the  neighborhood  a voice  by  which 
it  can  speak  in  relation  to  matters  of  local  concern,  and  especially 
as  to  what  are  technically  known  as  local  improvements — im- 
provements to  be  paid  for  by  assessments  for  benefit. 

The  Charter  of  Greater  New  York  provides  for  a wide  appli- 
cation of  the  democratic  principle  of  home  rule  through  the  Bor- 
ough system.  The  work  of  administering  all  of  the  departments 
was  subdivided,  in  order  that  it  might  be  successfully  prosecuted, 
into  five  Boroughs:  Manhattan,  The  Bronx,  Brooklyn,  Queens 
and  Richmond.  These  five  Boroughs  were  subdivided  into  dis- 
tricts of  local  improvements,  and  the  representatives  of  tho.se 
districts  in  the  Municipal  Assembly  were  made  to  constitute  what 
is  known  as  a Board  of  Local  Improvements.  The  limits  of 
these  smaller  districts  are  the  same  as  those  of  the  various  Sena- 
torial Districts  embraced  within  the  boundaries  of  the  greater 
city,  so  that  each  local  board,  when  properly  constituted,  would 
be  composed  of  three  Aldermen,  one  Councilman,  with  the  Presi- 
dent of  the  Borough. 

The  powers  of  these  boards  are  purely  recommendatory,  the 
right  to  incur  indebtedness  and  to  authorize  the  making  of  con- 
tracts being  reserved  to  the  Municipal  Assembly.  Nevertheless, 
recommendations  from  the  various  Boards  of  Local  Improve- 
ments in  the  greater  city  have  great  weight  in  effecting  legisla- 
tion for  the  particular  localities  which  they  represent.  For 
instance,  an  improvement  such  as  the  paving  or  opening  of  a 
street,  the  laying  of  sewers,  gas-mains,  etc.,  in  a particular  local- 
ity being  petitioned  for,  the  local  board  is  called  together  by  the 
President  of  the  Borough  to  meet  not  less  than  ten  or  more  than 
fifteen  days  after  the  date  of  filing  of  such  petition,  and  the  prop- 


48 


erty-owners  are  notified,  by  means  of  the  City  Record,  that  such 
a meeting  will  be  held  and  that  such  matters  will  be  considered, 
and  at  such  meeting  the  owners  of  the  properties  to  be  affected 
by  the  assessment  levied  for  such  improvements  have  an  oppor- 
tunity of  being  heard  for  or  against  such  petition,  and  their 
representatives  in  the  board  recommend  that  the  prayer  of  the 
petitioners  be  granted  or  that  it  be  denied. 

This  affords  the  higher  bodies  of  the  municipal  government 
an  opportunity  of  obtaining  an  expression  of  local  opinion  on 
proposed  public  improvements,  and  the  citizens  of  the  city  are 
afl'orded  a greater  opportunity  than  ever  before  to  be  heard  on 
matters  affecting  their  properties.  It  is  very  evident  that  in  the 
case  of  nuisances,  such  as  disorderly  houses,  violation  of  health 
ordinances,  etc.,  that  through  the  local  boards  such  matters  will 
receive  greater  attention  than  if  such  complaints  were  made  and 
placed  on  file  in  the  various  departments,  to  be  reached  in  their 
order. 

The  President  of  the  Borough,  from  the  fact  that  he  is  a 
member  of  the  Board  of  Public  Improvements,  has  an  oppor- 
tunity of  following  the  course  of  any  petition  until  the  final  steps 
are  taken  thereon. 


AUGUSTUS  W.  PETERS, 

PRESIDENT  OF  THE  BOROUGH  OF  M.'VNHATTAN. 

Augustus  W.  Peters,  who  resigned  the  Chairmanship  of  the 
Consolidated  Stock  and  Petroleum  Exchange  to  become  Presi- 
dent of  the  Borough  of  Manhattan,  was  born  in  St.  Johns,  N.  B., 
in  1844,  and  lived  there  until  he  was  twenty-three  years  of  age. 

After  attaining  a good  knowledge  of  the  law  he  came  to  New 
York  in  1867,  and  in  the  larger  life  of  this  city  soon  found  oppor- 
tunities to  display  his  natural  business  ability.  Becoming  a 
member  of  the  Gold  Exchange  he  rose  rapidly.  In  1876  he  was 
elected  Secretary  of  the  Gold  Exchange  and  held  the  position 
until  it  became  a department  of  the  Stock  Exchange. 

In  1878  Mr.  Peters  became  a member  of  the  Mining  Ex- 
change, and  while  running  on  an  independent  ticket  he  was 
elected  Chairman  of  the  Exchange,  and  since  then  at  each  annual 
election  he  has  been  unanimously  re-elected.  When  the  Mining 
Exchange  was  consolidated  with  the  Petroleum  Exchange  and 
later  both  exchanges  were  merged  into  the  Consolidated  Stock 


• ■ r Brookly”- 


Louis  K.  Haufen, 
cs't  Borough  oj  Bronx. 


Augustus  \V.  Peters,’ 
'fs't  Poroigh  Manhat., 


T 


50 


and  I’etroleuni  Exchange,  Mr.  Peters  remained  an  intluential 
and  popular  member. 

Apart  from  business  Mr.  Peters  is  interested  in  military  mat- 
ters and  athletics.  Pie  is  Sergeant-Major  of  the  Old  Guard  Vet- 
eran Battalion  of  New  York,  a member  of  the  New  York  Athletic 
Club  and  one  of  the  active  spirits  in  the  Clover  Bowling  Club. 

Aside  from  athletics  and  the  military,  Mr.  Peters  is  a poli- 
tician in  the  sense  that  politics  with  him  means  the  welfare  of  the 
city  first  and  always.  He  is  a member  of  Tammany  Hall  and  in 
January,  this  year,  he  was  re-elected  Chairman  of  the  General 
Committee  for  the  third  time. 

Apart  from  business,  athletics,  the  military  and  politics,  Mr. 
Peters  is  a gentleman  in  every  way  fitted  for  his  present  position. 
Courteous,  reposeful,  of  a picturesque  appearance,  and  possessing 
the  highest  social  qualities,  he  is  altogether  a man  one  likes  to 
see  in  an  important  official  position,  a position  which  should  only 
be  filled  by  a man  of  dignity  and  character — such  as  he  is. 

EDWARD  M.  GROUT. 

Edward  M.  Grout,  President  of  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn, 
has  become,  during  the  past  three  years,  one  of  the  most  prom- 
inent men  in  the  public  life  of  that  section  of  the  Greater  New 
York.  His  popularity  is  indicated  by  the  vote  by  which  he  was 
elected  to  his  present  office,  which  was  the  largest  given  in  Brook- 
lyn Borough  to  any  city  or  county  candidate.  He  is  of  New 
England  ancestry,  and  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  i86i.  His 
paternal  grandfather  was  Paul  Grout,  an  old-time  Democrat,  who 
was  an  Assemblyman  from  New  York  City  from  1839  to  1841. 

Mr.  Grout’s  early  education  was  obtained  in  the  public  schools 
of  New  York  and  Brooklyn.  He  entered  Colgate  University, 
and  was  graduated  from  the  class  of  1884.  He  is  now  a trustee 
of  Colgate  University. 

Upon  leaving  college  Mr.  Grout  studied  law  with  General 
Stewart  L.  Woodford,  now  Minister  to  Spain,  and  was  admitted 
to  the  Bar  in  1885.  He  practiced  with  General  Woodford’s  firm 
until  1893,  when  his  conduct  of  the  celebrated  Adamson  tax- 
payer’s suit  to  prevent  the  surface  railroad  franchise  frauds  in 
Brooklyn  attracted  the  attention  of  William  J.  Gaynor,  and  a 
partnership  resulted  on  the  first  of  January,  1893.  During  that 
year  Mr.  Grout  took  an  active  part  in  the  litigation  over  the 
notorious  Columbian  Celebration  bills,  by  which  the  city  saved 


51 


$50,000;  the  New  Utrecht  gas  scheme  and  the  McKane  prosecu- 
tion, which  followed  Judge  Gaynor’s  election  to  the  bench  of  the 
Supreme  Court.  He  led  the  Gaynor  watchers  at  Gravesend  on 
election  day,  and  did  much  to  bring  to  public  attention  the  frauds 
there  perpetrated. 

In  the  following  year  Mr.  Grout  took  an  active  part  in  local 
politics  and  presided  at  the  big  Hill  meeting  at  the  Academy  of 
Music.  His  action  at  that  time  made  him  prominent,  and  in 
1895  he  became  the  regular  Democratic  candidate  for  Mayor. 
He  began  his  campaign  with  an  adverse  majority  of  over  33,000, 
by  which  Mayor  Schieren  had  beaten  Mr.  Boody  at  the  preceding 
election,  staring  him  in  the  face,  but  he  made  such  a remarkable 
canvass  that  he  was  beaten  by  a plurality  of  only  2,000.  In  this 
campaign  he  was  supported  by  the  Citizens’  Committee  of  One 
Hundred. 

No  important  public  movement  has  taken  place  in  Brooklyn 
during  recent  years  in  which  Mr.  Grout  has  not  taken  an  active 
part.  He  was  an  ardent  advocate  of  the  Greater  New  York,  was 
Chairman  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  the  Consolidation 
League,  and  made  several  arguments  before  the  Legislature  on 
that  subject.  He  also  appeared  before  committees  of  the  Senate 
and  Assembly  a year  ago  in  favor  of  the  One  Dollar  Gas  bill. 
His  most  earnest  efforts,  however,  have  been  devoted  to  the  sub- 
ject of  municipal  ownership  of  public  franchises.  He  has  de- 
livered numerous  lectures  on  the  question,  and  was  largely  re- 
sponsible for  its  introduction  into  the  Democratic  platform  in 
the  municipal  campaign. 

Mr.  Grout  supported  the  Democratic  ticket  in  the  last  na- 
tional campaign,  and  was  one  of  the  men  put  forward  by  the 
followers  of  Mr.  Bryan  as  an  acceptable  candidate  for  Mayor. 

He  is  now  the  senior  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Grout,  Jenks, 
iMayer  & Hyde,  Assistant  Corporation  Counsel  Jenks  having 
been  associated  with  him  since  January  of  last  year.  Socially  he 
is  very  popular,  being  a member  of  the  Manhattan,  D.  K.  L., 
Brooklyn,  Hamilton,  Montauk  and  Riding  and  Driving  clubs, 
and  of  the  Democratic  League.  He  is  also  a ^Yteran  of  the 
Twenty-third  Regiment  and  Judge  Advocate  of  the  Second 
Brigade.  He  is  interested  in  the  Good  Roads  Association. 

genealogical  society 

OF  the  church  of  JESUS  CHRIST 
OF  LATTER-DAY  SAINTS 

RUG  7 IP 


52 


LOUIS  F.  HAFFEN, 

PRESIDENT  OF  THE  BOROUGH  OF  TPIE  BRONX. 

Louis  F.  Haffen,  President  of  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx, 
was  born  in  New  York  City,  November  6,  1854.  After  gradu- 
ating from  St.  John’s  College,  in  Fordham,  in  1875,  he  entered 
the  School  of  Mines  of  Columbia  College,  and  was  graduated 
from  there  in  1879. 

Mr.  Haffen,  after  two  years’  service  at  home,  made  a practical 
study  and  investigation  of  mines  and  metallurgy  in  Colorado, 
New  Mexico,  Arizona  and  California.  He  returned  to  New 
York  and  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession.  After  a 
short  time  he  received  an  appointment  on  the  engineering  staff 
of  the  Park  Department  and  subsequently  was  appointed  Super- 
intendent of  the  New  Parks  in  the  Twenty-third  and  T\Venty- 
fourth  Wards,  now  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx.  In  May,  1893, 
Mr.  Haffen  was  appointed  Commissioner  of  Street  Improve- 
ments of  the  Twenty-third  and  Twenty-fourth  Wards.  He  was 
elected  in  the  fall  of  the  same  year  as  the  Tammany  candidate 
He  had  nearly  6,000  majority,  receiving  strong  popular  support, 
in  consequence  of  his  record  during  the  short  time  he  had  filled 
the  office  previous  to  election.  Mr.  Haffen  occupied  the  office 
of  Commissioner  of  Street  Improvements  until  its  abolition  under 
the  Greater  New  York  Charter.  His  work  as  such  Commis- 
sioner is  evidenced  by  the  extraordinarily  rapid  development  of 
the  part  of  the  city  mentioned,  due  to  public  improvements. 
He  was  elected  President  of  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx  by  a 
plurality  of  9,390.  His  vote  was  15,654,  and  of  his  two  principal 
opponents  6,264  and  3,779.  respectively. 

Mr.  Haffen  is  devoted  to  his  present  office,  and  is  heart  and 
soul  for  any  measure  of  value  to  his  constituents.  He  is  a mem- 
ber of  all  the  prominent  club;  in  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx. 


GEORGE  CRO^IWELL. 

George  Cromweel,  President  of  the  Borough  of  Richmond, 
was  born  in  Brooklyn,  July  3.  i860.  His  father,  the  late  Henry 
B.  Cromwell  was  a well-known  merchant  and  founder  of  the 
Cromwell  Steamship  Line,  before  the  war,  which  did  a large 
carrying  trade  with  the  West  Indies,  South  America  and  nearly 
all  the  Southern  ports.  He  was  the  first  to  adopt  the  screw  as 





i 


a means  of  propulsion  for  ocean  steamships  in  place  of  the  old 
side  wheels.  He  was  as  much  ridiculed  at  the  time  for  his  adop- 
tion of  the  propeller  as  one  would  be  now  who  proposed  going 
back  to  the  side-wheel  again. 

Mr.  Cromwell  is  a descendant  of  the  Cromwell  family  famous 
in  English  history.  On  his  mother’s  side  he  is  descended  in  a 
direct  line  from  Elias  Hicks,  the  famous  Quaker  preacher. 

Mr.  Cromwell  received  his  early  education  at  the  Juvenile 
High  School  and  the  Polytechnic  Institute  of  Brooklyn,  from 
which,  latter  school  he  was  graduated  in  1878  as  the  salutatorian 
of  his  class.  He  entered  Yale  University  in  the  class  of  1883, 
graduating  with  honors,  after  the  usual  four  years’  course,  and 
receiving  at  the  end  of  the  Junior  year  the  much-coveted  honor 
of  an  election  to  the  famous  Senior  Society  known  as  “ Scroll 
and  Keys,”  to  which  but  fifteen  are  chosen  from  each  class. 

After  graduation  Mr.  Cromwell  spent  a year  in  travel  abroad, 
going  as  far  east  as  Egypt  and  the  Holy  Land.  Upon  his  re- 
turn to  America  he  took  the  course  at  the  Columbia  Law 
School  and  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  the  year  1886,  when  he 
entered  the  office  of  Elihu  Root. 

In  the  fall  of  1887  Mr.  Cromwell  was  nominated  by  the  Re- 
publicans of  Richmond  County  for  the  Assembly  and  was  elected 
by  a majority  of  1,229.  This  was  probably  the  largest  majority 
ever  given  a Republican  in  Richmond  County. 

Mr.  Cromwell  at  once  took  a prominent  place  in  the  Assem- 
bly and  was  placed  upon  four  committees,  among  them  being 
the  Committees  on  Cities  and  Canals.  He  succeeded  in  having 
passed  a large  amount  of  needed  legislation  affecting  Staten 
Island.  Among  the  measures  which  he  introduced  and  which 
became  laws  were  the  Arbor  Day  law,  the  bill  to  remove  the  old 
Government  Cholera  Burying  Ground  from  Seguine’s  Point,  and 
provide  for  the  selection  of  the  present  cemetery  on  Swinburne 
Island;  the  Eish  and  Oyster  Protection  bill  and  the  bills  amend- 
ing the  village  charters  of  Edgewater,  New  Brighton  and  Port 
Richmond. 

In  the  fall  of  1888  Mr.  Cromwell  practically  withdrew  from 
active  politics  and  devoted  himself  to  the  practice  of  law,  con- 
necting himself  with  the  well-known  firm  of  Butler,  Stillman  & 
Hubbard,  and  making  admiralty  law  his  specialty.  He  held  no 
public  position  until  1897,  when  Governor  Black  appointed  him 
one  of  the  Richmond  County  Park  Commissioners.  He  was 
chosen  President  of  the  Board. 


54 


The  question  of  the  Presidency  of  the  Borough  of  Ricluuoud 
having  been  finally  settled,  the  people  of  Staten  Island — Demo- 
crats and  Republicans — are  one  family  concerning  the  future 
improvement  of  the  Island.  Foremost  among  them  is  the  Presi- 
dent of  the  Borough,  who,  with  the  co-operation  of  the  leading 
citizens,  is  now  advocating  and  working  for,  among  other  im- 
provements, an  ocean  driveway,  connecting  a country  park  sys- 
tem; a scientific  system  of  drainage,  increased  lighting  facilities, 
and  a number  of  other  features  which  will  add  to  the  attractive- 
ness and  beauty  of  Richmond  Borough. 

Mr.  Cromwell's  travels  in  and  touch  with  the  world  at  large 
has  increased,  if  anything,  his  local  pride,  and  with  it  an  ambition 
to  see  Staten  Island — which  he  thinks  is  not  far  away — the  most 
beautiful  suburb  in  the  world. 


FREDERICK  BOWLEY. 

Starting  in  life  with  no  capital  other  than  a robust  constitu- 
tion and  an  absolute  faith  in  himself,  after  twenty-four  years  of 
hard  work,  Frederick  Bowlev,  President  of  the  Borough  of 
Queens,  is  in  possession  of  a competence.  Mr.  Bowlev  attrib- 
utes his  success  to  hard  work.  On  his  father’s  side  he  is  of 
German  descent.  On  his  mother’s  side  he  is  of  Austrian  ex- 
traction. His  grandfather  owned  a large  farm  at  Stuttgart, 
Germany.  His  father,  Jacob  F.  Bowley,  was  born  there,  but 
after  he  became  a young  man  he  was  exiled  from  the  country 
because  his  political  ideas  were  objectionable  to  the  government. 
He  came  to  America. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  born  in  New  York  in  1853. 
He  attended  the  public  schools  until  he  was  twelve  years  of  age. 
At  that  time  he  was  bound  out  for  five  years  to  Luke  Dempsey, 
who  kept  a meat  store  at  the  corner  of  One  Hundred  and  Six- 
teenth street  and  First  avenue.  When  his  term  of  service  expired 
he  went  west,  and  for  the  next  two  years  worked  in  meat  stores 
at  different  places  in  Illinois,  Iowa,  Michigan  and  Nebraska. 
Returning  to  New  York  he  was  employed  for  a time  in  several 
of  the  largest  meat  establishments  in  the  city,  his  last  position 
being  that  of  general  manager  of  the  concern.  But  Mr.  Bow- 
ley’s  ambition  had  always  been  to  manage  a business  of  his  own. 
In  1882  he  opened  a packing-house  in  New  York.  In  1887  he 
started  a second  establishment  in  Astoria,  and  for  a time  contin- 
ued both  plants.  Finding  that  his  .Astoria  business  required  all 


55 


Ills  attention  he  gave  up  his  New  York  house.  The  increase  of 
population  in  the  County  of  Queens  was  an  incentive  to  INIr. 
Bowley’s  enterprise,  and  he  now  controls  three  branches  of  his 
original  plant  in  the  Borough  of  Queens. 

Mr.  Bowley’s  entry  into  politics  is  of  recent  date.  Two  years 
ago,  at  the  solicitation  of  his  party  associates,  he  became  a candi- 
date for  Alderman-at-Large  from  his  district.  His  election  to 
this  office  was  an  indorsement  of  the  faith  his  business  associates, 
acquaintances  and  the  people-at-large  had  in  him.  As  a member 
of  the  Common  Council  of  Long  Island  City,  while  he  did  not 
proclaim  himself  a “ Reformer,”  he,  with  three  of  his  colleagues 
in  the  Board,  Smith,  Flanagan  and  Geiser,  who  were  known  as 
the  “ honest  four,”  were  instrumental  in  blocking  the  plans  of 
the  enemies  who  hoped  by  a vicious  measure  to  saddle  several 
millions  of  dollars  of  debt  upon  the  city.  i\Ir.  Bowley’s  enthu- 
siasm and  courage  at  all  times  to  fight  for  the  people’s  rights 
commanded  universal  respect  and  admiration,  and  his  nomina- 
tion and  election  to  the  presidency  of  the  Borough  of  Queens  is 
evidence  enough  that  he  will  give  a good  account  of  himself  in 
his  new  position. 

Mr.  Bowley  is,  as  he  looks — large,  generous,  whole-souled 
and  honest — a man  of  and  always  for  the  people. 

IRA  EDGAR  RIDER. 

Ir.\  Edg.\r  Rider,  the  Secretary  of 
the  President  of  the  Borough  of  Man- 
hattan, was  born  in  Jersey  City,  Novem- 
ber 17,  1868.  After  graduating  from 
the  common  schools  he  entered  the 
College  of  the  City  of  New  York,  subse- 
quently taking  a course  at  St.  Lawrence 
and  Cornell. 

Previous  to  entering  the  arena  of 
politics  he  contributed  to  the  magazines 
of  the  day  and  attained  some  note  as  a lecturer. 

Yielding  to  the  solicitations  of  friends,  he  took  the  platform 
as  a political  speaker  in  the  campaign  of  1892,  his  work  at  that 
time  eliciting  favorable  comment.  He  remained  with  the  Demo- 
cratic State  Committee  for  two  years,  then  turned  his  attention 
to  municipal  politics,  becoming  an  active  worker  in  the  Thirtieth 
PJistrict,  then  under  the  leadership  of  Lawrence  Delmour,  whom 


he  regards  as  his  political  father.  Ilis  most  efhective  work  was 
done  in  the  last  campaign. 

He  is  particularly  well  known  on  the  upper  cast  side  of  the 
city,  where  his  services  are  in  constant  demand. 

He  ranks  well  up  among  the  political  speakers  of  the  day. 


JOSEPH  P.  HENNESSY. 

Joseph  P.  Hennessv,  Secretary  of  the 
President  of  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx, 
was  the  Secretary  of  Mr.  Haffen  as  Com- 
missioner of  Street  Improvements  of  the 
Twenty-third  and  Twenty-fourth  Wards, 
tluring  his  incumbency  of  that  office  from 
May  I,  1893,  until  its  abolition  on  December 
31  last,  under  the  Charter.  This  position 
made  Mr.  Hennessy  acquainted  with  munic- 
ipal routine  in  all  its  phases,  as  affecting 
street  improvements,  and  incidentally  with 
all  legislation  affecting  in  this  sense  the  Twenty-third  and  Twent}^- 
fourth  Wffirds,  composing  the  Borough  of  The  Bron.x. 

]\Ir.  Hennessy  learned  the  printing  trade  when  a boy,  and 
became  a newspaper  reporter  subsequently.  While  thus  en- 
gaged he  studied  law,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  the  First 
Department  in  1892.  Mr.  Hennessy  published  a review  in 
January  last  of  the  provisions  of  the  Charter  affecting  borough 
officers,  local  boards  and  local  improvements,  which  attracted 
favorable  comment.  He  took  it  for  granted  that  the  local  boards 
had  the  e.xclusive  right,  under  certain  circumstances,  to  recom- 
mend assessable  improvements.  Such  was  the  official  construc- 
tion placed  upon  the  law  subsequently.  Mr.  Hennessy  resides  at 
No.  875  East  One  Hundred  and  Sixty-ninth  street.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Tammany  Hall  General  Committee  and  many 
other  organizations  of  a non-political  character. 


57 


T 

JAMES  W.  STEVENSON. 

James  W.  Stevenson,  Secretary  to  the 
President  of  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn  and 
Local  Boards  of  the  Borough,  was  born  in 
Jefferson  County,  Pennsylvania,  on  August 
24,  1870.  He  is  the  son  of  a farmer.  He 
was  educated  at  Grove  City  College  and  be- 
came a reporter  on  the  Pittsburg  Times  in 
1890.  Two  years  later  he  moved  to  Brook- 
lyn and  was  connected  with  New  York  news- 
papers until  appointed  to  his  present  posi- 
tion. During  the  recent  municipal  campaign 
i\Ir.  Stevenson  had  charge  of  the  Joiirnal’s  political  work  in 
Brooklyn.  His  appointment  by  President  Grout  was  seconded 
by  Chairman  York  of  the  Kings  County  Democratic  Organiza- 
tion, in  recognition  of  his  work  for  the  ticket  as  a newspaper  man 
as  well  as  within  party  lines. 


DEPARTMENT  OF  FINANCE. 


The  Department  of  Finance  is  the  depository  of  all  Ciry 
revenues,  taxes,  assessments,  proceeds  of  the  issue  of  bonds, 
and  of  all  moneys  paid  to  or  deposited  with  it  for  purposes  of 
public  improvement  and  for  other  public  purposes.  It  is  the 
trustee  of  the  City’s  estate  and  moneys,  and  is  an  auditor  of  all 
claims  for  and  against  the  City  of  New  York. 

Its  functions  are  exercised  through  not  only  the  general  office 
of  the  Comptroller,  but  as  well  in  five  (5)  bureaus,  designated 
by  law  as  follows  : 

“ 1st.  A bureau  for  the  collection  of  revenues  accrumg- 
from  rents  and  interest  on  bonds  and  mortgages,  and 
revenues  arising  from  the  use  or  sale  of  property  belong- 
ing to  or  managed  by  the  city,  and  the  management  of  the 
markets.” 

The  chief  officer  of  such  bureau  is  by  law  designated  as  ” the 
Collector  of  City  Revenues  and  the  Superintendent  of  Markets.” 

“ 2d.  A bureau  for  the  collection  of  taxes.” 

The  chief  officer  of  such  bureau  is  by  law  designated  as  ” the 
Receiver  of  Taxes.” 

“ 3d.  A bureau  for  the  collection  of  assessments  and 
of  such  taxes,  assessments  and  water  rents  as  are  in  ar- 
rears.” 

The  chief  officer  of  such  bureau  is  by  law  designated  as  “ the 
Collector  of  Assessments  and  Arrears.” 

“4th.  An  auditing  bureau,  which,  under  the  supervi- 
sion of  the  comptroller,  shall  audit,  revise  and  settle  all 
accounts  in  which  the  city  is  concerned,  as  debtor  or 
creditor.” 

The  chief  officers  of  such  bureau  are  by  law  designated  as 
“ Auditors  of  Accounts.” 

“ 5th.  A bureau  for  the  reception  and  safe-keeping  of 
all  moneys  paid  into  the  treasury  of  the  city,  and  for  the 
payment  of  money  on  warrants  drawn  by  the  comptroller 
and  countersigned  by  the  mayor.” 

The  chief  officer  of  such  bureau  is  by  law  designated  as  “ the 
Chamberlain.” 


59 


The  principal  sources  of  revenue  are  Croton  water  rents, 
rents  of  docks,  piers  and  ferries,  railroad  franchise  compensation 
and  percentage,  liquor  license  taxes,  interest  on  investments  and 
installment  raised  by  taxation. 

There  are  many  other  revenues,  but  the  chief  ones  are  as 
above  stated. 

In  the  old  City  of  New  York,  in  the  year  1897,  about  thirty 
and  one-half  per  cent,  of  said  revenues  went  to  the  “ Sinking 
Fund  for  the  Redemption  of  the  City  Debt,  No.  i about 
eleven  and  one-half  per  cent,  to  the  “ Sinking  Fund  for  the  Re- 
demption of  the  City  Debt,  No.  2”;  about  twenty-six  and  one- 
half  per  cent,  to  the  “ Sinking  Fund  for  the  payment  of  the 
Interest  on  the  City  Debt,”  and  about  thirty-one  and  one-half 
per  cent,  to  the  “ General  Fund.” 

The  surplus  revenues  of  the  “ Sinking  Fund  for  the  Payment 
of  the  Interest  on  the  City  Debt,”  which  amounted  to  a little 
more  than  thirteen  per  cent,  of  the  total  revenues,  were  trans- 
ferable and  yearly  transferred  to  the  “ Sinking  Fund  for  the 
Redemption  of  the  City  Debt,  No.  i,”  so  that,  in  point  of  fact, 
I the  latter  Sinking  Fund  ultimately  received  in  1897  about  forty- 
four  per  cent,  of  the  City  revenues;  the  “ Sinking  Fund  for  the 
Redemption  of  the  City  Debt,  No.  2,”  about  eleven  and  one-half 
per  cent.;  the  “ Sinking  Fund  for  the  payment  of  the  Interest  on 
the  City  Debt  ” about  thirteen  per  cent.,  and  the  “ General 
Fund  ” about  thirty-one  and  one-half  per  cent. 

Moreover,  included  in  the  revenues  going  into  the  “ Sinking 
Fund  for  the  Redefption  of  the  City  Debt,  No.  2 ” there  was 
annually  raised  by  tax,  under  constitutional  amendment  adopted 
on  November  4,  1884,  an  amount  to  redeem  stock  payable  from 
taxation.  Said  sum  so  raised  varied  each  year,  but  the  amount 
in  the  tax  levy  for  1897  was  the  sum  of  $1,713,669.80. 

It  would  be  impossible  to  state  in  brief  form  all  that  has  been 
accomplished  by  the  Department  of  Finance  since  January  t, 
1898,  but  in  general  it  has  investigated,  and  is  still  engaged  in 
the  examination  of  the  books,  records  and  accounts  of  the  96 
municipal  and  public  corporations  consolidated  with  the  former 
City  of  New  York,  or  for  whose  liabilities  the  City  of  New  York, 
as  constituted  under  the  Greater  New  York  Charter,  is  respon- 
sible. 

It  has,  as  closely  as  possible  at  this  time,  ascertained  tiie 
bonded  indebtedness  of  the  present  City  of  New  York,  and  ap- 
proximately defined  its  Constitutional  limit  of  indebtedness. 


6o 


The  Department  is  rapidly  reducing  the  financial  affiairs  of  the 
City  of  New  York,  as  now  constituted,  to  a uniform  system. 
iMeanwhile,  the  current  work  of  the  various  bureaus  of  the  De- 
partment above  referred  to  is  being  carried  on. 

The  method  followed  by  the  City  in  the  payment  of  its  bills 
does  not,  under  the  new  Charter,  differ  materially  from  that 
prevailing  under  the  last  Charter  of  the  City. 

The  system  adopted  by  the  Department  of  Finance  not  only 
provides  for  certificates  of  heads  of  Departments,  Boards  and 
Commissions,  but  also  requires  such  an  examination  of  claims  by 
officers  of  the  Department  of  Finance,  as  the  basis  of  audit,  as 
will  determine  the  legality  as  well  as  justice  of  all  claims  against 
the  City  presented  for  payment. 

The  Department  requires  that  all  bills  against  Departments, 
Boards  and  Commissions,  to  be  paid  out  of  the  City  Treasury, 
shall  be  attached  to  vouchers  duly  certified  by  heads  of  Depart- 
ments, Boards  or  Commissions,  and  that  compensation  to  officers 
and  employees  of  the  City  Government  shall  be  duly  certified 
upon  pay-rolls.  The  pay-rolls  so  certified  are  duly  examined 
by  examiners  of  the  Department;  bills  and  vouchers  for  work 
and  supplies,  after  examination  by  examiners,  are  referred  to 
inspectors,  engineers  and  others  designated  by  the  Comptroller 
for  the  purpose  of  inspection  of  the  work  and  supplies. 

A final  audit  is  made  by  the  Auditor,  who  passes  upon  the 
correctness  as  well  as  the  validity  of  the  pay-rolls  and  other 
claims.  F"pon  such  audit,  and  after  certification  by  the  Register 
that  there  is  money  in  the  particular  appropriation  or  fund  to 
which  the  pay-roll  or  claim  is  chargeable,  to  meet  the  same,  a 
warrant  upon  the  Chamberlain  is  signed  by  the  Comptroller  and 
Mayor,  or  by  their  representatives  authorized  by  law  to  sign  in 
their  stead  and  place. 

A check  signed  by  the  Chamberlain  is  subjoined  to  the  war- 
rant and  payment  is  made  by  the  Disbursing  Clerk  of  the  Audit- 
ing Bureau  of  the  Department  of  Finance  after  a prescribed 
affidavit  has  been  signed  by  the  claimant,  except  that  in  case  of 
pay-rolls  payment  is  made  by  the  City  Paymaster. 

The  increase  in  the  work  of  the  Department  since  January 
I,  1898,  has  necessarily  been  very  marked,  principally  because 
of  consolidation.  As  an  instance  of  the  increase  of  one  branch 
of  the  work  it  may  be  noted  that  in  the  year  1897,  up  to  July  30, 
there  were  examined  and  audited  28,994  vouchers  and  pay-rolls, 
for  which  warrants  were  registered;  while  in  the  year  1898,  for  a 


62 


similar  period,  the  number  of  such  vouchers  and  pay-rolls  was 
36,636,  or  more  than  twenty-six  per  cent,  increase. 

This  does  not  indicate  what  will  be  the  percentage  of  increase 
for  the  year,  for  the  reason  that  thousands  of  vouchers  were 
held  pending  a determination  of  the  question  of  Constitutional 
limit  of  indebtedness,  and  audit  of  those  so  held  was  not  begun 
until  about  the  middle  of  the  year. 

It  is  estimated  that  the  percentage  of  increase  in  this  branch 
of  work  will  for  the  entire  year  be  at  least  seventy-five  per  cent., 
and  may  reach  one  hundred  per  cent. 

As  an  instance  of  the  increase  in  another  branch  of  the  work 
it  may  be  noted  that  while  in  1897  in  the  old  City  of  New  York 
there  was  one  tax  levy,  there  are  in  1898,  in  the  present  City  of 
New  York  more  than  one  hundred  tax  levies  upon  which  taxes 
are  being  collected  by  the  Department  of  Finance. 

Upon  the  Department  of  Finance  rests  the  burden  of  the 
work  of  examination  of  matters  going  before  the  Board  of  Esti- 
mate and  Apportionment  and  the  Commissioners  of  the  Sinking 
Fund  for  their  action. 

So  closely  connected  with  the  administration  of  the  finances 
of  the  City  are  said  matters  coming  before  said  Board  and  said 
Commission,  that  necessarily  a thorough  examination  and  a 
complete  analysis  in  each  case  can  best  be  made  by  the  Depart- 
ment of  Finance;  hence  there  is  a reference  to  the  Comptroller 
for  the  examination  and  report  of  almost  every  case  presented 
for  the  consideration  of  said  Board  and  of  said  Commission. 

The  work  of  the  Board  of  Estimate  and  Apportionment  and 
that  of  the  Commissioners  of  the  Sinking  Eund  have  been  very 
much  increased  since  January  i,  1898.  While  the  amount  of 
normal  current  work,  by  reason  of  consolidation  and  the  annex- 
ation of  such  a large  area  of  territory  to  the  former  City  of  New 
York,  has  exceeded  that  prior  to  said  consolidation,  there  has 
been  an  extraordinary  increase  of  the  volume  of  work  so  far 
necessarily  Incident  to  the  adjustment  of  affairs  and  the  reorgan- 
ization and  reconstruction  of  the  various  Departments  of  the  new 
City  Government. 

The  Commissioners  of  the  Sinking  Fund  of  the  City  of  New 
York  have  also,  under  the  new  Charter,  taken  under  their  juris- 
diction the  control  and  the  management  of  the  several  sinking 
funds  which  existed  in  connection  with  the  administration  of 
government  of  the  several  municipal  and  public  corporations 
consolidated  with  the  former  City  of  New  York. 


63 


r 


It  will  thus  be  noted  that  with  the  vast  increase  of  the  work 
of  said  Board  and  said  Commission,  there  has  been  a correspond- 
ing increase  in  that  branch  of  the  work  of  the  Department  of 
Finance. 

BIRD  S.  CODER. 

Bird  S.  Coder,  Comptroller  of  the  City  of  New  York,  is  one 
of  the  younger  school  of  financiers  who  has  made  a study  of  his 
calling  from  both  a practical  and  scientific  standpoint. 

Previous  to  his  election  as  Comptroller,  Mr.  Coler’s  business 
relations  kept  him  continually  in  close  touch  with  State  and  city 
finances.  iNlr.  Coler’s  father- — W.  N.  Coler — had  for  a number  of 
years  made  a special  study  of  municipal  bonds  and  franchises, 
and  to  the  present  Comptroller,  as  a member  of  the  firm  of 
which  his  father  is  the  head,  had  devolved  much  of  the  work  in 
this  field  of  finance. 

The  experience  he  gained  in  this  connection,  together  with 
a training  in  every  branch  of  the  banking  business,  has  enabled 
him  to  cope  sucessfully  and  on  liberal  lines  with  very  important 
financial  problems,  and  when,  as  has  been  pointed  out  fre- 
quently by  those  who  are  acquainted  with  Mr.  Coler’s  career — 
there  could  be  no  better  equipment  for  the  position  he  now  fills-— 
a financial  office  second  to  none  in  the  second  greatest  city  in 
the  world. 

Yk  N.  Coler,  father  of  the  present  Comptroller,  was  born  in 
Knox  County,  Ohio,  and  at  the  breaking  out  of  the  Mexican 
War  enlisted  in  the  Second  Ohio  Regiment.  He  served  through 
the  war  as  a private,  and  when  peace  was  declared  began  the 
study  of  law  in  his  native  State.  When  the  Civil  \\"ar  broke  out 
he  again  enlisted,  and  for  services  in  the  Mexican  War  was  given 
a Colonelcy.  After  a service  of  nearly  two  years  he  resigned 
his  command  and  resumed  his  legal  practice.  His  success  as  a 
financial  lawyer  prompted  him  to  remove  to  New  York,  and  in 
1870  he  opened  an  office  in  this  city.  The  enterprise  grew  so 
quickly  that  he  gave  up  the  profession  of  law  to  devote  himself 
entirely  to  the  banking  business. 

It  was  in  this  business  that  Comptroller  Coler  laid  the  found- 
ation of  his  financial  experience,  an  experience  combined  with  an 
executive  ability  of  a high  order,  which  was  recognized  by  his 
election  as  Comptroller  of  the  City  of  New  York. 

‘ Apart  from  business  Mr.  Coler  has  found  time  to  cultivate 
a taste  for  the  best  things  of  life.  He  devotes  his  leisure  hours 


64 


to  scholarly  pursuits  and  if  he  were  not  a banker  he  might 
have  been  a professor  of  English  literature.  He  is  a lover 
of  fine  books  and  rare  editions  and  his  library  in  Brooklyn,  where 
he  lives,  is  one  of  the  finest  private  collections  in  this  country. 

Personally,  he  is  a man  of  refinement  and  culture — unassum- 
ing and  modest — a man  to  whom  a public  office  means  nothing 
unless  it  can  be  used  for  the  public  good. 

Mr.  Coler  is  about  thirty-five  years  of  age,  of  an  athletic 
make-up  and  fond  of  all  rational  out-door  sports.  Pie  is  an  active 
and  efficient  member  of  the  Atlantic  Yacht  Club,  but  apart  from 
his  yachting  diversion  is  equally  at  home  as  a whip  or  upon  the 
wheel.  Combining  the  above  amusements  with  his  literary  tastes 
and  adding  to  them  the  service  he  gives  to  the  city,  his  way  of 
living  comes  as  near  being  that  of  a well-balanced  man  as  can 
be  imagined. 


MICHAEL  T.  DALY. 

Deputy  Comptroller  of  the  City  of  New  York,  Michael  T. 
Daly,  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1841,  and  is  now,  therefore,  fifty- 
seven  years  of  age.  He  came  to  America  and  to  New  York  City 
when  but  ten  years  old,  and  immediately  thereafter  he  entered 
the  public  schools,  attending  the  College  of  the  City  of  New 
York,  which  at  that  time  was  known  as  the  Eree  Academy. 

When  sixteen  years  old  he  started  to  earn  a living,  securing 
a position  as  clerk  in  the  office  of  a broker.  He  employed  his 
spare  time  in  gaining  a knowledge  of  financial  affairs,  which  has 
been  the  foundation  of  a varied  and  extensive  political  and  busi- 
ness career. 

Mr.  Daly  entered  political  life  at  twenty-five  years  of  age, 
receiving  his  first  position  from  A.  Oakey  Hall,  who  was  then 
Mayor  of  the  city.  He  was  made  a second  marshal  to  the 
Mayor.  In  1873  he  was  appointed  Clerk  of  the  Marine  Court, 
which  position  he  held  until  1876  when  he  became  Chief  Clerk 
of  the  City  Court. 

Mr.  Daly’s  next  official  position  was  that  of  Commissioner 
of  Accounts,  to  which  he  was  appointed  in  1891.  When  Mayor 
Gilroy  assumed  office  he  selected  Mr.  Daly  as  Commissioner  of 
Public  Works,  where  he  discharged  the  duties  of  this  office  sat- 
isfactorily and  creditably.  This,  however,  did  not  count  for 
much  with  the  incoming  administration,  for  Mayor  Strong  re- 
moved him,  and  during  his  term  the  office  had  several  incum- 


65 

bents,  neither  of  whom  distinguished  themselves  in  the  City’s 
interests. 

It  is  safe  to  say  that  in  his  present  position  as  Deputy  Comp- 
troller, Mr.  Daly  will  apply  the  same  business  methods  he  has 
used  in  conducting  the  interests  of  the  City  in  previous  capacities. 
He  has  begun  well,  and  as  he  is  known  to  have  great  staying 
power,  the  public  may  be  assured  that  there  will  be  no  change 
in  his  methods. 

EDGAR  J.  LEVEY. 

Edg.ar  J.  Levey  was  born  in  the  City  of  New  York,  Novem- 
ber 4,  1863.  Graduated  from  Columbia  College  in  1883  and 
from  the  Columbia  Law  School  in  1886,  in  which  year  he  was 
admitted  to  the  Bar. 

In  1887  he  formed,  with  Mr.  Edward  Hinman,  the  law  firm 
of  Hinman  & Levey.  In  1891  he  was  appointed  Secretary  to 
the  Comptroller,  in  the  Finance  Department.  In  1893  he  was 
appointed  Assistant  Deputy  Comptroller  by  Comptroller  Myers. 
In  1896,  on  the  death  of  Deputy  Comptroller  Storrs,  ]\Ir.  Levey- 
assumed  many  of  the  duties  which  had  formerly  been  performed 
by  that  well-known  official,  becoming  Secretary  of  the  Sinking 
Fund  Commission,  Chief  Clerk  of  the  Board  of  Revision  of 
Assessments,  and  taking  charge  of  the  business  of  the  Board  of 
Estimate  and  Apportionment  originating  in  the  Department  of 
Finance. 

During  the  term  of  office  of  Comptroller  Myers,  Mr.  Levey 
became  intimately  connected  with  the  development  of  the  in- 
heritance tax  law  of  the  State.  In  most  of  the  difficult  litigation 
which  arose  over  this  law,  Mr.  Levey  represented  the  interests 
of  the  State  in  the  Court  of  Appeals  and  the  Supreme  Court  of 
the  United  States,  and  though  opposed  by  the  leading  lawyers 
of  the  New  York  Bar,  secured  a remarkable  percentage  of  favor- 
able decisions. 

Mr.  Levey  has  been  a life-long  Democrat,  and  is  a member  of 
many  of  the  leading  social  and  political  clubs  of  New  York  City. 

EDWARD  GILON, 

COLLECTOR  OF  ASSESSMENTS  AND  ARREARS. 

Col.  Edward  Gilon,  Collector  of  Assessments  and  Arrears, 
was  born  in  New  York  City,  August  ii,  1838.  He  was  educated 

5 


66 


in  the  public  schools,  and  when  the  Civil  War  broke  out  had  just 
entered  upon  what  promised  to  be  a successful  business  career. 
Despite  this,  however,  he  enlisted  and  went  to  the  front.  He 
was  promptly  promoted,  rose  to  the  rank  of  Captain  and  at  the 
close  of  the  war  received  his  commission  as  Colonel  of  the 
Fifty-fifth  Regiment. 

In  peaceful  walks  Col.  Gilon  has  held  several  important  posi- 
tions. For  ten  years  he  was  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Assess- 
ors, and  previous  to  this  was  one  of  the  conspicuous  Aldermen 
of  the  city.  From  1876  to  1880  he  was  Collector  of  Assessments, 
and  in  February,  1894,  was  reappointed  to  this  office,  which  he 
now  fills  to  the  satisfaction  of  his  superiors  and  the  business 
public. 

In  private  life  Col.  Gilon  is  a gentleman  whom  it  is  always 
good  to  meet,  kindly  considerate  to  those  under  him,  earnest  and 
sincere  in  all  his  undertakings  and  dealings  with  others,  he  com- 
mands the  respect  of  all  he  comes  in  contact  with.  Col.  Gilon 
is  a Democrat,  and  his  personal  efforts  to  advance  the  cause  of 
his  party  are  well  known  and  recognized. 

DAVID  O’BRIEN, 

COLLECTOR  OF  CITY  REVENUE  AND  SUPERINTENDENT  OF  MARKETS. 

David  O’Brien,  Collector  of  City  Revenue  and  Superin- 
tendent of  IMarkets,  was  born  in  New  York  City,  in  1842.  He 
was  educated  in  the  public  schools,  but  wdiile  still  under  age  took 
up  the  trade  of  a butcher  as  a means  of  livelihood. 

For  the  past  thirty  years  Mr.  O’Brien  has  been  one  of  the 
prominent  wholesale  meat  dealers  in  West  Washington  Market, 
and  for  a number  of  years  was  the  President  of  Market  Associa- 
tion. This  position  he  held  until  his  official  duties  compelled  him 
to  give  it  up. 

When  jMr.  O’Brien  was  President  of  the  West  Washington 
Market  Association  he  had  full  charge  of  all  the  legislation  con- 
nected with  the  removal  of  the  market  to  its  present  location. 
While  he  does  not  claim  to  be  the  author  of  the  legislation,  he 
was  one  of  the  authors  of  the  removal  movement,  and  it  was 
largely  due  to  Mr.  O’Brien’s  efforts  that  West  Washington  Mar- 
ket is  to-day  the  finest  market  system  in  the  United  States  if  not 
in  the  world. 

It  took  twenty  years  to  bring  about  the  removal  of  West 


6; 


F 


Washington  Market,  and  while  the  market  business  is  not  as 
profitable  as  it  was  a few  years  ago,  the  City  of  New  York  re- 
ceives twice  as  much  revenue  from  West  Washington  Market 
as  it  formerly  did. 

To  Mr.  O’Brien  belongs  the  credit  of  managing  one  of  the 
most  important  departments  in  the  City  Government  with  the 
highest  efficiency. 

DAVID  E.  AUSTEN, 

RECEIVER  OF  TAXES,  CITY  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Col.  David  E.  Austen,  Receiver  of  Taxes,  is  a citizen  the 
city  can  well  claim  as  one  of  her  sons,  for  he  was  not  only  born 
within  her  limits  but  on  Revolutionary  soil  as  well.  Mr.  Austen 
first  opened  his  eyes  in  the  house  of  his  grandfather,  David  Aus- 
ten, on  Bowling  Green,  who  was  one  of  New  York’s  representa- 
tive business  men,  besides  being  identified  with  the  interests  of 
the  City  at  that  time. 

The  father  of  Col.  Austen,  David  Austen,  is  now  eighty-five 
years  of  age,  and  is  the  oldest  member  of  the  Union  Club  of  this 
city.  His  mother  was  a daughter  of  Robert  Elwell,  in  his  days 
one  of  the  prominent  ship-owners  of  Maine. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  school  days  began  in  White  Plains, 
where  was  located  the  then  famous  school  known  as  “ The  In- 
stitute,” conducted  by  John  Swinburne.  He  remained  there  nine 
years  and  among  his  classmates  who  were  graduated  with  him 
were  the  “ Lorillard  boys  ” (Pierre,  Jacob  and  George),  Samuel 
Milbank,  John  M.  Davies,  Thomas  Freeborn  and  other  well- 
known  New  Yorkers. 

Col.  Austen  began  his  business  career  as  a clerk  with  William 
Libbey,  afterwards  one  of  the  firm  of  A.  T.  Stewart  & Co.,  but 
resigned  his  position  to  take  up  the  study  of  chemistry,  .which 
knowledge  fitted  him  to  fill  an  important  position  with  the  New 
York  Kerosene  Oil  Company.  After  several  years  of  hard  work 
with  the  above  concern,  during  which  time  he  had  charge  of 
seven  hundred  men,  Mr.  Austen  severed  his  connection  with  the 
; company,  and  after  a short  term  in  the  Custom’s  service,  during 
I which  time  he  studied  law,  he  was  graduated  from  the  New  York 
University  Law  School  and  admitted  to  the  Bar. 

When  ex-Mayor  Grant  was  Comptroller  of  the  City,  Col. 
Austen  was  offered  a position  in  the  Finance  Department,  and  for 


68 


several  years  was  one  ot  the  Auditors  of  Accounts  until  Theodore 
W.  Myers,  who  was  afterwards  Comptroller,  persuaded  him  to 
accept  the  position  of  Receiver  of  Taxes  made  vacant  by  the 
death  of  Major  George  ^IcLean. 

Col.  Austen's  management  of  this  office  is  too  well  known  for 
extended  comment,  suffice  it  to  say  that  the  taxpayers  of  the 
city  are  thoroughly  satisfied  that  their  interests  are  in  good  hands. 
Business  methods  and  only  business  methods  prevail  in  this 
office.  The  conduct  of  the  office  is  a model  that  could  be  used 
in  any  business  walk  of  life,  and  when  it  can  be  said  that  while 
nearly  $45,000,000  are  collected  annually  without  the  loss  of  a 
penny  some  idea  of  the  magnitude  of  the  business  transacted  and 
responsibility  entailed  may  be  gained. 

Apart  from  his  various  business  career.  Col.  Austen’s  military 
record  is  equally  as  successful  and  interesting.  He  went  to  the 
front  in  1861  with  Company  H of  the  Seventh  Regiment,  and 
after  two  years  of  service  returned  and  organized  a company  for 
the  Forty-seventh  Regiment,  and,  as  First  Lieutenant,  again 
went  to  the  front,  and  while  crossing  Long  Bridge  with  his  com- 
pany was  sent  for  by  his  Colonel  and  appointed  Regimental  Ad- 
jutant. 

After  the  war  he  was,  in  turn.  Captain,  Major  and  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  of  the  Forty-seventh.  In  May,  1868,  he  -was  commis- 
sioned as  Colonel,  being  at  that  time  the  youngest  Colonel  in  the 
service.  He  served  as  Colonel  of  the  Forty-seventh  until  July, 
1877,  when  he  was  elected  Colonel  of  the  Thirteenth  Brooklyn. 

Under  the  leadership  of  Colonel  Austen,  the  Thirteenth,  from 
a somewhat  demoralized,  unorganized  body  of  men,  became  one 
of  the  crack  regiments  of  the  State.  Through  his  efforts  in  se- 
curing appropriations  and  zeal  in  pushing  the  work,  the  Thir- 
teenth has  now  one  of  the  finest  and  said  to  be  the  most  perfectly 
equipped  armory  in  the  State. 

It  is  only  necessary  to  refer  to  the  trolley  strikes  in  Brooklyn, 
the  railway  strike  in  Buffalo  and  the  baymen"s  rioting  at  Babylon 
and  Fire  Island  to  show  that  a military  company  in  a time  of 
peace  can  be  made  a practical  organization  ready  to  cope  with 
any  emergency  where  decisive  action  is  required.  The  services 
of  the  Thirteenth  under  the  leadership  of  Colonel  Austen  during 
the  above  disturbances  are  still  young  history,  but  they  will  live 
in  military  records. 

Colonel  Austen  is  interested  in  yachting  and  has  been  for 
several  years  Secretary  of  the  .\tlantic  Yacht  Club,  which  has 


deputy 


70 


nearly  doubled  its  membership  since  its  organization,  and  is  now 
one  of  the  leading  yacht  clubs  of  the  country. 

Mr.  Austen  is  also  a member  of  the  Knickerbocker  Athletic 
Club,  the  League  of  American  Wheelmen  and  the  Army  and 
Navy  Club,  of  which  he  is  one  of  its  Governors.  In  politics 
Colonel  Austen  is  a Democrat,  and  in  addition  to  being  a mem- 
ber of  the  Tammany  .Society  is  one  of  the  earlier  members  of 
the  Democratic  Club. 

Colonel  Austen,  as  the  head  of  various  business  and  military 
interests,  has  always  been  a strict  disciplinarian,  but  he  has  never 
exercised  his  authority  except  for  the  common  good  and  the 
esprit  dn  corps  of  the  body  he  was  in  command  of. 

In  the  line  of  duty  Colonel  Austen  holds  each  man  to  a full 
performance  of  his  duty,  no  partiality  is  shown,  and  a fatherly 
interest  is  taken  in  all.  It  is  not  difficult  to  understand,  therefore. 
Colonel  Austen’s  natural  leadership  over  and  popularity  with  men 
who  serve  under  him. 

JOHN  j.  McDonough. 

John  J.  McDonough,  Deputy  Receiver  of  Taxes  for  the 
City  of  New  York,  was  born  in  this  city  in  1850.  He  attended 
public  school  until  he  was  thirteen  years  of  age,  and  since  that 
time  has  been  continuously  identified  with  the  business  and  po- 
litical life  of  the  metropolis.  Mr.  McDonough’s  record  is  a fine 
one  from  the  time  he  started  as  an  office  boy  in  the  employ  of 
the  Second  Avenue  Surface  Railroad  Company  in  1863.  In 
1871  he  was  made  one  of  the  receivers  in  the  office  of  the  com- 
pany. In  1874  he  was  promoted  to  the  position  of  paymaster 
and  cashier  of  the  company,  and  in  this  capacity,  where  he  re- 
mained fourteen  years,  he  had  a varied  and  stirring  series  of  ex- 
periences which  few  men  in  a like  capacity  meet  with.  His 
dealings  with  conductors  alone  required  the  utmost  vigilance, 
and  ordinarily  was  all  the  work  necessary  for  one  man  to  do. 
Apart  from  this  work,  however,  Mr.  McDonough’s  duties  re- 
quired him  to  make  the  bank  deposits  and  withdrawals.  In 
those  days,  when  the  city  wa-s  not  so  well  policed  as  it  is  at  pres- 
ent, it  was  often  a dangerous  thing  to  carry  large  sums  of  money 
on  the  person.  Mr.  McDonough  was  frequently  followed  after 
he  had  drawn  the  money  necessary  to  pay  the  employees  of  the 
road,  and  on  one  occasion  was  attacked  by  three  men,  and  al- 
though red  pepper  was  thrown  in  his  eyes  and  he  was  brutally 


71 


attacked,  he  succeeded  in  making  his  escape  with  $3,000  of  the 
company’s  money  which  his  assailants  were  unable  to  reach. 

This  act  alone  was  evidence  enough  of  his  faithfulness  and 
capacity  to  fill  a more  important  financial  position.  In  1889  he 
left  the  Second  Avenue  Surface  Railroad  to  take  the  position  of 
cashier  to  the  Board  of  Excise.'  In  1891  he  resigned  to  accept 
the  position  of  Deputy  Tax  Commissioner,  where  he  remained 
until  1893,  when  he  again  resigned  to  become  Deputy  Receiver 
of  Taxes,  which  position  he  holds  at  present. 


WILLIAM  McKINNY. 

William  McKinny,  First  Auditor  of  Accounts  of  the  Bor- 
ough of  Brooklyn  of  the  Greater  New  York,  was  born  on  Septem- 
ber 18,  1855,  on  Christopher  street,  in  the  City  of  New  York,  the 
site  now  occupied  by  the  new  Appraiser’s  Stores.  At  the  age  of 
seven  his  parents  moved  to  Brooklyn,  where  he  attended  school 
at  the  Adelphi  Academy.  He  started  in  business  when  seven- 
teen years  old  with  the  wholesale  tea  house  of  Gross,  March  & 
Co.,  and  three  years  later  entered  the  firm  of  George  C.  Chase 
& Company,  as  a partner,  where  he  remained  fifteen  years.  Some 
little  time  was  then  spent  by  him  traveling  abroad,  and  on  his  re- 
turn to  this  country  he  was  tendered  the  position  as  Assistant  and 
Deputy  Appraiser  of  Merchandise  of  the  Port  of  New  York,  by 
Grover  Cleveland,  in  1892,  which  position  he  resigned  in  Janu- 
ary, 1898,  to  take  the  position  of  First  Auditor  of  Accounts  of 
the  Borough  of  Brooklyn. 

Mr.  McKinny  impresses  all  with  whom  he  comes  in  contact 
by  a manly  and  courteous  bearing,  combined  with  an  energetic 
and  kindly  nature.  He  carries  these  qualities  both  in  social  and 
business  walks,  and  is  the  same  man  on  all  occasions.  As  a 
member  of  the  Montauk  Club  in  Brooklyn,  by  his  neighbors  in 
the  same  city  and  the  business  world  who  know  him,  he  is  es- 
teemed and  admired  for  a rare  combination  of  the  above  quali- 
ties— genuine  qualities  which  win,  keep  and  hold  friends,  no 
matter  where  they  are  placed. 


WALTER  H.  HOLT. 


Walter  H.  Holt,  Auditor  of  the  Borough  of  Richmond, 
was  born  at  Salisbury,  N.  C.  He  was  educated  in  the  schools 


72 


of  his  native  village,  and  at  the  age  of  sixteen  started  out  to  make 
his  way  in  the  world. 

In  1880  he  came  to  New  York  and  was  employed  in  the 
offices  of  the  Manhattan  Elevated  Railroad  until  1886,  when  he 
entered  the  law  offices  of  Davies,  Cole  & Rapallo  as  a law  student. 

Mr.  Holt  was  admitted  to  th'e  Bar  in  1893,  but  remained  with 
the  same  firm  until  1897,  when  he  began  the  practice  of  law  on 
his  own  account,  which,  with  his  associate,  Ezra  Tuttle,  he  still 
keeps  up. 

In  1896  Mr.  Holt  was  the  Democratic  .candidate  for  the 
Assembly  from  his  district,  and  although  defeated  ran  900  votes 
ahead  of  the  head  of  his  ticket. 

The  office  of  Auditor,  which  Mr.  Holt  now  holds,  takes  the 
place  of  the  former  County  Treasurer,  and  all  Village  Clerks, 
Treasurers  and  Town  Clerks.  He  also  audits  all  claims  against 
the  County  and  is  the  head  of  the  Finance  Department  of  the 
borough. 

In  1893  Mr.  Holt  married  a daughter  of  one  of  the  oldest 
Staten  Island  families,  which  has  title  deeds  from  King  George 
IV. 

Auditor  Holt  is  a popular  and  familiar  figure  on  Staten 
Island,  and  is  a well-known  member  of  the  New  York  Demo- 
cratic Club  and  Tammany  Hall.  He  is  also  a member  of  the 
following  Staten  Island  Clubs  : Whist  Club,  Quartette  Club, 

Democratic  Club  and  Kill  von  Kull  Yacht  Club. 

While  living  in  New'  York  City  was  on  General  Committee 
and  Committee  on  Organization  of  Tammany  Hall,  and  member 
of  Narragansett  Club  and  Bedford  Avenue  Democratic  Club  of 
Brooklyn. 

JOHN  J.  FETHERSTON, 

DEPUTY  RECEIVER  OF  TAXES,  BOROUGH  OF  RICHMOND. 

John  J.  Fetherston,  Deputy  Receiver  of  Taxes  for  the  Bor- 
ough of  Richmond,  has  been  a life-long  resident  of  Richmond 
County,  and  although  engaged  in  private  business  has  been 
prominently  identified  with  the  public  life. 

He  has  held  various  offices,  having  been  Chief  of  the  North 
Sliore  Fire  Department  for  one  term.  Trustee  of  the  First  Ward 
of  the  Village  of  New  Brighton  for  ten  years,  which  office  he  re- 
signed in  1892  to  accept  the  office  of  Treasurer  of  the  Village 


73 


' of  New  Brighton,  to  which  office  he  was  appointed  by  the 
unanimous  vote  of  the  Board  of  Trustees.  He  held  this  office 
until  January  l,  1898,  when  the  village  was  merged  into  the 
Greater  New  York. 

On  January  2,  1898,  he  was  appointed  Deputy  Receiver  of 
Taxes  for  Richmond  Borough,  an  appointment  which  was  not 
only  highly  satisfactory  to  the  business  public  of  Staten  Island 
but  also  to  the  old  residents  and  property-holders  of  that  locality 
who  have  known  Mr.  Fetherston  from  boyhood. 

Mr.  Fetherston  has  always  been  known  as  an  official  of  un- 
questioned integrity  and  honesty,  and  is  w'ell  qualified  to  dis- 
charge the  duties  of  the  office  to  which  he  has  been  appointed. 

GEORGE  BRAND. 

DEPUTY  COLLECTOR  OF  ASSESSMENTS  AND  ARREARS,  BOROUGH  OF 
RICHMOND. 

George  Brand,  Deputy  Collector  of  Assessments  and  Ar- 
rears for  the  Borough  of  Richmond,  was  born  in  Stapleton,  S.  I., 
in  i860,  and  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native 
place. 

In  1892  he  was  elected  Tax  Collector  of  School  District  No. 
2 of  Middletowm  and  Southfield,  the  largest  school  district  in  the 
county.  He  held  this  office  continuously  from  1892  to  1897, 
when  the  office  was  abolished. 

He  was  elected  Town  Clerk  of  the  Town  of  Middletown  in 
1892  and  was  re-elected  each  year  until  the  new  Charter  abol- 
ished the  town  offices. 

On  the  organization  of  the  new  City  Government  Mr.  Brand 
i was  appointed  Collector  of  Assessments  and  Arrears  and  has  his 
office  in  the  ^''illage  Hall  in  Stapleton. 

FREDERICK  W.  BLECKWENN. 

Frederick  \V.  Bleckwenn,  the  Deputy  Receiver  of  Taxes 
for  the  Borough  of  Queens,  was  born  in  Hanover,  Germany,  in 
1839.  After  graduating  from  school  he  learned  the  book  trade, 
I and  for  several  years  managed  a large  circulating  library  in  the 
City  of  Hanover,  where  he  acquired  a thorough  literar}-  educa- 
; tion.  In  the  year  1858  he  came  to  this  country  and  soon  found 
employment  in  the  publishing  and  importing  house  of  William 


74 


Radcle,  in  New  York  City.  By  very  close  application  to  business 
he  soon  advanced  to  a position  of  trust  and  confidence.  Having 
special  charge  of  the  vast  landed  interests  of  his  employer,  he 
received  a valuable  training  in  the  real  estate  business.  In  the 
publishing  branch  of  the  business  he  put  into  practical  use  his 
literary  acquirements. 

When  his  employer  was  elected  an  Alderman  of  the  City  of 
New  York,  Mr.  Bleckwenn,  in  his  confidential  capacity,  gained 
quite  a knowledge  of  public  and  municipal  affairs. 

After  important  changes  in  said  firm,  Mr.  Bleckwenn,  in 
1880,  accepted  the  position  of  bookkeeper  and  cashier  with  the 
well-known  firm  of  Keuffel  & Esser,  of  New  York. 

In  the  fall  of  1882  Mr.  Bleckwenn  was  appointed  by  the  Com- 
mon Council  of  Long  Island  City  to  the  office  of  City  Treasurer 
and  Receiver  of  Taxes  (then  vacant),  and  at  the  same  time  re- 
ceived the  nomination  for  that  office  for ’the  next  full  term.  He 
was  elected  by  a handsome  majority  for  the  term  ending  Decem- 
ber 31,  1885.  In  that  year  he  was  re-elected,  without  opposition, 
for  another  term  of  three  years.  In  1888  he  was  re-elected  for 
a third  term  and  in  1891  for  a fourth  term  of  three  years,  and 
retired  from  office  on  December  31,  1894,  after  a continuous  ser- 
vice of  over  twelve  years. 

During  the  last  three  years  Mr.  Bleckwenn  has  been  engaged 
in  the  real  estate  business. 

Mr.  Bleckwenn  is  a life-long  Democrat.  He  is  one  of  the 
Trustees  of  the  Long  Island  City  Building  and  Loan  Association 
and  a member  of  the  “Frohsinn  ” and  “ Astoria  Maennerchor  ” 
Singing  Societies,  and  of  the  “ Long  Island  City  Turn  Verein.” 
He  is  a man  of  plain  and  correct  habits  and  happy  disposition. 

JOHN  F.  GOULDSBURY, 

FIRST  .\UDITOR  OF  ACCOUNTS. 

John  F.  Gouldsbury  was  born  in  the  City  of  New  York  on 
May  13,  1848.  He  was  educated  in  the  De  La  Salle  Institute 
and  the  College  of  St.  Francis  Xavier. 

After  leaving  school  he  entered  mercantile  life  in  the  old  dry 
goods  house  of  Lake  & McCreery,  whom  he  left  to  enter  the 
jobbing  house  of  Butler.  Broome  & Clapp,  where  he  remained 
until  he  entered  the  establishment  of  his  father,  who  was  at  that 
time  one  of  the  leading  marble  workers  for  interior  decorations  in 
the  city. 


75 


In  1877  he  was  appointed  Registrar  of  Claims  in  the  Comp- 
troller’s Office  by  the  late  John  Kelly.  Under  succeeding  Comp- 
trollers his  advancement  has  been  marked,  as  is  evidenced  by  the 
fact  that  he  is  now  the  First  Auditor  of  Accounts  of  the  Depart- 
ment of  Finance  of  the  Greater  New  York. 

He  has  always  been  identified  with  the  Tammany  organiza- 
tion, and  has  been  a member  of  the  Tammany  Society  for  several 
years. 

WILLIAM  F.  BAKER. 

Wi;.LiAM  F.  Baker,  Secretary  to  Comptroller  Coler,  was 
born  in  Pittsburgh,  Pa.,  about  thirty  years  ago.  He  received  his 
education  there,  and  when  he  moved  to  New  York  in  1881  he 
had  the  foundation  of  a good  business  training,  together  with 
an  equipment  of  common  sense  and  honesty  that  have  always 
stood  him  in  good  stead. 

Previous  to  January  first  of  this  year  Mr.  Baker  had  been 
engaged  in  the  transportation  business,  in  which  he  was  success- 
ful from  the  start. 

When  Mr.  Coler  became  Comptroller  he  offered  Mr.  Baker 
the  position  of  Private  Secretary,  which  he  accepted.  Since  his 
occupancy  of  the  place  he  has  displayed  a combination  of  quali- 
ties which  stamp  him  at  once  as  the  man  thoroughly  at  home 
with  his  duties. 

He  impresses  all  with  whom  he  comes  in  contact  as  a young 
man  of  tact  and  good  judgment,  and  the  fact  that  he  is  popular 
verifies  this  impression. 

Mr.  Baker  is  just  as  well  liked  socially.  He  has  been  a resi- 
dent of  Brooklyn  for  the  past  ten  years,  in  which  borough  he  is 
a member  of  several  clubs. 


PATRICK  KEENAN, 

CHAMBERLAIN  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Patrick  Keenan,  Chamberlain  of  New  York,  was  born  in- 
County  Tyrone,  Ireland,  in  1837.  He  came  to  America  when  he 
was  fourteen  years  old  and  settled  in  New  York,  where  he  has 
lived  continuously  since.' 

Mr.  Keenan’s  first  employment  was  that  of  a plumber’s  ap- 
prentice, in  which  capacity  he  only  remained  long  enough  to- 
know  that  he  was  capable  of  far  better  things.  In  1863  he 


76 


engaged  in  business  on  his  own  account,  and  twenty  years  later, 
as  a result  of  his  energy,  industry  and  foresight,  was  able  to 
retire  with  a competence. 

Mr.  Keenan’s  first  official  position  w'as  in  1872,  when  he  was 
elected  a member  of  the  Board  of  Assistant  Aldermen.  Later  he 
became  a member  of  the  Board  of  Aldermen,  in  which  capacity 
he  served  until  1882,  when  he  was  elected  County  Clerk,  which 
position  he  held  until  1885. 

During  all  these  years  Mr.  Keenan  took  an  active  part  in  the 
political  welfare  of  the  city  and  his  party,  and  from  the  date  of 
his  first  affiliation  with  a political  organization  up  to  the  present 
time  he  has  always  been  a leader.  This  is  easily  understood. 
To  meet  him  once  is  to  feel  the  presence  of  a great  reserve  force. 
Self-contained  and  unassuming,  without  a trace  of  the  autocrat 
or  dictator  in  his  make-up,  he  puts  all  who  are  associated  with 
him  at  their  ease  and  makes  them  feel  that  respect  for  themselves 
and  for  him  which  is  only  possible  with  a man  of  his  stamp. 
Political  leaders  who  live  do  not  command.  Mr.  Keenan’s  per- 
sonality is  such  that  he  wins  where  a lesser  light  would  repel. 

The  power  to  please,  alone,  however,  is  never  a vital  cause 
for  the  success  of  any  one.  Mr.  Keenan  has  demonstrated,  both 
in  private  and  public  affairs,  that  he  knows  what  to  do,  and  his 
entire  course  has  shown  that  he  can  and  does  select  the  right 
men  to  carry  out  his  ideas  of  how  a public  official  can  best  serve 
the  people. 


JOHN  H.  TIMMERMAN, 

CITV  PAYMASTER. 

Mr.  Timmerman  was  born  December  28,  1845,  City  of 

New  York.  He  received  his  education  in  private  schools  of  this 
city,  and  later  took  a course  in  a business  college.  In  1866  he 
became  a Searcher  in  the  County  Clerk’s  Office,  being  later  pro- 
moted to  the  position  of  Chief  Searcher  and  Cashier,  which  posi- 
tion he  held  until  1873,  when  he  was  elected  Secretary  of  the 
Eleventh  Ward  Savings  Bank.  He  remained  with  this  bank 
until  1885,  when  he  was  made  Auditor  of  the  Acjueduct  Commis- 
sion. 

During  the  time  he  was  connected  with  the  bank  he  continued 
his  studies  of  book-keeping  and  accounting,  and  in  1883  was 
elected  a member  of  the  Institute  of  Accounts,  and  did  consider- 
able e.xpert  accounting  for  corporations  and  individuals. 


77 


In  1886  he  was  made  City  Paymaster  and  has  continued  in 
this  office  until  the  present  time.  Pie  has  handled  many  millions 
of  dollars  during  his  business  career,  and  as  City  Paymaster  has 
paid  out  about  $200,000,000  without  causing  the  loss  of  a penny 
to  the  City,  and  has,  during  this  time,  signed  over  1,500,000 
checks  for  City  employees. 

He  is  a hard  worker  and  is  never  seen  idle.  The  various 
Comptrollers  have  been  thoroughly  satisfied  with  his  administra- 
tion of  the  Paymaster’s  Office,  and  he  has  received  many  words 
of  praise  from  them,  as  also  from  City  employees  and  the  public, 
for  the  manner  in  which  the  business  of  his  office  is  conducted. 

Aside  from  the  routine  work  which  his  position  demands,  Mr. 
Timmerman  has  surrounded  the  office  over  which  he  presides 
with  a peculiarly  human  interest  rarely  found  either  in  a private 
or  public  business.  He  never  lets  an  opportunity  slip  when  he 
can  hasten  or  facilitate  the  payment  of  salary  to  the  heirs  of  a 
deceased  City  employee, and  is  constantly  doing  acts  of  this  nature 
whenever  they  present  themselves. 


i 


THE  BOARD  OF  PUBLIC  IMPROVEMENTS. 

It  was  plain  to  the  minds  of  the  Commission  who  framed  the 
new’  Charter,  that  on  account  of  the  large  and  costly  range  of  pub- 
lic works  which  w’ould  be  initiated  in  the  Greater  New  York,  that 
an  appropriate  and  effective  check  should  be  established;  and  for 
this  purpose  they  designated  a department  to  be  knowui  as  “ The 
Board  of  Public  Improvements,”  which  consists  of  a President, 
appointed  by  the  Mayor,  the  Commissioner  of  Plighways,  Com- 
missioner of  Sewers,  Commissioner  of  Water  Supply,  Commis- 
sioner of  Bridges,  Commissioner  of  Public  Buildings,  Lighting 
and  Supplies,  and  the  Commissioner  of  Street  Cleaning,  and,  ex 
officio,  the  Mayor,  Comptroller,  Corporation  Counsel  and  the  Pres- 
idents of  the  boroughs. 

The  said  department  has  jurisdiction  over  the  bridges,  streets, 
avenues,  the  water  supply  and  sewer  systems,  acquiring  title  to 
lands  for  street  opening,  and  other  purposes.  The  initiative  in  all 
public  improvements  must  be  taken  by  this  Board,  as  such  w’orks 
require  to  be  primarily  determined  by  expert  authority,  so  that 
they  may  be  developed  upon  a fixed  plan  and  designed  and  con- 
structed in  accordance  with  scientific  skill;  and  any  action  taken 
by  this  Board  upon  important  questions  that  arise  in  connection 
with  the  public  works,  cannot  fail  to  be  of  great  advantage  to  the 
City. 

The  ordinances  for  all  public  improvements,  such  as  the  lay- 
ing of  water  mains,  extending  and  constructing  water  works,  the 
grading  and  paving  of  streets,  encroachments  upon  the  streets, 
construction,  etc.,  of  public  markets,  the  cleaning  and  sprinkling 
of  streets,  the  laying  of  gas-pipes  and  electric  wires,  etc.,  the  erect- 
ing of  public  buildings,  and  the  making  of  all  contracts  and  agree- 
ments in  relation  thereto,  entailing  a large  amount  of  work,  have 
been  prepared  by  this  Board  for  recom.mendation  to  the  Munici- 
pal Assembly. 

Resolutions  for  extensive  improvements  in  the  water  w’orks 
and  for  extending  the  water  system  of  the  city  have  been  adopted, 
together  with  many  improvements  for  paving  and  repaving  the 
streets,  constructing  sewers,  etc. 


8o 


A tentative  plan  for  the  street  system  of  the  territory  east  of 
the  Bronx  river  (a  work  of  great  magnitude),  has  been  completed 
by  the  Topographical  Bureau  of  this  Department,  and  approved 
by  the  Board.  Plans  of  the  same,  in  sections,  will  be  completed  as 
speedily  as  possible,  and  after  adoption  will  be  placed  on  record. 
The  Borough  of  Queens,  comprising  about  85,000  acres,  of  which 
only  Long  Island  City  has  been  laid  out  in  streets,  will  receive  the 
attention  of  the  Department  as  soon  as  funds  are  provided  for  the 
surveying  and  laying  out  of  streets,  etc.  The  Boroughs  of  Brook- 
lyn, Queens  and  Richmond  are  very  much  in  need  of  a complete 
lay-out,  and  it  is  expected  that  work  will  be  commenced  in  these 
boroughs  in  1899.  No  improvements  can  be  carried  out  until 
the  streets  are  legally  opened,  and  much  inconvenience  and  dam- 
age is  done  to  the  public  on  account  of  the  inability  of  this  De- 
partment to  authorize  the  grading  or  sewering  of  streets  and  lay- 
ing of  water-mains. 

The  business  of  the  Department  has  been  steadily  increasing 
since  its  first  meeting,  and  as  many  as  fifty  resolutions  for  new 
work  have  been  submitted  at  one  meeting  of  the  Board,  which 
meets  weekly.  The  confusion  which  existed  in  the  Local  Boards 
as  to  their  powers  and  duties  have  been  defined  by  the  Corpora- 
tion Counsel,  and  it  is  expected  that  many  more  resolutions  will 
be  submitted  in  the  future  by  the  presidents  of  same. 

This  Board  has  been  hampered  in  its  business  by  indefinite 
and  incomplete  references  in  the  Charter,  and  also  on  account  of 
the  bonded  indebtedness  of  the  city  having  been  exceeded  by  the 
})revious  administration;  but  it  has  now  reached  a point  where 
these  obstructions  are,  to  some  extent,  overcome.  As  a result,  its 
business  will  now  undoubtedly  be  advanced  more  rapidly,  and  will 
be  greatly  increased  when  public  work  can  be  authorized  in  the 
Boroughs  of  Brooklyn,  Queens  and  Richmond. 

Four  hundred  and  eighty-seven  resolutions  have  been  intro- 
duced from  January  to  July,  1898,  of  which  there  were: 

33  for  regulating,  grading,  etc.,  of  streets. 

34  for  regulating,  paving,  etc.,  of  streets. 

104  for  repaving  streets. 

24  for  fencing  vacant  lots. 

40  for  flagging  sidewalks. 

7 for  laying  crosswalks. 

39  for  laying  sewers. 

22  for  laying  water-mains. 

13  for  electric  lighting. 


8i 


7 for  laying  gas-mains. 

25  for  change  of  grade  of  streets. 

14  for  street  openings. 

1 1 for  extending  and  widening  of  streets.' 

12  for  acquiring  title  to  land. 

Since  July  i,  until  September  i,  1898,  about  250  resolutions 
pertaining  to  matters  as  stated  above  have  been  introduced,  show- 
ing a large  average  increase,  which  shows  the  great  magnitude  of 
work  performed  by  this  Board. 

MAURICE  F.  HOLAHAN,  ; 

PRESIDENT,  BOARD  OF  PUBLIC  IMPROVEMENTS. 

Maurice  F.  Holapian,  the  President  of  the  Board  of  Public 
Improvements,  which  is  one  of  the  most  important  departments 
in  the  municipal  government,  is  fifty  years  of  age.  He  has  had 
a wide  experience  in  public  affairs,  having  been  connected  with 
both  branches  of  the  State  Legislature — as  a member  of  the  lower 
house  and  Clerk  of  the  Senate.  Under  the  Cleveland  administra- 
tion he  was  appointed  Chief  of  Customs  in  the  Treasury  Depart- 
ment, and  from  there  promoted  to  the  Port  of  New  York  as  Chief 
Special  Agent  of  the  Treasury  Department,  with  jurisdiction  over 
the  States  of  New  York,  Connecticut  and  New  Jersey.  In  con- 
nection with  the  Collector  of  the  Port,  Hon.  Daniel  E.  Magone, 
he  assisted  in  the  reorganization  of  the  Custom  House  and  the 
Appraiser’s  Department,  and  it  was  upon  his  official  investiga- 
tion and  report  to  Secretaries  Manning  and  Fairchild  that  im- 
portant and  salutary  changes  were  made  in  the  polariscopic 
examinations  of  sugar. 

While  in  the  service  of  the  National  Government,  he  investi- 
gated, pursuant  to  a resolution  of  Congress,  the  Fisheries  ques- 
tion, and  succeeded  in  indicting  owners  of  vessels  from  Halifax 
and  Prince  Edward’s  Island  who  were  engaged  in  bringing  to 
the  port  of  Boston  fishermen  under  contract.  Later,  he  was  as- 
signed to  stop  opium  smuggling  on  the  Canadian  frontier,  and, 
though  engaged  in  a perilous  work,  he  arrested  the  prominent 
leaders  of  the  band  of  smugglers  and  secured  their  conviction 
in  the  United  States  Courts. 

In  1889  he  left  the  Government  service  to  accept  the  position 
of  Commissioner  of  Accounts  in  this  city.  The  following  year, 
at  the  earnest  solicitation  of  ex-Mayor  Gilroy,  who  was  then 


6 


S2 


Commissioner  of  Public  Works,  he  accepted  the  deputyship  and 
remained  in  the  Department  until  legislated  out  of  office  in  1895. 

President  Holahan  has  been  a member  of  Tammany  Hall  for 
twenty-five  years,  and  for  many  years  past  has  served  as  scribe 
of  the  Tammany  Society.  He  received  his  education  in  Grammar 
School  No.  35,  and  entered  the  College  of  the  City  of  New  York 
in  1863.  He  also  attended  the  Washington  University  Law 
School. 

He  is  an  indefatigable  worker  and  is  one  of  the  best  posted 
men  on  municipal  affairs  in  the  city. 

Mr.  Holahan  is  a man  to  whom  hard  work  is  a pleasure  and 
he  has  no  amusements  which  have  not  a strong  element  of  work 
connected  with  them.  He  is  always  to  be  found  at  his  post  early 
and  late.  He  knows  no  holidays  or  “ days  off  ” when  the  office 
over  which  he  presides  is  open  to  the  public,  and  he  has  forgot- 
ten the  year  when  he  last  took  a vacation.  He  is  at  his  best 
when  he  has  an  opportunity  to  address  a political  audience,  and 
has  the  reputation  of  being  one  of  the  most  vigorous  and  con- 
vincing public  speakers  in  the  State. 


■ JOHN  H.  MOONEY. 

John  H.  Mooney,  Secretary-  of  the  Board  of  Public  Improve- 
ments, was  born  in  New  York,  where  his  boyhood  days  were 
spent,  and  where,  between  the  public  school  and  several  private 
tutors,  he  received  his  education. 

Mr.  Mooney’s  entry  into  public  life  was  made  as  secretary  of 
the  Commissioner  of  Accounts,  where  he  displayed  a fine  ability 
and  showed  such  a general  familiarity  with  the  work  of  the  office 
that  he  was  made  Commissioner  of  Accounts,  which  office,  as 
time  has  since  proven,  he  filled  with  credit  to  the  city,  his  party 
and  himself. 

Since  then  i\Ir.  Mooney  has  held  several  prominent  positions 
of  public  trust.  In  addition  to  being  one  of  the  original  Brook- 
lyn Bridge  Trustees  and  a member  of  the  Board  of  Assessors, 
was  one  of  the  expert  accountants  appointed  by  ex-Comptroller 
Fitch  to  examine  the  financial  condition  of  the  several  outlying 
districts  about  to  become  a part  of  the  Greater  New  York.  In 
answer  to  some  questions  asked  Mr.  Fitch  by  a representative  of 
the  press,  he  said  that  he  did  not  know  the  politics  of  any  of  the 
gentlemen,  that  he  had  selected  them  only  because  of  their  quali- 
fications and  experiences,  and  as  to  Mr.  Mooney  in  particular, 


83 


because  of  this  he  had  assigned  him  to  the  most  difficult  part  of 
the  proposed  examinations — namely,  Queens  County. 

Outside  of  his  official  duties  Mr.  Mooney  has  always  taken 
an  active  interest  in  the  welfare  of  the  Democratic  party,  but  this 
interest  has  at  the  same  time  always  been  identified  with  the  wel- 
fare of  the  city  and  State.  Among  the  other  measures  with 
which  his  name  is  connected  is  the  “ Compromise  Resolution,” 
of  which  he  is  the  author.  Under  this  resolution  President 
Clevland  was  nominated  for  Governor  of  the  State  of  New  York 
by  the  State  Convention  held  in  Syracuse  in  June,  1884. 

Mr.  Mooney,  besides  being  a prominent  member  of  the  Tam- 
many Society,  is  a member  of  the  New  York  Athletic,  Demo- 
cratic and  Press  Clubs.  He  is  also  a Veteran  of  the  Ninth  Regi- 
ment National  Guard,  and  takes  an  interest  in  military  matters 
generally. 

THE  DEPARTMENT  OF  HIGHWAYS. 

The  Commissioner  of  Highways  has  control  of  the  regulating, 
grading,  curbing  and  flagging,  guttering  of  streets,  and  laying  of 
crosswalks.  In  addition  to  the  above  the  Department  has  charge 
of  the  constructing  and  repaving  of  public  roads,  of  the  paving, 
repaving  and  repairing  of  all  streets;  of  the  laying  and  relaying 
of  surface  railroad  tracks,  of  the  form  of  rail  and  the  method  of 
construction.  The  Department  also  has  jurisdiction  over  the 
filling  of  sunken  lots,  fencing  of  vacant  lots,  on  the  removal  of 
incumbrances  and  the  issue  of  permits  to  builders  and  others  to 
use  the  streets,  but  not  to  open  them. 

It  will  thus  be  seen  that  the  duties  of  this  Department  are  of 
great  variety  and  importance.  The  employees  necessary  to 
conduct  the  work  of  the  Department  run  into  the  hundreds  and 
are  under  the  control  of  a number  of  bureaus  and  commissions 
which  carry  out  the  work  specified.  These  bureaus  and  commis- 
sions consist  of  the  Bureau  of  Streets  and  Roads,  Bureau  in 
Charge  of  Street  Improvements,  Bureau  of  Incumbrances  and 
Sub-Surface  Construction.  In  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn  there  is 
a Deputy  Commissioner  of  Highways  and  a Bureau  of  Street 
Repairs.  In  the  Boroughs  of  The  Bronx,  Queens  and  Richmond 
there  is  a Deputy  Commissioner  of  Highways  for  each  borough. 


84 


JAMES  P.  KEATING, 

COMMISSIONER  OF  HIGHWAYS. 

James  P.  Keating  was  born  in  Limerick,  Ireland,  on  Sep- 
tember 20,  1849.  When  two  years  old  he  accompanied  his  par- 
ents to  this  city,  in  the  public  schools  of  which  he  was  educated 
and  graduated.  Subsequently  he  was  employed  by  various  mer- 
cantile houses,  and  was  connected  with  the  postal  service  to  the 
Union  army.  On  his  return  to  this  city,  in  1869,  he  began  to 
learn  the  trade  of  plastering,  with  such  success  that  he  soon 
superintended  that  part  of  the  construction  of  the  leading  build- 
ings of  the  city,  and  became  in  1872  President  of  the  Plasterers’ 
Association,  charged  with  the  interests  of  that  branch  of  labor 
in  the  metropolis. 

An  almost  fatal  illness  compelled  for  a long  time  the  cessation 
of  all  labors.  On  regaining  his  health  he  became  Chief  Clerk 
in  the  Penalties  Bureau  of  the  Corporation  Counsel’s  Office, 
where  he  served  for  twelve  years  under  many  of  the  now  famous 
legal  advisers  of  the  City.  He  then  became  and  for  four  years 
was  Warden  of  the  County  Jail,  after  which  he  was  appointed 
Chief  Clerk  of  the  City  Court,  of  which  Mayor  Van  Wyck  was 
then  a member.  After  two  years  service  here,  he  became  Chief 
Clerk  of  the  Court  of  Special  Sessions,  and  was  on  January  i, 
1898,  appointed  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck  Commissioner  of  High- 
ways of  Greater  New  York. 

Mr.  Keating  has  always  taken  a very  keen,  active  interest  in 
Democratic  politics,  and  has  for  many  years  managed  party 
affairs  in  one  of  the  strongest  Democratic  districts  of  the  city. 
Since  1872  he  has  been  the  intimate  associate  of  Mr.  Richard 
Croker.  In  1867  he  joined  the  Tammany  Society;  in  1888,  with 
Mr.  Croker,  Judge  Pryor,  Surrogate  Ransom,  Justice  Pitzsimons, 
and  others,  he  incorporated  the  Tammany  Central  Association, 
of  which  he  was  President  for  seven  years,  and  which,  with  a 
membership  of  over  seven  hundred,  is  highly  prosperous.  Mr. 
Keating  has  been  a delegate  to  many  conventions,  and  is  at 
present  a member  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  Tammany  Hall 
from  the  Twentieth  Assembly  District. 

He  has,  despite  his  long  and  varied  public  service,  been  inti- 
mately connected  with  the  development  of  the  phosphate  lands 
of  Florida,  and  of  real  estate  in  Yorkville  and  Harlem,  in  both 
of  which  he  has  large  interests. 


86 


HENRY  P.  MORRISON. 

Henry  Prentice  Morrison,  Deputy  Commissioner  and 
Chief  Engineer  of  Highways  and  Sewers  and  Deputy  Commis- 
sioner of  Water  Supply,  was  born  in  Troy,  N.  Y.,  January  14, 
1858. 

His  early  education  consisted  of  a course  in  the  public  schools 
of  New  York  City,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1873.  From 
here  he  went  to  Clark’s  Academy,  graduating  in  1876,  when  he 
entered  the  University  of  the  City  of  New  York  as  a freshman, 
graduating  in  1880,  and  having  two  degrees  conferred  upon  him. 
Bachelor  of  Science  and  Civil  Engineer. 

After  graduating  from  the  University  Mr.  Morrison  received 
a position  with  John  S.  Bogert,  then  Secretary  of  the  American 
Society  of  Civil  Engineers,  as  Secretary  to  that  gentleman.  His 
health  being  poor  he  sought  active  field  work  and  secured  an  en- 
gagement on  the  Eastern  Shore  Railroad  of  Maryland,  and  there 
remained  until  he  was  appointed  to  the  Department  of  Public 
Works  in  New  York  City,  being  assigned  to  the  Bureau  of 
Sewers.  He  followed  sewerage  engineering  for  eighteen  months 
and  was  then  promoted  and  transferred  to  the  paving  department, 
bcoming  first  assistant  to  Horace  Loomis,  then  engineer  in 
charge  of  paving  in  New  York  City.  For  the  past  seventeen  years 
he  has  made  a specialty  of  paving  and  road  building,  estimated 
for  and  performed  the  engineering  work  on  over  six  million 
dollars’  worth  of  paving  of  all  classes,  an  experience  in  that  line 
such  as  few  engineers  in  the  United  States  have  had. 

In  the  spring  of  1893  Mr  Morrison  was  appointed  County 
Road  Engineer,  and  has  performed  his  work  in  that  capacity 
with  skill  and  ability.  During  the  past  five  years  he  has 
built  about  sixty  miles  of  macadam  roads  and  these  are 
acknowledged  to  be  among  the  best  roads  in  the  State.  Mr. 
Morrison’s  work  on  Staten  Island  has  given  him  a wide  reputa- 
tion as  a road  builder,  and  he  is  often  called  upon  to  give  lectures 
on  road  building  before  public  bodies,  and  his  advice  is  sought 
by  public  officials  and  road  engineers  throughout  the  entire 
State,  New  England  and  New  Jersey.  His  roads  have  become 
the  models  wherever  the  new  movement  for  good  roads  has 
gained  a foothold.  He  has  made  Staten  Island  the  paradise  of 
bicyclists,  and  every  fair  day  in  summer  thousands  of  wheelmen 
and  wheelwomen  are  seen  spinning  along  our  highways.  These 
roads  have  become  an  important  source  of  revenue  to  Staten 


r 


87 


Islanders,  as  bicyclists  spend  hundreds  of  thousands  of  dollars 
here  each  year.  Mr.  Morrison  is  a member  of  the  American 
Society  of  Civil  Engineers. 

JOHN  P.  MADDEN. 

John  P.  Madden,  of  No.  27  Ely  avenue.  Long  Island  City, 
is  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Highways  and  Street  Cleaning  for 
the  Borough  of  Queens.  He  was  born  in  1863,  and  his  political 
career  since  has  been  strongly  indicative  of  the  stirring  times  the 
country  was  then  witnessing. 

Long  Island  City  was  always  noted  as  the  hot-bed  of  political 
strife  and  Mr.  Madden  was  ever  found  in  the  thickest  of  the  fray. 

He  worked  as  telegraph  operator  for  the  Standard  Oil  Com- 
pany for  a number  of  years  and  then  became  a reporter  for  the 
Long  Island  City  Star.  When  Edward  Floyd-Jones  went  to 
Albany  as  State  Senator,  he  took  Mr.  Madden  with  him  as  h'is 
private  Secretary;  Mr.  Madden  was  also  appointed  clerk  to  the 
Senate  Committee  on  City. 

He  served  one  term  in  the  Assembly  and  by  intelligent  appli- 
cation of  his  untiring  energy  secured  much  valuable  legislation 
for  Long  Island  City.  Among  many  other  beneficial  measures 
he  passed  what  is  known  as  the  “ Madden  Gas  Bill,”  which  re- 
duced the  price  of  gas  from  $2  to  $1.25  per  thousand  cubic  feet, 
other  clauses  in  the  bill  made  it  impossible  for  a gas  company  to 
charge  more  for  gas  in  Long  Island  City  than  was  being  charged 
in  New  York  City,  which  has  since  caused  the  still  further  reduc- 
tion to  $1.15.  This  made  a net  saving  to  the  consumers  of  Mr. 
Madden’s  district  of  over  one  hundred  thousand  dollars  per  an- 
num. The  enactment  of  this  law — accomplished  in  the  face  of  the 
strenuous  opposition  of  the  Standard  Oil  Company — made  its 
author  popular  with  the  people  and  caused  his  party  to  nominate 
him  for  Mayor  at  the  ensuing  fall  election.  There  were  three 
candidates  in  the  field,  but  the  fight  was  principally  between  Mr. 
IVIadden  and  IMr.  Gleason;  for  weeks  after  election  each  side 
claimed  to  be  victorious;  the  matter  was  taken  to  the  courts, 
where  Mr.  Gleason  was  finally  declared  elected  by  a plurality  of 
sixteen.  Mr.  Madden  then  became  editor  of  The  Nciv  York 
Electrical  Doings. 

He  was  Presidential  Elector  on  the  Bryan  ticket.  Under  the 
efficient  management  of  Commissioner  Madden  the  Highway 
Department  of  the  Borough  has  been  organized  in  a manner  that 


L 


is  resulting  in  many  improved  roads,  in  which  the  bicyclist  is 
particularly  well  looked  out  for. 

Mr.  Madden  has  been  chairman  of  the  First  Assembly  Dis- 
trict Democratic  General  Committee  for  years.  In  the  primaries 
held  in  June,  under  the  new  primary  law,  Mr.  Madden  elected  the 
majority  of  the  members  to  the  County  Committee,  and  was 
chosen  its  Chairman,  thereby  succeeding  John  H.  Sutphin  as 
leader  of  the  Democratic  party  for  the  Borough  of  Queens. 

THOMAS  R.  FARRELL. 

Thomas  R.  Farrell,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Highways  for 
the  Borough  of  Brooklyn,  was  born  in  Ireland  forty-eight  years 
ago,  but  came  to  this  country  with  his  parents  when  less  than  a 
year  old.  The  family  settled  in  what  is  now  the  Ninth  Ward, 
then  a sparsely  settled  section  of  Brooklyn.  He  grew  up  with 
the  neighborhood,  and  probably  did  as  much  toward  its  develop- 
ment as  any  other  resident.  P'or  many  years  he  was  engaged  in 
the  real  estate  and  building  business,  and  erected  many  fine 
structures.  Mr.  Farrell  has  been  active  in  politics  since  he 
attained  his  majority.  He  is  a member  of  the  Kings  County 
Democratic  General  Committee,  and  is  the  Democratic  leader 
of  the  Eleventh  Assembly  District.  His  present  position  is  not 
the  first  political  honor  conferred  upon  Mr.  Larrell  by  his  party. 
He  served  for  several  years  in  the  office  of  the  City  Cle^k  of 
Brooklyn,  and  later,  for  a period  of  twelve  years,  was  an  attache 
of  the  Brooklyn  Linance  Department. 

Mr.  Larrell  is  a member  of  several  social,  fraternal  and  bene- 
ficial organizations,  including  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  the 
Carleton  Club  and  the  C.  B.  L. 


DEPARTMENT  OF  SEWERS. 

The  Commissioner  of  Sewers  has  control  of  all  matters  relat- 
ing to  public  sewers  and  drainage  of  the  City,  the  making  of  plans 
for  drainage  and  the  construction  of  all  sewers  in  accordance 
with  such  plans.  He  must  also  prepare  and  execute  all  contracts 
relating  to  the  sewers  for  submission  to  the  Board  of  Public 
Improvements,  and  shall  supervise  all  work  done  under  such  con- 
tracts. The  care,  management  and  maintenance  of  the  sewer  and 
drainage  system,  and  the  licensing  of  all  cisterns  and  cesspools 
are  intrusted  to  him. 


M.  F.  Donohue. 
Matthew  J.  Goldner. 


James  Ka.\e. 
Willi A^t  Brennan. 


90 


JAAIES  KANE, 

COMMISSIONER  OF  SEWERS. 

J.-\MES  K.‘\ne  was  born  in  Ireland  about  fifty-seven  years  ago; 
his  parents  came  to  this  country  when  he  was  five  years  old. 
Was  educated  in  the  public  schools,  and  at  the  age  of  nineteen 
assisted  in  organizing  Company  G of  the  158th  Regiment,  New 
York  Volunteer  Infantry,  and  went  to  war  as  its  Eirst  Lieutenant 
and  was  shortly  after  made  Captain  of  the  same  Company. 

At  the  close  of  the  war  engaged  in  business  in  the  manufac- 
ture of  mineral  waters,  and  took  an  active  part  in  politics,  and 
represented  his  ward  and  district  in  the  Common  Council  from 
January  i,  1874,  to  December,  1888,  when  he  resigned  to  accept 
the  office  of  Register  of  Kings  County,  having  been  elected  in 
November,  1888.  On  January  i,  1889,  assumed  the  duties  of 
the  office  of  Register,  and  held  the  same  until  January  i,  1892. 

On  January  i,  1898,  was  appointed  Commissioner  of  the 
Department  of  Sewers  of  the  greater  city. 

In  politics  he  has  always  been  a Democrat. 

MATTHEW  F.  DONOHUE. 

M.^tthew  F.  Donohue,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Sewers, 
Borough  of  Manhattan,  was  born  in  New  York  City,  November 
II,  1867.  After  graduating  from  Fourteenth  Street  Public 
School  and  Cooper  Union  he  served  an  apprenticeship  at  the 
plumbing  trade,  and  while  engaged  at  his  trade  he  was  always 
recognized  as  an  earnest  advocate  of  organized  labor,  having 
been  a member  of  K.  of  L.  Assembly  1992,  New  York  City,  and 
one  of  the  organizers  of  the  present  local  association.  He  served 
as  Vice-President  and  Secretary  for  four  years,  during  two  years 
of  which  time  he  was  Secretary  of  the  State  Association,  resign- 
ing his  membership  in  1891,  at  which  time  he  entered  the  employ 
of  the  City  as  Sanitary  Inspector  in  the  Board  of  Health. 

His  rise  in  public  and  political  life  has  dated  from  that  time. 
Although  one  of  the  youngest  of  the  Democratic  leaders  in  the 
Tammany  Organization  his  earnest,  sincere,  active  and  unceasing 
efforts  for  the  success  of  his  party  has  earned  him  the  commen- 
dation of  political  friends  and  foes. 

The  success  of  the  local  campaign,  as  conducted  under  his 
management  in  the  Twenty-first  Assembly  District  during  the 
canvass  of  1897,  earned  the  praises  of  all  factions  in  his  party. 


91 


and  the  honor  conferred  upon  him  in  his  appointment  as  Deputy 
Commissioner  of  Sewers  is  an  evidence  that  faithful,  honest  and 
efficient  service  will  earn  its  own  reward.  He  has  a warm  and 
genial  nature,  attracting  those  with  whom  he  comes  in  contact, 
and  his  friends  are  legion. 

WILLIAM  BRENNAN. 

William  Brennan,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Sewers  for  the 
Borough  of  Brooklyn,  was  born  in  Brooklyn  in  1856,  and  has 
resided  there  since,  growing  up  with  the  city  and  contributing 
his  share  toward  its  political  welfare. 

Mr.  Brennan  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of 
Brooklyn,  afterwards  learning  the  trade  of  brick  laying,  which 
he  followed  until  1889  when  he  was  appointed  Superintendent 
of  Street  Repairs  in  the  old  City  Works  Department. 

He  held  the  above  position  until  the  defeat  of  the  Democratic 
party  in  1893,  when  he  was  removed  for  purely  political  reasons. 
Mr.  Brennan’s  reputation  as  a faithful  and  competent  City  em- 
ployee, however,  was  well  known,  and  a few  months  after  a 
Republican  took  possession  of  his  former  position  he  was  ap- 
pointed Custodian  in  the  United  States  Pension  Agency  in  New 
York  City.  This  position  he  held  until  January,  1898,  when  he 
resigned  to  accept  the  office,  under  the  new  Charter,  of  Deputy 
Commissioner  of  Sewers  for  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn. 

Mr.  Brennan  was  the  Democratic  leader  of  the  Seventeenth 
Ward,  Brooklyn,  until  the  new  Assembly  District  lines  were 
formed  and  the  party  organized  into  Assembly  Districts,  when 
he  became  the  leader  of  the  Thirteenth  Assembly  District. 

MATTHEW  J.  GOLDNER. 

Matthew  J.  Goldner,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Sewers  of 
the  Borough  of  Queens,  has  been  Under  Sheriff  and  Sheriff  of 
Queens  County,  Commissioner  of  Education  and  City  Clerk  of 
Long  Island  City.  He  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1856  and 
with  his  parents  came' to  Long  Island  City  in  1865,  where  his 
father,  until  the  present,  carries  on  a thriving  granite  and  marble 
works  near  Calvary'  Cemetery.  Deputy  Commissioner  Goldner 
in  1885  resigned  as  School  Commissioner,  and  on  the  first  of 
January,  1886,  he  was  appointed  Under  Sheriff  by  Sheriff  John 
J.  Mitchell,  and  held  office  three  years.  He  succeeded  Mitchell 


92  , 

as  the  Democratic  candidate  for  Sheriff  in  1888,  and  was  elected 
over  his  Republican  opponent,  Theron  H.  Burden,  by  a hand- 
some majority.  In  1892,  shortly  after  the  expiration  of  his  term 
as  Sheriff  of  the  county,  he  was  appointed  City  Clerk  under  the 
administration  of  Mayor  Sanford.  Deputy  Commissioner  Gold- 
ner  is  a man  of  rare  business  ability  and  enjoys  the  confidence 
of  a large  constituency.  He  is  a member  of  the  Democratic  Club 
and  of  many  local  organizations  and  is  an  expert  wheelman, 
and  has  always  taken  a foremost  and  active  part  in  county  and 
city  politics. 

DEPARTMENT  OF  STREET  CLEANING. 

The  Commissioner  of  Street  Cleaning  has  control  of  the 
sweeping  and  cleaning  of  the  streets,  the  removal  of  ashes,  street 
sweepings  and  garbage,  the  cleaning  and  removal  of  snow  and 
ice  from  the  leading  thoroughfares,  and  the  framing  of  regula- 
tions controlling  the  use  of  sidewalks  and  gutters  for  the  disposal 
of  sweepings,  refuse,  garbage  and  light  rubbish. 

The  control  of  the  streets  by  this  Department  as  described 
above  includes  all  the  public  streets  and  thoroughfares  of  the 
City,  except  such  streets  as  are  within  any  park  or  are  under  con- 
trol and  management  of  the  Department  of  Parks,  and  also  such 
wharves,  piers  and  parts  of  streets  which  are  under  the  control  of 
the  Department  of  Docks  and  Ferries. 

Under  the  provisions  of  the  present  Charter  there  has  been 
practically  no  change  prescribed  as  to  the  manner  of  conducting 
the  Department,  and  while  the  Board  of  Public  Improvements 
has  the  power  to  recommend  to  the  Municipal  Assembly  all  ordi- 
nances and  resolutions  regulating  its  matters,  the  Department 
itself  is  responsible  for  the  manner  in  which  it  performs  the  work 
defined  as  described  by  law. 

That  the  Department  under  the  present  Commissioner  has 
carried  out  its  work  faithfully  it  is  only  necessary  to  refer  to  the 
condition  of  the  streets  for  verification. 

JAMES  McCartney, 

STREET  CLEANING  COMMISSIONER. 

Clean  streets  will  continue  to  be  the  rule  in  the  Boroughs  of 
Manhattan  and  The  Bronx,  and  the  many  excellent  innovations 


94 


by  Col.  George  E.  Waring  will  be  extended  to  the  Boroughs  of 
Brooklyn,  Queens  and  Richmond. 

That,  at  least,  is  the  pledge  made  by  James  McCartney,  who 
has  been  appointed  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck  as  head  of  the  Street 
Cleaning  Department,  and  in  his  conversation  with  a World 
reporter  last  night  it  was  apparent  that  Mr.  McCartney  meant 
what  he  said. 

“ Every  fair-minded  man  concedes  that  Col.  Waring  has  done 
excellent  work,  and  it  will  always  be  my  honest  endeavor  to  se- 
cure for  the  new  administration  the  same  praise  that  has  been 
accorded  the  outgoing  government  for  the  condition  of  the 
streets. 

“ I am  a Democrat,  always  have  been  and  expect  to  so  re- 
main. But  in  making  appointments  fitness  and  not  politics  will 
rule.  Of  course,  where  there  are  two  men  of  equal  ability  and 
different  political  faith  seeking  the  same  place,  I shall  always 
give  the  Democrat  the  preference.  That  is  only  right. 

“ I have  a high  regard  for  my  predecessor’s  ability,  yet  I 
feel  that  with  the  same  amount  of  money  any  Tammany  appointee 
to  the  same  place  could  have  done  as  well. 

“ In  comparing  the  administration  of  Col.  Waring  with  that 
of  his  predecessors,  people  should  bear  in  mind  that  former  Street 
Cleaning  Commissioners  were  sadly  hampered  by  lack  of  funds. 
The  great  benefits  of  clean  streets  have  been  so  clearly  demon- 
strated that  I am  satisfied  the  present  administration  will  not  be 
in  favor  of  any  false  economy.” 

Mr.  McCartney  is  forty-six  years  of  age  and  was  born  in  the 
old  Twenty-first  Ward,  on  the  east  side.  He  was  educated  in 
the  public  schools,  and  while  still  in  his  teens  entered  the  employ 
of  the  Hardman  Piano  Company. 

There  he  showed  such  capacity  that  at  the  age  of  twenty-two 
he  was  superintendent  of  the  factory,  and  so  remained  there  until 
appointed  Superintendent  of  the  Engineering  Department  of  the 
Department  of  Public  Works  by  Allen  Campbell. 

Mr.  IMcCartney  was  a great  admirer  of  the  late  Hubert  O. 
Thompson,  and  when  Rollin  M.  Squire  became  Commissioner 
the  office  of  Superintendent  of  Engineering  was  abolished.  Mr. 
McCartney  says  it  was  done  to  get  rid  of  him  because  of  his 
friendship  for  Thompson. 

Mr.  McCartney  then  became  a builder  and  contractor,  and 
has  been  very  successful.  He  lives  in  a comfortable  yet  old- 


95 


fashioned  house,  at  No.  1199  Fulton  avenue,  in  the  Annexed 
District.  He  is  married  and  has  several  children. 

j\Ir.  McCartney  is  quite  a power  in  his  trans-Harlem  District, 
and  is  the  successor  of  former  County  Clerk  Purroy  in  the  coun- 
cils of  Tammany  Hall. 

In  his  early  years  Mr.  McCartney  attained  much  prominence 
as  an  athlete.  He  was  one  of  the  best  amateur  oarsmen  in  the 
country  and  a remarkably  good  shot. 


F.  M.  GIBSON, 

DEPUTY  COMMISSIONER  OF  STREET  CLEANING. 

F.  M.  Gibson,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Street  Cleaning  for 
the  Borough  of  Manhattan,  was  born  in  Philadelphia,  December, 
1847.  He  was  educated  there,  but  entered  the  United  States 
Army  when  he  was  twenty,  serving  as  Second  Lieutenant  in  the 
Seventh  Cavalry,  of  which  the  late  General  Custer  was  Colonel. 
Lieutenant  Gibson  was  in  all  the  Indian  campaigns  with  his 
regiment,  participating  in  the  Battle  of  Washita,  1868,  which 
settled  for  years  the  Indian  troubles  in  the  Indian  Territory  and 
Kansas.  He  also  took  part  in  the  Battle  of  Big  Horn  where 
General  Custer  and  many  officers  lost  their  lives. 

In  1877  he  was  on  the  staff  of  General  Miles,  now  command- 
ing the  United  States  Army.  At  the  Battle  of  Bear  Paw  Moun- 
tain, where  Chief  Joseph,  with  his  band  of  Nez-Perce  Indians, 
were  defeated  and  captured  after  a five  days’  fight. 

After  the  regiment  of  which  Lieutenant  Gibson  was  a mem- 
ber was  moved  from  Dakota  to  Kansas  in  1887,  he  sustained  a 
long  period  of  illness,  which  resulted  in  his  retirement  from 
active  service  in  December,  1891.  In  January,  1895,  he  entered 
the  Department  of  Street  Cleaning  as  Assistant  Superintendent, 
and  in  May  of  that  year  was  made  Deputy  Commissioner.  It 
is  almost  needless  to  say  that  Commissioner  Gibson  is  thoroughly 
qualified  for  the  position  he  now  fills.  The  life  of  a successful 
soldier  is  made  up  of  experiences  which  would  entitle  him  to  fill 
a civil  position  demanding  the  same  qualities. 

Lieutenant  Gibson  has  demonstrated  in  his  present  position 
that  he  is  just  as  good  a civilian  as  he  was  a soldier. 


96 

PATRICK  H.  QUINN. 

Deputy  Street  Cleaxixg  Commissioner  Patrick  H. 
Quinn,  of  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn,  was  born  in  Ireland  forty- 
five  years  ago,  but  when  an  infant  came  to  this  country  with  his 
parents,  locating  in  Brooklyn,  where  he  has  resided  for  over 
forty-three  years.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  that 
city  and  at  the  age  of  eighteen  secured  employment  with  the 
firm  of  Journeay  & Burnham,  one  of  the  leading  dry  goods 
houses.  Four  years  later  he  engaged  in  business  for  himself, 
embarking  in  the  wholesale  fish  and  oyster  trade,  in  which  he 
continued  until  his  appointment  to  his  present  position.  Mr. 
Quinn  never  held  public  office  before,  although  he  has  been 
active  in  Democratic  politics  since  he  attained  his  majority.  He 
has  been  a delegate  to  several  State  and  local  conventions,  and 
is  at  present  the  executive  member  from  the  First  As- 
sembly District  to  the  Democratic  Executive  Committee.  He 
is  a member  of  the  Constitution  Club,  one  of  the  organizers  of 
the  Third  Ward  Young  IMen's  Democratic  Club,  was  for  several 
years  President  of  the  Third  Ward  Democratic  Association  and 
a delegate  to  the  County  Committee.  He  is  also  a member  of 
Montauk  Council  Royal  Arcanum,  Montauk  Council  Knights  of 
Columbus,  and  other  fraternal  orders.  Mr.  Quinn  lives  at  No. 
84  Hoyt  street. 


THE  DEPARTMENT  OF  BRIDGES, 

The  Department  of  Bridges  was  created  under  the  provisions 
of  the  present  Charter  for  the  purpose  of  gathering  under  one 
head  the  control  of  bridges  that  have  heretofore  been  distributed 
under  several  departments,  trustees  and  commissions. 

This  department,  which  has  been  established  since  January  i 
of  this  year,  now  supervises,  controls  and  manages  over  fifty 
important  bridges  in  the  city,  and  constructs  bridges  under  one 
executive  head,  at  an  expense  confined  to  one  engineering  de- 
partment, instead  of  several  as 'heretofore. 

It  has  centralized  the  working  force  employed  on  the  bridges, 
uniformed  the  employees,  established  rules  and  regulations  for 
their  conduct  and  management  of  the  several  draw-bridges,  has 
opened  to  the  public  the  Third  Avenue  Bridge,  and  made  con- 
tracts for  the  construction  of  new  bridges. 

The  construction  of  new  bridges  over  Newtown  Creek,  one 


97 


at  Vernon  avenue,  at  a cost  of  $700,000,  and  one  at  Greenpoint 
avenue,  at  a cost  of  $70,000.  • The  City  Island  Bridge,  the  One 
Hundred  and  Forty-fifth  Street  Bridge,  the  Willis  Avenue 
Bridge,  the  One  Hundred  and  Thirty-fifth  Street  Bridge  and  the 
One  Hundred  and  Thirty-eighth  Street  Bridge. 

The  most  important  work  done  by  this  Department  is  the 
change  of  contract  made  by  the  former  Trustees  of  the  New  York 
and  Brooklyn  Bridge,  whereby  a change  will  be  effected  so  that 
the  City  will  continue  to  derive  a surplus  instead  of  a probable 
loss  of  over  $600,000  per  annum,  which  would  be  the  case  if  the 
railroad  companies  were  permitted  to  operate  under  the  contracts 
of  1897. 

JOHN  L.  SHEA. 

John  L.  Shea,  Commissioner  of  Bridges,  was  born  about 
forty-five  years  ago  in  the  City  of  New  York.  At  an  early  age  he 
attended  the  public  schools  in  that  section,  and  afterward,  at  his 
own  request,  took  the  full  course  of  Paine’s  Business  College, 
when  he  laid  the  foundation  of  what  has  proved  to  be  an  ex- 
tremely successful  business  career. 

Upon  leaving  college  he  entered  the  employ  of  E.  L.  Garvin 
& Co.,  Custom  House  brokers,  and  a few  years  ago  succeeded  to 
the  business. 

Mr.  Shea  is  a business  man  to  his  finger  tips,  and  while  he 
does  not  believe  in  the  so-called  legitimate  business  tricks  and 
schemes  of  competition  which  are  so  common  nowadays,  he  does 
believe  that  the  foundation  of  everything  where  finances  come 
into  play  should  rest  upon  strictly  honest  business  principles. 

As  executive  head  of  the  Bridge  Commission — an  entirely 
new  department  of  the  City  Government  created  by  the  Charter — 
a department  which  demanded  a business  beginning,  his  appoint- 
ment to  the  place,  therefore,  was  a most  natural  one. 

Apart  from  business  Mr.  Shea  has  always  taken  an  active  in- 
terest in  the  political  welfare  of  his  native  city,  and  is  credited 
with  discovering  more  successful  and  fitting  candidates  for  office 
than  any  other  leader  of  his  party  in  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn. 
This  Mr.  Shea  emphatically  and  modestly  denies,  but  for  all  that 
it  is  a rt  ^'^nized  fact  that  politically,  he  has  done  more  for  others 
than  he  s for  himself.  This  has  given  him  a high  standing 
among  1 Democratic  colleagues  in  Brooklyn  and  in  the  busi- 
ness wor  J,  as  well,  where  he  is  looked  upon  as  a man  who  would 
sacrifice  all  rather  than  depart  from  his  high  standard. 


7 


98 

THOMAS  H.  YORK. 


Thomas  H.  York,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Bridges,  was 
born  in  the  City  of  Brooklyn  July  I2,  1839,  educated  in  the 
schools  of  Brooklyn,  and  on  December  16,  1869,  was  admitted  to 
the  Bar  as  an  attorney  and  counsellor-at-law.  Up  to  the  time  of 
his  appointment  to  the  office  he  now  holds  he  practiced  law,  in 
partnership  with  his  brother,  under  the  firm  name  of  York  & 
York,  meeting  with  considerable  success  in  the  practice  of  his 
profession. 

Mr.  York’s  familiarity  with  corporation  law,  together  with  a 
fine  business  training  and  make-up,  has  made  him  a valuable  city 
official,  and  one  whose  opinion  on  any  subject  he  takes  an  interest 
in  is  worth  having. 

Mr.  York  is  an  uncompromising,  sterling  Democrat — one  of 
the  kind  who  can  always  be  depended  upon  when  his  party  needs 
all  the  men  of  his  stamp  it  can  muster. 


DEPARTMENT  OF  PUBLIC  BUILDINGS,  LIGHTING 
AND  SUPPLIES. 

The  Commissioner  of  Buildings,  Lighting  and  Supplies  has 
control  of  the  construction,  repairs,  cleaning  and  maintenance 
of  public  buildings,  except  school-houses,  almshouses,  peniten- 
tiaries, fire-houses  and  police  stations.  He  also  has  the  power 
to  make  contracts  to  furnish  the  city  or  any  part  thereof  with  gas, 
electricity  or  any  other  illuminant,  of  the  construction  of  electric 
mains,  and  the  granting  of  the  permission  to  open  streets  when 
approved  by  the  Department  of  Highways. 

In  addition  to  the  above  the  Department  has  jurisdiction  over 
the  care  and  cleaning  of  all  offices  leased  or  occupied  for  public 
uses.  Of  the  location,  care  and  management  and  maintenance 
of  the  public  baths,  and  of  the  purchase  of  fuel,  furniture,  utensils, 
books,  and  other  articles  needed  for  the  public  offices. 


HENRY  S.  KEARNY, 

COMMISSIONER  OF  PUBLIC  BUILDINGS,  LIGHTING  AND  SUPPLIES. 

Henry  S.  Kearny,  who  was  appointed  to  the  above  office  in 
January,  this  year,  is  a son  of  General  Stephen  Watts  Kearny,  of 
Mexican  War  fame. 


99 


Mr.  Kearny,  whose  public  and  private  record  is  a fine  one,  is 
a civil  engineer  by  profession,  and  has  practiced  as  such  both  here 
and  in  Colorado,  in  which  State  he  was  also  elected  State  Senator, 
serving  in  that  capacity  from  1880  to  1884. 

Mr.  Kearny’s  experience  as  a civil  engineer  in  this  city  was 
first  gained  in  the  Water  Supply  Department,  where,  as  Assistant 
Engineer  of  the  Croton  Aqueduct,  and  later  as  Chief  Engineer,  he 
served  for  five  years. 

In  November,  1894,  he  was  appointed  a member  of  the  Board 
of  Electrical  Control,  having  been  engineer  of  the  Board  for  six 
or  seven  years  from  the  beginning  of  the  construction  of  subway 
work. 

Mr.  Kearny,  besides  being  thoroughly  familiar  with  the  sub- 
ject of  public  lighting,  is  also  a good  executive  officer.  The  light- 
ing of  the  public  streets  under  the  present  charter  is  a more  seri- 
ous problem  than  it  has  ever  been  in  the  history  of  the  City  Gov- 
ernment. In  spite  of  this,  however,  Mr.  Kearny  has  demon- 
strated that  he  knows  the  needs  of  the  city  in  this  direction,  and 
the  system  he  has  in  force  when  fully  developed  will  give  to  each 
borough  an  adequate  distribution  of  light. 


PETER  J.  DOOLING. 

Peter  J.  Dooling,  Deputy  Commissioner,  Department  of 
Buildings,  Lighting  and  Supplies,  was  born  in  the  City  of 
New  York  in  1857,  in  that  part  of  the  Twenty-second  Ward 
which  is  now  embraced  in  the  Thirteenth  Assembly  District. 

]\Ir.  Dooling  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  early 
entered  upon  an  active  and  successful  business  career.  He 
represented  the  old  Seventeenth  Assembly  District  in  the  Board 
of  Aldermen  in  1891-92.  Upon  the  redistricting  of  the  city  in 
1892  he  was  chosen  the  leader  of  the  Tammany  Hall  organiza- 
tion in  the  new  Seventeenth  now  Thirteenth.  Under  his  leader- 
ship the  district  has  become  strongly  Democratic,  and  in  1896 
the  Committee  undertook  the  erection  of  a handsome  modern 
club-house  at  No.  315  West  Eorty-second  street.  The  successful 
completion  of  this  undertaking  was  due  entirely  to  Mr.  Dooling’s 
efforts.  It  is  now  the  home  of  the  Tammany  Committee  and 
of  the  Tecumseh  Club,  the  Tammany  Hall  Social  organization 
of  the  District. 


100 


WILLIAM  DALTON, 

COMMISSIONER  OF  WATER  SUPPLY. 

\ViI!iani  Dalton  was  born  in  New  York  City  about  forty-five 
years  ago,  beginning  life  in  the  Twentieth  Ward,  where  he 
attended  the  public  schools. 

After  leaving  school  he  learned  the  trade  of  a carpenter,  but 
the  advantages  and  opportunities  offered  to  him  in  the  butchers’ 
supply  trade  being  more  promising,  he  embarked  in  that  trade, 
and  in  a few  years  became  one  of  the  proprietors  of  a large  estab- 
lishment on  AVYst  Thirty-ninth  street,  doing  business  under  the 
name  of  Halligan  & Dalton. 

From  the  time  he  was  able  to  think  and  do  for  himself,  how- 
ever, a political  career  always  had  a fascination  for  him.  His 
first  political  essay  was  in  1885,  when  he  was  elected  a member 
of  the  State  Legislature,  serving  as  an  Assemblyman  from  1885 
to  1888.  In  1889,  under  Hans  Beattie,  he  was  appointed  Deputy 
Street  Cleaning  Commissioner,  continuing  in  the  same  position 
under  Commissioner  Brennan  until  1893,  when  Mayor  Gilroy 
appointed  him  E.xcise  Commissioner.  He  was  afterward  elected 
President  of  the  Board.  In  all  of  the  above  positions  Mr.  Dalton 
displayed  a fine  executive  ability,  and  left  a good  record  behind 
him  for  the  business  way  in  which  he  disposed  of  the  work  under 
his  direction. 

Mr.  Dalton,  who  was  born  with  the  qualities  from  which 
leaders  are  made,  became  one,  in  fact,  when  he  was  made  leader 
of  the  Fifteenth  Assembly — now  the  Eleventh  Assembly — Dis- 
trict. 

Mr.  Dalton  is  popular  both  inside  and  outside  the  political 
atmosphere.  He  is  a member  of  many  clubs,  the  principal  ones 
being  the  Democratic,  Narragansett,  Pequod  and  Heidenreich 
Rifles.  In  all  of  these  organii^ations  he  counts  his  friends  by  the 
limit  of  the  club  membership  only. 

THOMAS  J.  MULLIGAN. 

Thomas  J.  Mulligan,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Water  Sup- 
ply for  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx,  was  born  in  Fallsburg,  Nerv 
York,  in  1852. 

Mr.  Mulligan  lived  in  his  native  town  until  he  was  eighteen, 
during  which  time  he  acquired  a good  school  education  and  a 
capacity  for  work  which  was  soon  recognized  by  those  for  whom 


L 


lOI 


he  was  engaged.  In  1876  he  entered  the  employ  of  a well- 
known  publishing  house  and  remained  with  the  concern  until 
1898.  During  that  time  he  had  worked  himself  up  to  superin- 
tendent of  the  department  of  designing,  engraving  and  printing, 
and  made  a fine  name  for  himself  in  this  capacity,  a reputation 
which  is  extended  throughout  the  printing  and  kindred  trades  as 
an  expert  and  an  authority  in  his  field  of  work. 

Aside  from  his  vocation,  ]\Ir.  Mulligan  has  taken  an  active 
interest  in  the  aflairs  of  the  community,  and  in  the  Village  of 
Williamsbridge — previous  to  annexation — he  organized  the  first 
Fire  Department  of  the  place,  and  was  Chairman  of  the  Town 
and  County  Committee  of  Westchester  for  four  years. 

Mr.  IMulligan  was  appointed  to  his  present  position  in  Janu- 
ary of  this  year,  his  experience  and  knowledge  of  municipal 
requirements  making  him  peculiarly  qualified  for  the  office. 


JAMES  MOFFETT. 

James  Moffett,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Water  Supply  for 
the  Borough  of  Brooklyn,  was  born  in  that  borough  on  the  3d 
day  of  January,  1853.  He  is  a product  of  the  public  school 
system  of  the  old  City  of  Brooklyn,  his  only  school  education 
having  been  acqured  at  Public  School  No.  i,  corner  Concord 
and  Adams  streets,  in  the  said  City  of  Brooklyn. 

At  the  age  of  twelve  years  he  entered  the  law  office  of  Messrs. 
Hagner  & Smith,  in  that  borough,  at  that  time  a leading  firm, 
which  has  since  gone  out  of  existence,  and  remained  with  them 
until  he  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  December  17,  1874;  upon  his 
admission  to  the  Bar  he  formed  a business  connection  with  Frank- 
lin W.  Taber,  which  continued  until  May  i,  1880.  Mr.  Moffett 
then  retired  and  became  the  junior  member  of  the  law  firm  of 
G.  F.  Elliott  & Moffett.  On  May  i,  1886,  Mr.  Moffett  formed 
the  present  law  firm  of  Moffett  & Kramer,  establishing  offices 
in  the  building  now  occupied  by  them  at  No.  894  Broadway,  in 
the  Borough  of  Brooklyn,  the  business  of  which  has  grown  since 
then  to  probably  the  largest  law  practice  in  the  borough.  In 
the  early  part  of  Mr.  Moffett’s  practice  at  the  Bar  he  was  en- 
gaged quite  extensively  in  criminal  practice  and  participated  in 
the  defence  of  Alexander  Jefferson,  the  Crow  Hill  murderer,  a 
prominent  case  in  the  annals  of  crime  in  Kings  County.  The 
business  of  the  firm  of  Moffett  & Kramer  having  gradually 


102 


changed  until  now  it  is  mainly  real  estate  law  and  investment 
securities. 

Mr.  Moffett  is  married,  his  wife  being  a daughter  of  the 
late  John  P.  Elwell,  of  Brooklyn,  and  a niece  of  the  late 
County  Judge  Henry  A.  Moore.  He  has  two  boys,  his  only 
children,  who  are  students  at  the  Delaware  Academy,  Delhi, 
New  York.  Mr.  Moffett’s  life  has  been  an  uneventful  one,  but 
he  has  taken  an  active  interest  in  politics  ever  since  he  attained 
his  majority,  and  always  with  the  regular  organization  of  the 
Democratic  Party.  He  has  been  frequently  sought  after  as  a 
candidate  for  public  offices,  but  has  invariably  declined  to  accept 
nominations.  At  the  instance  of  a number  of  his  friends,  he 
consented  to  serve  as  Deputy  Water  Commissioner  for  the  Bor- 
ough of  Brooklyn,  although  his  private  business  was  sufficient 
to  occupy  the  time  of  any  one  man.  He  has  represented  his 
neighborhood  in  all  the  conventions  of  the  party,  from  the  As- 
sembly Convention  to  the  National  Convention;  he  was  a Dele- 
gate to  the  State  Convention  in  1892  that  nominated  Roswell 
B.  Flower  for  Governor,  and  a Delegate  to  the  National  Con- 
vention at  Chicago  that  nominated  William  J.  Bryan  in  1896. 
He  was  formerly  Executive  Committeeman  of  the  Sixth  Assem- 
bly District  of  Kings  County,  President  of  the  Twenty-first  Ward 
Democratic  Association,  Brooklyn,  1894,  Vice-Chairman  of  the 
Democratic  General  Committee  of  Kings  County  in  the  year 
1895,  and  in  1897  was  elected  Chairman  of  the  Kings  County 
Democratic  General  Committee  and  re-elected  again  in  1898. 
Mr.  Moffett  was  one  of  the  two  Delegates  from  the  Borough  of 
Brooklyn  to  the  Provisional  City  Committee  which  arranged 
the  Democratic  City  Convention  for  the  nomination  of  the  first 
Mayor  of  Greater  New  York  in  1897,  and,  with  Bernard  J.  York, 
represents  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn  on  the  Democratic  City 
Committee  of  the  City  of  New  York. 

Mr.  Moffett’s  collection  of  books  is  a large  one,  and  apart 
from  his  Law  Library,  which  is  an  extensive  one,  he  has  a private 
library  at  home  of  about  two  thousand  volumes,  which  is  con- 
stantly increasing.  Mr.  Moffett  is  one  of  the  charter  members 
of  the  Bushwick  Club  and  was  formerly  its  Vice-President;  he 
is  also  a member  of  the  Arion  Singing  Society,  Zoellner  Man- 
nerchor  and  Order  of  United  Friends. 


103 


GEORGE  \V.  BIRDSALL. 

George  W.  Birdsall,  Chief  Engineer,  Department  of  Water 
Supply,  was  born  in  New  York  in  1836.  He  was  graduated  in 
what  is  now  known  as  the  College  of  the  City  of  New  York,  in 
J853,  and  the  year  following  began  his  career  as  a civil  engineer 
under  the  expert,  E.  H.  Tracy.  For  the  following  fifteen  years 
Mr.  Birdsall’s  work  took  him  all  over  the  country.  In  the  ca- 
pacity of  a surveyor  for  railroads  he  travelled  extensively  in  the 
West  and  South,  and  returned  to  New  York  with  an  experience  in 
and  knowledge  of  his  calling  which  has  proved  invaluable  to  him 
in  the  services  he  has  since  rendered  the  City. 

In  1871  Mr.  Birdsall  was  appointed  Assistant  Engineer  in  the 
Department  of  Public  Works.  He  remained  in  that  capacity 
until  1879,  when  he  was  made  Chief  Engineer  of  the  Department, 
which  position  he  has  held  until  this  year,  when  it  was  abolished 
under  the  provisions  of  the  present  Charter. 

As  Chief  Engineer  of  the  Department  of  Water  Supply,  Mr. 
Birdsall’s  work  not  only  requires  the  same  supervision  as  his 
former  duties  demanded,  but  the  increased  territory  of  the  bor- 
oughs has  devolved  upon  him  a wider  field  and  a greater  responsi- 
bility. So  far  he  has  been  able  to  cope  successfully  wdth  the  con- 
ditions which  have  presented  themselves,  and  with  the  aid  of  his 
assistants  many  improvements  have  already  been  effected. 

Mr.  Birdsall  is  a Democrat  in  principle  and  practice — a gentle- 
man who  believes  that  to  control  one’s  self  is  a chief  virtue.  His 
success  in  life  has  demonstrated  that  he  has  been  true  to  his  faith. 


W.  C.  BYRNE, 

WATER  REGISTER. 

W.  C.  Byrne,  who  is  now  the  Water  Register,  was  born  in 
New  York  City  about  thirty-eight  years  ago.  He  attended  the 
public  schools  long  enough  to  acquire  an  education  necessary  to 
equip  him  for  a commercial  career,  which  he  entered  upon  imme- 
diately after  leaving  school. 

Mr.  Byrne  displayed  from  the  first  a good  business  ability 
which,  linked  with  a pleasing  personality,  made  him  a favorite 
with  every  one  with  whom  he  had  business  dealings. 

As  one  of  the  lieutenants  of  William  Dalton,  the  Tammany 
leader  of  the  Eleventh,  now  the  Fifteenth  Assembly  District,  he 
attracted  attention  by  his  good  work  as  secretary  of  the  district 


104 


organization,  and  this,  together  with  his  personal  popularity  and 
loyalty  gave  him  a high  standing  in  the  best  political  circles,  and 
entitled  him  to  a position  of  trust  and  responsibility. 

Mr.  Byrne  was  made  Deputy  Collector  of  City  Revenue  abour 
six  years  ago,  and  held  that  position  continuously  until  January  of 
this  year,  when  Commissioner  Dalton  selected  him  for  the  impor- 
tant place  he  now  fills. 

He  is  a member  of  the  Democratic  Club  and  the  Tammany 
Society,  and  in  both  organizations,  and  in  both  organizations  be- 
cause of  his  unassuming  and  courteous  ways  is  a general  all 
around  favorite. 


JOSEPH  FITCH. 

Joseph  Fitch,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Water  Supply, 
Borough  of  Queens,  was  born  in  Flushing,  L.  I.,  August  27, 
1857,  of  Quaker  parentage.  His  father  was  Joseph  Fitch,  also 
born  in  Flushing,  F.  I. 

He  was  educated  at  the  Flushing  Institute  and  gradu- 
ated from  Swarthmore  College,  Pennsylvania,  in  1879.  He 
studied  law  at  the  Columbia  College  Law  School,  and  with 
Charles  W.  Pleasants,  at  No.  237  Broadway,  New  York, 
and  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  February,  1882,  and  has 
been  actively  practicing  ever  since.  Mr.  Fitch  was  elected  to  the 
Assembly  from  the  old  First  District  of  Queens  County  in  1885, 
and  re-elected  the  following  year,  served  on  the  Committee  of 
Ways  and  Means  the  first  year  and  the  Committees  on  Cities  and 
on  Insurance  the  second  year.  He  originated  and  passed  the 
bill  establishing  the  Coldspring  Fish  Hatchery  in  Queens 
County,  which  is  the  most  important  fish  hatchery  in  the  State. 
He  was  for  a number  of  years  a Director  of  the  Flushing  Bank, 
and  was  at  one  time  a vestryman  of  St.  George’s  Church,  Flush- 
ing. He  has  been  for  ten  years  on  the  Board  of  Governors  of 
the  Niantic  Club  of  Flushing. 

Mr.  Fitch  was  a member  of  the  Board  of  Education  of  Flush- 
ing from  1893  until  the  Greater  New  York  Charter  expunged  it 
by  consolidation.  He  was  Captain  of  the  Nereus  Rowing  Club 
for  two  years,  and  Chairman  of  the  Democratic  Town  Commit- 
tee for  three  years.  Was  Second  Lieutenant  of  the  Seventeenth 
Separate  Company  of  Infantry,  N.  G.,  S.  N.  Y.,  from  1880  to 
1888.  Was  counsel  to  the  Flushing  Village  Board  of  Health 
from  its  organization  in  1891  until  Greater  New  York  arrived. 


105 


T 


Has  been  a member  of  Cornucopia  Lodge,  No.  563,  F.  & A.  ]\I., 
for  sixteen  years.  He  ran  on  the  Democratic  ticket  for  Mem- 
ber of  Congress  in  1894,  in  the  First  New  York  District,  Coun- 
ties of  Queens  and  Suffolk,  and  was  defeated,  as  most  Demo- 
crats were,  that  year. 

He  is  a member  of  St.  George’s  Brotherhood,  of  the  Queens 
County  Bar  Association,  the  New  York  Law  Institute,  the 
League  of  American  Wheelmen  and  the  Mercury  Wheel  Club  of 
Flushing.  In  1886  he  was  married  to  Miss  Annie  L.  Rose,  of 
Yonkers,  and  has  two  children,  daughters,  aged  eight  and  six 
years.  Mr.  Fitch  was  sworn  in  as  Deputy  Commissioner  of 
Water  Supply  for  the  Borough  of  Queens  January  4,  1898,  and  is 
still  serving  in  that  capacity. 


LAW  DEPARTMENT. 

JOHN  WHALEN. 

John  Whalen,  the  Corporation  Counsel,  has  been  specially 
favored  as  to  the  time  and  place  of  his  birth,  for  he  vas  born 
on  Independence  Day,  1854,  in  the  City  of  New  York,  and  has 
lived  here  without  a break  ever  since. 

He  received  his  early  education  in  St.  John’s  College,  Ford- 
ham,  and  later  completed  his  law  studies  in  the  University  of  the 
City  of  New  York,  where  he  took  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  He 
was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1877,  making  a special  study  of  real 
estate  and  corporation  law.  His  knowledge  of  these  subjects 
was  so  great  that  he  soon  became  recognized  as  an  authority, 
and  was  frequently  selected  by  the  Supreme  Court  Judges  as  a 
referee  in  important  cases. 

His  familiarity  with  real  estate  matters  and  municipal  law  led 
to  his  appointment  by  Mayor  Gilroy  as  Tax  Commissioner,  to 
which  position  he  devoted  his  best  energies.  He  gave  to  the 
City  a splendid,  clean-cut,  thorough  administration,  and  left  the 
office  m'th  a record  on  the  books  of  the  lowest  tax-rate  the  city 
had  known  for  twenty-five  years. 

Mr.  Whalen  has  been  the  examining  counsel  for  the  Lawyers’ 
Title  and  Guaranty  Company  and  the  Lawyers’  Surety  Company. 
He  is  a member  of  the  Bar  Association,  Manhattan  Club,  New 
York  Athletic  Club  and  the  Catholic  Club. 

Mr.  Whalen  is  a fine  type  of  a New  Yorker,  an  American  and 
a gentleman,  respected  for  his  abilities  and  esteemed  for  his 
modest,  manly  qualities. 


THEODORE  CONNOLY, 

ASSISTANT  CORPORATION  COUNSEL. 

Theodore  Connoly  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  but  re- 
moved at  an  early  age  to  this  city,  where  he  has  spent  most  of 
his  life. 

He  was  educated  in  France,  where  he  resided  about  nine 
years,  graduating  at  the  Lycee  in  Tours,  with  a relative  rank  of 


Charles  I^la.vdv. 


John  Whalen 


Theodore  Connoly. 


Al.met  F. 


io8 


third  out  of  five  hundred.  He  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  of  New 
York  in  1872. 

Since  then  Mr.  Connoly’s  connection  with  the  law  has  been  an 
exceedingly  active  one.  In  addition  to  his  practice  he  has  writ- 
ten and  compiled  considerable  literature  upon  the  practice  of 
his  profession.  As  legal  editor  of  the  New  York  Laiu  Journal 
for  about  three  years,  he  displayed  such  fine  ability  and  knowl- 
edge of  corporation  law  that  he  is  now  considered  one  of  the 
authorities  on  the  subject  in  the  city. 

Mr.  Connoly  is  the  author  of  “ New  York  Citations,”  2 vols. ; 
Editor  of  ” New  York  Criminal  Reports,”  8 vols.,  and  “ Sur- 
rogate’s Reports,”  2 vols. 

He  was  appointed  Assistant  Corporation  Counsel  February 
I,  1891,  First  Assistant  Corporation  Counsel,  January  i,  1898. 


CHARFES  BFANDY, 

ASSIST.^NT  CORPORATION  COUNSEL. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  born  on  August  18,  1848,  at 
Knock,  County  Clare,  Ireland,  of  Protestant  English  parents, 
while  they  were  sojourning  there,  his  father  being  in  charge  of 
important  government  interests  in  that  locality.  At  an  early 
age  he  removed  to  Worcester,  England,  where  he  entered  upon 
his  early  education  at  the  public  schools,  and  at  the  Worcester 
College,  and  from  there  the  family  removed  to  Manchester, 
where  he  completed  his  education  at  public  school,  at  Owen’s 
College  and  at  private  tuition.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  he  was  arti- 
cled to  a Manchester  solicitor  for  the  purpose  of  becoming  a 
solicitor.  The  law  required  that  an  articled  clerk  should  serve 
not  less  than  three  years,  and  the  solicitor  in  turn  obligates  him- 
self to  “ teach  and  instruct,  or  cause  to  be  taught  and  instructed  ” 
the  student,  and  for  this  service  the  solicitor  is  usually  paid  a very 
large  premium.  In  this  case  he  was  paid  by  Mr.  Blandy’s  pa- 
rents f6oo,  or  $3,000.  Before  the  articles  expired  financial  mis- 
fortune overtook  the  solicitor,  who  absconded,  and  all  the  money 
paid,  as  well  as  the  time  spent,  became  lost,  and  Mr.  Blandy  be- 
ing one  of  nine  children,  did  not  feel  that  he  could  again  draw 
upon  the  family  patrimony  for  an  additional  premium,  and  while 
looking  around  for  an  opportunity  to  locate  himself,  visited  this 
country  and  determined  to  make  it  his  future  home.  In  1867  he 
entered  upon  the  study  of  the  law  in  New  York  City.  In  1872 


109 


he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  general  term,  and  at  once  plunged 
into  active  practice. 

In  1882  he  attracted  the  attention  of  the  Hon.  William  C. 
Whitney,  then  Corporation  Counsel — since  Secretary  of  the 
Navy  under  Cleveland — in  the  trial  of  a complicated  false  impris- 
onment and  malicious  prosecution  case  brought  against  certain 
members  of  the  police  force,  which  aroused  considerable  interest 
at  the  time,  and  which  Mr.  Whitney,  in  person,  with  several  of 
his  assistants,  was  defending  for  the  Police  Department.  At  the 
conclusion  of  the  trial  Mr.  Whitney  invited  Mr.  Blandy  to  be- 
come one  of  his  assistants  to  try  jury  cases,  and  in  1882  he  ac- 
cepted office  and  held  it  during  all  of  Mr.  Whitney’s  term,  as  well 
as  that  of  his  successor,  afterwards  Judge  George  P.  Andrews. 
In  1890  the  Hon.  William  H.  Clark  became  Corporation  Counsel 
and  he  selected  Mr.  Blandy  as  second  assistant,  to  try  the  im- 
portant jury  cases  and  to  take  charge  of  Dock  Department  mat- 
ters, and  later  on  he  entrusted  to  his  care  the  prospective  legis- 
lation affecting  the  city’s  interests. 

When  the  Hon.  John  Whalen  became  Corporation  Counsel 
Mr.  Blandy  was  one  of  the  first  to  be  selected  as  one  of  his 
assistants,  on  January  i,  1898,  to  take  charge  of  the  vast  volume 
of  litigations  aff’ecting  the  City  of  New  York,  until  they  eventuate 
in  judgment  or  are  appealed,  when  they  pass  into  other  hands  to 
be  cared  for. 

In  all  the  public  positions  held  by  Mr.  Blandy  he  has  been  a 
most  conscientious,  courteous  public  servant.  Exemplary  in  all 
his  habits,  most  industrious,  and  a formidable  foe  in  Court,  and 
he  is  regarded  by  the  bench  and  bar  as  a well-equipped  all- 
around  lawyer. 


ALMET  FRANCIS  JENKS. 

Almet  Francis  Jenks,  born  in  Brooklyn,  1853.  Prepared 
for  college  at  Phillips  Academy,  Andover,  Mass.  Graduated  at 
Yale  College  1875,  and  at  Columbia  Law  School  1877.  Admit- 
ted to  the  Bar  in  1877;  Assistant  District  Attorney  of  Kings 
County  1884.  Resigned  and  appointed  Corporation  Counsel  of 
Brooklyn  in  1886.  Served  four  successive  terms  until  1894. 
Member  of  the  Constitutional  Convention  of  1895  and  of  the 
Judiciary  Committee.  Judge  Advocate  General  of  the  State  of 
New  York,  appointed  by  Governor  Hill  and  reappointed  by 


I lO 


Governor  Flower.  Permanent  Chairman  of  the  First  City  Con- 
vention of  the  Democratic  Party  of  the  City  of  New  York. 

Appointed  Assistant  Corporation  Counsel  of  the  City  of  New 
York  in  charge  of  the  Boroughs  of  Brooklyn,  Queens  and  Rich- 
mond, January  i,  1898.  Married  Miss  Lenore  Barre,  1891;  has 
two  children;  resides  at  No.  147  Joralemon  street,  Brooklyn. 
Member  of  the  Brooklyn,  Hamilton,  Crescent,  Riding  and  Driv- 
ing, Dyker  Meadow  Clubs,  and  of  the  Society  of  Colonial  Wars. 


WILLIAM  W.  LADD,  Jr. 

William  W.  Ladd,  Jr.,  was  born  in 
Westchester,  Westchester  County,  New 
York,  in  the  year  1852. 

In  1869  he  entered  the  Law  School  of 
Columbia  College,  from  which  he  gradu- 
ated in  the  Class  of  1871,  receiving  the 
degree  of  LL.  B.  with  “ especial  honor,” 
and  taking  the  first  of  the  prizes  open  to 
the  graduating  class. 

In  1873,  on  attaining  his  majority,  he 
commenced  the  practice  of  law  ip  this 
city,  which  he  continued  alone  and  in  as- 
sociation with  Mr.  Edward  G.  Black  until  June,  1885,  when  he 
was  appointed  Deputy  Chamberlain  of  the  City  of  New  York,  an 
office  which  he  held  under  successive  Chamberlains  till  June, 
1890,  when  he  resigned  and  resumed  the  practice  of  law. 

For  several  years  he  edited  the  series  of  “American  Railway 
Reports,”  and  later  the  series  of  “American  Probate  Reports.” 

He  has  held  the  position  of  Assistant  Judge  Advocate  Gen- 
eral of  the  State  from  1887  to  1888,  and  from  1891  to  1898,  and 
has  been  connected  with  the  most  important  cases  in  military  law 
occurring  in  this  State  in  that  period.  In  1897  he  was  appointed 
a member  of  the  Board  which  prepared  the  Military  Code  adopted 
by  the  Legislature  in  1898.  Under  this  act  he  was  appointed  to 
the  position  of  Judge  Advocate  on  the  Staff  of  the  Commanding 
Officer  of  the  National  Guard. 

On  January  i,  1898.  he  was  appointed  Assistant  Corporation 
Counsel  of  the  City  of  New  York. 


Ill 


JOHN  P.  DUNN. 


John  P.  Dunn,  Assistant  to  Corporation  Counsel,  in  cliarge 
of  the  Bureau  of  Street  Openings,  was  born  in  this  city  in  iS6o. 
Mr.  Dunn  graduated  from  Columbia  College  Law  School  in  1S85 
and  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1887.  In  1889  he  was  made  an 
Assistant  Corporation  Counsel. 

He  organized  the  Bureau  of  Street  Openings  in  the  Law  De- 
partment in  1893  and  has  been  in  charge  of  this  Bureau  since. 
The  Bureau  of  Street  Openings  is  one  of  the  Departments  of 
the  City  Government  where  a large  volume  of  executive,  legal 
and  clerical  work  is  daily  transacted. 

The  systematic  and  thorough  manner  in  which  this  Bureau 
has  been  conducted  since  its  inception  leaves  no  room  for  doubt 
as  to  the  legal  and  business  ability  of  its  head. 

Mr.  Dunn,  who  is  a man  of  fine  presence  and  of  an  enthusiastic 
nature,  impresses  his  personality  on  all  his  lieutenants  and  co- 
workers, and  the  result  is  that  the  Bureau  of  Street  Openings  is 
managed  with  an  activity  and  snap  that  might  well  be  taken  as 
a model  for  a first  class  business  house. 


I 


DEPARTMENT  OF  CHARITIES. 

JOHN  W.  KELLER. 

John  W.  Keller,  President  of  the  Charities  Board,  was  born 
in  Kentucky,  July  5,  1856.  He  was  educated  at  Yale  College, 
where  he  was  a member  of  the  university  crew  and  was  promi- 
nent in  athletic  sports.  While  at  college  Mr.  Keller  founded  the 
Yale  Nezvs,  which  was  the  first  daily  college  paper  in  this  country. 
In  the  fall  of  1879  Mr.  Keller  came  to  this  city  and  entered  upon 
his  newspaper  career,  the  early  stages  of  which  were  stormy.  He 
did  hard  and  effective  work,  among  other  things  exposing  the 
old  Sixth  avenue  dives,  which  caused  him  to  be  attacked  by  a 
number  of  thugs  on  Sixth  avenue. 

The  attack  cost  him  the  sight  of  one  eye.  When  he  recov- 
ered he  became  the  editor  of  the  Dramatic  News,  and  later  did 
special  work  for  the  daily  papers  until  he  joined  the  staff  of  the 
New  York  Times.  He  has  written  a number  of  plays.  He  was 
the  managing  editor  of  the  Recorder  while  it  was  in  existence, 
and  afterward  went  on  the  Journal.  He  was  twice  President  of 
the  Press  Club.  Mr.  Keller  joined  Tammany  Hall  a few  years 
ago  and  became  one  of  its  popular  speakers.  He  presided  at  the 
meeting  in  Tammany  Hall  at  which  William  J.  Bryan  first  ap- 
peared there  in  the  National  Campaign  of  1896,  and  he  was 
Chairman  of  the  last  Count\-  Convention.  Mr.  Keller  is  a mem- 
ber of  the  Executive  Committee  of  Tammany  Hall  and  is  Chair- 
man of  the  Committee  on  Printing. 

THOMAS  S.  BRENNAN. 

DEPUTY  COMMISSIONER  OF  CHARITIES. 

Thomas  S.  Brennan,  born  in  Bloomingdale,  this  city,  in 
July,  1844.  The  eldest  son  of  Patrick  Brennan,  a prosperous 
coal  merchant  at  that  period.  Mr.  Brennan  attended  school  at 
Public  School  No.  9,  then  at  St.  Francis  Xavier  and  Manhattan 
Colleges,  this  city,  and  from  there  was  sent  to  St.  Therese  Col- 
lege, near  Montreal,  Canada,  where  he  graduated  at  the  age  of 
sixteen.  He  then  returned  to  New  York,  and  was  made  Captain 


IM 


of  the  Watchmen  in  Bellevue  Hospital.  His  faithful  services 
were  rewarded  by  his  promotion  to  Night  Store-keeper  ami 
Clerk,  and  then  Steward  and  Deputy  Warden  in  Charity  Hos- 
pital. 

In  1866  he  was  appointed  Warden  of  Bellevue,  and  while 
.serving  in  that  capacity  started  the  present  ambulance  system, 
invented  the  fracture  bed  and  head-rest,  all  great  aids  to  surgery. 
He  also  had  charge  of  Ninety-ninth  street  and  Centre  street  Re- 
ception Hospitals. 

In  January,  1875,  he  was  appointed  Commissioner  of  Public 
Charities  and  Correction  by  Mayor  Wickham,  and  was  re-ap- 
pointed  twice  to  fill  his  own  vacancy.  He  w'as  President  of  the 
Board  for  several  terms.  In  1893  Mayor  Grant  appointed  him 
Street  Cleaning  Commissioner,  which  position  he  held  for  one 
year,  wdien  he  resigned  and  w'ent  into  the  real  estate  business. 
On  January  i,  1898,  he  was  appointed  by  Hon.  John  W.  Keller 
to  fill  the  new  position  of  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Public  Chari- 
ties for  Manhattan  and  The  Bronx. 

Mr.  Brennan  is  one  of  the  pleasantest  men  to  meet  connected 
wdth  the  new  City  Government.  Unassuming  and  reposeful, 
with  the  bearing  of  a man  who  demands  respect,  commands  con- 
fidence, wins  and  holds  friends. 

A.  SIMIS,  Jr. 

A.  SiMis,  Jr.,  was  born  in  Hamburg,  Germany.  He  reached 
this  country  while  very  young.  Received  a public  school  edu- 
cation, and,  upon  graduation  therefrom,  entered  the  U.  S.  Navy 
in  1862  as  a boy,  and  remained  therein  until  after  the  close  of 
the  war,  when  he  went  to  Kansas  where  he  received  a nomination 
as  a State  Senator  from  the  Democratic  Party,  he  being  then  but 
twenty-fours  years  of  age.  In  1874  he  returned  to  New  York, 
entered  the  law  school  of  Columbia  College,  graduated  there- 
from in  1876,  and  has  practised  his  profession  ever  since. 

From  1882  to  1886  he  was  Counsel  for  the  Commissioners  of 
Charities  and  Correction  of  Kings  County.  In  1892  he  was 
appointed  a Commissioner  of  said  Department  to  fill  out  the 
unexpired  term  of  Hon.  Francis  Nolan,  deceased,  and  on  January 
I,  1893,  was  reappointed  for  a term  of  four  years,  and  on  January 
I,  1898,  was  appointed  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck  as  a Commissioner 
of  Charities  for  the  Boroughs  of  Brooklyn  and  Queens  of  the 
Greater  New  York. 


115 


Mr.  Simis  is  one  of  the  prominent  and  successful  lawyers  of 
Brooklyn  and  has  been  identified  as  the  leading  attorney  in  many 
of  the  most  important  cases  of  litigation  in  that  city.  He  has 
done  splendid  executive  work  for  the  Brooklyn  Department  of 
Charities,  and  has  succeeded  in  placing  the  machinery  of  his 
office  on  such  a fine  business  basis  that  to-day  it  ranks  as  a model 
bureau  of  its  kind  in  official  circles.  He  was  instrumental  in 
the  framing  of  all  laws  relating  to  his  Department  since  1882, 
and  is  not  only  an  authority  on  this  branch  of  our  City  Govern- 
ment, but  has  made  himself  conversant  with  the  general  munici- 
pal system. 

Personally,  Mr.  Simis  is  a clean-cut  gentleman,  possessing 
marked  social  characteristics  which  never  desert  him  no  matter 
what  the  occasion  is  or  with  whom  he  comes  in  contact.  He  is 
a well-known  Veteran  of  the  Civil  War,  prominent  in  U.  S.  Grant 
Post,  G.  A.  R.,  and  a member  of  many  clubs. 

JAMES  FEENY. 

James  Feeny,  Commissioner  of  Charities  for  the  Borough  of 
Richmond,  is  the  eldest  son  of  the  late  Dr.  Joseph  Feeny,  who 
settled  on  Staten  Island  about  1840.  In  1849  father  opened 
the  first  drug-store  on  Staten  Island. 

In  1864  Dr.  Joseph  Feeny  removed  to  Jersey  City  and  the 
following  year  was  appointed  Health  Officer  of  the  city,  holding 
the  office  at  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  in  1866. 

In  1863  Mr.  Feeny  succeeded  to  his  father’s  business,  and 
from  that  time  devoted  himself  entirely  to  the  practice  of  his 
profession. 

Mr.  Feeny  has  continued  in  business  and  has  never  sought 
for  or  held  office  until  he  was  appointed  to  his  present  position 
by  the  Mayor  of  New  York. 

CHARLES  A.  ALDEN. 

Charles  A.  Alden,  who  was  appointed  as  private  secretary 
by  Hon.  John  W.  Keller,  President  of  the  Department  of  Pub- 
lic Charities,  was  born  at  Hoosick  Falls,  N.  Y.,  on  April  16, 
1871. 

His  father.  Dr.  Edwin  P.  Alden,  who  is  the  brother  of  Dr. 
Henry  M.  Alden,  of  Harper's  Magazine,  so  widely  known  as  both 
editor  and  author,  was  an  honored  and  respected  citizen  of  this 


ii6 


place,  in  which  he  had  spent  nearly  all  his  life,  and  had  secured 
an  enviable  reputation  in  the  practice  of  his  chosen  profes- 
sion of  dentistry.  His  mother,  Martha  Andrews  Alden,  is  the 
sister  of  E.  Benjamin  Andrews,  President  of  Brown  University, 
and  of  Hon.  Charles  B.  Andrews,  ex-Governor  and  present 
Chief-Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Connecticut. 

Mr.  Alden  was  graduated  as  the  valedictorian  of  the  Class  of 
’89,  of  the  Hoosick  Falls  High  School,  after  which  he  spent  one 
year  at  Colgate  Academy,  and  at  the  close  of  that  year  became 
a settled  pastor  at  the  age  of  nineteen,  was  ordained  on  the  23d 
of  April,  1892,  and  remained  in  the  active  ministry  until  Sep- 
tember, 1896,  when  he  resigned  the  pastorate  of  a flourishing 
church  in  Schenectady,  N.  Y.,  to  become  an  active  participant 
in  the  struggle  for  the  Chicago  Platform. 

Mr.  Alden  was  one  of  Tammany  Hall’s  large  corps  of  able 
speakers  during  the  last  municipal  campaign,  and  at  the  begin- 
ning of  this  year  he  accepted  the  position  which  he  now  occu- 
pies, as  private  secretary  to  President  Keller. 


ARTHUR  A.  QUINN. 

Arthur  A.  Quinn,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Charities  for 
the  Boroughs  of  Brooklyn  and  Queens,  was  born  in  the  city 
about  forty  years  ago.  He  attended  the  public  schools  and  after- 
wards took  a course  in  the  higher  branches,  devoting  his  studies 
largely  to  mathematics  and  a practical  reading  of  Civil  Govern- 
ment. Thus  equipped,  after  a short  term  as  a Clerk  in  the 
Department  of  Assessments,  he  entered  the  real  estate  business 
and  was  successful. 

The  desire,  however,  to  acquire  a more  practical  education  in 
a field  more  to  his  taste  prompted  him  to  enter  the  employ  of 
J.  B.  Crimmins,  where  he  made  the  most  of  his  opportunities, 
and  at  the  end  of  four  years,  being  thoroughly  qualified,  he 
accepted  the  position  of  City  Surveyor  and  Civil  Engineer.  He 
remained  in  the  above  capacity  six  years,  displaying  a good 
executive  ability  and  a general  knowledge  of  municipal  affairs 
which  stamped  him  as  a man  worthy  of  an  important  place  in  the 
government  of  Greater  New  York. 

Mr.  Quinn’s  duties  as  Commissioner  of  Charities  brings  him 
in  touch  with  the  active  detail  work  of  the  Department.  He  has 
shown  the  same  capacity  in  this  office  as  he  has  in  the  others  he 
has  filled  for  the  City.  Every  case  for  public  charity  is  thor- 


117 


oughly  investigated  and  treated  according  to  its  merits.  The 
cases  that  come  before  the  Brooklyn  Department  which  are  out- 
side the  jurisdiction  of  the  City,  but  which  at  the  same  time 
receive  relief  are  numerous.  Enough  of  these  have  been  made 
public  to  show  that  Mr.  Quinn’s  administration  of  his  office  is 
not  a cold-blooded  one. 

J.  McKEE  BORDEN, 

SECRETARY,  DEP’ARTMENT  OF  CHARITIES. 

J.  McKee  Borden  was  born  in  Jack- 
son  County,  Texas,  of  native  American 
parents.  Lived  in  Texas,  Louisiana  and 
Missouri  until  entering  Cornell  University 
at  Ithaca,  N.  Y.,  from  which  College  he 
graduated  in  the  Class  of  ’78.  After  leav- 
ing College  Mr.  Borden  accepted  a re- 
sponsible Government  position  which  he 
resigned  to  accept  his  present  position  as 
Secretary  to  the  Department  of  Public 
Charities.  In  politics  he  has  always  been 
a Democrat.  He  is  a member  of  Tammany  Hall  and  the  Demo- 
cratic Club. 


i 

i 


THE  EQUIPMENT  OF  THE  NEW  YORK 
FIRE  DEPARTMENT. 

In  the  Borough  of  Manhattan  the  Phre  Department  has  nine 
double  Engine  Companies  and  one  double  Hook  and  Ladder 
Company,  consisting  of  two  complete  sets  of  apparatus  and 
men,  which  system,  in  the  course  of  time,  will  be  extended  by 
Chief  Bonner  to  the  other  boroughs.  The  object  of  the  double 
companies  is  to  have  one  section  in  their  own  quarters  and  the 
other  section  used  to  cover  quarters  of  other  companies  left  va- 
cant during  the  absence  of  a large  number  of  companies  at  fires 
in  different  parts  of  the  city. 

There  are  also  three  (3)  water  towers  in  service  in  the  Bor- 
ough of  Manhattan,  one  in  the  lower,  one  in  the  centre,  and  one 
in  the  upper  sections  of  the  city.  This  apparatus  will  also  be 
extended  to  the  other  boroughs  m the  course  of  time. 

There  are  also  four  fire-boats  in  the  Borough  of  Manhattan, 
and  two  fire-boats  in  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn.  These  boats 
respond  to  alarms  for  fires  on  the  shores  or  in  the  vicinity  of  the 
shores  in  each  borough,  and  cover  a river  front  in  all  the  terri- 
tory of  more  than  80  miles,  included  in  which  are  the  shore 
fronts  of  the  Boroughs  of  Manhattan  and  The  Bronx,  Brooklyn, 
Queens  and  Richmond,  and  of  Blackwell’s,  Ward's,  Randall’s, 
Hart’s  and  City  Islands. 

The  Fire  Departments  in  the  various  boroughs  consist  of  a 
total  of:  In  Manhattan  and  The  Bronx,  1,200  officers  and  men; 
Brooklyn  and  Queens,  1,000  officers  and  men,  and  in  the  subur- 
ban boroughs,  about  2,000  volunteer  firemen,  with  apparatus, 
are  in  active  service,  and  will  remain  so  until  the  extension  of 
the  paid  system  in  those  districts,  which  will  take  place  when 
the  growth  of  those  outlying  districts  warrant  it. 

The  average  number  of  fires  in  the  Boroughs  of  Manhattan 
and  The  Bronx  is  about  4,000  annually,  and  in  the  Boroughs  of 
Brooklyn  and  Queens,  about  2,000  annually. 

The  difference  between  the  New  York  (former  city)  Fire 
Department  and  other  Fire  Departments,  is  the  system  by  which 
the  city  is  covered  in  cases  of  large  fires.  Each  company  is  as- 
signed to  respond,  in  a systematic  manner,  and  in  regular  order 


James  H.  Tully, 

Deputy  Commissioner ^ Fire  Department, 


120 


as  to  distance,  in  covering  parts  of  the  city  left  uncovered,  and 
one  of  the  sections  of  each  of  the  double  companies,  and  other 
designated  companies,  are  held  in  reserve  and  assigned  to  cover 
such  of  the  territory  as  is  left  uncovered  by  the  absence  of  com- 
panies at  other  fires. 

. JOHN  J.  SCANNELL, 

COMMISSIONER,  FIRE  DEPARTMENT. 

John  J.  Scannell,  who  now  fills  the  position  of  Fire  Com- 
missioner for  the  third  time,  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1840. 
He  was  given  a good  school  education  and  afterward  finished 
his  instruction  under  a private  tutor,  who  predicted  for  his  pupil 
a successful  career. 

Mr.'  Scannell  has  fulfilled  his  teacher’s  prediction.  A natural 
capacity  for  business,  combined  with  an  aggressive  make  up  and 
a broad,  generous  way  of  viewing  everything  has  resulted  in  Mr. 
Scannell  trying  fortune  at  various  vocations,  in  nearly  all  of 
which  he  has  been  successful. 

When  the  old  Madison  Square  Garden  was  in  its  prime,  Mr. 
Scannell  leased  it  and  there  gave  some  brilliant  concerts,  the 
music  being  under  the  leadership  of  the  late  Patrick  Gilmore. 
He  also  started  international  walking  matches  on  a large  scale, 
which,  for  a number  of  years,  were  the  talk  of  the  town. 

From  amusement  enterprises  Mr.  Scannell  drifted  into  the 
horse  business,  and  in  1877-78,  with  his  partner,  Michael  Mc- 
Laughlin, did  a large  export  trade,  shipping  considerable  horse 
flesh  to  Europe. 

Mr.  Scannell  made  his  entrance  into  politics  at  the  time  the 
Tweed  Government  was  at  the  height  of  its  power. 

Since  that  time  he  has  seen  and  helped  to  make  considerable 
political  history  in  this  city.  As  the  Tammany  Hall  leader  of  the 
Twenty-fifth  District  he  has  shown  splendid  executive  ability  in 
strengthening  the  vote  of  his  party  in  an  uncertain  and  unsettled 
section  of  the  city. 

He  was  first  appointed  Fire  Commissioner  by  ex-Mayor 
Gilroy,  and  after  acting  as  Treasurer  of  the  Fire  Board  until 
May,  1893,  was  reappointed  for  a full  term  of  six  years  and 
elected  President  of  the  Board. 

Commissioner  Scannell  has  infused  into  the  Fire  Department 
a fine  business  system,  and  which,  with  the  assistance  of  his 
staff,  has  made  this  bureau,  one  of  the  City  departments,  a pleas- 


I2I 


ant  place  to  transact  business  or  seek  information.  He  has  al- 
ways been  readily  appreciative  of  the  work  of  the  active  firemen, 
and  has,  by  his  counsel  and  co-operation  with  the  Chief  of  the 
Department,  been  a large  factor  in  helping  to  elevate  the  per- 
sonnel and  esprit  dii  corps  of  the  men  who  fight  fires  and  save 
lives  and  property. 

It  is  almost  needless  to  say  that  the  New  York  Fire  Depart- 
ment is  the  finest  in  the  world.  Commissioner  Scannell’s  part 
in  raising  the  Department  to  its  present  standard  is  known  to 
every  one  who  has  followed  its  history. 


HUGH  BONNER, 

CHIEF  OF  THE  FIRE  DEPARTMENT. 

A fireman’s  work  is  not  on  paper  or  books  that  no  one  but 
himself  sees.  It  is  open  to  inspection  for  the  public  at  all  times. 
In  all  the  forty  years  Chief  Bonner  has  been  before  the  public 
as  a fire  fighter  there  is  not  one  serious  criticism  of  his  work  on 
record. 

Briefly,  Mr.  Bonner’s  career  is  as  follows  : He  was  born  in 
Ireland  June  14,  1839.  1853,  when  only  seventeen  years  old, 

he  joined  the  Volunteers  and  ran  with  the  Lady  Washington 
Engine  Company  No.  40.  In  1861  he  was  made  Assistant  Fore- 
man of  the  Company.  In  1863  he  became  its  Foreman  and  re- 
mained in  that  capacity  until  1865  when  he  was  appointed  Fore- 
man of  Engine  Company  No.  20.  On  May  21,  1873,  Mr.  Bonner 
was  promoted  to  be  a Chief  of  Battalion,  and  was  assigned  to 
the  Second  District,  in  which  are  located  many  of  the  large  dry 
goods  and  other  mercantile  houses.  For  ten  years  he  held  this 
position,  and  the  system  which  he  established  for  the  protection 
of  the  property  under  him  is  not  only  on  record  in  the  annals  of 
the  Fire  Department  but  is  also  a matter  of  personal  recollection 
among  the  heads  of  the  houses  in  the  district. 

On  May  i,  1884,  Mr.  Bonner  was  made  Assistant  Chief  of 
the  Department,  and  on  May  22,  1889,  on  the  retirement  of  Chief 
Charles  O.  Shay,  he  was  promoted  to  Chief  of  the  Department. 
When  the  new  Charter  took  effect  in  January  of  this  year,  Mr. 
Bonner  was  given  additional  honors  by  being  assigned  and 
appointed  as  Chief  of  the  Fire  Department  for  the  greater  city, 
comprising  the  Boroughs  of  Manhattan,  Bronx,  Brooklyn, 
Queens  and  Richmond. 


The  above  are  only  the  bare  facts  connected  with  the  career 
of  Chief  Bonner.  The  records  of  the  Fire  Department  credit 
him  with  many  a deed  of  heroism,  of  property  and  lives  saved 
largely  by  his  own  personal  efforts  and  sacrifice.  There  are 
more  that  are  not  on  record  that  could  be  traced  if  the  Chief 
chose  to  speak,  but  he  will  not,  for  he  is  like  all  brave  men — 
manly  and  modest.  But  this  is  not  all — the  organization  and 
personnel  of  the  New  York  Fire  Department  is  of  the  finest. 
Politics  have  no  place  in  it,  and  the  requirements  of  the  Chief 
for  the  higher  efficiency  from  the  lowest  subordinate  has  made 
his  department  the  model  one  of  its  kind  in  this  or  any  other 
country. 


JAMES  H.  TULLY, 

DEPUTY  FIRE  COMMISSIONER,  BROOKLYN  AND  QUEENS. 

James  H.  Tully,  born  in  Ireland  November  15,  1850,  re- 
ceived his  education  in  the  common  schools  of  Brooklyn  and  St. 
Mneent’s  Academy,  was  appointed  Clerk  in  the  office  of  the 
City  Clerk  of  Brooklyn  in  January,  1873;  was  made  Deputy  City 
Clerk  in  January,  1S80.  On  the  expiration  of  his  term,  two  years 
later,  he  accepted  the  position  of  Manager  of  the  business  of 
O’Keefe  & Doyle,  who  were  the  Long  Island  representatives  of 
the  Albany  Company,  and  remained  there  until  July,  1888,  when 
he  was.  elected  Assistant  Secretary  of  the  Board  of  Education  of 
Brooklyn,  and  annually  re-elected  as  such  until  his  appointment 
as  Deputy  Fire  Commissioner  for  the  Boroughs  of  Brooklyn  and 
Queens.  He  is  a member  of  the  Kings  County  Democratic 
General  Committee;  President  of  the  Seymour  Club,  and  is  con- 
nected with  the  Friendly  Sons  of  St.  Patrick  and  other  social 
organizations. 


AUGUSTUS  T.  DOCHARTY. 

Augustus  T.  Docharty,  Secretary  of  the  Fire  Department, 
according  to  his  own  statement,  is  “ a New  Yorker  by  birth  and 
choice.”  He  is  a son  of  the  late  Professor  Docharty,  who  was 
professor  of  mathematics  in  the  College  of  the  City  of  New 
York  over  thirty-five  years. 

The  foundation  of  Mr.  Docharty’s  education  was  laid  in  the 
public  schools  of  the  city  and  afterwards  completed  in  the  Col- 
lege of  the  City  of  New  York.  As  a boy  he  was  a leader  among 


his  companions,  his  athletic  qualifications  placing  him  in  the  lead 
in  all  out-door  sports.  This  early  training  built  up  a wonderful 
constitution  for  him,  and  to-day  he  gives  evidence  of  it  in  his 
vigorous  manhood. 

Before  he  attained  his  majority  he  was  appointed  Clerk  in 
the  Comptroller’s  Office.  In  1872  he  was  Assistant  Secretary 
of  the  Board  of  Estimate  and  Apportionment.  This  office  he 
held  until  1875,  when  he  was  appointed  Contract  Clerk  of  the 
Department  of  Public  Works. 

In  1877  Mr.  Docharty  was  made  Deputy  Register  of  the  City 
and  County  of  New  York.  He  held  this  position  until  1880, 
when  he  was  elected,  for  the  full  term  of  three  years.  Register. 

In  1889  he  was  requested  to  take  the  Secretaryship  of  the 
Dock  Department,  which  office  he  accepted  and  held  with 
marked  ability  until  the  accession  of  the  “ Reform  ” administra- 
tion necessitated  his  retirement. 

Mr.  Docharty  is  an  active  member  of  the  New  York  Athletic 
Club  since  1883.  He  was  twice  elected  Secretary,  and,  in  1894, 
a Governor  for  two  years.  He  is  also  a member  of  the  Demo- 
cratic Club,  the  Friendly  Sons  of  St.  Patrick  and  a life  member 
of  the  American  Geographical  Society.  Mr.  Docharty  is  an 
active  member  of  Tammany  Hall  and  a member  of  the  Tam- 
many Society,  or  which  he  held  the  dignified  office  of  Scribe  of 
the  Council  of  Sachems  from  1876  to  1884. 

He  is  a man  once  met  always  remembered,  because  of  his 
affable,  manly,  sincere  qualities. 


DEPARTMENT  OF  BUILDINGS. 


To  preserve  and  protect  public  health  and  safety,  the  enforce- 
ment of  rules  and  regulations  as  regards  structural  strength  and 
sanitary  conditions  are  necessary  in  the  construction  and  altera- 
tion of  buildings.  The  Department  of  Buildings  is  charged 
with  the  duty  of  seeing  that  the  building  laws  are  faithfully 
observed. 

The  report  of  the  Department  for  the  first  six  months  of  this 
year,  which  is  too  voluminous  to  be  repeated  here,  will  show 
exactly  what  the  Department  has  accomplished  this  year,  but 
during  the  first  six  months  of  1898  plans  were  filed  and  acted  on 
as  follows  : 

New  buildings  $48,024,952 

Alterations 4,449,339 


Prior  to  1898  the  head  of  the  Department  of  Buildings  in  the 
City  of  New  York  was  designated  as  Superintendent.  Under 
the  Charter  the  head  of  the  Department  of  Buildings  of  the  Citv 
of  New  York,  as  at  present  constituted,  is  the  Board  of  Buildings, 
which  consists  of  three  Commissioners;  one  having  adminis- 
trative jurisdiction  in  the  Boroughs  of  Manhattan  and  The 
Bronx,  one  in  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn  and  one  in  the  Boroughs 
of  Queens  and  Richmond. 

The  reputation  of  the  Department  of  Buildings  in  the  Bor- 
oughs of  Manhattan  and  The  Bronx  is  international.  It  was 
organized  in  1892  by  Thomas  J.  Brady,  the  present  Commis- 
sioner, who  was  then  Superintendent.  The  greater  part  of  the 
present  New  York  Building  Laws  was  prepared  under  his 
immediate  direction,  and  they  have  since  served  as  a model  to 
many  building  departments,  not  only  in  this  country  but  abroad, 
the  language  in  many  cases  being  copied  verbatim. 

Commissioner  John  Guilfoyle,  who  has  administrative  juris- 
diction in  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn  since  January  i,  has  been 
for  years  a prominent  builder  in  Brooklyn,  and  his  administration, 
as  was  his  appointment,  is  regarded  with  satisfaction  by  the 
building  trades. 


jbomas  j. 


126 


In  the  Boroughs  of  Queens  and  Richmond,  where  hitherto  no 
building  regulations  worthy  of  the  name  have  existed,  Commis- 
sioner Daniel  Campbell  has  successfully  accomplished  the  difficult 
task  of  organizing  and  conducting  a department,  which,  while 
securing  a proper  enforcement  of  the  building  laws,  must  at  the 
same  time  not  operate  too  restrictively  in  a district  whose  condi- 
tions are  vastly  different  from  those  of  the  Borough  of  Manhat- 
tan, although  operating  under  the  same  laws. 

THOMAS  J.  BRADY, 

PRESIDENT  DEPARTMENT  OF  BUILDINGS. 

Thomas  J.  Brady,  President  of  the  Board  of  Buildings,  is  a 
fine  example  of  a self-made  man.  Mr.  Brady  was  born  in  New 
York  City  in  1854,  and  was  left  an  orphan  at  the  age  of  seven. 
Since  that  time,  with  the  exception  of  a few  years  (during  which 
time  he  had  a hard  struggle  to  keep  on  top),  he  has  been  con- 
nected with  the  building  trade  in  New  York  City. 

In  January,  1870,  Mr.  Brady  was  a bricklayer’s  apprentice. 
In  January,  1898,  Mr.  Brady  was  appointed  Commissioner  of 
Buildings  for  the  Boroughs  of  Manhattan  and  The  Bronx,  and 
President  of  the  Board  of  Buildings.  In  the  years  intervening 
Mr.  Brady  earned  the  right  to  be  the  official  authority  he  now  is 
in  the  City’s  Building  Department.  In  January,  1884,  he  be- 
came an  Inspector  in  the  Fire  Department  of  the  City  of  New 
York.  October,  1887,  he  was  made  First  Deputy  of  the  Bureau 
of  Inspection  of  Buildings  in  the  Fire  Department.  April  i, 
1889,  he  was  made  Superintendent  of  Buildings  of  the  Bureau  of 
Inspection  of  Buildings  in  the  Fire  Department.  In  1892  the 
Legislature  passed  a bill  organizing  the  Department  of  Buildings 
by  combining  the  Bureau  of  Inspection  of  Buildings  of  the  Fire 
Department  and  the  Plumbing  Bureau  of  the  Health  Depart- 
ment, and  Mr.  Brady  was  the  first  Superintendent  of  the  new 
department  organized.  June  i,  1892,  the  Department  of  Build- 
ings was  finally  organized  and  opened  to  the  public.  Mr.  Brady 
was  Superintendent  until  March  26,  1895,  when  he  went  into 
business  as  a builder  and  general  contractor. 

Among  the  operations  conducted  by  Mr.  Brady  during  the 
above  period  may  be  mentioned  the  Hebrew  Technical  Institute, 
San  Remo  Hotel,  a fine  example  of  modern  hotel  building,  the 
Central  Mills  and  Grain  Elevator,  and  many  country  residences 
and  commercial  buildings. 


127 


Mr.  Brady  has  the  reputation  of  being  one  of  the  most  thor- 
ough and  practical  builders  in  New  York  City.  His  social, 
political  and  financial  reputation  is  just  as  high.  He  is  a mem- 
ber of  the  Catholic,  Pontiac,  Democratic,  Builders’  League,  Nar- 
raganset  and  Engineers’  Clubs. 

In  all  of  the  above  associations  he  is  looked  upon  with  confi- 
dence and  esteem.  By  the  business  public  he  is  regarded  as  an 
authority  in  his  walk  in  life,  and  he  commands  the  respect  and  ad- 
miration of  all  with  whom  he  has  had  dealings. 

ALFRED  J.  JOHNSON. 

Alfred  J.  Johnson,  Secretary  to  the  Board  of  Buildings  of 
the  Department  of  Buildings  of  The  City  of  New  York,  was  born 
in  the  City  of  Brooklyn  in  1869.  After  leaving  school  he  ob- 
tained employment  as  a clerk  in  a school  of  stenography,  where 
he  studied  stenography  and  typewriting.  Subsequently  he  be- 
came sufficiently  competent  to  enter  the  employment  of  a large 
importing  house. 

In  1886  Hon.  Hugh  J.  Grant,  then  Sheriff,  appointed  him 
private  secretary.  When  Mr.  Grant  was  elected  Mayor  Mr. 
Johnson  was  transferred  to  the  Mayor’s  Office  in  a similar  capac- 
ity, and  he  remained  there  during  the  four  years  of  his  adminis- 
tration. Shortly  after  Mr.  Johnson  resigned  to  engage  in  private 
business. 

When  Mayor  Van  Wyck  was  placed  in  nomination  for  Mayor 
Mr.  Johnson  was  sent  for  because  of  his  experience  in  campaign 
work,  and  was  placed  in  charge  of  an  important  part  of  the 
canvass. 

On  January  i Mr.  Johnson  was  appointed  Secretary  to  the 
Board  of  Buildings.  The  Board  of  Buildings  consists  of  the 
three  Commissioners  of  Buildings;  one  having  administrative 
jurisdiction  in  the  Boroughs  of  Manhattan  and  The  Bronx,  one 
in  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn  and  one  in  the  Boroughs  of  Queens 
and  Richmond. 


DANIEL  CAMPBELL. 

Daniel  Campbell,  Commissioner  of  Buildings  for  the  Bor- 
oughs of  Queens  and  Richmond,  was  born  in  the  City  of  New 
York  July  12,  1851,  and  moved  to  Staten  Island  with  his  parents 
in  infancy. 


128 


He  attended  the  public  school  at  West  New  Brighton  until 
he  was  ten  years  old;  he  then  started  to  work  for  the  New  York 
Printing  and  Dyeing  Company. 

He  remained  with  this  firm  until  he  was  fifteen  years  of  age, 
when  he  began  to  learn  the  carpenter’s  trade.  By  close  attention 
to  the  business  and  diligent  study  at  home  he  advanced  rapidly 
and  at  the  age  of  thirty  he  started  in  business  on  his  own  account 
as  builder,  contractor  and  superintendent.  He  has  been  very 
successful. 

During  the  past  fifteen  years  he  has  built  many  of  the  largest 
houses  and  business  buildings  on  Staten  Island,  besides  doing 
an  extensive  business  in  New  Jersey. 

Mr.  Campbell  has  served  as  Supervisor  of  the  Town  of 
Castleton,  President  of  the  Board  of  Health  of  the  Village  of 
New  Brighton,  and  as  trustee  of  School  District  No.  2,  Town  of 
Castleton. 

Mr.  Campbell  is  emphatically  a self-made  man,  is  thoroughly 
skilled  in  all  branches  of  the  building  trade,  a man  of  push  and 
energy,  and  will  make  a thorough  and  competent  Commissioner 
of  Buildings. 


PARK  SYSTEM-BOROUGH  OF  MANHATTAN, 


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PARK  SYSTEM— BOROUGH  OF  BROOKLYN. 


THE  PARK  SYSTEM  OF  GREATER  NEW 
YORK. 


The  park  system  of  Greater  New  York  now  embraces  in  the 
neighborhood  of  7,030  acres.  This  acreage  is  divided  among  the 
different  boroughs  about  as  follows: 


Borough  of  Manhattan 1.393  acres. 

Borough  of  The  Bronx 4.025  acres. 

Borough  of  Brooklyn 1.512  acres. 

Borough  of  Queens 100  acres. 


7,030  acres. 

In  addition  to  the  above  there  are  several  parks  in  the  Bor- 
ough of  Richmond  which  at  present  are  unimproved  or  only 
partially  improved. 

Central  Park,  in  the  Borough  of  jManhattan,  which  is  the 
largest  single  park  in  the  borough,  contains  840  acres.  Prospect 
Park,  in  Brooklyn,  the  largest  and  finest  park  in  that  borough, 
contains  516  acres.  Among  the  other  parks  of  importance  in  the 
Borough  of  Manhattan  are: 

Battery  Park,  21  acres;  Bryant  Park,  5 acres;  City  Hall  Park, 
8 acres;  Corlears  Hook,  8 acres;  East  River,  13  acres;  Fort  Wash- 
ington, 41  acres;  High  Bridge,  43  acres;  -Madison  Square,  7 
acres;  Morningside,  31  acres;  Mount  IMorris,  20  acres;  Riverside 
Park  and  Riverside  Drive,  178  acres;  Stuyvesant  Square,  4 acres; 
Tompkins  Square,  ii  acres;  Union  Square,  4 acres,  and  Wash- 
ington Square,  8 acres. 

The  park  system  of  Brooklyn  is,  in  addition  to  Prospect  Park, 
made  up  of  the  following  parks:  Washington  Park,  30  acres; 

Bedford  Park,  4 acres;  Tompkins  Park,  8 acres;  City  Park,  8 
acres;  Winthrop  Park,  7 acres;  Ridgewood  Park,  26  acres;  Sun- 
set Park,  14  acres;  Red  Hook  Park,  6 acres;  Bushwick  Park, 
6 acres;  East  Side  Lands,  50  acres;  Parade  Ground,  40  acres; 
Concourse  Park,  70  acres;  Dyker  Beach  Park,  144  acres;  Benson- 
hurst  Park,  8 acres;  Lincoln  Terrace,  12  acres;  Canarsie  Beach, 
40  acres;  New  Lots  Playground,  6 acres;  Cooper  Park,  10  acres; 
Irving  Square,  6 acres;  Saratoga  Square,  7 acres;  Linton  Park, 
6 acres,  and  Brooklyn  Forest,  535  acres. 


9 


130 

The  parks  now  embraced  within  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx 
are:  Bronx  Park,  662  acres;  Pelham  Bay  Park,  1,756  acres;  Van 
Cortlandt  Park,  1,132  acres;  Crotona  Park,  154  acres;  Cedar 
Park,  18  acres;  Cromwell’s  Creek,  27  acres;  Claremont  Park,  38 
acres,  and  St.  Mary’s  Park,  29  acres.  In  addition  to  the  above 
there  are  a number  of  recently  acquired  parks  none  of  which  have 
as  yet  been  turned  over  to  the  Park  Department.  When  com- 
pleted the  present  Park  Commission  will  maintain  beautiful  little 
breathing  spots,  scattered  here  and  there  at  different  points  in  the 
city,  where  the  population  is  dense  and  the  localities  remote 
from  the  established  parks.  The  names  and  locations  of  these 
parks  are  as  follows:  Hamilton  Fish  Park,  Houston,  Stanton, 

Pitt  and  Sheriff  streets;  William  H.  Seward  Park,  Norfolk  street, 
Hester  street  and  East  Broadway;  “ Little  Italy  ” Park,  One 
Hundred  and  Eleventh  to  One  Hundred  and  Fourteenth  street, 
and  I'irst  avenue  to  East  river;  West  Side  Park,  Ninth  and  Tenth 
avenues,  Twenty-seventh  and  Twenty-eighth  streets. 

There  are  also  under  the  jurisdiction  of  the  Park  Department 
a system  of  drives  and  parkways  designed  to  connect,  in  the  Bor- 
ough of  the  Bronx,  Van  Cortlandt  Park  with  Bronx  Park,  Bronx 
Park  with  Pelham  Bay  Park,  and  Crotona  Park  with  Bronx 
Park.  In  Brooklyn  there  are  twenty-two  miles  of  parkways, 
consisting  of  the  Ocean  Parkway,  from  Prospect  Park  to  Coney 
Island;  Eastern  Parkway,  from  Prospect  Park  to  Ralph  avenue; 
Eastern  Parkway  Extension,  from  Ralph  avenue  to  Ridgewood 
Park;  Fort  Hamilton  Parkway,  from  Prospect  Park  to  Fort 
Hamilton;  Bay  Parkway,  from  Ocean  Parkway  to  Bensonhurst 
Beach;  Bay  Ridge  Parkway,  from  Fort  Flamilton  avenue  to  Fort 
Hamilton,  and  Seventy-fifth  street,  from  Fort  Hamilton  Parkway 
to  Bay  Parkway. 

In  addition  to  the  above  there  are  about  sixteen  miles  of  drives 
connecting  Eastern  Parkway  and  Eastern  Parkway  Extension 
with  Jamaica  avenue  and  contiguous  street  recently  opened  for 
public  travel.  There  are  also  two  bicycle  paths,  each  five  and  a 
half  miles  in  length,  located  on  the  Ocean  Parkway,  on  each  side 
of  the  main  drive. 

It  will  thus  be  seen  that  the  park  system  of  Greater  New 
York,  although  not  until  this  year  administered  under  one  city 
government,  has  nevertheless  been  planned  and  laid  out  on  lines 
which  make  it  possible  to  maintain  and  extend  and  improve 
(when  completed)  into  the  most  natural  and  beautiful  chain  of 
city  parks  and  parkways  in  the  United  States. 


George  V.  Brower, 
Park  Commissioner^  Brooklyn. 


132 


The  parks  of  Greater  New  York,  as  they  stand  now  in  their 
lay-out  and  make-up,  show  that  the  people,  and  only  the  people, 
have  been  considered.  In  diversity  of  purpose  they  appeal 
equally  to  the  poor  and  rich,  the  old  and  young. 

The  work  of  the  present  Commissioners  of  Parks  has  been 
highly  satisfactory  this  year.  In  spite  of  the  entanglements  which 
confronted  every  department  of  the  City  Government  under  the 
new  Charter,  Park  Department  work  has  gone  ahead  and  several 
new  features  have  been  introduced  and  are  now  in  process  of 
completion. 

Among  these  works  are  the  new  Harlem  River  Speedway, 
which  has  just  been  completed,  the  establishment  of  an  adequate 
range  of  greenhouses  for  Central  Park,  which  are  assured,  be- 
cause of  the  active  interest  taken  in  them  by  President  Clausen, 
of  the  Park  Department.  An  appropriation  sufficient  to  build 
these  greenhouses  ha^been  set  aside  and  as  the  contract  is  now 
going  through  it  is  thought  they  will  be  open  to  the  public  by 
next  spring.  These  greenhouses  will  be  a beautiful  and  attractive 
feature  of  the  park.  They  will  be  principally  devoted  to  rare 
plants,  palms  and  exotics,  and  in  addition  to  the  pleasure  and  in- 
struction afforded  there  will  be  a department  for  the  purpose  of 
propagating  plants  which  will  of  course  be  used  strictly  in  park 
work. 

In  addition  to  this  feature  the  present  Department  has  this 
year  improved  Riverside  Park,  skirting  Riverside  Drive,  enlarged 
the  Art  Museum  and  completed  a new  wing  on  the  Museum  of 
Natural  History.  Many  improvements  have  been  made  in  the 
menagerie  in  Central  Park  and  preparatory  steps  have  also  been 
taken  toward  the  new  library  in  Bryant  Park. 

In  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn,  although  the  Department  has 
been  hampered  for  lack  of  money  to  carry  out  all  of  their  plans. 
Commissioner  Brower  and  his  assistants,  Secretary  Brown  and 
Mr.  De  Wolf,  the  landscape  architect,  have  made  good  use  of  the 
help  and  materials  they  have  had  at  their  command. 

Among  the  new  parks  under  the  superintendence  of  the 
Brooklyn  Park  Department  are  Red  Hook  Park,  located  in  the 
Twelfth  Ward;  Fort  Hamilton  Park,  at  the  end  of  the  “Shore 
Road  East  Side  Lands,  a terrace  park  500  feet  square,  bounded 
by  Eastern  Parkway,  Flatbush  avenue  and  Washington  avenue, 
overlooking  the  Valley  of  the  Elatbush,  and  a view  of  the  sur- 
rounding country  as  far  as  Jamaica.  Brooklyn  Eorest,  or  Forest 
Park,  properly  in  the  Borough  of  Queens,  but  under  the  juris- 


133 


diction  of  Commissioner  Brower,  containing  over  five  hundred 
acres  of  woodland  scenery,  and  Sunset  Park,  from  Forty-first  to 
Forty-third  streets.  Fifth  avenue  to  Seventh  avenue,  a new  park 
to  be  completed  after  the  Italian  idea  of  architectural  terraces. 

The  above  parks  will  each  possess  some  distinctive  and  unique 
feature,  and  when  completed  will  greatly  add  to  the  beauty  and 
attractiveness  of  Brooklyn  and  Queens  Boroughs,  largely  in  the 
localities  which  have  heretofore  been  destitute  of  anything  of  the 
kind.  Red  Hook  Park,  in  the  Twelfth  Ward,  a bit  of  nature  sur- 
rounded by  brick  and  mortar,  a pleasing  combination  of  walks 
and  trees,  grass  and  shrubber}-  in  a district  where  too  many 
people  live  in  too  little  space.  Fort  Hamilton  Park,  at  the  end 
of  the  Shore  Road,”  which  was  turned  over  to  the  Park  De- 
partment when  the  Shore  Road  Commission  went  out  of  exist- 
ence, will  be,  when  completed,  a beautiful  stretch  of  green  over- 
looking the  Narrows  with  a view  of  the  Upper  and  Lower  Bay 
and  Staten  Island  which  cannot  be  equalled  this  side  of  the 
clouds. 

Brooklyn  Forest  is  intended  for  the  real  lovers  of  nature — an 
uncultivated  forestry  park,  as  it  were— where  those  who  like  a 
day’s  outing  can  have  it  free  from  the  restrictions  of  the  average 
park,  with  the  privilege  of  botanizing  and  the  study  of  arbori. 

In  the  Borough  of  Queens  are  located  Kings  Park,  in 
Jamaica,  which  in  its  plan  and  purpose  will  be  colonial.  Revived 
Revolutionary  architecture,  old-fashioned  flowers  and  stately 
trees  will  make  this  park  look  like  a leaf  of  live  history. 

Among  the  other  parks  in  this  borough  are  Monitor  Park, 
in  Long  Island  City,  Court  House  Square,  in  Astoria,  and  a City 
Park  in  Flushing.  The  above  parks  have  not  heretofore  been 
laid  out  or  maintained  according  to  the  New  York  or  Brooklyn 
standard,  but  the  Brooklyn  Park  Commissioner  intends  to  put 
them  in  the  same  fine  green  uniform  that  now  covers  the  other 
parks  under  his  jurisdiction. 

GEORGE  C.  CLAUSEN, 

PRESIDENT  OF  THE  PARK  DEP.'lRTMENT. 

George  C.  Clausen,  President  of  the  Department  of  Parks, 
and  Commissioner  of  the  same  for  the  Boroughs  of  Manhattan 
and  Richmond,  was  born  in  New  York  in  1849.  His  entry  into 
the  official  and  political  life  of  the  city  was  made  in  1893,  in  which 
year  ex-Mayor  Gilroy  appointed  him  one  of  the  Commissioners 


134 


of  Taxes.  At  the  end  of  four  months  he  resigned  this  office  and 
was  made  a Park  Commissioner.  In  this  capacity  he  showed  a 
natural  aptitude  for  the  work  combined  with  a general  adminis- 
trative ability  which  stamped  him  at  once  as  a man  in  the  right 
place.  The  difference  in  policy,  however,  which  the  incoming 
Republican  administration  had  by  inference  suggested  in  their 
advance  promises  and  protests,  did  not  accord  with  Mr.  Clausen’s 
views,  and  upon  the  day  that  Mayor  Strong  assumed  office  he 
resigned. 

'Mr.  Clausen  is  devoted  to  park  work,  and  while  he  has  his 
own  ideas  as  to  what  a park  should  contain,  he  does  not  advance 
these  ideas  or  put  them  in  practice  until  he  is  satisfied  that  they 
reflect  the  taste  of  the  people  and  the  interests  of  the  city.  He  is 
decidedly  opposed  to  ornamental  buildings  in  parks  unless  they 
are  a necessary  adjunct.  As  to  the  future  of  Central  Park,  he 
does  not  favor  the  use  of  it  for  a general  playground,  contending 
that  it  was  not  the  original  plan  to  put  it  to  such  use,  as  the 
soil  in  many  places  is  so  light  it  will  not  permit  being  turned  over 
for  that  purpose. 

Among'  the  improvements  which  he  has  been  the  means  of 
having  had  adopted  are  the  building  of  an  adequate  range  of 
greenhouses.  This  has  been  a neglected  feature  of  the  parks, 
but  Mr.  Clausen  and  his  colleagues  have  succeeded  in  securing 
an  appropriation  sufficient  to  carry  on  the  work  and  the  contract 
is  now  going  through.  These  greenhouses  are  expected  to  be 
completed 'by  next  spring  and  when  they  are  they  will  be  a de- 
cided attraction. 

Long  before  he  became  a public  official  Mr.  Clausen  demon- 
strated in  his  private  business  that  he  had  the  executive  ability 
necessary  to  carry  on  any  enterprise  he  took  a personal  interest 
in.  In  his  official  life  he  has  taken  the  same  interest  in  the  public 
welfare  as  he  has  in  his  own.  In  all  of  his  important  official  acts 
he  has  shown  a fine  farsightedness  in  his  policy  and  acts  dealing 
with  the  future  park  system  of  Greater  New  York. 

GEORGE  V.  BROWER. 

George  V.  Brower,  the  present  Park  Commissioner  of  the 
Department  of  Parks  for  the  Boroughs  of  Kings  and  Queens,  is 
of  an  old  Long  Island  family.  His  great  grandfather,  Abraham 
Brower,  with  his  brother,  were  the  owners  of  the  old  tide-mill  at 


•35 


Gowanus,  and  which,  by  order  of  General  Washington,  was 
burned  at  the  Battle  of  Long  Island. 

He  is  a lawyer  and  has  been  a member  of  the  Kings  County 
Bar  for  over  thirty  years. 

In  July,  1885,  he  was  appointed  by  President  Cleveland  Gen- 
eral Appraiser  of  the  Port  of  New  York,  and  resigned  the  posi- 
tion at  the  expiration  of  Mr.  Cleveland’s  first  term.  He  was 
appointed  immediately  thereafter  one  of  the  Park  Commissioners 
of  the  City  of  Brooklyn,  and  elected  President  of  the  Board; 
subsequently  the  Department  was  made  a single-headed  Com- 
mission and  Mr.  Brower  was  appointed  the  first  Commissioner, 
retaining  the  position  until  February,  1894.  During  the  last  term 
of  Cleveland’s  Administration  he  was  offered  the  Appraisership 
of  the  Port  of  New  York,  which  position  he  declined. 

AUGUST  MOEBUS. 

August  Moebus,  appointed  Park  Commissioner  for  the  Bor- 
ough of  The  Bronx,  was  born  March  3,  1850,  in  Forsyth  street, 
in  the  lower  part  of  the  city.  When  he  was  six  months  old  his 
parents  removed  to  what  was  then  Mott  Haven,  and  he  has  lived 
on  the  north  side  ever  since.  Mr.  Moebus  was  educated  in  our 
public  schools  and  Paine’s  Business  College. 

After  his  graduation  from  Paine’s  he  entered  the  employ  of 
the  American  Graphic  and  Phototype  Company,  publishers  of 
the  Daily  Graphic,  with  which  he  remained  nine  years.  He  then 
left  this  position  to  enter  the  brewing  business,  in  which  he  has 
been  engaged  twenty-four  years. 

Politically  Mr.  Moebus  has  been  a stanch  Democrat  and  has 
been  a member  of  the  Tammany  Hall  Organization  for  twenty- 
two  years.  In  1890  he  was  elected  a member  of  the  Board  of 
-A.ldermen  and  re-elected  in  1891.  His  services  were  most  satis- 
factory to  his  constituents. 

His  recent  appointment  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck  as  Commis- 
sioner of  Parks  for  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx,  is  a most  im- 
portant position.  He  has  seven  undeveloped  parks  with  an  area 
of  four  thousand  acres,  under  his  jurisdiction,  and  it  will  be  his 
duty  to  organize  a new  department  for  their  proper  maintenance 
and  improvement.  In  addition  he  will  have  general  supervision 
of  the  construction  of  the  new  Botanical  and  Zoological  Gardens. 


136 

WILLIS  HOLLY, 


SECRETARY  OF  THE  PARK  DEPARTMENT. 

Willis  Holly,  who  has  had  a career  up  to  date  which  will 
compare  favorably  in  activity,  industry  and  general  usefulness 
to  any  man’s  in  New  York,  was  born  July  14,  1854,  in  Stamford, 
Conn. 

His  boyhood  days  were  passed  in  Brooklyn,  but  he  came  to 
New  York  the  day  after  he  left  school  and  has  called  this  his 
home  ever  since.  He  began  to  earn  a living  as  an  office  boy,  and 
did  his  work  so  well  in  this  small  capacity  that  in  a very  short 
time  he  was  made  a reporter  of  the  Sun.  Mr.  Holly’s  work  on 
this  newspaper,  from  police  reporter  to  Albany  correspondent 
and  political  writer,  extended  over  a period  of  twenty-one  years. 
When  he  resigned  his  newspaper  position  in  1889  to  become 
Secretary  to  Mayor  Grant  it  is  well  known  that  the  profession 
lost  one  of  its  best  posted  and  most  capable  men. 

When  Mayor  Gilroy  assumed  office  he  retained  Mr.  Holly  in 
the  same  position.  Previous  to  January  of  this  year  he  has  acted 
as  private  secretary  to  Nathan  Straus,  and  advertising  manager 
for  R.  H.  Macy  & Co.,  in  which  dual  capacities  he  performed  an 
amount  of  work  which  would  phase  almost  any  one  except  a 
fine  newspaper  man.  Mr.  Holly’s  present  duties  are  varied  and 
complex,  but  his  newspaper  instinct  for  finding  out  things  and 
the  best  way  to  do  them  are  a sufficient  guarantee  to  the  public 
that  he  is  in  his  right  place. 

CLINTON  H.  SMITH, 

ASSISTANT  SECRETARY,  PARK  DEPARTMENT. 

Lieutenant-Colonel  Clinton  H.  Smith  was  born  in  New 
York  City  about  forty  years  ago.  He  was  educated  at  the  High 
School  in  Plainfield,  N.  J.,  and  subsequently  ,,took  a private 
course  under  the  tutorship  of  a professor  at  Amherst  College. 

Lieutenant-Colonel  Smith’s  first  experience  at  earning  a liv- 
ing was  in  the  supply  business,  which  he  embarked  in  upon  his 
finishing  his  studies  in  1878.  In  1879  he  entered  the  employ  of 
the  Park  Department  and  has  been  connected  with  the  Depart- 
ment ever  since,  working  his  way  up  to  his  present  position  of 
Assistant  Secretary  by  means  of  his  ability  and  thoroughness  to 
handle  detail  work  of  a large  and  varied  order,  which  the  inside 
duties  of  the  Park  Department  continually  calls  for. 


137 


Aside  from  his  official  duties  Lieutenant-Colonel  Smith  has 
always  had  a taste  and  a sincere  fondness  for  military  matters, 
his  first  affiliation  being  with  the  Seventh  Regiment,  from  which 
he  resigned  ten  years  ago  to  become  a member  of  the  Seventy- 
first.  In  this  regiment  he  immediately  found  a larger  military 
life,  as  his  career  as  a soldier  has  since  shown.  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Smith’s  military  life  during  the  invasion  of  Cuba  is  told 
largely  in  the  accounts  of  his  regiment,  but  his  personal  bravery 
on  the  field  of  battle,  the  care  and  watchfulness  which  he  displayed 
at  all  times  and  in  all  places  to  those  under  his  direct  command, 
will  be  written  high  on  the  record  page  of  the  regiment  when  the 
books  of  history  are  made  of  the  part  the  Seventy-first  played  in 
the  war. 

The  long  service  he  has  rendered  the  City  in  the  Department 
of  Parks  and  the  services  he  has  given  to  his  country  are  evidence 
enough  of  his  capacity  and  courage.  The  recent  presentation  of 
a sword  by  the  residents  of  Smithtown,  L.  L,  to  Lieutenant- 
Cole  nel  Smith  is  a slight  testimonial  of  his  popularity  by  those 
who  ave  known  him  as  one  among  them. 

ROBERT  T.  BROWN, 

Robert  T.  Brown,  Secretary,  Department  of  Parks,  Bor- 
oughs of  Brooklyn  and  Queens,  was  born  in  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  in 
the.  year  1855.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  he  learned  the  trade  of  a 
printer  and  at  the  age  of  twenty-one  became  a member  of  New 
York  Typographical  Union  No.  6,  at  the  age  of  twenty-six,  as- 
suming charge,  as  superintendent,  of  a large  printing  establish- 
ment in  New  York  City.  He  held  that  position  for  thirteen  years, 
at  the  end  of  which  time  he  lost  his  situation  through  a “ strike  ” 
organized  by  Typographical  Union  No.  6 against  the  office  in 
which  he  was  employed.  Mr.  Brown’s  name  is  still  carried  on 
the  Roll  of  Honor  of  Typographical  Union  No.  6 for  the  honor- 
able part  he  took  in  the  strike.  One  year  after  the  loss  of  his 
position  Postmaster  Andrew  T.  Sullivan,  of  Brooklyn,  appointed 
Mr.  Brown  superintendent  of  the  Post  Office  Printing  Depart- 
ment in  the  Brooklyn  Post  Office,  which  position  he  held  for 
three  years,  until  January  26,  1898. 

For  the  past  six  years  Mr.  Brown  has  represented  the  Twen- 
tieth Assembly  District  of  Kings  County  as  a delegate  to  the 
Democratic  General  Committee  of  Kings  County,  and  three  years 
ago  he  was  elected  Corresponding  Secretary  of  that  body,  a 


138 


position  which  he  creditably  filled  up  to  the  first  of  the  present 
year. 

During  the  past  three  years  he  has  conducted  the  speaker’s 
campaign  of  the  Democratic  Party  in  Kings  County,  and  in  the 
year  1896  he  organized  and'  became  the  first  President  of  the 
Speaker’s  Club  of  Brooklyn,  which  had  two  hundred  and  fifty- 
six  orators  enrolled  on  its  books' 

During  the  memorable  City  Convention  in  the  fall  of  1897, 
which  ended  in  the  selection  of  Robert  A.  Van  Wyck  as  the 
Democratic  candidate  for  Mayor,  Mr.  Brown  was  elected  Sec- 
retary of  that  body,  and  when,  on  January  i,  1898,:  the  Demo- 
cratic city  officials  assumed  charge  of  the  various  departments 
of  the  municipal  government,  his  name  was  presented  for'  the 
position  he  now  holds.  No  man  had  a more  hearty  or  earnest 
indorsement  than  he  for  the  position. 


JOHN  DE  WOLF, 

LANDSCAPE  ARCHITECT,  PARK  DEPARTMENT. 

John  De  Wolf  was  born  in  Rhode  Island  forty-four  years 
ago.  He  was  graduated  from  a college  in  his  native  State  and 
engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  almost  immediately 
after  giving  up  his  studies. 

As  a landscape  architect  he  was  successful  from  the  start, 
his  first  piece  of  w^ork  displaying  such  beauty  of  treatment  that 
orders  began  to  pour  in  upon  him  from  every  part  of  the  country 
as  well  as  abroad.  Among  the  country  seats  and  estates  of 
which  Mr.  De  Wolf  has  been  the  landscape  architect  are  the 
Van  Wickle  Estate,  at  Bristol,  R.  I.,  the  country  seat  of  Lawson 
Valentine,  at  Cornwall-on-the-Hudson,  and  the  Villa  Manna, 
the  property  of  Mrs.  G.  C.  Haines,  on  Lake  Como,  Italy. 

Mr.  De  Wolf’s  floral  designs  and  general  landscape  work  in 
Prospect  Park,  Brooklyn,  are  characterized  by  a striking  orig- 
inality of  treatment,  expression  and  lay-out  that  has  made  his 
work  one  of  the  principal  attractions  of  the  park. 

Among  the  best  examples  of  Mr.  De  Wolf’s  work  in  Pros- 
pect Park  are  the  lily  pond,  the  old-fashioned  flower  garden  and 
the  floral  stairway.  All  of  the  above  are  unique  features  in  the 
park  and  are  referred  to  continually  as  good  studies  for  florists 
and  landscape  gardeners. 


THE  SCHOOL  SYSTEM  OF  GREATER  NEW 
YORK. 


The  first  man  to  teach  school  on  Manhattan  Island  was  Adam 
Roelandsden,  who  was  brought  from  Holland  for  the  purpose 
by  the  Dutch  Governor,  Wouter  Van  Twiller.  This  was  in  1633. 
There  are  now  8,500  public  school  teachers  in  the  territory  com- 
prising Greater  New  York  and  5,000  on  Manhattan  Island  alone. 
The  second  man  to  engage  in  teaching  school  in  what  is  now 
the  City  of  New  York  was  Jacob  Van  Corlaer,  who  opened  a 
private  school.  The  testy  old  Peter  Stuyvesant  was  then  gov- 
ernor, and  he  closed  Corker’s  school  because  it  had  been  opened 
without  permission  of  the  authorities. 

The  Public  School  Society  was  the  first  intelligent  organized 
effort  to  provide  a plan  of  free  education  for  the  children  of  the 
citizens  of  New  York,  and  out  of  that  effort  grew  the  public 
school  system  of  to-day.  This  society  was  the  entire  educational 
government  from  1807  to  1842,  when  the  Board  of  Education  was 
organized.  The  two  worked  together  in  more  or  less  harmony 
until  1853,  when  the  society  voluntarily  surrendered  its  charter 
and  gave  way  to  the  younger  organization.  During  its  lifetime 
of  forty-six  years  it  expended  $3,509,755 — not  much  more  than 
is  now  required  to  carry  on  the  schools  of  the  Borough  of  Man- 
hattan for  six  months  or  the  Brooklyn  schools  for  one  year.  In 
1807  there  were  seventy  pupils,  and  the  expenditure  for  that 
year  was  $913.  In  the  last  year  of  the  society’s  existence  the 
attendance  was  24,320,  and  the  outlay  for  the  year  was  $141,906. 

The  great  interest  which  the  public  men  of  olden  times  took 
in  the  schools  is  seen  in  the  length  of  time  many  of  them  gave 
to  the  society,  viz.:  De  Witt  Clinton,  twenty-three  years;  Peter 

Cooper,  fifteen  years;  Bindley  Murray,  twenty-nine  years;  An- 
son G.  Phelps,  fifteen  years,  etc.  Alexander  Hamilton  and  John 
Jay  also  gave  a great  deal  of  their  time  to  the  public  schools. 
Governor  George  Clinton  took  a deep  interest  in  the  question, 
and  in  his  message  to  the  first  State  Legislature  after  the  adop- 
tion of  the  Constitution,  urged  the  extension  of  the  school  sys- 
tem. Out  of  this  suggestion  grew  a law  which  appropriated  $50,- 
000  a year  for  five  years,  to  be  applied  to  the  schools  of  the  State. 

General  Lafayette  inspected  the  city  schools  of  New  York, 
including  a school  for  colored  children,  during  his  visit  in  1824. 


FRANKLIN  C.  VITT 


141 


There  was  a great  turnout  of  school  children,  teachers  and  citi- 
zens, in  honor  of  Lafayette.  City  Hall  was  packed.  One  of  the 
elder  pupils  made  an  elaborate  address  of  welcome,  to  which  the 
general,  who  may  have  been  a trifle  bored,  replied  in  six  words: 
“ I thank  you,  my  dear  child.” 

It  is  creditable  to  New  York  that  it  had  three  free  schools 
when  it  had  but  ten  watchmen  and  two  constables.  Now  there 
are  within  the  greater  city  575  public  schools  and  850,000  school 
children.  The  actual  registration  is  above  770,000  pupils.  Of 
these  575  schools  329  are  in  the  Borough  of  Manhattan  and  115 
in  Brooklyn,  the  others  being  in  the  suburban  counties.  The 
value  of  the  school  property  is  $32,000,000.  and  the  annual  out- 
lay necessary  to  the  maintenance  of  the  schools  about  $12,000,- 
000.  Half  of  this  latter  sum  is  the  amount  paid  in  salaries  to  the 
teachers. 

Under  the  new  Charter  a unification  of  the  various  schools  in 
the  Greater  New  York  territory  was  necessary,  and  to  accom- 
plish this  was  no  small  task.  The  work  devolved  upon  Seth  Low, 
Stewart  L.  Woodford  (ex-Minister  to  Spain),  and  Silas  B. 
Butcher.  As  the  Charter  Commission,  these  gentlemen  found 
Avithin  the  boundaries  of  the  new  metropolis  every  kind  of  school 
government  known  in  the  State,  and  one  or  two  not  known  in 
the  State.  To  find  one  system  was  an  educational  problem  of 
magnitude.  The  plan  finally  agreed  upon,  and  which  is  now  a 
pai;t  of  the  Charter,  suggests  the  general  plan  of  the  government 
of  the  States  of  the  Union.  There  is  a central  government,  cor- 
responding to  the  general  government,  and  known  as  the  Board 
■of  Education.  Subordinate  to  this  are  the  five  divisions  of  the 
greater  city,  viz. : Manhattan,  Bronx,  Brooklyn,  Richmond  and 
Queens.  Each  of  these  boroughs  has  its  own  School  Board  and 
a Board  of  Superintendents,  and  controls  its  own  schools,  subject 
to  the  authority  of  the  central  body.  The  Board  of  Education, 
with  Charles  Bulkley  Hubbell  at  its  head,  consists  of  thirteen 
members  chosen  from  the  School  Boards  of  the  five  boroughs. 
The  central  body  has  power  over  the  school  system  of  the  entire 
city,  directs  the  apportionment  of  the  funds,  fixes  salaries,  etc. 

The  Brooklyn  public  schools  stand  high  among  the  schools 
■of  the  country.  William  H.  Maxwell,  Superintendent  of  Schools 
of  the  City  of  New  York,  was  Superintendent  of  Public  Instruc- 
tion in  Brooklyn  for  ten  years.  Under  his  guidance  the  schools 
took  high  rank.  There  are  115  schools  in  the  Borough  of 
Brooklyn,  including  the  districts  of  Flatlands  and  Canarsie, 


142 


which  are  under  the  control  of  the  Board  of  Education.  The 
number  of  pupils  registered  in  Brooklyn  is  not  far  from  140,000. 
There  are  about  2,800  teachers,  including  principals.  The  an- 
nual cost  of  maintaining  the  schools,  including  the  purchase  of 
sites  and  the  erection  of  new  buildings,  aggregates  $3,000,000. 
The  normal  increase  in  the  number  of  pupils  in  Brooklyn  is 
5,000  a year;  in  New  York,  15,000. 

The  supply  department  of  the  Brooklyn  schools  was  for  five 
years  under  the  intelligent  direction  of  Parker  P.  Simmons,  the 
present  Superintendent  of  School  Supplies  of  the  greater  city. 
The  value  of  the  supplies,  which  include  text  books,  janitor’s 
supplies,  and  everything  pertaining  to  the  care  and  maintenance 
of  the  Brooklyn  schools,  is  about  $150,000  a year.  In  his  new 
position.  Superintendent  Simmons  will  have  the  disbursement 
of  not  far  from  $1,500,000  a year  for  school  supplies  of  all  kinds. 
His  selection  by  the  central  body  was  practically  a foregone  con- 
clusion from  the  passage  of  the  Charter  Act,  for  his  fitness  for  the 
place  had  been  demonstrated  in  many  ways,  and  he  had  warm 
friends  and  supporters  in  all  the  borough  boards,  while  the 
Brooklyn  officials  were  a unit  for  him.  In  this  instance,  the 
value  of  an  education  as  a pre-requisite  to  success  in  the  public 
service  has  been  conspicuously  emphasized.  To  a liberal  edu- 
cation Superintendent  Simmons  has  added  long  experience  as  a 
public  school  teacher,  a successful  business  career  (he  is  still  a 
member  of  the  Produce  Exchange),  a technical  knowledge  of 
the  details  of  book  making  and  book  selling,  and  a measure  of 
executive  ability  that  is  rarely  excelled.  He  is  a graduate  of 
Bowdoin  College,  Class  of  1875.  His  home  is  in  Brooklyn. 

A.  Emerson  Palmer,  recently  elected  secretary  of  the  Board 
of  Education  of  the  City  of  New  York,  has  been  an  active  news- 
paper man  in  that  city  for  more  than  twenty  years.  During 
most  of  this  time  he  has  been  connected  with  the  New  York 
Tribune.  Mr.  Palmer  has  always  taken  great  interest  in  edu- 
cational matters,  and  his  familiarity  with  the  vast  public  school 
system  of  New  York  particularly  fits  him  for  the  position  to 
which  he  was  chosen. 

April  7,  1837,  Amon  McVey  was  appointed  to  specially  look 
after  the  repairs  of  school  buildings  in  New'  York,  at  a salary  of 
$750.  He  w'as  provided  with  a small  shop  in  the  rear  of  one  of 
the  school  buildings.  This  was  the  beginning  of  the  present  De- 
partment of  Construction,  at  the  head  of  which  is  C.  B.  J.  Sny- 
der, Superintendent  of  School  Buildings,  a member  of  the  New 


143 


York  Chapter,  American  Institute  of  Architects;  American  So- 
ciety Heating  and  Ventilating  Engineers,  and  the  Public  Art 
League  of  the  United  States.  There  are  at  present  158  school 
buildings  in  the  Boroughs  of  Manhattan  and  The  Bronx,  the 
total  value  of  which  is  $20,000,000.  There  is  one  public  school 
building  in  New  York  which  cost,  including  the  land,  $575,000. 

The  following  named  constitute  the  Board  of  Education  of 
the  City  of  New  York:  John  G.  Agar,  Ellery  E.  Anderson,  Otto 
T.  Bannard,  Edward  L.  Collier,  Horace  E.  Dresser,  John  E. 
Eustis,  William  Greenough,  Charles  Bulkley  Hubbell,  Hugh 
Kelly,  G.  Howland  Leavitt,  Jacob  W.  Mack,  Henry  W.  Max- 
well, John  McNamee,  Frank  Perlet,  Nathaniel  A.  Prentiss, 
Henry  A.  Rogers,  J.  Edward  Swanstrom,  Henry  W.  Taft,  John 
R.  Thompson. 

The  members  of  the  School  Board  for  the  Boroughs  of  Man- 
hattan and  The  Bronx  are  as  follows:  Charles  Bulkley  Hubbell, 
President;  Arthur  McMullin,  Secretary;  Robert  Maclay,  Daniel 
E.  McSweeny,  M.  D.,  Hugh  Kelly,  Jacob  W.  Mack,  Alexander 
P.  Ketchum,  Charles  Bulkley  Hubbell,  Walter  E.  Andrews, 
Richard  H.  Adams,  John  G.  Agar,  E.  Ellery  Anderson,  John  E. 
Eustis,  William  Greenough,  Joseph  J.  Little,  Henry  Rice,  Otto 
T.  Bannard,  Wiliam  H.  Hurlbut,  Henry  A.  Rogers,  Nathaniel 
A.  Prentiss,  Charles  C.  Burlingham,  Henry  W.  Taft,  James  P. 
Lee. 

The  School  Board  of  Brooklyn  is  composed  of  the  following 
members:  J.  Edward  Swanstrom,  President;  Ira  L.  Bamberger, 
Miss  I.  M.  Chapman,  John  J.  Colgan,  John  Y.  Culyer,  Thomas 
M.  Farley,  Nelson  J.  Gates,  Mrs.  M.  E.  Jacobs,  Adolph  Kiendl, 
Henry  C.  McLean,  George  E.  Nostrand,  Miss  E.  H.  Perry,  Mrs. 
E.  F.  Pettengill,  Mrs.  J.  M.  Powell,  John  R.  Thompson,  James 
Weir,  Jr.,  Frank  L.  Babbott,  Thomas  Cacciola,  Charles  N.  Chad- 
wick, George  P.  Clark,  Edward  L.  Collier,  George  Freifeld, 
John  Griffin,  Franklin  W.  Hooper,  Ditmas  Jewell,  Elwin  S. 
Piper,  John  K.  Powell,  Charles  E.  Robertson,  Henry  P.  Schmidt, 
Arthur  S.  Somers,  John  J.  Williams,  J.  F.  Bendernagel,  Horace 
E.  Dresser,  Carl  A.  Evertz,  George  H.  Fisher,  George  D.  Ham- 
lin, John  Harrigan,  A.  S.  Higgins,  H.  W.  Maxwell,  John  Mc- 
Namee, George  W.  Schaedle,  Samuel  R.  Scottron,  George  H. 
Woodworth,  James  Wright,  Richard  Young. 

The  following  constitutes  the  Board  of  Queens:  G.  Howland 
Levitt,  President;  Wilson  Palmer,  Secretary;  F.  G.  Pauly, 
George  Maure,  Theodore  Chapman,  F.  De  Hass  Simonson,  John 


144 


S.  Power,  Wiliam  G.  Wainwright,  Daniel  Callahan,  George  F. 
Spaeth. 

The  Board  of  Richmond  is  as  follows:  Frank  Perlet,  Presi- 
dent; Franklin  C.  Vitt,  Secretary;  George  T.  Egbert,  Thomas  J. 
Flannagan,  John  T.  Burke,  Emil  Bottger,  Samuel  Anderson, 
William  J.  Cole,  Thomas  Vaughan,  Louis  Ffeymann. 

CHARLES  BULKLEY  HUBBELL. 

PRESIDENT,  BOARD  OF  EDUCATION. 

Mr.  Charles  Bulkley  Hubbell,  the  eldest  son  of  Dr. 
Charles  Lyman  Hubbell,  was  born  in  Williamstown,  Mass.,  July 
20,  1853.  He  was  educated  at  Williams  College,  from  which 
institution  he  was  graduated  in  the  Class  of  1874.  At  college  he 
was  a noted  athlete,  being  a member  of  the  University  crew,  and 
was  the  first  student  of  Williams  College  to  win  honors  in  inter- 
collegiate athletic  sports.  After  completing  a course  of  study  at 
law  he  was  admitted  to  practice,  and  has  since  been  an  active 
and  prominent  member  of  the  Bar  in  New  York.  His  wife, 
Emily  Allen  Chandler,  was  a daughter  of  the  Honorable  William 
A.  Chandler,  of  Connecticut,  and  is  a direct  descendant  of  Gur- 
don  Saltonstall,  an  early  Governor  of  Connecticut.  Mr.  Hub- 
bell’s  marriage  took  place  in  1879.  Their  family  consists  of  three 
daughters.  The  country  home  of  the  family  is  at  Brookside 
Farm,  Williamstown,  Mass.,  a place  that  was  owned  by  Captain 
Absalom  Blair,  one  of  Mr.  Hubbell’s  ancestors,  in  1764. 

Mr.  Hubbell  has  long  taken  a great  interest  in  educational 
matters,  has  been  for  several  years  a member  of  the  Board  of 
Education  of  New  York  and  is  now  its  President.  He  has 
served  as  a Trustee  of  Williams  College,  and  is  at  present  the 
President  of  its  Alumni  Association  in  New  York.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  New  England  Society,  the  Bar  Association,  the 
Sons  of  the  Revolution,  the  Society  of  Colonial  Wars  and  the 
University  Club. 

Mr.  Hubbell’s  family  tree  is  one  that  Mr.  Hubbell  can  point 
to  with  pride.  According  to  a well-supported  tradition  the 
Hubbell  family  is  descended  from  a Danish  nobleman,  Harold 
Hubbell,  who  went  to  England  with  King  Canute  in  1016,  and 
received  estates  in  Northumberland,  with  the  Eortress  of  Har- 
oldstone.  He  died  in  1035:  two  of  his  sons  fell  at  the  battle  of 
Hastings  and  the  third,  Hugo  Hubbell,  driven  from  the  North 


145 


County,  settled  on  the  estates  of  Hunsborg  and  Honstone,  in 
Rutlandshire. 

Richard  Hubbell,  1627-1699,  his  descendent  of  the  English 
family,  came  to  New  England  about  1645.  1647  he  took  the 

oath  at  New  Haven,  settled  at  Guilford,  Conn. 

In  the  second  generation  the  great  great  grandfather  of  the 
present  Mr.  Hubbell  was  Captain  Eleazar  Hubbell,  1700-1770, 
of  Staatfield  and  New  Fairfield,  his  wife,  Abigail  Burr,  being  of 
the  same  family  as  Aaron  Burr.  Dr.  Charles  Lyman  Hubbell, 
1827-1890,  father  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  a well-known 
physician  of  Troy,  N.  Y.  Mr.  HubbelTs  mother  was  the 
daughter  of  Gershom  Taintor  Bulkley,  of  Williamstown,  Mass. 
The  Bulkley  family  descends  from  the  Reverend  Peter  Bulkley, 
a graduate  of  St.  John’s  Gollege,  Gambridge,  the  first  minister 
of  Concord,  Mass.,  who  contributed  one-sixth  of  the  volumes 
that  comprised  the  original  library  of  Harvard  College.  Ger- 
shom Bulkley  graduated  in  one  of  the  first  classes  at  Harvard; 
married  the  daughter  of  Charles  Chauncy,  its  second  President, 
and  gave  to  the  college  the  ground  on  which  Gore  Hall  now 
stands.  He  was  the  first  Surgeon-General  of  Gonnecticut. 

PARKER  P.  SIMMONS. 

Under  the  consolidation  of  the  various  municipalities  now 
comprising  Greater  New  York,  the  Superintendent  of  Supplies 
of  the  Board  of  Education  becomes  a most  important  official  in 
the  administration  of  public  affairs. 

The  present  incumbent  of  the  office,  Parker  P.  Simmons,  was 
born  in  Kingston,  Mass.,  in  1852,  and  graduated  from  Bowdoin 
College  in  the  Class  of  1875.  He  immediately  took  up  teaching 
as  a profession  and  became,  in  succession.  Principal  of  the  High 
School  at  Mandon,  Mass.,  and  Sub-master  of  the  High  School  at 
I.awrence,  Mass.  Later  he  was  associated  for  several  years  with 
several  school-book  publishing  firms,  during  which  time  he  trav- 
eled extensively  in  many  States,  and  made  many  contracts  with 
school  boards  and  the  managers  of  some  of  the  best  institutions  of 
learning  in  this  country.  He  thus  acquired  a thorough  knowl- 
edge of  the  various  systems  of  school  supply  and  made  the  most 
of  his  opportunities  in  meeting  and  dealing  with  men  of  education 
and  business.  He  afterward  engaged  in  the  flour  trade,  and  was 
for  nine  years  an  active  member  of  t}ie  Produce  Exchange  in  the 


10 


146 


City  of  New  York.  He  still  holds  his  seat  in  the  Produce  Board. 
His  home  is  in  the  City  of  Brooklyn,  and  in  1886  the  Mayor  of 
that  municipality  appointed  him  a member  of  the  Board  of  Edu- 
cation. He  was  twice  re-appointed,  and  in  1891  resigned  to  ac- 
cept the  position  of  Superintendent  of  the  School  Supply  Depart- 
ment, which  had  been  created  by  the  Board  as  something  abso- 
lutely necessary  in  the  administration  of  school  affairs.  For  seven 
years  Mr.  Simmons  had  direct  personal  charge  of  all  the  supplies 
necessary  for  the  great  school  system  of  Brooklyn,  and  in  March, 
1898,  he  was  the  natural  and  logical  candidate  for  advancement  to 
a similar  position  under  consolidation. 

The  Board  of  Education  of  the  greater  city  elected  him  Super- 
intendent of  Supplies  and  he  immediately  began  a thorough  re- 
organization of  the  Department  under  the  new  provisions  of  the 
law.  His  appointments  of  Deputy  Superintendents  of  Supplies 
in  the  different  boroughs  have  been  most  excellent  ones,  and  his 
selection  of  secretaries,  clerks  and  other  attaches  has  made  the 
office  in  Grand  street  one  of  the  most  perfectly  equipped  in  the 
municipal  regime.  The  functions  of  his  office  require  the  making 
of  many  important  contracts  and  the  proper  distribution  of  a vast 
amount  of  school  supplies,  without  delay,  friction  or  error. 

The  expenditures  each  year  mount  up  into  the  millions,  and 
•every  penny  in  disbursements  must  be  vised  and  approved  by  the 
Superintendent  from  day  to  day.  Mr.  Simmons  is  married,  has 
Ivvo  sons,  and  still  makes  his  home  in  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn. 


A.  EMERSON  PALMER, 

SECRETARY  BOARD  OF  EDUCATION. 

Mr.  A.  Emerson  Palmer,  who  was  elected  Secretary  of  the 
Board  of  Education  of  the  City  of  New  York  (the  Greater  New 
York  Board),  on  February  21,  1898,  is  a native  of  Sullivan 
County,  N.  Y.,  but  has  been  a New  York  City  man  for  more  than 
twenty  years.  After  graduating  from  Wesleyan  University,  Mid- 
dletown, Conn.,  with  the  degree  of  M.  A.,  in  1874,  he  joined  the 
staff  of  the  New  York  Tribune,  and  was  continuously  connected 
with  that  journal  as  reporter,  copy  editor  and  editorial  writer 
until  his  election  to  his  present  office.  Mr.  Palmer  has  long  been 
interested  in  educational  affairs,  and  in  1894  he  was  Secretary  of 
the  advisory  committee  appointed  by  Mayor  Schieren  of  Brook- 
lyn to  suggest  improvements  in  the  school  system  of  that  city. 


147 


He  is  about  forty-five  years  of  age,  and  lives  with  his  family  at’ 
No.  615  Putnam  avenue  in  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn. 


C.  B.  J.  SNYDER. 

C.  B.  J.  Snyder  was  born  at  Stillwater,  New  York,  on  No- 
vember 4,  i860.  His  ancestors,  who  settled  in  the  vicinity  of 
Albany,  N.  Y.,  about  the  middle  of  the  seventeenth  century, 
came  from  Holland  and  England. 

He  received  a common  school  and  an  academical  training, 
came  to  New  York  City  in  1878  and  about  a year  later  took  up 
the  study  of  architecture,  attending  at  the  same  time  one  of  the 
architectural  classes  at  Cooper  Union.  After  completing  the 
course  and  due  study  he  entered  upon  the  practice  of  his  profes- 
sion, both  in  this  city  and  suburban  towns,  gaining  an  unqualified 
measure  of  success. 

In  July,  1891,  Mr.  Snyder  was  appointed  by  the  Board  of  Ed- 
ucation of  New  York  City  to  the  position  of  Superintendent  of 
School  Buildings.  During  the  reconstruction  of  the  school  sys- 
tem in  1895,  and  again  under  the  Charter  of  Greater  New  York, 
he  was  re-elected,  in  both  instances  by  a unanimous  vote.  His 
position  as  Superintendent  of  School  Buildings  of  Greater  New 
York  carries  with  it  the  duty  of  designing,  and  supervising  the 
erection  of  all  public  school  buildings  in  Greater  New  York. 

Having  made  a careful  study  of  the  best  of  the  public  school 
buildings  throughout  this  country,  as  well  as  visiting  the  more 
noted  of  those  in  Europe,  Mr.  Snyder  has  revolutionized  the 
designing  and  construction  of  the  public  school  buildings  in  this 
city,  as  a comparison  between  the  old  and  new  buildings  will 
show,  bringing  them  up  to  a standard  of  excellence  which  is 
not  exceeded. 

He  is  a member  of  the  New  York  Chapter  A.  I.  A.,  and  of 
the  American  Society  of  Heating  and  Ventilating  Engineers. 

HUBBARD  R.  YETMAN. 

Hubbard  R.  Yetman,  Superintendent  of  Schools  for  the 
Borough  of  Richmond,  was  born  in  Monmouth  County,  New 
Jersey,  in  1847,  and  was  educated  in  the  High  School  in  Eree- 
hold.  When  scarcely  fifteen  years  of  age  he  enlisted  in  the 
Eourteenth  Regiment,  New  York  Volunteers,  and  went  to  the 


148 


front  as  a drummer  boy.  He  remained  until  his  regiment  was 
mustered  out  at  the  close  of  the  war,  and  was  in  a number  of 
severe  engagements. 

On  his  return  from  the  army  he  settled  in  Tottenville,  and 
taught  in  the  public  schools  for  fifteen  years.  During  this  time 
he  was  elected  to  the  office  of  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  several 
terms,  and  also  represented  several  insurance  companies,  from 
which  he  secured  a large  business. 

In  1888  he  received  the  Democratic  nomination  for  Member 
of  Assembly,  and  was  elected  by  a heavy  majority.  He  was 
again  elected  to  the  Assembly  in  1891  and  1892,  in  both  instances 
receiving  large  majorities. 

Mr.  Yetman’s  political  popularity  and  reputation  has  ex- 
tended beyond  the  precinct  of  Staten  Island,  and  in  New  York 
City,  where  he  is  well  known  and  respected,  his  qualifications  for 
the  important  position  he  now  holds  were  immediately  recog- 
nized. 

FRANKLIN  C.  VITT, 

SECRETARY  SCHOOL  BOARD,  BOROUGH  OF  RICHMOND. 

Franklin  C.  Vitt,  Secretary  of  the  School  Board  for  the 
Borough  of  Richmond,  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  May, 
1853.  In  1865  he  went  with  his  parents  to  Staten  Island,  and 
has  since  resided  there. 

Mr.  Vitt  was  for  a time  managing  clerk  for  a firm  of  New 
York  lawyers,  but  resigned  the  position  in  1883,  when  he  was 
elected  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  the  Town  of  IMiddletown.  He 
held  this  office  continuously  up  to  April,  1897,  when  he  re- 
signed. 

In  1890  Mr.  Vitt  was  appointed  Clerk  of  the  Board  of  Super- 
visors, and  held  this  position  until  the  Board  went  out  of  exist- 
ence on  the  inception  of  the  new  Charter. 

Mr.  Vitt  has  the  reputation  of  being  the  most  careful,  prompt 
and  accurate  clerk  the  Board  ever  had,  which  is  sufficient  proof 
that  he  will  prove  an  efficient  Secretary  to  the  School  Board,  to 
which  position  he  was  appointed  in  February  of  this  year. 


DEPARTMENT  OF  TAXES  AND  ASSESS- 
MENTS. 

The  Department  of  Taxes  and  Assessments  consists  of  a 
President  and  four  Commissioners;  the  former  appointed  for  six 
years  and  the  latter  for  a term  of  four  years,  respectively.  Upon 
the  present  Department,  which  assumed  office  on  the  ist  day  of 
last  January,  devolves  the  power  and  duties  of  the  Department 
of  Taxes  and  Assessments  in  the  former  City  of  New  York,  of 
the  Department  of  Assessments  in  the  former  City  of  Brooklyn, 
and  like  Departments  in  the  Boroughs  of  Queens,  Richmond 
and  The  Bronx. 

The  Board  of  Taxes  and  Assessments  has  the  power  to  ap- 
point forty  Deputy  Tax  Commissioners.  The  duties  of  these 
Deputy  Commissioners  are  to  secure — in  all  the  boroughs  and 
parts  of  the  city — equality  of  valuations  of  property  for  the  pur- 
poses of  taxation  and  to  assess  all  taxable  property  in  the  dis- 
tricts where  they  are  assigned.  They  must  further  furnish  to  the 
Board,  under  oath,  a detailed  statement  of  all  such  property,  show- 
ing that  they  have  made  a personal  examination  of  each  piece  of 
property  in  their  districts,  and  also  in  their  judgment  the  sum  for 
which  said  property,  under  ordinary  circumstances,  would  sell. 
The  Deputy  Commissioners  are  requested  to  assess  all  real  and 
personal  estate  on  the  first  Tuesday  of  September  in  each  and 
every  year. 

The  Department  of  Taxes  and  Assessments,  in  addition  to 
the  main  office  in  the  Borough  of  Manhattan,  must  maintain  an 
office  of  the  Department  in  the  Boroughs  of  Brooklyn,  Queens, 
Bronx  and  Richmond.  In  each  of  the  above  offices  there  is  to 
be  kept  an  annual  record  of  assessed  valuations  which  shall  be 
open  for  examination  and  correction  from  the  second  Monday 
in  January  until  the  1st  day  of  May  in  each  year. 

The  Department  of  Taxes  and  Assessments  has  the  power 
(with  the  consent  of  the  majority  of  the  Commissioners)  to  remit 
or  reduce — if  found  excessive — any  tax  upon  real  or  personal 
property.  Taxes  are  payable  November  i of  each  year.  If  paid 
by  that  time  the  Receiver  of  Taxes  is  authorized  to  deduct  in- 
terest at  the  rate  of  6 per  cent,  per  annum  between  the  day  of 


such  payment  and  the  ist  day  of  December  succeeding.  To 
taxes  paid  in  December  i per  cent,  is  added.  After  January  i 
interest  is  added  at  the  rate  of  7 per  cent,  a year. 

Assessments  for  local  improvements  other  than  those  con- 
firmed by  a Court  of  Record,  are  made  by  the  Board  of  Assessors, 
who  are  appointed  for  the  purpose  by  the  Mayor.  The  Comp- 
troller, Corporation  Counsel  and  President  of  the  Board  of  Pub- 
lic Improvements  constitute  the  Board  of  Revision  of  Assess- 
ments. 

Assessments  for  local  improvements  shall  in  no  case  exceed 
one-half  of  the  fair  value  of  the  property  assessed. 

The  report  of  the  Department  of  Taxes  and  Assessments  for 
the  first  quarter  of  the  year  ending  July  30  is  an  interesting  state- 
ment, showing  the  assessed  valuation  of  real  and  personal  estate 
in  the  Boroughs  of  Manhattan  and  The  Bronx  for  the  year  1898 
as  compared  with  such  valuation  for  the  year  1897. 


Boroughs  of  Manhattan  and  The  Bronx. 


Assessed  value  of  real  estate,  1898 $1,856,467,923  00 

Assessed  value  of  real  estate,  1897 1,787,186,791  00 

Increase  for  1898 $69,281,132  00 


Boroughs  of  Manhattan  and  The  Bronx. 


Assessed  value  of  personal  estate,  1898 $509,022,449  00 

Assessed  value  of  personal  estate,  1897 381,449,065  00 

Increase  for  1898 $127,573,384  00 


The  following  statement  shows  the  valuations  of  real  estate 
exempt  from  taxation  for  the  year  1898; 


Valuation. 

New  York  City  property $244,666,414  00 

United  States  property 20,340,000  00 

New  York  State  property 507,000  00 

Church  property 50,312,100  00 

Miscellaneous  property 43,239,680  00 

Clergymen’s  property  ($1,500  each) 65,000  00 


152 


Valumiun. 

Parsonages  $206,550  00 

Property  purchased  with  pension  money 6,350  00 


$359,343,094  00 


The  total  assessed  value  of  real  estate  in  the  several  boroughs 


last  year  (1897)  was  as  follows: 

INIanhattan $1,694,472,365  00 

Bronx 92,714,426  00 

Brooklyn 570,107,742  00 

Queens 82,683,593  00 

Richmond 24,371,551  00 


And  a grand  total  for  1897  of.  . . $2,464,349,677  00 


THOMAS  L.  FEITNER. 

Thomas  L.  Eeitner,  President  of  the  Department  of  Taxes 
and  Assessments,  and  one  of  our  prominent  lawyers,  was  born  in 
New  York  on  July  31,  1847.  His  early  education  was  received 
largely  in  the  common  schools,  he  having  been  a pupil  under 
Professor  Plunter,  in  old  No.  35,  several  of  whose  boys  have 
become  prominent  in  the  official  and  civil  life  of  the  city.  After 
he  left  school  he  studied  law  with  Quentin  McAdam,  Esq.,  and 
was  admitted  to  the  Bar  by  the  General  Term  of  the  Supreme 
Court  in  the  year  1869.  He  then  began  the  practice  of  law  at 
No.  56  Wall  street,  where  he  has  since  continued,  and  the  firm  of 
Eeitner  & Beck  is  recognized  as  one  of  the  best  among  civil  law 
practitioners. 

About  the  9th  of  May,  1883,  he  was  appointed  one  of  the 
Commissioners  of  Taxes  by  Mayor  Edson,  on  a joint  petition  of 
the  Taxpayers’  Associations  and  the  Tammany  Hall  General 
Committee.  ' 

The  ability  and  energy  with  which  he  administered  the  duties 
of  this  office  were  recognized  by  Mayor  Grant,  who,  upon  the 
expiration  of  his  first  term  in  1889,  reappointed  him  for  another 
term  of  six  years. 

Mr.  Eeitner  was  the  first  Commissioner  in  twenty-five  years 
to  receive  this  compliment,  notwithstanding  that  a Commis- 
sioners’ term  expired  every  two  years. 


T 


153 

On  the  3d  of  January,  1893,  he  resigned  this  office  to  accept 
that  of  Police  Justice,  which  was  tendered  him  by  Mayor  Gilroy, 
for  an  unexpired  term  of  nine  months.  He  was  then  reappointed 
by  him  for  the  full  term  of  ten  years.  This  office  was  abolished 
by  act  of  the  Legislature  in  July,  1895. 

i\Ir.  Feitner  then  resumed  his  legal  practice  until  he  was  again 
called  to  official  life  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck,  who  appointed  him 
President  of  the  Department  of  Taxes  and  Assessments  of 
Greater  New  York  on  January  i,  1898. 

Pie  has  filled  nearly  every  position,  including  that  of  Sec- 
retary of  the  Tammany  Hall  General  Committee,  of  which  he  has 
been  a member  for  over  twenty-five  years.  Pie  has  been  one  of 
the  Sachems  of  the  Society  for  ten  years  past  and  was  elected 
Grand  Sachem  in  April,  1897.  He  is  a member  of  the  Manhat- 
tan, Democratic  and  Catholic  Clubs;  also  of  the  State  Bar  Asso- 
ciation, and  is  one  of  the  Trustees  of  St.  Patrick’s  Cathedral. 

He  is  married  and  has  a family  consisting  of  his  wife,  tw'O 
daughters  and  a son. 

EDWARD  C.  SHEEHY. 

Edward  C.  Sheehv,  a member  of  the  Board  of  Taxes  and 
Assessments,  is  about  fifty  years  old,  and  received  his  education 
in  the  public  schools  of  this  city.  After  graduation  he  engaged  in 
the  real  estate  and  building  business,  in  which,  during  his  long 
and  active  career,  extending  over  a period  of  nearly  thirty-five 
years,  he  has  been  prominent  in  many  large  and  important  trans- 
actions. 

Mr.  Sheehy  is  a life-long  Democrat  and  cast  his  first  vote 
with  Tammany  Hall,  in  which  he  soon  became  prominent,  and  in 
1871  was  elected  a member  of  its  Executive  Committee. 

In  1880  he  was  appointed  by  the  Supreme  Court  a member 
of  the  East  River  Park  Commission,  where  his  real  estate  train- 
ing and  knowledge  proved  him  an  invaluable  member  and  en- 
abled him  to  perform  most  active  and  efficient  work,  the  result 
of  which  did  much  to  alleviate  the  condition  of  the  crowded  tene- 
ment districts  of  the  east  side. 

In  1882  ]\Ir.  Sheehy  was  elected  to  the  State  Assembly,  where 
he  served  on  the  Insurance,  Banking  and  State  Charity  Com- 
mittees. 

The  following  year  he  was  elected  to  the  Common  Council, 
and  in  1889  was  appointed  by  Mayor  Grant  Commissioner  of 


154 


Charities  and  Correction  for  a term  of  six  years,  from  which  office 
he  was  removed  by  Mayor  Strong  fifteen  days  before  its  termina- 
tion, after  an  admirable  and  efficient  administration. 

Mr.  Sheehy  was  appointed  January  i,  1898,  by  Mayor  Van 
Wyck,  a Commissioner  of  Taxes  and  Assessments  from  the  Bor- 
ough of  Manhattan  for  the  five-year  term,  which  office  he  now 
holds. 


ARTHUR  C.  SALMON. 

Arthur  C.  Salmon,  Commissioner  of  Taxes  and  Assess- 
ments, is  forty-five  years  of  age;  resides  at  No.  224  Dean  street, 
and  is  a Brooklynite.  Attended  the  old  Adelphi  Academy  and 
Stamford  Military  Institute,  graduating  First  Lieutenant.  Spent 
some  time  in  Germany  finishing  his  education.  Studied  law 
with  Hon.  Homer  A.  Nelson,  ex-Secretary  of  State.  Attended 
Columbia  College  Law  School;  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1876 
and  has  ever  since  been  engaged  in  the  active  practice  of  his 
profession  in  Brooklyn.  Is  now  Chairman  of  the  First  Assem- 
bly District  Committee,  and  Treasurer  of  Democratic  General 
Committee  of  Kings  County,  and  has  always  been  active  in  party 
work. 

Was  associated  with  the  late  ex-Judge  Jasper  W.  Gilbert  as 
a Commission  to  revise  the  Charter  of  the  City  of  Brooklyn, 
under  chapter  626,  Laws  of  1886,  and  the  result  of  their  labors 
is  now  known  as  chapter  583,  Laws  of  1888.  Was  Assistant 
Corporation  Counsel  of  Brooklyn  for  six  years  under  General 
Almet  F.  Jenks.  Is  a leading  member  of  the  Royal  Arcanum, 
and  has  represented  his  Council  in  the  Grand  Council  of  the 
State  for  fifteen  years;  he  also  represents  the  State  in  the  Supreme 
Council  of  the  Order,  in  which  Body  he  holds  the  important 
position  of  member  of  the  Committee  on  Laws.  He  is  a Mason, 
member  of  Acanthus  Lodge  719  and  the  Scottish  Rites  Bodies; 
is  also  a member  of  the  Democratic  Club,  Montauk  Club,  Royal 
Arcanum  Athletic  Club  and  other  social  organizations. 

Mr.  Salmon  stands  well  at  the  Bar  and  enjoys  the  reputation 
of  being  a careful  and  painstaking  lawyer.  He  is  the  legal  mem- 
ber of  the  Board  of  Taxes  and  Assessments,  as  required  by  the 
Charter  of  the  greater  city.  Socially  he  is  very  popular,  and  his 
appointment  has  met  with  widespread  approval.  Mr.  Salmon’s 
head  is  a good  study  for  the  phrenologist,  for  it  shows  an  inter- 
esting mental  organism — rare  characteristics  of  a happy  and  an 


155 


honest  man.  A man  with  a good  digestion  and  judgment, 
frank,  loyal  and  practical,  it  is  not  difficult  to  understand  how 
all  these  qualities  of  mind  and  heart  make  a successful  and  pop- 
ular man. 


THOMAS  J.  PATTERSON. 

Thomas  J.  Patterson,  who  was  appointed  a Commissioner 
of  Taxes  and  Assessments  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck,  for  a term  of 
three  years,  was  born  in  Brooklyn,  in  which  city  he  has  resided 
all  his  life.  He  is  forty-nine  years  of  age. 

Mr.  Patterson  was  appointed  a member  of  the  Board  of  As- 
sessors by  Mayor  Whitney,  in  1886,  and  was  reappointed  by 
Mayor  Chapin.  He  is  considered  one  of  the  best  judges  of  real 
estate  values  in  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn. 

In  1893  he  was  the  Democratic  candidate  for  Sheriff  of 
Kings  County,  and  although  he  ran  many  thousand  votes  ahead 
of  his  ticket,  he  was  defeated  in  the  tidal  wave  of  that  year. 

He  is  an  unswerving  Democrat,  and  is  a member  of  several 
social  and  benevolent  organizations  in  Brooklyn,  and  up  to  the 
time  of  his  appointment  as  Tax  Commissioner  was  President  of 
the  Brooklyn  Coal  Exchange. 


WILLIAM  F.  GRELL, 

William  F.  Grell  was  born  in  the  City  of  Kiel,  Germany, 
in  the  year  1852.  He  attended  the  public  schools  and  college 
there  until  he  attained  the  age  of  seventeen  years.  He  left  Ger- 
many in  the  year  1870.  Upon  his  arrival  here  he  obtained  a 
position  as  a clerk  in  a commercial  house  and  in  the  year  1876, 
started  in  the  produce  business  in  this  city,  on  his  own  account, 
and  from  that  time  on  he  has  been  engaged  in  different  mercan- 
tile pursuits. 

Mr.  Grell  is  very  popular  among  fraternal  organizations,  be- 
ing a Mason  and  a member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias. 

He  has  also  held  office,  for  over  seven  years,  in  the  Pla- 
deutsch  Volksfest  Verein,  one  of  the  largest  organizations  in 
this  country. 

Mr.  Grell  has  always  taken  an  active  interest  in  local  as  well 
as  national  politics. 

In  1895,  when  the  obnoxious  Raines  law  went  into  effect, 
Mr.  Grell  attracted  a great  deal  of  attention  by  his  earnest  work 


156 


towards  the  suppression  of  the  measure,  and  the  success  of  the 
public  demonstration  against  the  bill,  in  which  over  40,000  voters 
took  part,  was  largely  due  to  his  efforts,  and  from  that  was  or- 
ganized the  New  York  German  Democracy,  of  which  Mr.  Grell 
is  the  President. 

During'  the  recent  Presidential  campaign,  while  other  men 
in  public  life  were  very  reticent  about  expressing  their  views  of 
the  Chicago  Platform,  he  took  a very  active  part  in  support  of 
the  Bryan  ticket,  and  he  was  supported  in  this,  to  a man,  by  the 
New  York  German  Democracy. 

He  was  appointed  by  the  Hon.  Robert  A.  Van  Wyck,  IMayor 
of  the  City  of  New  York,  on  January  i,  189S,  to  the  position 
which  he  now  holds,  that  of  Tax  Commissioner. 


DEPARTMENT  OF  DOCKS  AND  FERRIES. 


The  head  of  the  Department  of  Docks  is  called  the  Board  of 
Docks.  The  Board  consists  of  three  persons,  known  as  Com- 
missioners of  Docks  and  Ferries,  whose  term  of  office  is  six  years. 

The  Board  of  Docks  has  exclusive  charge  and  control  of  the 
wharf  property  belonging  to  the  City,  including  all  the  wharves, 
piers,  bulkheads  and  structures  thereon.  The  Board  also  has 
control  and  charge  of  the  repairing,  building,  maintaining,  alter- 
ing, leasing  and  protecting  the  above  property. 

In  addition  to  the  foregoing  the  Board  has  general  charge  of 
the  water-front  of  the  city  and  of  leasing  ferry  rights  for  a period 
not  exceeding  ten  years.  The  right  to  set  apart  certain  piers 
for  recreation  purposes  and  to  erect  suitable  structures  thereon 
also  comes  under  the  administration  of  the  Dock  Board. 

Apart  from  the  Commissioners,  the  Department  of  Docks 
and  Ferries  consists  of  a Secretary,  Chief  Clerk,  Apportionment 
Clerks,  Superintendent  of  Docks,  fifteen  Dock  Masters,  in  place 
of  Harbor  Masters,  Engineer-in-Chief,  and  eleven  Assistants,  and 
a staff  consisting  of  a Surveyor,  two  Transit  Men,  three  Levelers, 
two  Computers,  five  Hydrographers,  a staff  of  eleven  Draughts- 
men, a Lumber  Inspector,  one  Searcher  of  Water  Grants,  one 
Superintendent  of  Repairs,  one  Foreman  Ship  Carpenter,  one 
Superintendent  of  Machinery,  and  about  560  additional  employ- 
ees, consisting  of  Dredging  Inspectors,  Property  Clerk,  Clerks, 
Stenographers,  Watchmen,  Cleaners,  Boat  Builders,  Deck-hands, 
Pilots,  Recreation  Pier  Attendants,  Dock  Builders,  Stone-cutters, 
Masons,  Calkers  and  Laborers. 

J.  SERGEANT  CRAM, 

PRESIDENT,  DEPARTMENT  OF  DOCKS  AND  FERRIES. 

J.  Sergeant  Cram  was  born  in  New  York  City  forty-five 
years  ago.  He  was  educated  at  Harvard  University  and  later 
entered  Harvard  Law  School,  where  he  was  graduated  in  1876 
with  the  degree  of  L.L.  B. 

Upon  the  completion  of  his  studies  he  began  the  practice  of 
law  in  the  office  of  his  father,  and  succeeded  to  his  father’s  large 
and  lucrative  practice. 


In  1889  Mayor  Grant  appointed  Mr.  Cram  a Dock  Commis- 
sioner; he  retained  him  in  office,  he  was  elected  President  of  the 
Board,  and  the  end  of  his  term  left  a good  account  of  himself 
for  the  part  he  took  in  the  plan  and  supervision  in  rebuilding  the 
docks,  piers  and  sea-walls  of  the  city.  The  above  improvements 
were  made  after  Mr.  Cram  had  made  careful  studies  of  the  prin- 
cipal dock  and  pier  structures  of  Liverpool  and  Southampton. 
One-half  the  sea-wall  and  all  the  modern  piers  of  the  city  were 
built  during  Mr.  Cram’s  second  term  in  the  Dock  Department. 

Mr.  Cram  is  well  known  to  the  citizens  of  New  York,  not 
only  through  the  active  interest  he  has  taken  in  public  affairs, 
but  also  because  of  his  fine  social  qualities.  He  is  thoroughly  at 
home  in  any  society,  and  being  a man  of  broad  education  and 
pleasing  address,  is  a welcome  guest  in  any  circle  where  people 
of  broad  views  are  to  be  found. 

Mr.  Cram  is  a member  of  the  Tammany  Society,  Knicker- 
bocker, Metropolitan  and  Democratic  Clubs. 


PETER  E.  MEYER, 

COMMISSIONER  OF  DOCKS  AND  FERRIES. 

Peter  F.  Mever  was  born  in  New  York 
in  1848.  He  received  a limited  school  edu- 
cation, but  a mental  endowment  of  common 
sense,  keen  perception  and  wide  observation, 
which  he  has  always  used  to  the  best  advan- 
tage, has  made  him  one  of  the  best  posted 
men  of  affairs  in  the  city. 

Mr.  Meyer  began  life  seriously  as  a Cen- 
tral Park  water  boy  at  forty  cents  a day.  His 
spirit  was  too  fine  for  that  of  a water  boy. 
however,  and  he  went  to  work  for  the  Mer- 
cantile Exchange  at  more  than  double  the  salary  he  had  been  re- 
ceiving. 

In  1862  Mr.  Meyer  started  in  the  real  estate  business  at  No.  1 1 1 
Broadway,  and  has  remained  there  since.  At  the  above  address 
he  has  conducted  some  of  the  largest  real  estate  sales  in  this  coun- 
try. This  has  given  him  a wide  prestige  in  his  field,  and  he  is  re- 
garded to-day  as  one  of  the  finest  judges  of  real  estate  values  ir 
the  State. 

.A.mong  the  sales  of  real  estate  disposed  of  through  iMr.  Meyer 


159 


are  the  Jumel  estate,  which  took  seven  days  to  sell,  the  Lorillard 
and  Catherine  Wolfe  estates,  the  syndicate  sale  of  Morton,  Bliss 
& Co.,  the  Bathgate,  Joshua  Jones,  Hunt  and  Fay  estates. 

That  Mr.  Meyer  is  a man  of  large  ideas  the  above  transactions 
show.  To  meet  him  is  to  meet  a man  of  decisive  character.  It  is 
never  necessary  to  have  a second  interview  with  him  when  it  is 
possible  to  settle  a matter  at  one  sitting.  He  does  not  keep  his 
friends  or  opponents  on  the  anxious  seat,  and  whether  it  is  in  busi- 
ness or  politics  he  can  be  depended  upon.  This  has  given  him  a 
high  standing  in  the  real  estate  world. 

He  is  a member  of  the  New  York  Athletic,  Democratic,  Olym- 
pic and  Sagamore  Clubs. 


CHARLES  F.  MURPHY, 

TRE.VSURER,  DEPARTMENT  OF  DOCKS  AND  FERRIES. 

Charles  F.  Murphy  was  born  in  New 
York  City,  June  20,  1858.  Mr.  Murphy, 
who  has  lived  all  his  life  in  the  district  (the 
old  Sixteenth)  where  he  was  born,  received 
his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  this 
city,  and  when  he  became  old  enough  to 
shoulder  responsibility  started  in  business 
for  himself,  in  which  he  has  been  very  suc- 
cessful. 

Mr.  Murphy  has  been  interested  in  poli- 
tics, and  since  he  became  of  age  has  always 
been  a member  of  Tammany  Hall.  Beginning  in  the  ranks 
as  a modest  worker  for  the  cause  of  his  party,  he  has  risen 
to  the  leadership  of  his  district,  which  he  assumed  upon 
the  death  of  Senator  Hagan  in  1892.  The  district  in 
which  Air.  Alurphy,  although  naturally  Democratic,  has  always 
been  a field  where  the  Republicans  have  used  extra  efforts  to 
gain  control  of.  It  is  needless  to  say  that  they  have  not  been 
successful,  for  Air.  Murphy  and  his  associates  have  so  perfected 
the  working  organization  of  their  party  in  the  district  that  it  has 
never  yet  met  with  defeat.  This  is  due  to  Mr.  Murphy’s  execu- 
tive ability,  tact  and  personal  qualities.  He  is  a friend  to  every 
Dne  in  the  district  who  deserves  a friend,  and  his  many  kind  and 
charitable  acts  are  a sufficient  guarantee  of  the  good  feeling  that 
•exists  for  him  by  his  friends  and  neighbors  in  the  district. 


i6o 

WILLIAM  H.  BURKE, 

SECRETARY  DEPARTMENT  OE  DOCKS  AND  FERRIES. 

William  H.  Burke  was  born  in  New 
York  City  of  Irish  parentage.  He  was  edu- 
cated in  the  public  schools  of  New  York, 
upon  leaving  which  he  learned  the  printing 
trade,  mastering  same  thoroughly,  and  was 
employed  for  a number  of  years  in  a respon- 
sible position  by  one  of  the  largest  estab- 
lishments in  the  city. 

He  afterwards  established  a large  and 
successful  coal  business  at  One  Hundred 
and  Sixth  street  and  the  East  river;  this  he 
conducted  for  a number  of  years.  In  1889  he  was  appointed 
Water  Purveyor  in  the  Department  of  Public  Works,  under 
Mayor  Grant,  and  served  as  such  until  1893,  when  he  was  ap- 
pointed a Police  Justice  by  Mayor  Gilroy;  this  office  he  held 
until  July,  1895,  when,  by  an  Act  of  the  Legislature,  the  office  of 
Police  Justice  was  abolished,  creating  in  its  stead  a Board  of 
Magistrates. 

Pie  was  appointed  Secretary  of  the  Board  of  Docks  in  1898, 
under  INIayor  Van  Wyck. 

In  politics  he  has  always  been  a stanch  Democrat  and  a loyal 
supporter  of  Tammany  Hall,  being  for  many  years  the  Demo- 
cratic leader  of  the  Twenty-sixth  (now  the  Thirty-third)  Assembly 
District;  he  has  also  been  for  a number  of  years  and  is  now  a 
member  of  the  Sagamore  Club,  the  Society  of  Tammany  and  the 
Democratic  Club. 

His  early  training  and  many  years  of  employment  in  the  print- 
ing business,  as  well  as  his  experience  and  knowledge  acquired  in 
the  mercantile  life,  has  well  qualified  him  for  the  important  posi- 
tion he  now  fills  as  Secretary  of  the  Department  of  Docks  and 
Ferries. 


THE  AQUEDUCT  COMMISSION. 

The  above  department  was  credited  (chapter  490,  Laws  of 
1883)  for  the  purpose  of  building  the  new  Croton  Aqueduct  and 
its  appurtenances. 

\\'hen  the  work  on  the  above  enterprise  has  been  finished  and 
the  structures  completed  it  will  be  the  duty  of  the  Commission 
to  transfer  them  to  the  Department  of  Water  Supply. 

Work  in  process  of  construction,  especially  the  new  Croton 
Dam  and  Jerome  Park  Reservoir,  has  been  continued,  and  under 
the  provisions  of  the  new  Charter  will  be  continued  until  January 
I,  1901. 

This  Commission  has  built  the  Croton  Aqueduct  with  a flow- 
ing capacity  of  300,000,000  gallons  per  day,  also  six  high  dams 
and  corresponding  reservoirs,  all  of  which  have  been  transferred 
to — what  was  then  called  previous  to  January  i,  1898 — the  De- 
partment of  Public  Works.  The  Board  of  Public  Improvements 
have  now  assumed  all  the  rights,  privileges  and  functions  of  the 
former  Department  of  Public  Works. 


MAURICE  J.  POWER. 

Maurice  J.  Power,  Aqueduct  Commissioner,  was  born 
in  Cork,  Ireland,  October  14,  1836.  His  parents  emigrated 
to  Utica,  this  State,  when  he  was  three  years  old,  and  they  lived 
there  a few  years  until  they  moved  to  this  city,  his  constant  resi- 
dence since. 

At  the  age  of  twelve  he  began  to  learn  the  art  of  monumental 
sculpture  in  stone,  under  the  direction  of  Robert  E.  Launitz,  of 
this  city,  a distinguished  sculptor  of  that  day. 

Following  this  occupation  for  twenty  years  with  success,  his 
attention  became  turned  to  bronze  founding,  and,  in  1868,  he 
established  the  National  Fine  Art  Foundry  in  East  Twenty-fifth 
street,  where  have  been  produced  many  of  the  most  notable 
pieces  of  bronze  sculpture  in  this  country.  Among  them  are 
the  bronze  work  on  the  Trenton  (N.  J.)  Battle  Monument  (in- 
cluding a colossal  bronze  statue  of  Washington,  twelve  feet  high): 
the  bronze  work  of  the  Monmouth  (N.  J.)  Battle  Monument;  the 
Tower  of  \fictory  at  Newburgh,  N.  Y. ; the  Soldiers’  Monuments 


It 


at  Augusta,  Me.,  Manchester,  N.  H.,  at  Clinton,  Holyoke,  Law- 
rence and  Springfield,  Mass.,  and  at  Albany  and  Buffalo,  N.  Y.; 
the  battle  pieces  in  low  relief  designed  and  cast  for  the  States  of 
Michigan,  Ohio  and  Pennsylvania  and  placed  in  the  National 
Military  Park  at  Chickamauga;  the  Irish  Brigade  Monument  at 
Gettysburg;  the  equestrian  high  relief  sculptures  of  Lincoln  and 
Grant  in  the  Brooklyn  Memorial  Arch;  the  memorial  to  the  cap- 
tors  of  Andre  at  Tarrytown;  the  monument  on  the  battlefield  of 
Oriskany  in  Oneida  County;  the  statue  of  Patriotism  erected  at 
Kingston  by  General  George  H.  Sharpe  in  honor  of  the  120th 
New  York  Volunteers,  and  the  Confederate  Soldiers’  Monuments 
at  Savannah,  Ga.,  and  Wilmington,  N.  C. 

Judge  Power  was  the  political  protege  of  Samuel  J.  Tilden, 
who  placed  him  at  the  head  of  the  Democratic  Party  in  their  dis- 
trict— the  famous  old  Sixteenth.  After  the  decision  of  the  Elec- 
toral Commission  against  Mr.  Tilden  in  February,  1877,  Judge 
Power  assisted  in  the  formation  of  the  Democratic  organization 
which  nominated  and  elected  Edward  Cooper  to  be  Mayor,  in 
1878,  and  which  became  the  County  Democracy  in  1881.  In 
1886  he  was  made  the  Chairman  of  the  County  Democracy,  and 
remained  in  that  office  until  its  merger  into  the  State  Democracy 
in  1894. 

In  1880  Mayor  Cooper  appointed  him  to  be  a Justice  of  the 
Police  Court,  and  he  served  upon  the  Bench  for  ten  years.  June 
25,  1893,  Mr.  Cleveland  made  him  United  States  Shipping  Com- 
missioner at  the  Port  of  New  York.  He  held  that  place  until 
December  ii,  1897,  when  he  was  appointed  to  be  Aqueduct 
Commissioner  by  Mayor  Strong.  He  was  re-appointed  by 
IMayor  Van  Wyck  January  4,  1898. 


WILLIAM  H.  TEN  EYCK. 

William  H.  Ten  Eyck,  Vice-President  of  the  Aqueduct 
Commission,  was  born  on  March  7,  1847,  at  the  corner  of  Reade 
street  and  West  Broadway.  He  attended  the  public  schools  in 
Yorkville  and  Harlem,  and  was  graduated  from  the  Harlem 
Public  School  on  One  Hundred  and  Twenty-fifth  street. 

In  1864,  and  until  1872,  Mr.  Ten  Eyck  was  engaged  in  the 
paper  business,  retiring  from  this  trade  in  the  latter  year  to 
engage  in  the  real  estate  business,  in  which  he  has  been  very 
successful. 


i64 


During  all  these  years  Mr.  Ten  Eyck  has  been  active  in 
politics,  but  not  from  the  personal  side.  His  time,  outside  of  his 
regular  business,  has  been  spent  in  furthering  the  interests  of 
his  party. 

He  is  a member  of  the  Republican  Club  of  the  Thirty-fourth 
Assembly  District,  the  North  Side  Republican  Club,  of  which  he 
was  Chairman  of  the  Executive  Committee  from  1884  to  1898. 
Mr.  Ten  Eyck  has  also  been  President  of  the  Twenty-third' Ward 
Republican  Association,  succeeding  himself  in  that  capacity  for 
ten  years.  In  1880-1896  he  was  a delegate  to  the  Republican 
County  Committee,  Secretary  of  the  County  Committee  in  1894, 
a delegate  to  the  Republican  State  Committee  in  1898,  and  in 
1897  was  a delegate  from  the  Sixteenth  Congressional  District 
to  the  City  Committee  of  the  Republican  Party  of  Greater  New 
Y ork. 

A glance  at  the  above  is  sufficient  to  show  that  Mr.  Ten 
Eyck’s  connection  with  the  Republican  Party  of  his  district,  city 
and  State  has  not  been  a sinecure.  His  capacity  for  hard  work, 
coupled  with  his  loyalty  and  earnestness  was  the  means  of  mak- 
ing him  Clerk  of  the  Board  of  Aldermen  during  Mayor  Strong’s 
term;  having  been  elected  by  the  members  of  the  Council,  which 
consisted  of  14  Democrats,  14  Republicans  and  3 Independent 
Democrats. 

Mr.  Ten  Eyck  is  working  just  as  hard  in  his  present  position 
in  the  interest  of  the  City  as  he  has  in  the  past  in  private  enter- 
prises, and  no  one  who  knows  him  doubts  but  what  he  will  give 
a good  account  of  himself. 


JOHN  P.  WINDOLPH, 

AQUEDUCT  COMMISSIONER. 

John  P.  Windolph  was  born  in  Prussia,  Germany,  on  June 
30,  1844,  where  he  received  a common  school  education;  he  came 
to  this  country  in  1859  and  took  up  the  trade  of  a gilder. 

When  President  Lincoln  called  for  Volunteers  during  the 
Civil  War,  he  responded  when  but  a boy  and  enlisted  in  the 
Seventh  Regiment,  New  York  Volunteers,  and  served  until  the 
regiment  was  mustered  out;  then  re-enlisted  in  the  Second  New 
Jersey  Cavalry  and  served  until  the  close  of  the  war.  After  the 
war  he  went  into  the  hotel  business,  which  he  carried  on  very 
successful.  In  1884  he  was  nominated  for  the  Assembly  in  the 


then  Thirteenth  Assembly  District,  and  elected  by  an  overwhelm- 
ing majority  and  re-elected  in  1885.  In  1886  he  was  renomin- 
ated but  declined  the  nomination.  In  1894  he  was  elected 
Alderman  in  the  old  Fifteenth  District,  and  subsequently  elected 
Vice-President  of  the  Board,  in  which  capacity  he  served  for 
three  years. 

On  the  30th  of  June,  1898,  he  was  appointed  Aqueduct  Com- 
missioner by  Mayor  V an  Wyck.  In  politics  he  has  always  been 
a staunch  Republican. 

He  is  a member  of  the  Republican  Club  of  the  City  of  New  i 

York,  Arion  Society,  Heinebund,  Grand  Army.  | 


Alphonse  Fteley  was  born  in  Paris,  France,  April,  1837. 
He  served  his  apprenticeship  in  several  engineering  offices  in 
Europe,  applying  himself  especially  to  mill  engineering. 

He  came  to  the  United  States  in  1865  and  a year  later  became 
an  assistant  to  William  E.  Worthen,  past  President  of  the  Ameri- 
can Society  of  Civil  Engineers,  and  was  employed  by  him  on 
various  engineering  and  mechanical  undertakings  until  1870. 
Erom  1870  until  1873  Mr.  Fteley  was  engaged  in  general  en- 
gineering practice,  giving  up  his  time  principally,  however,  in 
work  connected  with  highway  construction,  surveying,  bridge- 
work  and  hydraulic  engineering. 

In  1873  he  removed  to  Boston,  where  he  was  called  to  take 
charge  of  all  the  work  of  construction  for  the  Sudbury  river 
water  system,  as  Resident  Engineer.  Mr.  Eteley  rendered  that 
city  valuable  services  while  he  was  engaged  in  the  above  work, 
some  of  the  results  of  which  were  published  in  the  Transactions 
of  the  American  Society  of  Civil  Engineers.  He  was  especially 
commended  upon  his  extended  and  important  investigations  to 
determine  the  flowing  capacity  of  brick  structures,  which,  to- 
gether with  his  other  services,  was  the  means  of  making  him 
Assistant  Chief  Engineer  of  Boston  for  the  following  four  years. 

In  1884  Mr.  Eteley  was  appointed  Assistant  Engineer  of  the 
Aqueduct  Commission  of  New  York,  and  was  given  a promi- 
nent part  as  a consulting  authority  in  the  design  and  architecture 
of  this  splendid  system  of  water  supply.  He  was  afterward  made 
Consulting  Engineer  to  the  Commission,  and  in  1888  he  became 
the  Chief  Engineer,  which  position  he  still  fills. 


ALPHONSE  ETELEY, 


CHIEF  ENGINEER,  AQUEDUCT  COMMISSION. 


In  addition  to  his  permanent  work,  Mr.  Fteley  has  been  often 
called  into  consultation  in  connection  with  important  engineer- 
ing enterprises  and  to  furnish  expert  evidence  and  opinions  on 
important  cases  before  the  courts.  Among  the  works  upon 
which  his  services  have  been  required  in  one  capacity  or  another 
are  the  Southern  Boulevard  in  New  York,  from  Third  avenue  to 
Jerome  Park;  the  Hoosac  Tunnel;  the  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  Hoboken 
and  Newark  N.  J.,  sewerage  systems;  as  Consulting  Engineer 
on  additional  water  supplies  for  St.  John,  N.  B.,  Albany,  N.  Y., 
Cincinnati,  O.,  Cambridge,  Mass.,  and  other  cities. 

Mr.  Fteley  was  elected  a member  of  the  American  Society 
of  Civil  Engineers  in  1876,  and  has  just  been  justly  honored  by 
being  elected  President  of  the  Society. 

Personally,  Mr.  Fteley  is  what  all  men  of  fine  talents  and 
splendid  abilities  are — quiet,  dignified,  self-contained,  modest. 

HARRY  W.  WALKER. 

Harry  W.  Walker,  Secretary  of  the  Aqueduct  Commission, 
is  the  eldest  son  of  Judge  Ralph  Walker,  of  Missouri.  He  was 
born  in  St.  Louis  in  i860,  and  was  educated  at  Drury  College 
there.  He  began  his  newspaper  work  under  the  late  Col.  John 
A.  Cockerill,  in  his  native  city.  He  came  to  New  York  fourteen 
years  ago,  and  while  he  has  not  lived  here  continuously  since,  no 
matter  in  what  part  of  the  globe  his  work  took  him,  his  news- 
paper connections  have  always  kept  him  in  close  touch  with  the 
public  life  of  the  metropolis. 

Mr.  Walker  has  filled  important  reportorial  positions  in  this 
city  and  was  for  some  time  correspondent  of  the  Evening  Tele- 
gram in  Washington,  where  he  made  a national  reputation  as  a 
newsgatherer,  one  of  his  best  pieces  of  work  being  an  article 
which  resulted  in  the  Sugar  Trust  investigation. 

Two  years  ago  Mr.  Walker  was  a member  of  the  European 
Staf¥  of  the  Associated  Press,  and  was  stationed  in  London, 
where  he  attracted  attention  both  in  and  out  of  newspaper  circles 
by  the  brilliancy  of  his  work. 

There  are  no  newspaper  men  who  know  public  men  better 
and  who  say  less  about  it  than  Mr.  Walker.  Perhaps  it  was  for 
this  reason  that  he  was  given  charge  of  the  newspaper  work  for 
Tammany  Hall  during  the  last  campaign;  but  whether  it  was  or 
not,  he  conducted  the  literary  bureau  so  successfully  that  it  was 
evident  he  was  capable  of  filling  a more  permanent  and  important 
position — which  he  now  has. 


THE  DEPARTMENT  OF 


HEALTH. 


The  experience  of  other  nations  having  shown  that  disease 
and  death,  especially  in  epidemic  form,  could  best  be  averted  or 
controlled  in  some  measure  by  public  authority,  and  the  large 
and  apparently  increasing  death-rate  of  the  city,  beginning  with 
the  approach  of  the  dreaded  cholera,  having  alarmed  the  citizens 
of  New  York,  the  Health  Department  was  organized  in  1866 
(chapter  686,  Laws  of  1866),  in  time  to  cope  with  the  epidemic 
which  began  in  ]\Iay  of  that  year.  This  was  the  first  really  suc- 
cessful attempt  to  limit  and  extirpate  this  disease,  and  its  success 
made  the  Health  Department  of  New  York  known  over  the 
civilized  world.* 

The  Department  has  charge  of  and  is  responsible  for  the 
sanitary  condition  of  the  city  and  its  inhabitants;  its  powers  in 
that  respect  being  almost  autocratic.  It  scrutinizes  the  drainage, 
ventilation  and  lighting  of  dwellings  and  public  business  build- 
ings, overcrowding,  and,  to  some  extent,  the  cleanliness  even 
of  private  apartments,  the  food  supply  at  the  ferries  and  depots, 
in  the  slaughter-houses,  markets,  stores  and  streets;  investigates 
the  origin  and  environment  of  cases  of  contagious  and  infectious 
diseases,  and  provides  against  their  spread;  conducts  special  hos- 
pitals for  the  proper  care  of  such  cases;  has  entire  control  of  the 
disposal  of  the  dead,  and  collects  and  preserves  the  records  of 
births,  marriages  and  deaths  in  readily  accessible  form  for  legal 
and  statistical  purposes. 

The  Department  has  this  year  continued,  with  undiminished 
ardor  and  efficiency,  the  regular  work  of  the  Boards  in  what 
was  formerly  the  Cities  of  New  York  and  Brooklyn.  The  new 
Charter,  by  which  much  territory  was  added  to  the  city  and  its 
population  largely  increased,  rendered  it  necessary  to  organize 
new  branches,  or  subordinate  executive  and  administrative 
offices  in  places  where  the  sanitary  service  had  previously  been 
absent  or  negligent  and  inefficient.  This  has  involved  a great 
amount  of  preliminary  instruction  of  citizens  as  to  their  duties 
under  the  sanitary  code  toward  themselves  and  others,  and  as  to 

* It  is  perhaps  worthy  of  note  that  Asiatic  cholera,  which  is  by  no  means  as  fatal 
or  as  difficult  to  control  as  a number  of  other  diseases,  furnished  the  initiative  both 
for  the  establishment  of  the  present  Department  of  Health  and  for  the  introduction 
of  bacteriological  methods  of  diagnosis  and  prophylaxis  into  its  routine  work,  to  the 
great  advantage  of  the  public. 


their  relations  with  the  public  authorities,  of  the  same  nature  as 
confronted  the  Department  in  New  York  City  when  first  organ- 
ized, and  which  hampered  its  efforts,  more  or  less,  for  several 
years.  These  difficulties  of  administration  have  been  overcome 
by  persistent  effort,  but  have  occupied  the  close  attention  of  the 
Board  up  to  the  present  date.  They  have  been  surmounted  so 
far  with  surprising  success. 

Besides  this  organization  of  the  borough  offices  and  the  ad- 
justment of  their  relations  to  the  Central  Office  in  the  Borough 
of  Manhattan,  the  Board  of  Health  has  devoted  itself  with  vigor 
and  determination  to  various  nuisances  involving  large  corpo- 
rate interests,  which  have  existed  for  many  years  in  the  suburban 
portions  of  the  new  city  without  material  abatement  (Barren 
Island,  Newtown  Creek,  L.  I.  R.  R.,  etc.). 

The  growth  and  development  of  the  Department  is  best 
shown  by  an  enumeration  of  the  various  special  divisions,  with 
the  date  of  their  respective  segregation  from  the  general  or  mis- 
cellaneous work. 

Originally  all  of  the  outside  work  (that  which  brought  the 
Board  of  Health  in  immediate  relation  to  the  public),  excepting 
that  of  the  Chemist,  was  done  by  one  class  of  Inspectors,  who 
had  to  be,  necessarily,  all  medical  men,  because  their  duties  in- 
cluded the  diagnosis  and  disposition  of  cases  of  contagious 
diseases,  and  also  vaccination  of  the  poor.  As  the  work  became 
too  onerous  for  them,  special  divisions  were  created,  as  follows  : 
Contagious  diseases,  in  1874;  the  inspection  of  milk  and  other 
foods,  in  1883;  bacteriological  and  pathological  investigation  of 
contagious  and  infectious  diseases,  in  1892  (a  result  of  the 
cholera  epidemic  of  1891-2,  when,  by  the  application  of  modern 
scientific  methods,  the  cholera  which  had  ravaged  Europe,  as  in 
previous  epidemics,  was  here  strangled  in  its  birth  and  prevented 
from  entering  the  country*);  the  supervision  of  the  health  of 
women  and  children  employed  in  mercantile  establishments  in 
1896,  and  the  medical  inspection  of  public  school  pupils  in  1897. 

The  number  of  orders  issued  by  the  Board  for  the  abatement 
of  nuisances  and  other  purposes  has  increased  from  11,680  in 
1870  to  22,905  in  1880;  23,139  in  1890;  42,722  in  1897,  and  25,098 
for  the  first  eight  months  of  1898. 

The  annual  expenditures  have  increased  from  $77,943.18  in 


* It  is  a curious  fact  that,  of  the  nine  deaths  by  reputed  cholera  in  this  City  in 
1892,  not  one  could  be  traced  to  any  other  case,  and  not  one  of  the  deceased  was  a 
native  of  the  United  States,  and  not  one  recovered. 


170 


$253,363-32  in 
as  follows  : 

1880;  $581,358  in  1897,  and  $958,496.50 

Manhattan  . . . 

The  Bronx  ..  . 

Brooklyn  . . . . 

194,566  50 

Queens 

Richmond  . . . 

$9S8>496  50 


The  above  figures  represent  a per  capita  expenditure  of 
$0.1015  in  1866;  $0.2095  in  1880;  $0.2921  in  1897,  and  $0.2787 
in  1898. 

As  a result  of  the  labors  of  this  Department  the  death-rate 
of  the  city  has  decreased  from  35.3  per  1,000  in  1865  (the  year 
before  its  organization)  to  19.5  in  1897,  and  an  estimated  rate  for 
1898  of  not  over  19.3.  That  this  decrease  has  been  progressive 
is  shown  below  by  five-year  periods  : 


Years. 

1866-1870  

Deatli 

29 

rate. 

8 

1871-1875  

29 

7 

1876-1880  

25 

0 

1881-1885  

27 

5 

1886-1890  

25 

8 

1891-1895  

24 

6 

1896  

5 

1897  

19 

5 

1898  (est.)  

19 

3 

The  marked  decrease  since  1895  is  due,  in  considerable  de- 
gree, to  the  work  of  the  Division  of  Bacteriology,  especially  in 
the  introduction  of  antitoxin  for  the  treatment  and  prevention  of 
diphtheria,  the  death-rate  from  which  for  the  past  six  years  runs 
as  follows  : 

Death-rate  from 
Diphtheria. 

1-23 

1-45 

1-59 

1-05 

-91 

.80 


Year. 

1892  

1893  

1894  

1895  

1896  

1897  

— and  for  1898  still  lower. 


1/1 


The  Department  of  Health  during  the  past  year  condemned 
and  destroyed  : 

Fish 832,005  pounds. 

Meat  885,742  “ 

Fruit  4,318,530 

Vegetables  443,740  “ 

Milk 555  quarts. 

— vaccinated  109,875  persons;  visited  85,067  cases  of  contagious 
disease;  disinfected  30,849  apartments;  made  25,669  microscopi- 
cal examinations  of  diseased  tissues;  produced  over  30,000  doses 
of  diphtheria  antitoxin  and  5,000  of  tuberculin,  and  indexed  and 
classified  more  than  113,000  births,  deaths  and  marriages. 

The  head  of  the  Department  of  Health  is  the  Board  of  Health, 
consisting  of  the  President  of  the  Police  Board,  the  Health 
Officer  of  the  Port  and  three  Health  Commissioners,  two  of 
whom  shall  have  been  practising  physicians  for  not  less  than  ten 
years  preceding  appointment.  The  Health  Commissioner  who 
is  not  a physician  becomes  the  President  of  the  Board,  and  is  so 
designated  in  his  appointment.  Term  of  office  of  Health  Com- 
missioners, six  years.  The  Secretary  is  appointed  by  the  Board, 
and  their  legal  adviser  is  an  Assistant  Corporation  Counsel,  de- 
tailed to  serve  as  such  by  the  head  of  that  office. 

The  Board  of  Health  performs  legislative  as  well  as  executive 
functions,  and  promulgates  the  body  of  ordinances  known  as  the 
Sanitary  Code,  which,  under  decision,  of  the  Court  of  Appeals, 
have  the  binding  effect  of  law. 

There  are  two  Bureaus  in  the  Department  of  Health  : 

The  Sanitary  Bureau  and 
The  Bureau  of  Records. 

The  Chief  Officer  of  the  Sanitary  Bureau  is  the  Sanitary 
Superintendent,  who  shall  have  been  for  at  least  ten  years  a prac- 
tising physician,  and  for  three  years  a resident  of  the  City  of 
New  York.  He  is  the  chief  executive  officer  of  the  Department. 
The  chief  officer  of  the  Bureau  of  Records  is  the  Registrar  of 
Records,  and  in  said  Bureau  are  recorded,  without  fees,  the 
births,  marriages  and  deaths,  and  the  inquisitions  of  Coroners. 

The  central  office  of  administration  is  in  the  Borough  of 
Manhattan,  and  in  each  of  the  five  boroughs  there  are  subordi- 
nate or  branch  offices  of  each  bureau,  those  of  the  Sanitary 
Bureau  being  under  the  direction  of  Assistant  Sanitary  Superin- 
tendents, and  those  of  the  Bureau  of  Records  under  Assistant 


172 


Registrars.  The  records,  files,  reports  and  papers  pertaining  to 
each  borough  are  preserved  in  the  borough  offices,  respectively, 
and  those  pertaining  to  the  general  administration  in  the  Central 
Office. 

Each  borough  office  has  five  divisions,  under  the  charge  of 
Chief  Inspectors.  The  work  of  the  divisions  relate,  respectively, 
to  Sanitary  Inspection,  Contagious  Diseases,  Food  and  Trade 
Inspection,  Pathology  and  Bacteriology,  and  INIedical  Inspection 
of  Schools. 


COL.  MICHAEL  C.  MURPHY, 

PRESIDENT  OF  THE  BO.\RD  OF  HEALTH. 

Col.  Michael  C.  Murphy,  the  President  of  the  Health  Board, 
is  a living  example  of  the  paraphrased  proverb  that  any  man  who 
is  master  of  himself  is  naturally  a leader  of  others. 

A glance  at  Col.  Murphy’s  features  is  enough  to  show  that 
this  is  a correct  general  impression  of  the  man.  A leaf  from  his 
life  confirms  all  of  the  above,  and  more. 

Col.  Murphy  was  born  March  7,  1841,  in  Killmallock,  Lim- 
erick County,  Ireland,  and  was  brought  to  New  York  in  his 
infancy.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  learned  the 
trade  of  a compositor,  but  left  his  “ case  ” in  April,  1861,  when  he 
went  to  the  front  as  Captain  in  Ellsworth’s  Fire  Zouaves.  He 
later  joined  Corcoran’s  Irish  Legion. 

In  1867,  and  for  six  terms  thereafter.  Col.  Murphy  represented 
the  First  District  in  the  Assembly.  During  all  the  years  he  was 
a member  of  the  State  Legislature  he  never  missed  a single  ses- 
sion of  the  lower  house,  and  his  record  for  those  years  is  stamped 
with  the  same  aggressive  features,  the  same  fight  for  principle, 
justice  and  right  that  characterized  all  his  acts  during  the  Civil 
War.  Among  his  colleagues  he  was  easily  the  leader  and  won 
the  enviable  sobriquet  of  “ the  truth  teller  ” when  he  spoke  and 
voted  against  the  “ Tweed  Ring  ” Charter. 

From  1884  to  1889  Col.  Murphy  was  sent  to  the  State  Senate, 
and  in  this  body  repeated  the  fine  record  he  made  while  an  As- 
semblyman for  his  vigilance  and  courage  in  championing  the 
rights  of  the  wage-earners. 

Some  of  the  best  statutes  affecting  public  interests  in  New 
York  City  are  the  fruit  of  his  efforts.  Among  them  may  be 
mentioned  the  laws  regulating  rapid  transit  and  reducing  fares; 


T 


173 

those  providing  for  small  parks,  better  schools,  the  rights  of  vet- 
eran soldiers,  school  teachers  and  firemen. 

In  1889  a stricture  of  the  atrophagus  prevented  Col.  Murphy 
from  swallowing  any  food.  He  had  lost  more  than  half  his 
weight  before  the  surgeons  performed  the  operation  which  saved 
his  life,  yet  he  refused  to  take  any  anaesthetic  while  under  the 
knife.  For  more  than  five  years  he  has  not  tasted  any  food,  his 
nourishment  being  tubed  through  an  incision  in  his  side.  He  is 
the  only  man  who  ever  survived  such  an  operation,  which  speaks 
volumes  for  the  power  of  the  will  and  intellect  over  matter. 


GENERAL  EMMONS  CLARK, 

SECRETARY  HEALTH  DEFALT  ME  XT. 

General  Emmoxs  Clark  was  born  in  Huron,  Wayne  County, 
N.  Y.,  October  14,  1827.  His  father,  William  Clark,  was  an  emi- 
nent Presbyterian  Clergyman,  and  his  earliest  ancestors  in  this 
country  were  of  the  Puritans  who  came  from  England  to  Massa- 
chusetts in  the  early  part  of  the  Seventeenth  Century.  His 
education  commenced  in  the  common  schools  and  he  prepared 
for  college  at  the  Owego  and  Groton  Academies. 

He  entered  Hamilton  College  in  1843,  Sophomore 

Class,  and  graduated  from  that  institution  in  1847;  three  years 
thereafter  he  studied  medicine,  but  his  preference  being  for  busi- 
ness pursuits  he  did  not  complete  his  professional  education  and 
in  1850  came  to  New  York  to  engage  in  business.  He  was  from 
1850  to  1865  Cashier  of  the  first  establishment  in  New  York 
(No.  173  Broadway)  for  the  sale  of  through  tickets  and  for  con- 
tracting for  the  transportation  of  merchandise  from  New  York 
to  the  far  west.  In  1865  he  became  a partner  in  a wholesale 
drug  house,  and  later  became  Secretary  of  a fire  insurance  com- 
pany. 

In  1866  he  consented  to  accept  the  position  of  Secretary  of 
the  Metropolitan  Health  Department  and  was  unanimously 
elected  to  that  office  March  8,  1866,  when  the  Department  was 
organized.  The  work  of  organizing  the  Department  which  had 
jurisdiction  over  all  the  territory  now'  included  in  Greater  New 
York  and  in  Westchester  County  north  of  its  present  southern 
line,  devolved  largely  upon  the  Secretary  of  the  Board.  In  all 
the  changes  which  have  taken  place  in  the  Board  of  Health 


174 


since  1866  there  has  been  no  change  in  the  Secretary,  and  he 
has  now  (1898)  held  that  office  for  over  thirty-two  years. 

General  Clark  commenced  his  military  career  as  a pri- 
vate in  Company  B,  Seventh  Regiment,  January  21,  1857,  and 
was  chosen  First  Sergeant  in  April,  1858,  later  in  same  year  he 
was  promoted  to  Second  Lieutenant,  and  early  in  the  following 
year  First  Lieutenant.  In  December,  i860,  he  succeeded  Alex- 
ander Shaler  as  Captain  of  Company  B,  Seventh  Regiment,  and 
in  April,  1861,  when  the  Seventh  Regiment  marched  to  the  relief 
of  the  National  Capitol,  and  during  its  campaign  in  that  year, 
he  was  in  command  of  Company  B.  He  held  the  same  rank  in 
the  regiment  in  its  campaigns  in  Maryland  in  1862  and  1863.  In 
1864  he  was  elected  Colonel  of  the  Seventh  Regiment  and  held 
that  position  until,  by  special  act  of  the  Legislature  of  1889,  he 
was  made  Brevet  Brigadier-General — a period  of  twenty-five 
years.  He  served  with  the  regiment  in  all  the  memorable  occa- 
sions when  it  was  called  out  by  the  civil  authorities  for  the  protec- 
tion of  life  and  property  and  to  restore  and  preserve  order. 

General  Clark  has  always  preferred  the  position  of  Secretary 
of  the  Board  of  Health  to  any  other,  and  has  therefore  declined 
all  other  offices  when  offered,  among  which  were  Commissioner 
of  Fire  Department,  to  which  he  was  appointed  by  Governor 
Fenton  in  1868,  and  Consul  to  Havre  by  President  Flarrison  in 
1889. 


Dr.  william  T.  JENKINS. 

Dr.  William  T.  Jenkins,  Health  Commissioner  of  New 
York  City,  who  has  played  such  a conspicuous  part  in  the  affairs 
of  the  city  for  the  past  fifteen  years,  is  a native  of  the  State  of 
jMississippi. 

He  received  his  early  education  in  Virginia,  graduating  from 
the  State  University  there  at  an  early  age,  and  soon  after,  in  1879, 
came  to  this  city,  where  he  has  lived  ever  since. 

Dr.  Jenkins  first  served  the  City  in  the  capacity  of  Deputy 
Coroner,  where  he  at  once  gave  to  the  office  an  efficiency  which 
stamped  him  as  a man  capable  of  handling  larger  problems.  His 
opportunity  came  in  1892  when  ex-Governor  Flower  appointed 
him  Health  Officer  of  the  Port  of  New  York.  In  this  capacity 
he  showed  splendid  ability  and  courage — the  ability  to  cope  with 
a serious  situation,  the  courage  to  act  and  the  courage  to  stand 
criticism.  It  was  during  the  period  in  1892  and  1893,  when  an 


175 


epedemic  of  cholera  into  this  country  was  feared,  that  Dr.  Jenkins 
distinguished  himself.  He  rigidly  quarantined  every  ship  and 
compelled  them  to  anchor  in  the  lower  bay  until  an  examination 
of  the  passengers  proved  there  was  no  danger  from  contagion. 
For  this  he  was  subjected  to  a good  deal  of  unjust  and  severe 
personal  criticism,  but  despite  this  he  held  his  ground  and  carried 
out  his  policy.  This  is  believed  by  many  to  have  been  the  means 
of  keeping  cholera  out  of  the  United  States  that  year.  At  any 
rate  no  one  can  be  found  at  this  day  who  will  assert  that  Dr. 
Jenkins’s  idea  in  connection  with  the.  measures  he  adopted  at  that 
time  was  not  the  right  idea. 

Dr.  Jenkins  is  married,  his  wife  being  a sister  of  Richard 
Croker.  He  is  recognized  by  the  medical  profession  as  an  expert 
pathologist  and  one  who  will  reflect  credit  on  the  Board  of  which 
he  is  now  a member. 


Dr.  JOHN  B.  COSBY. 

The  career  of  Dr.  John  B.  Cosby,  Com- 
missioner of  the  new  Health  Board  is  that 
of  a self-made  man.  He  was  born  on  a 
farm  in  Tennessee,  not  far  from  Carthage, 
and  at  an  early  age  became  a student  at 
a college  in  Jackson,  and  was  graduated 
with  honor.  He  was  then  in  his  fifteenth 
year,  but  unlike  most  young  men  of  that 
age  had  decided  upon  his  vocation.  He 
wanted  to  study  medicine  and  had  friends 
who  believed  in  him  thoroughly  and 
showed  their  belief  by  helping  him  in  a financial  way  to  enter 
college.  If  it  had  not  have  been  for  his  great  self-reliance,  how- 
ever, he  would  have  never  been  known  as  one  of  the  leading 
physicians  of  New  York  City. 

After  Dr.  Cosby  was  graduated  from  a Baltimore  medical 
college  he  settled  for  a short  time  in  his  native  town  for  the  prac- 
tice of  his  profession.  In  a few  months  he  announced  his  inten- 
tion to  remove  to  New  York  City.  Friends  endeavored  to  dis- 
suade him,  but  as  he  had  not,  up  to  this  time,  known  what 
failure  was  he  carried  out  his  plan.  He  had  a preference  for 
medicine.  His  first  work  was  done  in  the  city  hospitals.  At  the 
end  of  two  years  he  opened  his  own  office,  and  by  his  ability  and 


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skill  had  gained  a wide  and  profitable  practice.  Inheriting  his 
Democracy  from  his  Tennessee  home  and  its  surroundings,  He 
has  been  a firm  adherent  of  Tammany  Hall  for  many  years,  and 
it  is  to  the  credit  of  that  great  political  institution  that  it  had  the 
wisdom  to  select  for  one  of  ,its  Health  Commissioners  .a  physi- 
cian of  the  standing  and  character  of  Dr.  Cosby. 

Socially,  Dr.  Cosby  is  just  as  popular  as  he  is  in  a professional 
way.  A man  of  great  courage  and  strong  personalty,  he  inspires 
and  impresses  all  who  come  in  within  his  domain  with  his  fine 
qualities  of  mind  and  heart. 


DISTRICT  ATTORNEY'S  OFFICE. 

COL.  ASA  BIRD  GARDINER, 


DISTRICT  ATTORNEY  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Col.  Asa  Bird  Gardiner,  now  the  Dis- 
trict Attorney  of  New  York,  is  one  of  those 
fine  character  studies  biographers  ever  take 
delight  in — a man  of  many  men. 

A complex  character  to  those  who  cannot 
understand  how  a man  can  do  so  many 
things  and  do  them  well.  A strong,  simple, 
direct  character  to  those  who  know  the  man. 

If  Col.  Gardiner  were  a “ genius  ” — as 
genius  is  understood — he  could  not  be  a 
better  lawyer  and  he  would  have  been  a 
poorer  soldier,  a citizen  and  an  author.  As  he  stands  now  he  is  a 
gentleman  of  many  high  talents  and  such  fine  mental  power  that 
success  to  him  is  anything  he  takes  an  active  interest  in. 

Col.  Gardiner  was  born  in  the  City  of  New  York  September 
30,  1839.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  afterwards 
was  graduated  from  the  College  of  the  City  of  New  York  with 
the  degree  of  A.  B.,  and  from  the  Law  Department  of  the  New 
York  University  with  the  degree  of  LL.  B.,  in  i860.  He  was 
admitted  to  the  Bar  in  November,  i860,  and  at  once  entered  upon 
the  practice  of  law  in  his  native  city. 

Col.  Gardner’s  army  record  embraces  a period  of  over  twenty- 
five  years,  and  in  that  time  he  has  seen  and  experienced  a greater 
variety  of  active  service  than  fall  to  the  lot  of  most  soldiers.  In 
1861  he  relinquished  the  practice  of  law  in  this  city  to  assist  in 
raising  a regiment  of  volunteers,  and  in  July  of  that  year,  as  First 
Lieutenant  of  the  Thirty-first  Regiment,  Infantry,  New  York 
Volunteers,  participated  in  three  engagements — a skirmish  at 
Fairfax  Court-house,  action  at  Blackburn’s  Ford  and  Battle  of 
Bull  Run,  for  which  latter  engagement  he  was  mentioned  by 
name  for  good  conduct  in  action  by  the  Colonel  commanding 
his  regiment  in  his  official  report. 

In  the  following  year,  1862,  he  served  in  the  Shenandoah 
Valley,  Va.,  in  the  Eighth  Army  Corps,  as  Captain  Twenty-sec- 

12 


] 


j 


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ond  Regiment,  New  York  Volunteer  jNlilitia  Infantry,  and  was 
with  this  regiment  in  the  Gettysburg  campaign  of  1863,  in  whidi 
he  was  wounded.  On  July  24,  1S63,  he  was  honorably  mus- 
tered out  by  expiration  of  term  of  service  and  for  his  conduct 
in  the  Gettysburg  campaign  received  a “ Medal  of  Honor,”  under 
the  Act  of  Congress  of  March  3,  1863.  In  1865  Col.  Gardiner 
was  appointed  First  Lieutenant  and  Adjutant  U.  S.  Veteran 
Reserve  Corps  and  Captain  by  brevet  U.  S.  Volunteers  for 
“ gallant  and  meritorious  seiuuces  during  the  war.”  In  August, 
1866,  he  was  on  duty  at  Newport  Barracks,  Ky.,  and  in  October 
of  the  same  year  was  at  Headquarters  General  Recruiting  Ser- 
vice, U.  S.  A.,  New  York  City,  as  Acting  Assistant  Adjutant- 
General  and  Disbursing  Officer  on  the  staffs,  successively,  of 
General  Daniel  Butterfield  and  General  Isaac  V.  D.  Reeve. 

In  July,  1874,  he  was  appointed  Professor  of  Law  (Lieutenant 
Colonel)  at  the  U.  S.  Military  Academy  at  West  Point.  In 
March,  1885,  he  was  ordered  by  the  Secretary  of  War  to  prepare 
a suitable  text-book  for  the  Corps  of  Cadets  at  the  U.  S.  Military 
Academy  on  the  subject  of  military  and  martial  law. 

In  addition  to  the  above  Col.  Gardiner  has  done  much  legal 
work  for  the  War  Department  and  was  employed  under  succes- 
sive Secretaries  of  War  on  many  important  cases  in  the  State 
and  United  States  Courts,  aftecting  the  army  or  navy. 

As  an  author  Col.  Gardiner  has  written  a half  a dozen  or  more 
important  books,  principally  dealing  with  historical  and  military 
law.  Among  these  are  the  “ Jurisdiction  and  Powers  of  the 
United  States  and  State  Courts,  in  reference  to  Writs  of  Habeas 
Corpus  as  Affecting  the  Army  and  Navy,”  “ Evidence  and  Prac- 
tice in  Military  Courts  ” and  “ Practical  Forms  for  Use  in  Courts 
Martial  and  Remarks  as  to  Procedure.” 

He  is  also  the  author  of  a number  of  historical  addresses,  some 
of  which  have  been  published,  including  “ The  Rhode  Island 
Continental  Line  in  the  Revolution,”  “ Uniforms  of  the  Ameri- 
can Army  from  1775,”  “ Chaplains  of  the  American  Army  from 
1775,”  and  the  “ Allied  Forces  of  France  in  America  during  the 
Revolution,”  and  “The  Havana  Expedition  of  1762.” 

In  1862  he  received  the  degree  of  A.  M.  from  the  College  of 
the  City  of  New  York,  the  same  degree  from  Dartmouth  College 
in  1864  and  Columbia  College  in  1869. 

Received  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  from  the  New  York  Univer- 
sity in  1875,  the  degree  of  L.H.  D.  from  Hobart  College 
in  i8g6. 


179 


Col.  Gardiner  is  a member  of  the  American  Ethnological, 
Phi  Beta  Kappa,  New  York  Historical  Society  and  the  Loyal 
Legion.  He  was  one  of  the  incorporators  of  the  Military  Ser- 
vice Institution  of  the  United  States  and  a founder  and  incor- 
porator of  the  Society  of  the  Sons  of  the  Revolution. 

He  is  also  a member  of  the  Union,  Metropolitan,  West  Point, 
Military,  Manhattan,  Democratic,  Delta  Kappa,  Epsilon  and 
Church  Clubs. 


JOHN  F.  McIntyre. 

JoHX  F.  jMcIntyre,  Assistant  District  Attorney,  was  born 
in  New  York  City  in  1855.  He  is  a son  of  John  B.  McIntyre, 
an  architect  of  many  years’  standing  in  New  York,  and  Frances 
A’irginia  McIntyre,  whose  grandfather,  Jean  Esquiroll,  was  a 
revolutionary  soldier. 

]Mr.  McIntyre  was  educated  in  St.  Francis  Xavier’s  College  in 
this  city,  and  was  graduated  from  the  Law  Department  of  the 
University  of  the  City  of  New  York  in  1876. 

Shortly  after  his  graduation  he  entered  upon  the  active  prac- 
tice of  his  profession  and  gathered  around  him  a large  practice  in 
the  Civil  Courts.  He  also  entered  politics  and  became  extremely 
active. 

He  was  elected  to  the  Legislature  in  1887  and  became  promi- 
nent in  the  councils  of  the  Democratic  party;  was  afterwards 
appointed  Special  Counsel  to  the  Comptroller,  and  in  1891  was 
appointed  Assistant  District  Attorney  by  De  Lancey  Nicoll  and 
was  reappointed  by  Col.  John  R.  Fellows,  under  whom  he  served 
with  distinction  until  the  death  of  Col.  Fellows. 

During  Col.  Fellows’s  term  Mr.  McIntyre  tried  many  of  the 
great  cases  in  the  District  Attorney’s  Office.  He  has  prosecuted 
more  persons  for  murder  than  any  living  man,  and,  it  is  said,  that 
he  has  convicted  more  men  for  this  crime  than  any  one  living. 

In  December,  1896,  many  of  the  Irish  societies  of  the  United 
States  retained  Mr.  McIntyre  to  go  to  London  to  defend  Edward 
J.  Ivory,  an  Irishman  who  had  been  arrested  in  Glasgow  charged 
with  attempting  to  use  dynamite  in  Great  Britain.  Mr.  McIntyre 
felt  that  it  was  a case  savoring  of  English  persecution,  and  con- 
sented to  go,  and  resigned  his  position  as  Assistant  District  At- 
torney, sailed  and  reached  London  in  January,  1897,  and  after 
an  exciting  trial  in  Old  Bailey,  in  London,  succeeded  in  acquit- 
ting Ivor}'  and  brought  him  back  to  America  a free  man. 


Mr.  McIntyre  has  been  an  effective  stump-speaker  for  Tam- 
many Hall  for  a number  of  years,  and  has  been  a Delegate  to 
National  and  State  Conventions  of  the  Democratic  party  many 
times. 

He  is  a member  of  the  Tammany  Hall  General  Committee  of 
the  Thirtieth  Assembly  District. 

STEPHEN  STACPOOLE  BLAKE, 

ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Stephen  Stacpoole  Blake  was  born  in  County  Clare,  Ire- 
land, in  1843,  came  to  the  United  States  when  about  eight 
years  of  age.  He  comes  of  distinguished  ancestry.  On  the 
maternal  side  he  is,  as  his  name  indicates,  a descendent  of  the 
Stacpoole  family,  many  members  of  which  have  sat  in  the  British 
Parliament,  and  on  the  paternal  side  he  is  the  grand-nephew  of 
the  late  Cornelius  O’Brien,  of  Birchfield  House,  who  represented 
County  Clare  in  the  same  Body  for  nearly  a quarter  of  a century. 

In  1865  Air.  Blake  graduated  from  the  College  of  Our  Lady 
of  Angels,  at  Suspension  Bridge,  and  subsequently  made  a two 
years’  course  of  philosophy  and  higher  studies  at  the  College  and 
Seminary  of  Montreal,  Canada.  He  was  elected  City  Clerk  of 
the  City  of  Bridgeport,  Conn.,  and  served  three  years  as  Aider- 
man  of  that  city.  He  was  a member  of  the  Class  of  1871  at  the 
Albany  Law  School,  being  a class-mate  of  Chief  Judge  Alton  B. 
Parker.  He  was  both  Town  Attorney  and  Prosecuting  Attor- 
ney of  Bridgeport,  and  was  four  times  appointed  Judge  of  the 
City  Court  of  Bridgeport  by  the  Connecticut  State  Legislature — 
the  term  being  annual. 

In  1880,  the  Hancock  Presidential  year,  Mr.  Blake  was 
chosen  on  the  first  ballot,  without  a dissenting  voice,  as  candidate 
for  Secretary  of  State  by  the  Democratic  State  Convention.  The 
late  James  E.  English  was  his  associate  on  the  ticket.  The  tariff 
cut  an  important  figure  in  Connecticut  that  year,  and,  although 
Mr.  Blake  ran  ahead  of  his  ticket,  he  failed  of  election  by  a 
narrow'  margin. 

He  came  to  New’  York  in  1881,  and  in  a short  time  acquired 
a large  and  lucrative  practice,  both  civil  and  criminal.  In  the 
latter  branch  of  the  profession  he  attained  distinction  by  reason 
of  his  success  in  the  many  important  cases  with  w’hich  his  name 
is  identified.  Among  the  more  famous  of  these  cases  may  be 

. 


John  F.  McIntyre, 
Assistant  District  Attorney. 


- ^ Attorneys  Office. 


i82 


mentioned  that  of  John  Carpenter,  charged  with  wife  murder; 
Danny  Lyons,  who  shot  and  killed  Joe  Quinn,  the  wrestler;  Pas- 
qualina  Robertiello,  who  killed  her  lover,  and  David  Wheeler, 
charged  with  the  murder  of  Detective  Sergeant  Carey.  Although 
Mr.  Blake  has  been  counsel  in  some  forty  homicide  cases,  it  has 
been  his  good  fortune  that  but  one,  Danny  Lyons,  suffered  capi- 
tal punishment. 

Mr.  Blake  has  always  taken  an  active  interest  in  politics. 
For  two  years  he  was  chainnan  of  the  Tammany  Hall  General 
Committee  of  the  old  Twenty-fifth  yVssembly  District,  and  was 
President  of  the  Sachem  Club.  He  was  a member  of  the  Con- 
stitutional Convention  of  1S94,  and  also  of  the  Legislature  of 
1895.  In  both  bodies  he  made  a brilliant  record.  Mr.  Blake,  at 
the  beginning  of  the  late  District  Attorney  Fellows’s  second  term, 
was  offered  by  him  the  position  of  Assistant,  but  at  that  time 
declined  the  honor. 

iMr.  Blake,  apart  from  his  knowledge  of  the  law  and  his 
interest  in  political  affairs,  is  a gentleman  of  wide  reading  and 
original  observation.  This,  coupled  with  a genial  nature  and  a 
fund  of  humor,  makes  him  a charming  companion  and  a welcome 
guest  everywhere. 

He  is  a good  speaker,  clear,  convincing  and  entertaining,  and 
although  his  powers  in  this  direction  have  not  yet  been  put  to 
a severe  test,  his  friends  say  when  they  are  he  will  be  known  as 
a true  son  of  eloquence. 

JAMES  D.  McClelland, 

ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

James  D.  McClelland  was  born  in  this  city  in  1843.  He 
received  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  and  in  1862 
was  graduated  from  the  Mount  Washington  Collegiate  Institute. 
Mr.  ^McClelland  then  began  the  study  of  law  and  after  graduating 
from  the  New  York  University  Law  School  was  admitted  to  the 
Bar  and  engaged  in  active  practice  in  the  year  1867. 

i\Ir.  McClelland  at  once  devoted  himself  to  the  practice  of 
criminal  law  and  has  ever  since  made  that  branch  of  the  law  a 
special  study. 

Few  lawyers  have  tried  as  many  criminal  cases  or  introduced 
so  many  real  reforms  into  the  Criminal  Code  as  Mr.  McClelland. 
One  of  the  most  important  of  these  reforms  is  the  one  which  pro- 


183 


vides  for  bail  at  station-houses  at  all  hours.  For  years  accused 
persons  had  been  deprived  of  the  rights  of  bail  after  four  o’clock 
in  the  afternoon  until  nine  o’clock  the  next  morning.  Mr.  Mc- 
Clelland secured  the  passage  of  this  law  which  compelled  captains 
and  sergeants  of  police  to  accept  bail  between  the  above  hours 
in  cases  of  misdemeanor,  and  also  providing  that  Police  Justices 
be  available  to  take  bail  in  cases  of  felony. 

Mr.  McClelland  was  elected  to  the  Legislature  in  1882  and 
while  there  secured  the  enactment  of  the  Penal  Code  and  insti- 
tuted important  changes  in  the  Code  of  Criminal  Procedure, 
notably  making  notice  of  appeal  per  see  operate  as  a stay  of 
proceedings.  The  defense  of  Judge  Westbrook  by  Mr.  IMcClel- 
land,  who  had  been  arraigned  for  impeachment  in  the  Legislature 
of  1882  made  a deep  impression  at  the  time. 

Mr.  McClelland  is  one  of  the  picturesque  figures  on  the  staff 
of  the  District  Attorney,  and  is  frequently  called  upon  by  outside 
attorneys  to  decide  some  out-of-the-way  point  pertaining  to  the 
construction  of  criminal  law. 

The  judge  of  the  trial  courts  and  the  President  of  the  Bar 
Association  gave  him  the  highest  indorsements  for  his  present 
appointment,  which  is  recognized  everywhere  by  the  legal  pro- 
fession as  one  which  reflects  the  good  taste  and  judgment  of  the 
District  Attorney. 

WILLIAM  J.  McKENNA. 

CHIEF  CLERK,  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY’S  OFFICE. 

William  J.  McKenna,  the  present  Chief  Clerk  of  the  Dis- 
trict Attorney’s  Office,  was  born  near  the  Village  of  Gortin, 
County  Tyrone,  Ireland,  on  October  2,  1854.  In  1863  his  parents 
emigrated  to  Canada,  but  two  years  later  came  to  New  York 
City,  where  Mr.  McKenna  has  resided  ever  since. 

Mr.  McKenna  was  educated  in  the  public  schools,  the  College 
of  the  City  of  New  York,  and  subsequently  attended  the  Even- 
ing High  School  in  West  Thirteenth  street  for  six  winters.  Thus 
equipped  he  obtained  a situation  in  the  wholesale  dry  goods 
house  of  A.  T.  Stewart  & Co.,  where  he  was  employed  for  four- 
teen years. 

In  1882  Mr.  McKenna  resigned  from  Stewart’s  to  accept  a 
position  as  accountant  in  H.  B.  Claflin  Company’s  office,  and  in 
the  fall  of  1886,  while  still  employed  there,  he  received  the  Tam- 


i84 


many  Hall  nomination  for  Assembly  in  the  old  Sixth,  now  the 
Twelfth,  Assembly  District,  and  was  elected  over  John  Simp- 
son, the  Republican  leader  of  the  District,  by  1,046  majority. 

Mr.  McKenna’s  legislative  career  gave  him  an  opportunity 
which  he  had  not  previously  had  of  developing  a latent  talent 
for  public  speaking,  and  during  his  term  as  an  Assemblyman 
he  made  many  happy  hits  in  connection  with  subjects  under  dis- 
cussion. On  one  of  these  occasions,  when  a measure  known  as 
the  Suburban  Rapid  Transit  bill  was  under  discussion,  he  re- 
ferred to  General  Husted,  then  Speaker  of  the  House,  as  “ a 
gentleman  who  possessed  the  urbanity  of  a Chesterfield  and  the 
sub-urbanity  of  a “ Westchesterfield,”  whereupon  the  General 
called  a colleague  to  the  chair  and  came  down  on  the  floor  to 
compliment  Mr.  McKenna  on  his  felicitous  combination  of  terms. 

Among  the  bills  introduced  by  Mr.  McKenna  was  a measure 
known  as  the  Tammany  Hall  Anti-Trust  bill,  in  advocacy  of 
which  ex-Congressman  W.  Bourke  Cockran,  Judge  Roger  A. 
Pryor  and  others  appeared  before  the  Committee  on  Ways  and 
Means. 

In  the  spring  of  1889  he  was  appointed  Chief  Searcher  in  the 
County  Clerk’s  Office.  In  November,  1891,  Governor  Hill  ap- 
pointed Mr.  McKenna  County  Clerk  to  succeed  Leonard  A. 
Geigerich,  who  had  been  promoted  to  the  Bench  of  the  Court  of 
Common  Pleas.  On  January  i,  1893,  wffien  his  term  as  County 
Clerk  had  expired,  Governor  Flower  appointed  him  Coroner  to 
succeed  Ferdinand  Levy,  who  had  been  elected  Register.  In 
December,  1894,  on  the  recommendation  of  Thomas  F.  Gilroy, 
then  Mayor,  District  Attorney  Fellows  appointed  Mr.  McKenna 
Deputy  Chief  Clerk  of  his  office.  When  District  Attorney  Olcott 
assumed  the  office,  in  spite  of  much  op])osition  and  pressure  from 
leaders  of  his  party,  he,  nevertheless,  retained  Mr.  McKenna  in 
his  position. 

That  Mr.  McKenna’s  appointment  as  Chief  Clerk  met  with 
the  approval  of  the  business  community  is  shown  by  the  general 
keeping  records  instituted  by  Mr.  McKenna. 

JAMES  J.  WALSH, 

.ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

James  J.  Walsh,  Assistant  District  Attorney,  is  a native  born 
New  Yorker.  He  received  his  early  education  in  the  public 


L 


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T 


schools,  and  after  completing  the  Grammar  School  course,  was 
graduated  in  1877  from  Manhattan  College,  where  he  received 
the  degree  of  A.  B. 

After  his  graduation  Mr.  Walsh  entered  the  Columbia  Law 
School  and  in  1880  was  admitted  to  the  Bar. 

Mr.  Walsh  began  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  the  office 
of  the  present  Surrogate,  Frank  F.  Fitzgerald.  With  the  excep- 
tion of  a brief  period  when  he  was  a member  of  Congress — re- 
signing the  office  of  School  Inspector  to  discharge  his  duties  in 
Washington — he  has  been  in  active  practice  in  this  city.  He  has 
for  years  made  a specialty  of  criminal  law  and  is  one  of  the  best 
informed  men  in  the  District  Attorney’s  office  on  the  subject. 


THOMAS  F.  BYRNE, 

DEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Thomas  F.  Byrne  was  born  in  New  York  City.  He  was 
graduated  from  Manhattan  College  in  1874  and  from  the  New 
York  University  Law  School  in  1877.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
Bar  in  the  same  year  and  has  continued  in  the  practice  since,  in 
which  he  has  been  successful. 

Mr.  Byrne  is  a gentleman  about  forty  years  of  age.  He  is  a 
member  of  Tammany  Hall  and  the  Democratic  Club  and  is  one 
of  the  right  hand  men  of  Senator  Martin,  in  the  Fifth  Assembly 
District.  He  is  popular  in  his  district,  due  to  his  quiet  and  un- 
assuming nature  and  the  fact  that  he  possesses  a fund  of  dry 
humor  which  never  deserts  him. 

i\Ir.  Byrne’s  leisure  time  is  largely  spent  in  the  pursuit  of  the 
classics,  for  he  is  a great  reader  of  that  kind  of  literature.  Mac- 
aulay is  one  of  his  favorite  authors  and  although  there  is  no  re- 
flection of  any  particular  writer  in  Mr.  Byrne’s  work,  his  law 
papers  and  similar  writings  show  a pleasing  and  finished  style 
which  bespeak  good  reading  and  clear  thinking. 


CHARLES  E.  LE  BARBIER, 

DEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Charles  E.  Le  Barrier  is  of  French-American  descent. 
He  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1859,  and  received  his  early 
schooling  in  Paris.  When  eighteen  years  old  he  entered  the 
office  of  Coudert  Brothers  and  began  the  study  of  law.  He  was 


admitted  to  the  Bar  in  i88i.  After  several  years  of  struggle  as 
a lawyer,  success  came  to  him  suddenly  and  unexpectedly.  He 
undertook  the  defence  of  John  Agulio,  a bootblack,  charged  with 
murder  in  the  first  degree.  The  trial  attracted  a great  deal  of 
attention.  He  secured  an  acquittal  for  his  client,  and  thereby 
made  his  reputation.  Since  that  time  he  has  been  counsel  in 
the  trial  of  many  important  cases.  He  was  once  an  attorney  for 
the  New  York  Department  of  Agriculture.  In  quick  succession 
he  won  victories  in  the  murder  cases  of  Andrea  Mucci,  Costello, 
and  in  the  famous  case  of  Charles  Olston,  who  was  tried  last 
Februar}'. 

Personally,  Mr.  Le  Barbier  is  a quiet,  self-contained  gentle- 
man, who  puts  every  one  with  whom  he  comes  in  contact  quite  at 
their  ease.  He  possesses  reserve  force  to  a large  degree.  This, 
combined  with  other  mental  qualities  of  a high  order,  make  him 
a valuable  man  in  any  capacity  where  sustained  strength  is  neces- 
sary. In  his  present  position  as  Assistant  District  Attorney  this 
reserve  force  is  of  great  service,  where  he  is  liable  at  any  time  to 
be  obliged  to  stand  the  strain  of  a long  and  exhausting  trial. 


ROBERTSON  HONEY, 

DEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Robertson  Honey  was  born  in  Alabama  in  1870,  and  at  an 
early  age  removed  to  Newport,  where  he  received  his  education 
in  private  and  public  schools.  He  entered  Harvard  University 
in  1886,  but  spent  the  following  two  years  studying  in  Germany 
and  France.  On  returning  to  his  home  he  secured,  by  competi- 
tive examination,  an  appointment  as  Cadet  in  the  United  States 
Military  Academy  at  West  Point,  from  which  he  was  graduated 
in  1893  in  the  artillery  branch  of  the  army.  Subsequently  to 
joining  the  Third  Regiment  of  Artillery  he  read  law  during 
leisure  moments  while  serving  in  Florida,  Georgia  and  the  south. 

After  being  transferred  to  the  Fourth  Regiment  of  Artillery, 
he  was  stationed  at  Baltimore,  Maryland,  and  attended  the  Uni- 
versity of  Maryland  Law  School  during  such  of  his  hours  as  were 
not  consumed  in  performing  the  duties  of  Adjutant  of  the  Post, 
to  which  office  he  had  meanwhile  been  appointed. 

From  the  University  of  Maryland  he  was  graduated  in  1896 
and  was  admitted  to  the  Maryland  Bar  in  January  of  that  year. 

He  was  appointed  in  1895  to  be  an  Instructor  in  French  and 


r 


• S; 


Spanish  at  the  United  States  Military  Academy,  West  Point,  but 
declined.  The  following  year  he  was  appointed  an  Instructor  in 
Law,  at  the  same  institution,  and  accepted,  and  served  one  year 
in  that  capacity,  resignirfg  his  commission  to  become  an  assistant 
to  Curtis,  Mallet-Prevost  & Colt,  of  this  city.  He  was  admitted 
to  the  New  York  Bar  in  January,  1898.  He  is  the  only  son  of 
Col.  Samuel  R.  Honey,  of  Newport,  R.  I.,  who  was  at  one  time 
Lieutenant-Governor  of  that  State,  and  for  four  years  the  Rhode 
Island  member  of  the  Democratic  National  Committee. 


GERALD  HULL  GRAY, 

DEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Gerald  Hull  Gray  was  born  in  Woodbridge,  New  Jersey, 
September  20,  1866,  and  is  the  son  of  John  F.  S.  Gray,  deceased, 
who  served  as  Captain  and  Assistant  Adjutant-General  on  Gen- 
eral Camby’s  staff  during  the  Civil  War.  Mr.  Gray’s  grand- 
father, John  F.  Gray,  was  a famous  homeopathic  physician  in 
New  York  City  fifty  years  ago. 

^Ir.  Gray  received  his  education  at  St.  John’s  School,  Sing 
Sing,  N.  Y.,  and  the  Roxbury  Latin  School,  Roxbury,  Mass., 
and  entered  Harvard  College  in  1885.  After  three  years  he  left 
college,  and  after  traveling  abroad  was  married  in  Florence,  Italy, 
IMay,  1889. 

He  returned  to  this  country  and  studied  law,  graduating  from 
the  Harvard  Law  School  in  1892.  In  October,  1893,  he  returned 
to  New  York  and  was  appointed  Secretary  to  the  late  Justice 
Sedgwick  of  the  Supreme  Court.  In  1895  he  was  admitted  to 
the  Bar  of  New  York  and  has  since  practiced  his  profession  at 
No.  26  Exchange  place,  with  James  G.  Janeway  and  Appleton 
L.  Clark. 

]\Ir.  Gray  is  a member  of  the  Tammany  Hall  General  Com- 
mittee, Twenty-fifth  District,  and  a member  of  the  Democratic, 
Manhattan,  Players  and  Harvard  Clubs  of  New  York;  of  the 
Somerset  Club  'of  Boston;  a member  of  the  New  York  Society 
of  the  Cincinnati,  the  St.  Nicholas  Society,  and  Bar  Association. 
He  is  a descendant  of  Silas  Gray,  Captain  of  the  Fourth  New 
York  Regiment  in  the  Revolutionary  War. 


ROBERT  TOWNSEND, 


ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Robert  Townsend  was  born  in  the  old  Townsend  Home- 
stead, at  Oyster  Bay,  Long  Island,  the  third  son  of  the  late  Solo- 
mon Townsend,  who  was  for  fifty  years  a merchant  of  this  city. 
Mr.  Townsend  w^as  educated  at  Columbia  Grammar  School  and 
entered  Columbia  College  in  the  Class  of  ’76.  He  was  presented 
with  the  Goodw'ood  Cup  by  his  classmates  as  the  most  popular 
man  of  his  class.  He  graduated  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.,  and 
subsequently  took  the  degree  of  M.  A.  He  took  a course  at 
Columbia  Law^  School,  receiving  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  Com- 
mencing upon  the  practice  of  his  profession  he  took  an  active 
interest  in  politics,  delivering  lectures  and  campaign  speeches  in 
various  parts  of  the  State.  He  went  as  a delegate  to  several  State 
Conventions,  and  wEen  Grover  Cleveland  was  elected  Governor 
he  appointed  Mr.  Townsend  upon  his  military  staff  to  the  posi- 
tion of  Aide-de-Camp,  with  the  rank  of  Colonel.  He  also  served 
upon  the  staff  of  Governor  Hill.  Colonel  Townsend  was  ap- 
pointed Deputy  Assistant  District  Attorney  by  Delancey  Nicoll 
and  made  Assistant  District  Attorney  of  New  York  County  by 
the  late  Colonel  John  R.  Eellow's. 

During  the  terms  of  these  two  District  Attorneys  Mr.  Town- 
send tried  several  thousand  criminal  cases,  many  of  them  being 
of  great  importance.  Upon  the  appointment  of  William  M.  K. 
Olcott  as  District  Attorney,  i\Ir.  Townsend,  being  a member  of 
Tammany  Hall,  was  forced  to  resign,  but  upon  the  election  of 
Colonel  Asa  Bird  Gardiner  he  w^as  given  his  old  position. 

Mr.  Townsend  has  been  for  many  years  a member  of  Tam- 
many Hall  and  also  of  the  Columbian  Order.  He  is  a member 
of  the  Seneca  Club,  in  the  Tw’enty-fifth  Assembly  District,  and 
for  years  has  been  a member  of  the  Democratic  Club.  He  is  a 
married  man,  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Seawanhaka-Corinthian 
Yacht  Club,  and  a member  of  the  Delta  Psi  Fraternity. 


JOHN  F.  COWAN, 

DEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Deputy  Assistant  District  Attorney  John  F.  Cowan  was 
born  at  Sandy  Hook,  N.  J.,  in  1866,  but  has  lived  in  New  York 
City  since  he  was  three  years  old. 


Mr.  Cowan  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  Cooper 
Union  Scientific  School.  He  studied  law  in  the  office  of  Stephen 
P.  Nash,  and  later  took  a course  in  the  New  York  Law  School, 
from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1892  with  honorable  mention. 
He  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1893  and  has  been  in  active  prac- 
tice since. 

He  is  Secretary  of  the  Tammany  Organization  in  the  Thirty- 
fourth  Assembly  District,  a member  of  the  Democratic  and  Har- 
lem Rowing  Clubs  and  several  other  literary  and  social  organiza- 
tions. 

Although  social  and  political  ties  claim  a large  part  of  his 
time  Mr.  Cowan’s  larger  life  is  to  be  found  in  the  universal  in- 
terest he  takes  in  his  fellow  men,  regardless  of  previous  associa- 
tion. When  the  facts  in  the  case  of  Ivor}',  the  alleged  dynamiter, 
became  known,  he  caused  the  introduction  of  resolutions  in  the 
District  Conventions  demanding  the  intervention  of  this  country 
in  behalf  of  Ivory.  This  action  on  his  part  was  one  of  the  step- 
ping stones  towards  securing  Ivory’s  release,  which  was  finally 
brought  about  by  the  able  work  in  his  behalf  by  Assistant  Dis- 
trict Attorney  Itlclntyre. 

JAMES  LINDSAY  GORDON, 

DEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  .\TTORXEY. 

James  Lindsay  Gordon,  was  born  in  Virginia  and  educated 
at  William  and  Mary  College  and  the  University  of  Virginia. 
At  the  age  of  twenty-six  he  was  elected  to  the  Senate  of  Virginia, 
where  he  served  three  years.  He  was  a member  of  the  Judiciar}-, 
Cities  and  Public  Institutions  Committees.  Mr.  Gordon  was  a 
Democratic  Canvasser-at-Large  in  the  Presidential  Campaigns 
of  1888  and  1892,  and  has  spoken  in  many  States  of  the  Union 
in  behalf  of  the  Democracy.  When  David  B.  Hill  was  running 
for  Governor  in  1894,  Mr.  Gordon,  at  Mr.  Hill’s  request,  made 
the  canvass  of  Northern  New  York  with  him.  He  has  made 
addresses  before  the  Alumni  Societies  of  the  University  of  Vir- 
ginia and  William  and  Mary  College,  the  Graduating  Class  of 
the  University  of  Vermont,  the  literary  societies  of  Randolph- 
Macon,  the  Virginia  Society  of  Atlanta  and  many  after-dinner 
speeches  before  different  associations  in  New  York  City. 

In  addition  to  being  a ready  and  a fluent  speaker,  Mr.  Gordon 
expresses  himself  just  as  well  with  the  pen.  He  has  the  literary 


190 


make-up  to  that  extent  that  he  would  have  succeeded  equally  as 
well  in  an  editorial  capacity  as  he  does  in  the  law.  His  position 
as  a Deputy  Assistant  District  Attorney  ought  to  give  him  an 
opportunity  to  display  the  qualities  of  both  a lawyer  and  a writer, 
and  it  can  be  safely  predicted  that  he  will  make  the  most  of  his 
talents  when  the  opportunity  comes. 

Mr.  Gordon  has  been  practicing  law  in  New  York  since  1893, 
and  is  a member  of  the  General  Committee  of  Tammany  Hall  for 
the  Twenty-fifth  District  and  of  the  Democratic,  Manhattan  and 
Seneca  Clubs. 


JAMES  W.  OSBORNE, 

ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

James  \V.  Osborne  was  born  in  Charlotte,  North  Carolina, 
on  the  5th  day  of  January,  1S59.  He  is  a descendant  of  a dis- 
tinguished North  Carolina  family;  is  the  son  of  the  late  Judge 
James  \Y  Osborne  of  the  Circuit  Court.  His  brother  was  the 
Attorney-General  of  North  Carolina. 

]Mr.  Osborne  graduated  from  Davidson  College,  N.  C.,  in 
1S79,  and  studied  law  at  Columbia  College  and  graduated  there 
in  1885.  He  was  appointed  Deputy  Assistant  District  Attorney 
by  De  Lancey  Nicoll  in  1892.  and  was  reappointed  by  Colonel 
Fellows  and  promoted  by  him  to  Chief  Deputy  and  later  to 
Assistant  District  Attorney.  He  was  retained  as  Assistant  Dis- 
trict Attorney  by  District  Attorney  Olcott  under  the  Republican 
administration. 

He  is  a member  of  the  Southern  Society  of  New  York,  the 
Democratic  and  the  Naragansett  Clubs. 

In  politics  he  is  and  always  has  been  a staunch  Democrat. 


CHARLES  E.  F.  McCANN, 

DEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Among  the  bright  young  men  now  filling  positions  in  the 
new  City  and  County  Government  is  Charles  E.  F.  McCann, 
whom  Col.  Gardiner,  upon  assuming  office,  made  a Deputy 
Assistant  District  Attorney. 

Mr.  McCann  was  born  in  the  city  and  has  resided  here  ever 
since.  He  received  his  education  in  Columbia  Grammar  School 
and  the  College  of  St.  Francis  Xavier,  where  he  received  the 


degree  of  “ Ph.  B.”  He  completed  his  career  as  a student  in 
Columbia  University  Law  School,  where  he  graduated  with 
honors,  receiving  the  degree  of  LL.B. 

He  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1896,  and  has  been  in  active 
practice  since. 

Mr.  McCann,  although  still  a young  man,  and  not  having  the 
long  experience  of  some  of  his  associates,  is  an  observer,  a student 
and  a worker,  and  those  who  know  him  predict  that  he  will  make 
a fine  record  for  himself  in  his  present  position. 


HENRY  W.  UNGER, 

ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Henry  W.  Unger,  born  in  this  city  July  3,  1863,  re- 
ceived a common  school  education  and  took  commercial  course 
in  the  City  College.  At  fourteen  he  entered  the  law  firm  of 
Isaac  & Sanger,  and  in  five  years  became  managing  clerk.  Be- 
came attached  to  the  Corporation  Counsel’s  Office  as  Stenogra- 
pher. Admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1884,  when  twenty-one.  In  1885 
became  official  Grand  Jury  Stenographer.  In  1887  became  as- 
sociated with  his  former  employers  in  the  practice  of  the  law, 
representing  various  labor  organizations.  Was  appointed  Dep- 
uty Assistant  District  Attorney  under  De  Lancey  Nicoll,  in  1881, 
acting  as  his  Secretary,  Bail  and  Pardon  Clerk.  Retained  by 
Colonel  Bellows,  and  in  1894  was  made  Chief  Clerk,  in  which 
position  he  was  retained  by  District  Attorney  Olcott. 

Mr.  Unger’s  faithful  and  efficient  services  in  the  past  have 
now  been  recognized,  and  under  the  present  municipal  adminis- 
tration he  is  an  Assistant  District  Attorney,  and  at  present  in 
charge  of  the  Indictment  Bureau. 


EORBES  J.  HENNESSY, 

deputy  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Eorbes  J.  Hennessy  was  born  in  the  City  of  New  York  in 
1869.  He  is  the  son  of  the  late  James  S.  Hennessy,  at  one  time 
Eire  Commissioner  of  this  city.  He  graduated  from  the  College 
of  St.  Francis  Xavier  in  1888,  and  received  the  degree  of  A.  M. 
in  1889.  He  was  graduated  from  Columbia  Law  School  in  1891. 
His  studies  were  pursued  in  the  offices  of  Anderson  & Howland. 


192 


In  1894  he  was  appointed  by  Colonel  John  R.  Fellows  as  an 
assistant  in  his  office,  taking  charge  of  writs  and  recognizances. 
He  was  afterward  designated  as  Chief  of  the  Bail  Department, 
which  position  he  held  at  the  time  of  the  death  of  Colpnel  Fel- 
lows. Mr.  Hennessy  also  assisted  Mr.  McIntyre  in  the  trial  and 
preparation  of  most  of  the  important  homicide  cases  tried  during 
his  term,  notably  the  Hannigan,  McGown  and  Koenier  cases. 

Colonel  Gardiner  appointed  Mr.  Hennessy,  on  January  i,Jo 
the  place  from  which  he  had  resigned  upon  the  appointment  of 
Judge  Olcott  as  District  Attorney. 

Mr.  Hennessy  is  a member  of  the  Manhattan,  New  York 
Athletic,  Catholic  and  several  other  clubs.  He  is  the  Secretary 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  Orphan  Asylums. 


VALENTINE  CARLETON, 

CHIEF  CLERK,  INDICTMENT  BUREAU. 

Valentine  Carleton,  Chief  Clerk  of  the  Indictment  Bureau, 
was  born  in  London  in  1875,  and  came  to  this  country  when  four 
months  old.  He  was  educated  in  New  York  City,  attending  pri- 
vate schools.  He  went  into  the  District  Attorney’s  office,  under 
De  Lancey  Nicoll,  in  1890,  and  has  worked  himself  up  to  his 
present  position. 

Mr.  Carleton  has  probably  a larger  circle  of  acquaintances 
among  the  police  of  the  country  than  any  man  in  New  York,  for, 
when  a chief  or  officer  calls  for  the  fugitive  it  is  his  duty  to  turn 
the  prisoner  over  to  the  officer. 


MOSES  HERRMAN, 

DEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Moses  Herrman  has  been  a New  Yorker  from  the  time  of 
his  birth.  For  twenty-five  years  he  has  lived  in  the  Nineteenth 
Ward.  He  is  the  son  of  the  late  Judge  Gerson  N.  Herrman,  and 
was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  the  College  of  the  City  of 
New  York. 

He  entered  the  office  of  the  late  Samuel  G.  Courtney,  form- 
erly United  States  District  Attorney,  and  began  the  study  of 
law;  subsequently  he  graduated  from  the  University  of  the  City 
of  New  York,  receiving  the  degree  of  IX.B. 


y Robertson  Honey  <i^m 

lOEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNE' 


1 Albert  E. Bryan 
'private  secretary  of 


_ THE\ 
DISTRICT  A^ORNEY 


194 


Since  his  admission  to  the  bar  he  has  been  in  active  practice. 
In  1894  Mr.  Herrman  represented  the  Twenty-first  District  of 
this  city  in  the  Assembly,  and  was  a member  of  the  Judiciary  and 
Education  Committees. 

During-  his  legislative  term  he  introduced  a number  of  im- 
portant bills,  notably  among  which  was  the  one  to  prevent  the 
erection  of  costly  buildings  by  Savings  Banks,  the  passage  of 
which  was  secured  through  his  efforts. 


ALBERT  E.  BRYAN. 

Albert  E.  Bryan,  Secretary  to  the  District  Attorney,  was 
born  in  Buffalo,  N.  Y.,  in  1877.  After  graduation  from  the  pub- 
lic schools  of  his  native  city,  he  entered  into  active  newspaper 
life.  At  barely  sixteen  years  young  Bryan  was  doing  good  work 
on  the  Buffalo  Enquirer,  besides  fitting  himself  for  a career  which 
would  enable  him  to  play  a larger  part  in  the  field  he  was  en- 
gaged in.  Coming  to  New  York  he  soon  identified  himself  with 
Metropolitan  journalism,  and  attracted  attention  to  himself  by  his 
creditable  work  as  a reporter.  It  was  while  acting  in  this  capa- 
city that  he  was  secured  by  Col.  Gardiner,  of  whom  it  is  said  is 
a good  judge  in  picking  men  for  important  work. 

EDWARD  T.  FLYNN. 

Edward  T.  Flynn,  Pardon  Clerk  of 
the  District  Attorney’s  office,  was  born 
in  this  city  in  the  year  1843,  re- 

ceived his  early  education  at  the  pub- 
lic schools.  He  subsequently  entered 
the  De  La  Salle  College  and  afterward 
attended  a military  institute  at  Pough- 
keepsie. 

Mr.  Flynn  was  engaged  in  active 
newspaper  work  for  about  twenty-five 
years.  At  the  time  of  the  breaking  out 
of  the  Civil  War  he  served  as  reporter,  correspondent  and  city 
editor  of  the  Herald.  After  reaching  the  position  of  managing 
editor  of  the  Herald,  he  was  then  appointed  as  managing  editor 
of  the  Telegram,  successfully  filling  that  position  for  a period 
of  fourteen  years. 


195 


From  his  position  as  a successful  journalist,  Mr.  Flynn  re- 
ceived the  appointment  of  Chief  Clerk  of  the  District  Attorney’s 
office.  The  appointment  was  made  during  Mr.  Nicoll’s  term  of 
office,  and  he  so  satisfactorily  discharged  the  duties  in  that  ca- 
pacity that  when  Colonel  Fellows  assumed  the  duties  of  District 
Attorney  he  immediately  re-appointed  Mr.  Flynn  as  Chief  Clerk. 

Upon  the  request  of  Colonel  Fellows,  later  on,  Mr.  Flynn  left 
his  office  as  Chief  Clerk  to  engage  in  that  of  private  secretary  to 
the  District  Attorney,  filling  that  position  to  the  entire  satisfaction 
of  Colonel  Fellows  until  the  latter’s  death.  He  remained  private 
secretary  to  ex-District  Attorney  Olcott,  but  owing  to  a change  in 
politics  he  retired  from  that  office  to  make  room  for  a Republican. 

Mr.  Flynn  has  again  re-entered  the  field,  and  now  occupies  the 
important  position  of  Pardon  Clerk  of  the  District  Attorney’s 
Office. 

The  position  of  Pardon  Clerk  is  one  of  great  responsibility, 
and  requires  a man  of  ability  to  successfully  manage  its  affairs. 
Mr.  Flynn  possesses  all  the  requirements. 

]\Ir.  Flynn’s  long  newspaper  experience  has  been  made  good 
use  of  by  him.  Always  liberal  minded,  his  experience  has  en- 
larged his  education  and  broadened  his  views  and  made  him  a 
man  who  is  always  ready  to  tell  what  he  knows  and  do  what  he 
can  to  further  the  cause  of  any  one  who  deserves  a good  word. 


JOHN  J.  CONNELL, 

DEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

John  J.  Connell,  Deputy  Assistant  District  Attorney  was 
born  in  New  York  City  June  6,  1874.  He  attended  St.  Peter’s 
Parochial  School  and  was  graduated  from  De  La  Salle  Institute, 
and  later  took  a post-graduate  course  in  civil  engineering.  ]Mr. 
Connell  also  took  a special  course  in  civil  engineering  in  Cornell 
University,  and  in  1894  entered  the  New  York  Law  School,  where 
he  graduated  in  1896  with  the  degree  of  LL.  B. 

Thus  equipped,  he  was  admitted  to  the  Bar,  and  immediately 
began  the  practice  of  his  profession. 

During  the  last  campaign  Mr.  Connell  served  in  the  capacity 
of  private  secretary  to  District  Attorney  Gardiner.  His  work 
in  this  temporary  field,  although  limited,  was  so  successful  and 
promising  that  Col.  Gardiner  decided  to  give  him  a better  oppor- 
tunity, which  he  did  by  appointing  him  to  his  present  position. 


196 

JAMES  J.  GRADY, 

ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

James  J.  Grady  was  born  in  New  York  about  forty  years  ago. 
He  received  his  primary  education  in  the  St.  Jatnes  Parochial 
School  and  the  De  La  Salle  Institute. 

In  1874  he  was  graduated  from  the  Manhattan  College  with 
a degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts,  a further  degree  of  Master  of  Arts 
being  conferred  upon  him  upon  the  completion  of  the  required 
college  course. 

Upon  leaving  college  Mr.  Grady  took  up  the  study  of  law,  and 
after  several  years  of  study,  and  during  which  time  he  familiarized 
himself  thoroughly  with  law  work,  he  was  admitted  to  the  Bar, 
and  at  once  engaged  in  actual  practice  with  his  brother.  Senator 
Thomas  F.  Grady. 

Mr.  Grady  was  for  a number  of  years  the  instructor  in  chem- 
istry in  the  New  York  Evening  High  School.  His  thorough  col- 
legiate training  and  knowledge  made  him  a most  desirable  teacher 
in  this  field,  and  these  qualifications,  together  with  his  legal  train- 
ing, make  him  well  equipped  for  his  present  work. 


DANIEL  O’REILLY, 

DEPUTY  ASSISTANT  DISTRICT  ATTORNEY. 

Daniel  O’Reilly,  Deputy  Assistant  District  Attorney,  was 
born  in  this  city  in  August,  1869.  He  attended  the  public 
schools  and  was  graduated  from  the  College  of  the  City  of  New 
York  and  the  Columbia  Law  School.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
Bar  in  May  of  1892  and  has  been  in  practice  since. 

In  1894,  in  place  of  Philip  Wissig,  who  was  withdrawn,  he 
received  the  regular  Democratic  nomination  for  the  Assembly, 
and  although  he  was  defeated  by  a bare  plurality  of  73  votes  in 
the  Republican  tidal  wave  which  swept  the  city,  his  canvass  was 
a victory  for  himself  and  his  party,  for  he  stands  higher  in  the 
district  where  he  lives  than  ever,  and  his  present  political  future 
is  all  that  can  be  desired. 

Mr.  O’Reilly  was  associated  in  the  practice  of  criminal  law 
with  the  late  Charles  W.  Brooke,  in  the  Jared  Flagg  case,  James 
B.  Gentry  case  and  Hannigan  case.  Mr.  O’Reilly  has  been  as- 
signed by  the  District  Attorney  to  take  charge  of  the  Grand  Jury 
and  the  homicide  cases.  Among  the  most  important  of  these 


197 


cases  with  which  he  has  been  connected  are  the  Ferdinsky  case, 
the  case  against  Dr.  Reynolds,  charged  with  the  murder  of 
Emeline  C.  Reynolds,  and  the  case  against  James  Lee,  charged 
with  causing  the  death  of  Laura  Booth  in  the  New  Amsterdam 


Mr.  O’Reilly’s  services  in  the  criminal  branch  of  the  law  have 
so, far  shown  him  to  be  naturally  fitted  for  this  kind  of  work.  He 
is  a painstaking  and  thorough  investigator,  does  not  lose  his 
head  or  is  easily  disturbed.  Add  to  these  qualities  a quiet  and 
unassuming  personality,  and  the  total  is  a make-up  that  is  sure 
to  win  and  hold  success  in  any  chosen  field. 


Hotel. 


BOARD  OF  CITY  RECORD. 


The  Board  of  City  Record  is  composed  of  the  Mayor,  Cor- 
poration Counsel  and  Comptroller.  This  Board,  by  a majority 
vote,  appoint  a Supervisor,  Deputy  Supervisor,  Accountant, 
Bookkeeper,  Stock  Clerk  and  several  other  assistants  to  carry 
on  the  work  of  the  office  which,  under  the  provisions  of  the 
Charter,  is  briefly  as  follows  : 

To  supervise  the  preparation  and  publication  of  the  official 
paper  of  the  city,  known  as  the  “ City  Record,”  and  to  execute 
and  supply  all  orders  for  printing,  stationery  and  blank  books 
required  by  the  Departments  of  the  City  Government,  under 
contracts  entered  into  by  the  Board  of  City  Record. 

The  work  of  the  Supervisor  has  greatly  increased  under  con- 
solidation. Previous  to  January  i of  this  year  there  were  but 
seventy  Departments  of  the  City  of  New  York  to  be  supplied 
with  printing,  stationery  and  blank  books.  At  the  present  time 
there  are  one  hundred  and  sixty-two  departments  to  be  furnished 
with  the  above  materials.  As  this  increase  in  the  number  of 
Departments  has  more  than  doubled  the  duties  of  the  Supervisor 
some  idea  of  the  volume  of  work  done  by  the  office  of  the  City 
Record  can  be  gained.  When  it  is  said  that  all  requisitions 
from  the  City  Departments  on  the  Supervisor  must  be  carefully 
scrutinized,  with  regard  to  efficiency  and  economy,  it  furnishes 
a further  insight  into  the  amount  of  detail  work  done  by  the 
Supervisor  and  his  staff  and  the  important  connection  the  office 
has  with  the  work  of  all  the  City  Departments. 


WILLIAM  A.  BUTLER, 

SUPERVISOR  OF  THE  CITY  RECORD. 

William  A.  Butler  was  bom  in  this  city  and  educated  in 
the  public  schools.  At  an  early  age  he  engaged  in  the  plumbing 
business,  doing  as  large  a business  as  any  in  that  line  in  this  city. 

In  1878  Mr.  Butler  was  appointed  Receiver,  by  the  Supreme 
Court,  of  the  Manufacturers  and  Builders’  Bank,  being  obliged 
to  give  a bond  to  the  amount  of  S6oo,ooo,  the  largest  amount 
that  was  ever  given  by  any  Receiver  up  to  that  time,  he  paying 
the  largest  dividend  that  was  ever  paid  to  depositors. 


SOLON  BERRICK 
DEPUTY  SUPERVfSOR 
CITY  RECORD 


200 


In  1879  Mr.  Butler  was  nominated  and  elected  County  Clerk 
by  the  Irving  Hall  party,  and  in  1882  the  Citizens’  party  nomin- 
atem  him  for  County  Clerk,  and  though  he  was  opposed  by  a 
union  of  the  Tammany  Hall,  County  Democracy,  Irving  Hall 
and  Republican  parties,  he  received  over  52,000  vote§,  which  was 
10,000  more  than  the  successful  candidate  received  from  Four- 
teenth street  to  the  Bronx,  and  Mr.  Butler  carried  every  Repub- 
lican Assembly  District  against  the  Republican  candidate.  He 
was  without  any  representation  or  protection  at  the  polls  on 
election  day,  and  received  as  many  votes  as  Gen.  B.  F.  Tracy 
received  at  the  last  election,  Gen.  Tracy  having  his  share  of 
canvassers  and  poll  clerks  and  the  regular  nomination  and  an 
increase  of  double  the  registration  of  1879. 

Since  1883  he  has  been  a member  of  Tammany  Hall,  a mem- 
ber of  the  Democratic  Club,  is  a Trustee  of  the  Union  Dime 
Savings  Bank,  and  a life  member  of  the  Northeastern  Dispensary, 
and  a member  of  several  other  clubs. 

In  January  of  this  year,  1898,  he  was  appointed  by  Mayor 
Van  Wyck  Supervisor  of  the  City  Record  in  the  Greater  New 
York. 

SOLON  BERRICK, 

DEPUTY  SUPERVISOR  OF  THE  CITY  RECORD. 

Solon  Berrick  was  born  in  the  City  of  New  York  on  Janu- 
ary 18,  i860.  He  began  his  business  career  at  the  early  age  of 
seven  years,  when  he  served  morning  newspapers  over  a long 
route,  after  which  he  pursued  his  studies  at  Grammar  School  No. 
15  and  finished  the  day  by  helping  to  circulate  the  evening 
papers.  Mr.  Berrick  enjoys  the  distinction  of  having  sold  the 
first  copy  of  the  “New  York  Daily  News”  ever  printed,  in  1867. 
In  recognition  of  this  the  proprietor  presented  him  with  a natty 
suit  of  clothes  and  cap,  on  which  was  inscribed  “New  York  Daily 
News.” 

He  graduated  from  school  in  1873,  and  shortly  thereafter  en- 
tered the  law  office  of  Treadwell  Cleveland,  Esq.,  a cousin  of 
ex-President  Cleveland.  Thereafter  Mr.  Cleveland  became  a 
partner  of  the  firm  of  Messrs.  Evarts,  Southmayd  & Choate,  Mr. 
Berrick  going  with  Mr.  Cleveland  and  remaining  there  twelve 
years. 

In  1885,  Mr.  Berrick  graduated  from  the  New  York  Law 
University,  and  in  1886  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  the  First 
Department,  receiving  special  mention. 


201 


From  1892  to  1895  he  was  connected  with  the  office  of  the 
Commissioners  of  Accounts,  under  Commissioners  Michael  T. 
Daly  and  Charles  G.  F.  Wahle,  in  the  capacity  of  Examiner, 
which  office  he  resigned  when  the  “ Reform  Administration  ” 
went  into  power,  Mr.  Berrick  at  the  time  writing  a letter  to  the 
“ Reform  Commissioners,”  of  which  the  following  is  an  extract  : 
“ I hereby  tender  my  resignation  as  an  Examiner  in  the 
“ office  of  the  Commissioners  of  Accounts.  I deem  this  a 
“ duty  incumbent  upon  me,  actuated  by  a feeling  that  I do  not 
“ wish  to  hold  a position  under  a political  regime  against  the 
“ institution  of  which  I voted  at  the  last  election.” 

In  June  of  the  present  year  (1898),  Mayor  Van  Wyck  ap- 
pointed him  Deputy  Supervisor  of  the  City  Record. 

The  office  of  Deputy  Supervisor  of  the  City  Record  is  im- 
portant and  one  that  not  only  requires  a knowledge  of  the  work- 
ings of  the  different  City  Departments,  but  also  a knowledge  of 
the  details  connected  with  publishing,  printing  and  advertising. 
Mr.  Berrick — although  he  has  only  had  the  position  a few  months 
up  to  this  writing — has  demonstrated  that  he  is  thoroughly 
familiar  with  the  work,  and  also  possesses  a capacity  for  execut- 
ing the  same  which  makes  him  a valuable  man  in  the  place,  and 
an  able  assistant  to  the  head  of  the  Bureau  who  can  be  depended 
upon  at  all  times  to  help  carry  out  the  important  work  of  the 
office. 

THOMAS  C.  COWELL. 

Thomas  C.  Cowell,  Accountant  of  the 
City  Record,  was  born  at  Albany,  N.  Y.,  in 
the  year  1861.  He  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools,  graduated  from  the  High 
School  in  1880,  and  took  a course  of  training 
in  Folsom’s  Business  College.  He  entered 
the  Albany  County  Bank  at  the  foot  of  the 
ladder,  and  in  ten  years’  time  occupied  the 
position  of  Paying  Teller,  which  he  was 
obliged  to  relinquish  on  account  of  ill  health. 
After  recuperating  for  over  a year  in  the 
Catskill  Mountains  he  accepted  a position  as  Bookkeeper  in  the 
Mutual  Reserve  Fund  Life  Association,  where  he  remained  three 
years.  He  was  appointed  to  his  present  position  in  1895,  owing 
to  his  special  fitness  as  expert  in  the  Stationery  Department  and 
his  qualifications  as  Accountant. 


202 


WASHINGTON  H.  HETTLER. 

Washington  H.  Hettler  was  born  in 
New  York  City,  of  German  parents,  No- 
vember I,  1856.  He  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools,  and  at  the  early  age  of  four- 
teen started  in  life  for  himself.  In  1879  he 
launched  into  business  for  himself  and  was 
successful.  In  1884  he  was  appointed  Jan- 
itor of  the  Second  District  Police  Court, 
his  first  position  as  a public  appointee.  He 
then  submitted  to  a Civil  Service  examin- 
ation for  the  position  he  now  holds,  and 
passed  acceptably.  Pie  was  accordingly  appointed  Store  Clerk 
for  the  “City  Record,”  which  place  he  has  creditably  held  through 
various  City  administrations  for  twelve  years.  He  has  always 
been  a consistent  and  pronounced  Democrat,  and  is  a mem- 
ber of  the  Thirteenth  Assembly  District  Tammany  organization, 
as  well  as  a prominent  adherent  of  the  Royal  Arcanum  and  the 
Knights  of  Columbia. 

Mr.  Plettler  is  a young  man  of  a sunny  disposition  and  a genial 
nature.  He  is  obliging  and  considerate  with  all  he  comes  in  con- 
tact, and  this,  together  with  his  constant  light-heartedness,  has 
made  him  a general  favorite  in  public  and  private  walks. 


L 


DEPARTMENT  OF  CORRECTION. 


The  Department  of  Correction  has  charge  of  all  the  penal 
institutions  of  the  city,  except  jails  and  places  for  the  detention 
of  prisoners  in  charge  of  the  Sheriff  and  the  Department  of 
Police. 

The  Commissioner  of  Correction  has  all  the  authority  con- 
cerning the  care,  custody  and  disposition  of  criminals  and  mis- 
demeanants, and  it  is  also  his  duty  to  cause  all  criminals  under 
his  charge  to  be  classified  as  far  as  practicable,  so  that  youthful 
and  less  hardened  offenders  shall  not  be  rendered  more  depraved 
by  contact  with  older  and  more  hardened  offenders.  The  Com- 
missioner may  establish  and  maintain  such  schools  or  classes  for 
the  instruction  and  training  of  the  inmates  of  the  institutions 
under  his  charge  as  may  be  authorized  by  the  Board  of  Estimate 
and  Apportionment. 

The  Department  of  Correction  has  government  and  jurisdic- 
tion over  the  following  institutions  : 

City  Prison  (Tombs),  Centre,  Franklin  and  Leonard 
streets. 

Second  District  Prison,  Jefferson  Market,  Tenth  street 
and  Sixth  avenue. 

Third  District  Prison,  Essex  Market,  Essex,  near  Grand 
street. 

Fourth  District  Prison,  East  Fifty-seventh  street,  near 
Third  avenue. 

Fifth  District  Prison,  Harlem,  One  Hundred  and  Twenty- 
first  street  and  Sylvan  place. 

Sixth  District  Prison,  One  Hundred  and  Fifty-eighth 
street,  near  Third  avenue. 

Seventh  District  Prison,  Fifty-third  street,  between  Eighth 
and  Ninth  avenues. 

Penitentiary,  Blackwell’s  Island. 

Workhouse,  Blackwell’s  Island. 

Branch  Workhouse,  Piker’s  Island. 

City  Cemetery,  Hart’s  Island. 

Kings  County  Penitentiary,  Nostrand  avenue  and  Crown 
street,  Brooklyn. 


204 


The  average  census  of  these  institutions  is  about  5,000,  and 
the  cost  of  maintenance,  including  expenses  of  governing  the 
institutions,  about  $700,000  a year. 


FRANCIS  J.  LANTRY. 

COMMISSIONER  OF  CORRECTION. 

Francis  J.  Lantry,  Commissioner  of  Correction,  was  born 
in  New  York  City  thirty-nine  years  ago.  He  was  educated  in 
the  public  and  parochial  schools,  which  after  leaving  he  became 
an  apprentice  to  a butcher. 

He  continued  in  the  butchering  business,  became  a member 
of  the  labor  organization  supported  by  his  craft  and  represented 
his  associates  in  District  Assembly  No.  49,  Knights  of  Labor. 

Mr.  Lantry  is  of  an  athletic  make  up,  and  has  won  many 
prizes  in  local  walking  and  running  contests.  This,  together 
with  his  other  manly  qualities,  made  him  a popular  man  in  his 
district,  and  leaders  of  Tammany  Hall  were  not  long  in  recog- 
nizing his  abilities. 

Mr.  Lantry  was  the  Tammany  Hall  Captain  in  the  Sixteenth 
District  for  years,  and  is  now  a member  of  the  General  Commit- 
tee of  the  Hall.  His  first  candidacy  for  public  ofifice  was  in 
1892,  when  he  was  elected  as  an  Alderman  by  a comfortable 
plurality  from  the  Sixteenth  District. 

Commissioner  Lantry  is  rated  as  one  of  the  strongest  of  the 
district  leaders  of  Tammany  Hall.  He  has  carried  his  district 
by  increasing  majorities  at  every  election  since,  in  1892,  when  it 
was  considered  a safe  Republican  District.  Many  of  the  leading 
Democrats  of  New  York  live  in  the  district,  among  them  Mayor 
Van  Wyck. 

N.  O.  FANNING, 

DEPUTY  COMMISSIONER  OF  CORRECTION. 

N.  O.  Fanning,  Deputy  Commissioner  of  Correction,  was 
born  in  St.  Charles,  Illinois,  in  1865.  He  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools  of  his  native  State  and  embarked  in  journalism 
almost  immediately  after  giving  up  his  studies. 

Mr.  Fanning  came  to  New  York  about  ten  years  ago,  and, 
until  he  assumed  his  present  position,  has  been  connected  with 
the  leading  newspapers  of  this  city,  both  as  a writer  and  editor. 
His  last  newspaper  experience  was  with  the  “ Journal,”  and  at 


206 


the  time  of  his  appointment  was  political  news  editor  of  that 
paper,  having  had  charge  of  that  department  during  the  last 
municipal  campaign.  His  work  in  the  above  capacity  attracted 
much  attention  during  the  campaign,  both  in  and  out  of  the 
political  field,  and  at  the  close  of  the  election  his  service's  were  in 
demand. 

Without  any  solicitation  on  his  part  the  position  of  Deputy 
Commissioner  of  Correction  was  offered  him,  and  although  up 
to  that  time  he  had  not  held  any  official  place,  his  ability  and 
fitness  to  fill  an  important  office  were  at  once  recognized.  Mr. 
Fanning’s  last  newspaper  position  required  him  to  deal  with  a 
greater  number  of  subjects  than  fall  to  the  lot  of  most  men.  His 
directness,  thoroughness  and  general  e.xecutive  capacity  in  hand- 
ling matters  and  men  which  he  displayed  at  the  time  have  stood 
him  in  good  stead  in  his  present  position.  And  to  these  qualities 
the  loyalty  which  is  inborn  in  every  true  newspaper  man,  and  the 
above  throws  a strong  side-light  on  !Mr.  Fanning’s  capacity  and 
character. 


JAMES  J.  KIRWIN, 

DEl^UTY  COMMISSIONER  OF  CORRECTION. 

James  J.  Kirwin,  Deputy  Commissioner 
of  Correction  for  the  Boroughs  of  Brooklyn 
and  Queens,  was  born  in  Brooklyn  in  1858. 
He  was  educated  at  the  Christian  Brothers’ 
Institute  and  St.  John’s  College,  Brooklyn, 
and  entered  at  once  into  the  publishing  busi- 
ness after  his  graduation  from  the  latter  col- 
lege. 

Mr.  Kirwin’s  business  and  taste  has 
always  kept  him  in  touch  with  educational 
work.  Although  a Democrat,  Mayor 
Schieren  recognized  his  fitness  for  the  position  and  appointed 
him  a member  of  the  Board  of  Education  in  1894.  Mr.  Kirwin 
remained  a member  of  this  Board  through  the  terms  of  both 
Mayors  Schieren  and  Wurster,  but  resigned  on  the  ist  of  Janu- 
ary, 1898,  at  which  time  he  was  appointed  Deputy  Commissioner 
of  Correction  for  the  Boroughs  of  Brooklyn  and  Queens. 

The  above  appointment  was  made  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck 
solely  upon  Mr.  Kirwin’s  record  as  a business  man  and  a faithful 
city  official,  and  the  fact  that  he  has  thus  been  recognized  by  both 


207 


parties  is  evidence  enough  of  the  feeling  that  exists  for  him  in 
his  native  city. 

ARTHUR  PHILLIPS. 

Arthur  Phillips,  Secretary,  Department  of  Correction, 
born  in  New  York  City  October  3,  1850.  He  was  educated  at 
public  and  private  schools,  after  which  he  entered  upon  a mer- 
cantile life,  and  was  for  some  time  with  A.  T.  Stewart  & Co.,  in 
their  wholesale  department. 

Mr.  Phillips  was  appointed  Clerk  in  the  Department  of  Pub- 
lic Charities  and  Correction  November,  1872;  promoted  to 
Assistant  Secretary  December,  1880,  and  when  the  Department 
was  abolished  and  the  Departments  of  Public  Charities  and  of 
Correction  were  established  on  January  i,  1896,  was  made  Sec- 
retary of  the  Department  of  Correction. 

Mr.  Phillips  is  familiar  with  every  important  detail  of  the 
Department  of  which  he  acts  as  Secretary.  He  is  a rapid  and  in- 
dustrious worker,  and  there  are  few  men  in  any  walk  of  life 
who  can  turn  out  as  clean-cut,  correct  and  intelligible  reports  as 
the  present  Secretary  of  the  Department  of  Correction. 

Mr.  Phillips  is  one  of  those  men  who  can  say  a lot  in  a few 
words  without  being  brusque  or  short  about  it.  Popular  both  on 
and  off  paper. 


I 


CHANGE  OF  GRADE  DAMAGE  COMMISSION, 
Twenty-third  and  Twenty-fourth  Wards. 

The  Change  of  Grade  Damage  Commission  for  the  Twenty- 
third  and  Twenty-fourth  Wards  was  organized  under  chapter 
537,  Laws  of  1893,  for  the  purpose  of  determining  the  amount  of 
damages  to  be  awarded  property-holders  in  the  Twenty-third  and 
Twenty-fourth  Wards  caused  by  the  deprecable  injury  to  prop- 
erty in  that  section  by  the  depression  of  railroad  tracks. 

The  Change  of  Grade  Damage  Commission  is  in  reality  a 
temporary  court  to  try  the  cases  brought  before  them.  After  the 
hearing  has  been  held  on  these  cases,  the  Commission  fixes  upon 
the  amount  of  damages  to  be  awarded.  From  the  decision  of  the 
Commissioners  there  is  no  appeal.  Since  its  inception  the  Com- 
mission has  settled  nearly  a thousand  cases. 


GENERAL  JAMES  M.  VARNUM. 

Gener--\l  James  M.  Varnum,  Change  of  Grade  Damage 
Commissioner  for  the  Twenty-third  and  Twenty-fourth  Wards, 
is  about  fifty-five  years  old  and  one  of  the  best  known  lawyers  in 
New  York. 

Apart  from  his  military  career,  which  is  well  known,  General 
Varnum’s  civil  record  is  as  follows:  In  1879  1880  he  was  a 

member  of  the  Legislature.  Erom  1880  to  1883  a Colonel  in 
National  Guard  and  Senior  Aide-de-camp  to  Governor  Cornell  ; 
in  1881  one  of  the  State  Commission  at  theYorktown  Centennial  ; 
in  1883  one  of  the  managing  committee  of  Celebration  of  Centen- 
nial of  Evacuation  of  New  York  ; 1889,  one  of  the  managing 
committee  of  Washington  Centennial  Celebration  ; 1889,  Repub- 
lican candidate  for  Attorney-General  of  the  State  of  New  York  ; 
1890,  Republican  candidate  for  Judge  of  the  Superior  Court  of 
New  York  City  ; 1891,  Permanent  Chairman  Republican  State 
Convention  at  Rochester  ; 1893,  Chairman  and  Manager  of  the 
Columbian  Naval  Ball,  given  by  the  City  of  New  York  to  the 
officers  of  the  fleets  of  the  nations  at  the  Madison  Square  Garden 
(10,000  people  present)  ; 1893,  Chairman  of  Special  Committee 
on  Reception  of  the  Infanta  Eulalia  of  Spain,  on  behalf  of  the  City 


209 


of  New  York,  during  her  stay  in  tlie  State  of  New  York  ; 1894, 
commissioned  as  Brigadier-General  of  the  National  Guard  of  the 
State  of  New  York  by  Governor  Levi  P.  Morton  ; 1896,  com- 
missioned as  Grand  Marshal  of  the  brigade  of  about  3,000  law- 
yers of  all  political  parties  in  the  Sound  Money  Parade  in  Octo- 
ber,  1896,  New  York  City. 


DANIEL  LORD. 

Daniel  Lord,  Chairman  Change  of  Grade  Damage  Com- 
mission of  the  Twenty-third  and  Twenty-fourth  Wards,  was  born 
in  New  York  City  in  1846.  He  was  educated  in  Columbia  Col- 
lege and  Columbia  College  Law  School.  He  was  admitted  to 
the  bar  in  April,  1868,  and  one  month  later  became  a member  of 
the  law  firm  of  Lord,  Day  & Lord,  of  which  firm  he  is  now  the 
senior  member. 

]Mr.  Lord,  in  addition  to  being  a distinguished  member  of  the 
New  York  Bar,  has  filled  several  positions  of  honor  for  the  City, 
requiring  special  ser\’ices.  These  services,  which  were  of  such  a 
nature  that  they  could  only  be  rendered  by  a lawyer  or  a business 
man  of  high  standing  and  fine  capacity,  have  all  been  discharged 
with  the  same  ability  that  Mr.  Lord  has  given  to  his  private  prac- 
tice. 

In  1880  jMr.  Lord  was  a member  of  the  Assessment  Committee 
appointed  by  the  laws  of  that  year  to  revise  and  reduce  the  assess- 
ments. Among  the  other  members  of  this  committee  were  Mayor 
Cooper,  Comptroller  Allan  Campbell  and  Commissioner  of  Pub- 
lic Works  George  H.  Andrews. 

The  result  of  the  work  of  the  committee,  it  is  barely  necessary 
to  say,  was  performed  to  the  general  satisfaction  of  the  citizens 
and  taxpayers  of  the  city. 

i\Ir.  Lord,  besides  being  Chairman  of  the  Change  of  Grade 
Commission,  is  counsel  and  a director  in  the  Equitable  Life 
Insurance  Company,  a director  in  the  United  States  and  Fifth 
Avenue  Trust  Companies,  and  a member  of  many  clubs  and 
societies,  including  the  Union,  Metropolitan,  University,  Man- 
hattan, New  York  Yacht,  Union  League,  New  York  Athletic,. 
Lawyers’,  Downtown,  Rockaway  Hunt  and  Lawrence  Clubs. 


14 


210 


WILLIAM  E.  STILLINGS. 

William  E.  Stillings,  Change  of  Grade  Damage  Commis- 
sion for  the  Twenty-third  and  Twenty-fourth  Wards,  was  born 
in  the  Twenty-first  Ward  of  New  York  City  in  1857.  He  was 
educated  in  the  pubic  schools  and  the  Claverack  Academy,  and 
later  studied  law  in  the  Columbia  Law  School,  from  which  he 
graduated  in  1881. 

After  his  admission  to  the  Bar  he  entered  immediately  upon 
the  practice  of  his  profession  ; in  an  independent  way  struck  out 
for  himself  and  continued  so  until  his  practice  grew  so  large  he 
took  in  a partner,  Lamont  McLoughlin,  under  the  name  of 
Stillings  & McLoughlin. 

Mr.  Stillings,  who  has  been  the  Democratic  leader  of  the 
Twenty-third  Assembly  District  since  1892 — a district  with  a 
constantly  increasing  population,  much  of  it  of  no  fixed  political 
faith — has  nevertheless  more  than  held  his  own  in  bringing  out 
the  full  party  vote  at  every  election. 

In  addition  to  his  present  office  ]\Ir.  Stillings  has  filled  the 
important  position  of  Sheriff’s  Counsel  during  the  terms  of 
Sheriffs  Gorman,  Clancy  and  Sexton.  He  was  also  a School 
Trustee  of  the  Twelfth  Ward  for  four  years. 

Mr.  Stillings  is  a member  of  the  Tammany  Society  and  a 
member  of  the  General  Committee  since  1879.  He  is  also  a 
member  of  the  Society  of  the  Sons  of  the  Revolution- — being  a 
descendant  of  John  Paulding — the  Democratic,  New  York  Ath- 
letic, Minqua,  Sagamore  and  Harlem  Democratic  Clubs. 


BUREAU  OF  MUNICIPAL  STATISTICS. 

The  Bureau  of  Municipal  Statistics  was  created  for  the  pur- 
pose of  collecting,  keeping  and  publishing  such  statistical  data 
relating  to  the  city  as  shall  be  deemed  of  utility  or  interest  to  the 
City  Government  or  its  citizens. 

The  Bureau  consists  of  a Chief,  appointed  by  the  Mayor  for  a 
term  f 'f  four  vea’'S.  In  addition  to  the  Chief  the  Bureau  consists 
of  six  members,  who  are  appointed  with  special  reference  to  their 
qualifications  to  give  expert  advice  upon  statistical  subjects. 
This  Commission,  whose  term  of  office  is  six  years,  serve  without 
pay. 

The  Bureau  of  Municipal  Statistics  is  authorized  to  publish 
annually,  with  the  approval  of  the  Board  of  Estimate  and  Appor- 
tionment, a volume  to  be  known  as  the  Municipal  Statistics  of 
the  City  of  New  York  for  the  year.  In  this  volume  the  statistical 
commission  shall  publish  the  results  attending  the  work  of  the 
various  Departments  of  the  City  Government  for  the  preceding 
calendar  year,  and  such  other  statistical  information  relating  to 
the  City  of  New  York  or  its  inhabitants  as  it  may  deem  of  general 
interest.  Such  publication  shall  contain  statistics  relating  to 
births,  marriages,  deaths,  the  sanitary  condition  of  the  city,  su- 
pervision of  the  water  supply,  parks,  streets,  pavements,  sewers 
and  buildings  of  the  city,  to  the  occurrence  of  fires,  the  adminis- 
tration of  Charities  and  Correction,  administration  of  the  Police 
Department,  to  the  proceedings  of  the  Criminal  Courts  and  offi- 
cers of  the  City,  to  the  operation  of  the  license  laws,  to  the 
children  attending  schools  and  the  public  schools,  to  the  work  of 
the  Department  of  Education,  to  the  population  of  the  city  of 
school  age,  to  franchises  granted  to  corporations,  to  municipal 
revenues  and  expenditures,  to  the  administration  of  the  various 
City  Departrnents  having  charge  of  the  City  moneys,  to  the 
administration  of  the  Department  of  Taxes,  to  the  wealth  and 
indebtedness  of  the  City,  and  also  a general  statement  of  the 
legislative  enactments  relating  to  the  government  of  the  City  of 
New  York. 

The  above,  in  brief,  outlines  the  duties  of  the  Bureau  as  set 
forth  in  the  Charter  of  the  City  of  New  York. 

The  scope  of  the  Bureau  of  Municipal  Statistics,  however,  is 
a wide  one,  and  in  the  gathering,  collecting  and  preserving  of 


212 


statistics  the  Chief  of  the  Bureau  has  much  discretionary  power. 
In  this  connection  it  may  be  said  that  although  the  Bureau  did 
not  have  official  habitation  until  April  of  this  year,  it  has  accom- 
plished considerable  work  of  importance  on  the  lines  upon  which 
it  was  established. 

Dr.  Nagle,  the  Chief  of  the  Bureau,  and  his  assistants,  have 
been  working  diligently  and  the  result  has  been  that  the  work  of 
the  Bureau  is  well  under  way. 

In  addition  to  the  new  statistical  information  they  have  pre- 
pared, the  foundation  of  a fine  library  has  been  collected,  and 
several  new  publications  are  contemplated  which  will  treat  of  the 
part  the  City  of  New  York  and  its  inhabitants  played  in  the  war 
with  Spain. 

On  the  25th  of  last  August  the  iMunicipal  Assembly  passed 
a joint  resolution  authorizing  the  Bureau  of  Municipal  Statistics 
to  prepare,  in  book  form,  an  appropriate  souvenir  containing  a 
full  and  complete  record  of  the  naval  victory  at  Santiago,  to- 
gether with  a report  of  the  naval  parade  and  reception  given  by 
the  citizens  and  officials  of  New  York  to  the  victorious  fleet  on 
August  20  of  this  year. 

It  is  intended  to  publish  an  edition  dc  luxe  of  the  above  (limited 
to  a few  copies  only)  as  a souvenir,  with  the  compliments  of  the 
citizens  and  officials  of  New  York  for  presentation  to  President 
McKinley,  Secretary  Long  and  Mayor  Van  Wyck. 

It  is  the  ultimate  purpose  of  the  present  Chief  of  the  Bureau 
of  Municipal  Statistics  to  so  classify  and  condense  the  statistical 
information  relating  to  the  City  Government  that  any  citizen  can 
find  in  the  Bureau  any  important  fact  connected  with  the  working 
of  the  City  Departments  without  serious  loss  of  time  or  trouble. 

In  addition  to  Dr.  Nagle  the  iMunicipal  Statistical  Commis- 
sion consists  of  Frederick  V.  Grube,  L.L.  D.,  Harry  Payne 
Whitney.  Thornton  L.  Motley.  Julius  G.  Kugelman,  Richard  T. 
Wilson.  Jr.,  and  Ernest  Harvier. 

Dr.  JOHN  T.  NAGLE, 

CHIEF,  CURE.-\U  OF  MUNICIPAL  STATISTICS. 

Dr.  John  T.  Nagle  was  born  May  7,  1843.  He  is  the  son 
of  the  late  Garrett  Nagle  and  Ellen  Nagle,  nee  Croker,  and 
brother  of  Lieut. -Col.  Garrett  Nagle.  U.  S.  Vols. 

Dr.  Nagle  was  graduated  from  Grammar  School  No.  14,  in 
East  Twenty-seventh  street,  and  his  portrait,  with  the  other  grad- 


214 


nates,  is  still  on  the  walls  of  the  school.  In  1859  he  entered  the 
New  York  Free  Academy  (College  City  of  New  York),  graduat- 
ing in  medicine  in  March,  1864;  graduated  New  York  Ophthal- 
mic Hospital,  1864,  and  passed  Army  Medical  Board  in  New 
York  City,  April,  1864. 

In  May  of  the  same  year  he  was  ordered  to  report  to  the 
Medical  Director  of  Department  of  Washington  for  duty  as 
Acting  Assistant  Surgeon,  U.  S.  A.  In  June  he  was  ordered  to 
Camp  Stoneman  and  assigned  to  the  Third  Division  and  Reserve 
Brigade  of  Cavalry  as  Chief  Aledical  Officer.  He  accompanied 
this  command  to  the  Shenandoah  Valley,  July  5,  1864,  and  was 
commended  by  Colonel  Samuel  B.  M.  Young  (now  Major-Gen- 
eral, U.  S.  Vols.,  the  first  officer  placed  in  charge  of  Camp 
Wikoff,  Montauk  Point,  L.  I.)  for  conspicuous  bravery  in  action, 
which  commendation  is  on  file  in  the  War  Department.  Later 
he  was  commissioned  Assistant  Surgeon  of  the  I92d  Regiment 
of  Infantry,  N.  Y.  S.  Volunteers. 

Dr.  Nagle  was  appointed  on  the  Board  of  Health,  New  York 
City,  in  1869,  as  Assistant  Sanitary  Inspector.  He  was  promoted 
to  Sanitary  Inspector,  Deputy  Register  of  Records  and  Register 
of  Records,  Bureau  of  Vital  Statistics,  in  succession.  In  January 
of  this  year  he  was  appointed  Chief  of  the  Bureau  of  Municipal 
Statistics. 

Dr.  Nagle  is  a well-known  and  popular  member  of  many 
clubs,  associations  and  societies,  the  principal  ones  being  Amer- 
ican Public  Health  Association,  New  York  County  Medical 
Society,  Fellow  of  the  Academy  of  Medicine,  New  York  Athletic 
Club,  Camera  Club,  New  York  Medico-Surgical  Society, 
Treasurer  of  the  Iroquois  Club,  Seneca  Club  and  Sagamore  of 
the  Tammany  Society  of  the  Columbian  Order. 


THE  BOARD  OF  ASSESSORS. 


The  Board  of  Assessors  was  created  in  1859  the  purpose 
of  levying  assessments  for  local  improvements.  Prior  to  1859  the 
Assessors  were  appointed  by  the  Board  of  Aldermen  for  each 
proceeding.  Since  1859  the  laws  governing  the  Board  have  been 
practically  undisturbed,  except  as  regards  its  appointing  power 
and  jurisdiction,  which  now  covers  (under  the  provisions  of  the 
Charter)  the  whole  of  Greater  New  York.  The  present  Charter 
took  this  office  out  of  the  Department  of  Taxes  and  Assessments 
and  made  it  an  independent  Board,  directly  under  the  control  of 
the  Mayor,  who  has  now  the  sole  power  of  appointing  the  mem- 
bers of  the  Board. 

The  Board  of  Assessors  now  consists  of  five  members,  a 
Secretary  and  clerks  to  the  number  of  seventeen.  Under  the 
administration  of  the  city  previous  to  January  i,  1898,  the  amount 
of  business  transacted  by  this  Board  was  about  $3,000,000  annu- 
ally. Under  the  new  conditions,  which  involve  five  boroughs, 
the  transactions  of  this  Board  will,  from  the  present  indications, 
amount  to  about  $8,000,000  a year. 

The  Board  of  Assessors  is  the  only  Board,  under  the  provi- 
sions of  the  Charter,  in  which  the  term  of  office  is  not  specified. 

The  specific  duty  of  this  Board  is  the  making  of  all  assess- 
ments other  than  those  required  by  law  to  be  confirmed  by  a 
court  of  record,  for  local  improvements,  for  which  assessments 
may  be  legally  imposed  in  any  part  of  The  City  of  New  York. 

EDWARD  McCUE, 

PRESIDENT  BOARD  OF  ASSESSORS. 

Edward  McCue  was  born  in  New  York 
in  1845.  He  attended  the  pubic  schools  in 
this  city,  and  at  the  age  of  sixteen  appren- 
ticed himself  to  a hatter,  learning  the  trade 
and  remaining  in  it  just  long  enough  to  find 
out  he  had  other  qualifications  which  fitted 
him  for  a dififerent  line  of  work. 

Mr.  McCue  became  a Clerk  of  the  Spe- 
cial Term,  Supreme  Court,  and  discharged 
his  duties  in  the  above  position  so  satis- 
factorily that  he  attracted  attention  from  the 
outside,  and  in  January,  1884,  he  was  ofifered  and  accepted  the 


2i6 


position  of  Superintendent  of  the  Real  Estate  Bureau  of  the 
New  York,  Lake  Erie  and  Western  Railroad,  remaining  with  the 
Company  for  about  five  years,  when  he  retired  to  become  a 
wholesale  lumber  dealer. 

In  1895  Mr.  McCue  was  appointed  by  the  Board  of  Tax  Com- 
missioners as  an  Assessor,  and  filled  the  office  up  to  January  of 
this  year,  when  he  was  appointed  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck  to  the 
same  position  and  elected  President  of  the  Board. 

In  addition  to  the  other  positions  he  has  filled  Mr.  McCue  was 
a School  Trustee  of  the  Thirteenth  Ward  for  ten  years,  and  in 
this  capacity  kept  in  close  touch  with  the  personal  and  political 
events  of  the  ward.  This  ward  has  always  been  a theatre  of  lively 
politics,  and  Mr.  McCue,  as  a factor  in  it,  has  helped  to  make — as 
his  record  shows — a part  of  its  best  political  history. 

Mr.  McCue  is  a member  of  the  Democratic  Club,  Tammany 
Hall  and  the  Schnorer  Club  of  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx.  In 
each  of  the  above  organizations  he  is  respected  and  popular,  be- 
cause of  his  sensible,  manly  and  modest  qualities. 


EDWARD  CAHILL, 

BOARD  OF  ASSESSORS. 

Edward  Cahill  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1843.  Six  years 
later  he  came  with  his  parents  to  America.  They  settled  in  New 
York  and  the  subject  of  this  sketch  attended  the  public  schools  in 
this  city  until  he  was  about  fourteen  years  old. 

In  1857  Mr.  Cahill  went  West,  and  after  spending  four  years 
in  that  section,  came  back  to  New  York,  where  he  remained  until 
1867.  In  that  year  he  again -returned  to  the  West  and  spent  the 
following  three  years  in  connection  with  the  construction  of  the 
Union  Pacific  Railroad,  which  undertaking  he  was  identified 
ivith  at  the  start  and  remained  with  it  until  completed. 

Since  the  year  1871  Mr.  Cahill  has  lived  in  New  York  City, 
where,  in  addition  to  the  hotel  business  in  which  he  has  been 
engaged,  he  has  always  taken  an  active  part  in  the  Democratic 
party,  and  at  all  times  has  done  what  he  could  to  promote  its 
success.  Believing  that  Tammany  Hall  was  the  best  medium  to 
further  the  interests  of  his  party,  he  identified  himself  with  the 
organization.  In  1876  he  became  a member  of  the  Democratic 
State  Committee  and  in  1877  succeeded  August  Schell  in  the 
same  capacity  for  that  year.  In  1883  he  was  again  a member  of 


2I8 


tlie  committee  and  remained  so  until  1886.  About  this  time  he 
was  also  made  a member  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  Tam- 
many Hall,  having  been  honored  in  his  appointment  by  an 
increase  in  the  membership  of  this  committee  from  twenty-four 
to  twenty-five  members. 

Air.  Cahill  was  made  a member  of  the  Board  of  Assessors  in 
December,  1887,  and  held  that  position  until  November,  1895, 
when  he  was  removed  because  of  the  change  in  the  administra- 
tion of  the  City  Government.  On  January,  1898,  however, 
Alayor  Van  A\Jvck  reappointed  him  as  a member  of  the  Board,  to 
which  he  was  entitled  because  of  his  record  for  efficiency  and  a 
natural  aptitude  for  the  work  which  he  has  always  displayed  in 
every  official  act  connected  with  the  doings  of  the  Board. 

THOAIAS  A.  WILSON, 

BO.\RD  OF  .ASSESSORS. 

Tho.m.as  a.  W'ilsox  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1838.  He  came 
to  America  when  he  was  ten  years  of  age  and  settled  in  Brooklyn, 
where  he  learned  the  trade  of  manufacture  of  arms,  and  con- 
tinued at  the  same  in  an  important  capacity  for  twenty  eyars. 
He  was  also  superintendent  of  a manufacturing  concern  for  ten 
years,  and  later  was  connected  with  a large  steel  works. 

From  i860  to  1865  Air.  Wilson  was  selected  by  Colonel  Hag- 
ner,  of  the  Government  Ordnance  Bureau,  as  U.  S.  Inspector  of 
.A.rms.  In  this  capacity  he  traveled  over  the  entire  Eastern  divi- 
sion and  rendered  valuable  service  to  the  Government  in  his 
reports  of  the  condition  of  the  armament  of  the  East. 

In  1881  Air.  Whlson  was  made  an  Assessor  in  Brooklyn  and 
continued  to  acr  as  such  for  five  years,  accpiitting  himself  with 
credit  and  displaving  an  ability  which  attracted  the  attention  of 
Alayor  Whitney  in  1886,  who  appointed  him  President  of  the 
Board  of  Assessors.  When  Alayors  Low,  Chapin  and  Boody 
held  office  Air.  Wilson  was  reappointed  President  of  the  Board 
under  each  of  them,  and  held  the  office  consecutively  for  eight 
years. 

In  1892  Air.  Wilson  engaged  in  a private  business,  which  he 
continued  until  the  ist  of  January.  1898,  when  he  was  made  a 
member  of  the  Board  of  Assessors  of  Greater  New  York.  Air. 
W'ilson’s  record  has  always  been  a clean  and  consistent  one,  and 
in  every  position  he  has  held,  public  and  private,  has  conducted 
it  for  the  best  interests  of  those  he  has  served. 


219 


He  commands  the  respect  and  confidence  of  all  who  know 
him,  and  his  long  experience  in  public  life  has  made  him  a valu- 
able authority  on  matters  pertaining  to  the  administration  of  the 
City  Government. 


MAJOR  PATRICK  M.  HAVERTY, 

BOAKD  OF  ASSESSORS. 

Major  Haverty  was  born  in  Dublin, 
Ireland,  in  1830.  He  was  educated  at  an 
academy  in  his  native  city  and  began  his 
career;  after  graduation,  as  a bookseller, 
which  vocation,  in  Ireland,  is  as  much  of  a 
profession  as  a business. 

He  came  to  America  in  1847,  and  al- 
though some  of  his  experiences  have  been 
duplicated  here  and  there  since  that  time, 
there  are  few  men  living  to-day  who  can 
recall  in  one  life  such  an  unique,  varied,  in- 
teresting and  stirring  career. 

In  1849  Major  Haverty,  in  company  with  a party  of  pro- 
spectors, went  to  California,  and,  after  a short  sojourn  in  the 
State,  joined  another  party  of  explorers  who  were  going  to  Ore- 
gon. After  many  months  of  hardships  and  privations  they 
reached  the  Umphqua  Valley,  pitching  their  tents  as  the  original 
settlers  on  where  the  City  of  Scottsburg,  Oregon,  now  stands. 
They  remained  in  the  locality  for  four  months,  when  Major 
Haverty  pulled  up  stakes  and  returned  to  San  Francisco. 

While  there  he  became  a member  of  the  staff  of  the  news- 
paper owned  by  Eugene  Casserly  (who  later  became  Senator  in 
that  State),  and  remained  in  an  editorial  capacity  on  the  paper 
until  the  great  fire  of  1851,  which  destroyed  the  city.  Major 
Haverty  then  went  to  the  gold  diggings  of  the  State,  but  after  a 
few  months  returned  to  New  York  and  engaged  in  business  until 
the  breaking  out  of  the  Civil  War. 

In  1861  he  assisted  General  Thomas  F.  Meagher  in  organ- 
izing the  Irish  Brigade,  and  went  to  the  front  with  that  body, 
with  which  he  remained  in  action  until  the  close  of  hostilities. 
He  participated  in  the  Campaigns  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac 
and  took  part  in  the  battle  of  Fredericksburg,  after  which  event 
he  was  breveted  with  the  rank  of  Major. 


220 


Major  Haverty,  who  has  lived  continuously  in  New  York  City 
since  i866,  is  one  of  the  prominent  publishers  and  booksellers  of 
the  city,  and,  in  his  special  line,  dealing  with  Catholic  publica- 
tions and  books  on  Ireland,  is  considered  one  of  the  best  posted 
men  in  the  country. 

Apart  from  his  regular  business.  Major  Haverty  has  always 
taken  an  unselfish  interest  in  public  aflairs,  and  when  Mayor 
Grace  appointed  him  a member  of  the  Board  of  Assessors,  in 
1885, his  appointment  met  with  general  favor.  Major  Haverty  is  a 
member  of  several  clubs  and  societies,  and  both  in  these  organi- 
zations and  private  life,  is  always  spoken  of  as  a warm-hearted 
and  courtly  gentleman. 


WILLIAM  H.  JASPER, 

SECRETARY  BOARD  OF  ASSESSORS. 

William  H.  Jasper  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1852. 
He  graduated  from  the  New  York  High  School  and,  after  a 
short  period  in  which  he  taught  school,  read  law  in  the  office  of 
Jonathan  Edgar. 

He  entered  the  Board  of  Assessors  as  Chief  Clerk  and  about 
the  only  employee  of  the  office  in  1873.  For  a number  of  years 
Mr.  Jasper  (until  the  work  grew  out  of  all  proportion  to  the 
force)  practically  conducted  the  work,  executive  and  clerical, 
alone. 

Mr.  Jasper  has  now  passed  twenty-five  years  in  the  Board  of 
Assessors  without  a break.  During  that  time  he  has  closely 
applied  himself  to  the  work  on  hand,  and  there  is  not  a detail  of 
the  duties  connected  with  the  Board  he  is  not  thoroughly  familiar 
with. 

Under  the  present  Charter  the  Board  of  Assessors  passed  out 
of  the  Department  of  Taxes  and  Assessments  on  January,  1898, 
and  was  made  an  independent  Board.  Mr.  Jasper  is  just  as  much 
at  home  under  the  new  order  of  things  and  is  thoroughly  in  touch 
with  the  part  his  office  plays  in  the  make-up  of  the  city  govern- 
ment. 


THE  POLICE  DEPARTMENT. 


The  head  of  the  Police  Department  is  called  the  Police  Board. 
The  Police  Board  consists  of  four  Commissioners,  appointed  by 
the  Mayor  for  a term  of  four  years. 

The  Charter  of  New  York  says  that  “ no  more  than  two  of 
said  Commissioners  shall,  when  either  of  them  is  appointed,  be- 
long to  the  same  political  party,  or  be  of  the  same  political 
opinion  on  State  and  national  politics.” 

The  Police  Board  has  control  of  the  government,  administra- 
tion, disposition  and  discipline  of  the  Police  Department,  of  the 
Police  force  of  said  Department,  and  the  Bureau  of  Elections, 
the  last  named  being  a part  of  the  Police  Department. 

The  Police  Board  has  the  power  to  make,  adopt  and  enforce 
rules,  orders  and  regulations  and  to  do  all  such  other  acts  as 
may  be  reasonably  necessary  for  the  performance  of  all  duties 
of  the  Police  Department. 

The  Police  force  of  New  York  City,  Brooklyn,  Long  Island 
City  and  Richmond  County,  including  the  Park  Police  of  New 
York  and  Brooklyn,  and  the  Police  force  of  the  Brooklyn  Bridge 
are  now  consolidated  into  one  force. 

All  Police  property,  funds  and  money  formerly  owned  and 
controlled  by  the  cities  now  consolidated  in  the  City  of  New 
York,  together  with  the  property  and  money  controlled  by  the 
Park  and  Bridge  Police  of  these  cities  is  now  vested  in  the  City 
of  New  York,  controlled  and  administered  by  the  Police  Board 
of  the  Police  Department. 

The  Police  Board  elect  one  of  their  number  President  and 
another  Treasurer.  The  appropriation  for  the  support  and  main- 
tenance of  the  Department  is  paid  by  the  Comptroller  of  the  City 
on  monthy  requisitions  to  the  Treasurer  of  the  Police  Board, 
whose  duties  are  to  pay  the  salaries  of  the  force  and  discharge 
obligations.  The  Treasurer  is  also  the  chief  purchasing  agent 
of  the  Department.  He  is  under  bonds  to  the  City  of  New  York 
for  the  sum  of  twenty  thousand  dollars,  the  bond  to  be  approved 
by  the  Comptroller  and  filed  in  his  office  before  the  Treasurer 
can  enter  upon  the  duties  of  his  office. 


222 


BERNARD  J.  YORK, 

PRESIDENT  OF  THE  BOARD  OF  POLICE  COMMISSIONERS. 

Bernard  J.  York  was  bom  in  the  Fifth  Ward  of  the  late 
City  of  Brooklyn  in  the  year  1845.  The  subject  of  our  sketch 
when  a boy  attended  St.  James’s  Parochial  School  in  Jay  street, 
where  he  attained  a preliminary  knowledge  that,  in  later  years, 
eminently  fitted  him  for  the  positions  of  responsibility  that  he  had 
the  good  fortune  to  secure. 

At  an  early  age  he  began  the  study  of  law  with  County  Judge 
James  Troy,  in  whose  office  his  attainments  were  recognized  to 
such  an  extent  that  he  was  placed  in  charge  of  most  intricate  law 
cases. 

Resigning  from  Judge  Troy’s  office  to  accept  the  position  of 
Clerk  of  the  Court  of  Special  Sessions  of  Kings  County,  he  per- 
formed the  duties  of  that  position  for  a period  of  twenty-five  years 
to  the  satisfaction  of  the  Bench  and  Bar. 

In  1895  his  ability  was  recognized  to  such  an  extent  that  the 
Democratic  Judiciary  Convention  of  Kings  County  tendered  him 
a unanimous  nomination  as  County  Judge,  and  he  only  failed  of 
election  by  the  insignificant  number  of  fifty-nine  votes  in  a total 
vote  of  the  combined  political  parties  bordering  on  one  hundred 
and  sixty  thousand,  in  a year  when  other  nominees  on  the  Demo- 
cratic County  ticket  were  defeated  by  thousands  of  votes. 

One  year  later  he  was  requested  by  the  political  leaders  of  the 
Democratic  Party  to  assume  charge  of  the  re-enrollment  of  the 
Democratic  voters,  who  had  become  hopelessly  demoralized  by 
their  successive  defeats;.  At  the  conclusion  of  his  task,  and  on 
the  assembling  of  the  executive  members  chosen  by  the  delegates 
who  represented  the  sixty-five  thousand  enrolled  Democratic 
voters  through  the  two  hundred  and  ten  delegates  composing  the 
Kings  County  General  Committee,  Mr.  York  was  tendered  the 
nomination  for  Chairman  of  the  Executive  Committee  and  unani- 
mously elected,  and  would  again  have  been  re-elected  had  he  so 
desired,  but  the  onerous  duties  of  President  of  the  Police  Board 
of  Greater  New  York  would  be  so  great  that  he  could  not  give 
the  time  necessary  to  again  accept  the  Chairmanship  of  the  Exec- 
utive Committee.  Mr.  York,  since  he  has  assumed  the  Presi- 
dency of  the  Police  Board,  has  shown  himself  to  be  one  of  the 
most  able  Presidents  the  Board  has  had  in  many  years,  his  keen 
foresight  and  executive  ability  has  demonstrated  itself  in  many 


wavs. 


Henry  E.  Abell, 
Police  Commissioner. 


i 


224 


JOHN  B.  SEXTON, 

POLICE  COMMISSIONER. 

Commissioner  Sexton  is  forty-one  years  of  age;  he  was  born 
in  the  City  of  New  York  and  educated  in  its  public  schools. 
After  leaving  school  he  went  into  the  mineral  water  business 
with  his  father  and  in  a few  years  succeeded  to  the  sole  control 
of  the  business,  which  he  enlarged  extensively.  He  retired  from 
business  to  accept  the  appointment  of  Under  Sheriff  for  the 
County  of  New  York.  He  served  in  this  position  under  Sheriffs 
Grant,  Flack,  Sickels,  Gorman  and  Clancey.  Sheriff  Clancey 
died  after  serving  two  months  of  his  term  and  Governor  Roswell 
P.  Flower  appointed  Mr.  Sexton  Sheriff,  which  position  he  filled 
creditably  for  the  balance  of  the  year  1894.  On  January  i,  1898, 
he  was  appointed  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck  as  a Police  Commis- 
sioner. Mr.  Sexton  is  and  has  been  the  Tammany  Hall  leader 
of  the  Nineteenth  Assembly  District  since  the  year  1891,  and  is 
also  a very  active  member  of  the  Democratic  Club. 

Commissioner  Sexton,  who  is  one  of  the  popular  young 
leaders  of  the  Democratic  party  in  this  city,  is  a gentleman  of 
rare  tact  and  good  judgment.  He  can  always  be  depended  upon 
where  the  interests  of  his  district  and  the  city-at-large  are  con- 
cerned, and  has  a ciuiet,  sincere  way  of  doing  things  which 
commands  the  confidence  and  respect  of  all  who  know  him. 


HENRY  E.  ABELL, 

POLICE  COM.MISSIONEK. 

Henry  E.  Abell  was  born  in  Esperance,  Schoharie  County, 
New  York,  June  25,  1837.  He  is  a descendant  from  a well-known 
New  England  family,  on  the  side  of  his  father — William  Bliss- 
Abell — who  was  a native  of  Connecticut.  His  mother  was  a 
daughter  of  William  McCarthy,  an  Irishman,  who  refugeed  from 
Cork  during  the  Rebellion  of  1798  and  came  to  the  United  States. 
Mr.  Abell,  whose  early  life  was  full  of  hardships  and  privations,, 
was  left  an  orphan  at  the  age  of  fourteen,  and  for  the  following 
six  years  he  supported  himself  as  best  he  could.  With  that  self- 
reliance  and  energy,  however,  which  is  found  in  all  good  Irish 
and  New  England  blood,  he  made  his  way,  and  alone  deserves  the 
credit  for  a career  which  can  be  studied  to  advantage  by  any 
American  youth.  From  a clerk  in  a country  store  in  Western 
New  York  he  entered  the  employ  of  a bookseller  in  Albany,. 


225 


whom  he  afterwards  left  to  take  a position  in  a bank  in  the  same 
city. 

In  the  latter  place  he  saved  enough  money  to  enable  him  to 
carry  out  his  desire  for  a better  education. 

He  resigned  from  the  bank  and  entered  the  Delaware  Literary 
Institute  in  Franklin,  N.  Y.  From  there  he  went  to  the  Colum- 
bian University,  Washington,  D.  C.,  where  he  finished  his  gen- 
eral education. 

Mr.  Abell’s  life  from  this  point  has  been  an  exceedingly  active, 
industrious  and  successful  one.  He  read  law  after  leaving  col- 
lege, became  an  editor  of  a newspaper  in  1859  in  Delaware 
County,  and  took  a most  aggressive  part  in  the  campaign  that 
resulted  in  the  election  of  President  Lincoln.  When  the  war 
broke  out  Mr.  Abell  went  to  Washington  and  was  sworn  into  ser- 
vice in  defense  of  the  Capitol.  He  was  commissioned  by  Sec- 
retary Chase  to  sign  the  first  issue  of  Government  Bonds  to  meet 
the  war  expenses  and  also  was  assigned  to  guard  and  hospital 
duty  when  not  engaged  in  the  Treasury  Department. 

In  1864,  because  of  poor  health,  he  resigned  his  position  and 
returned  to  his  native  place,  where  he  consolidated  two  news- 
papers under  the  name  of  Schoharie-Union.  For  the  next  five 
years  Mr.  Abell  was  the  editor  and  publisher  of  the  paper  and 
although  his  office  was  attacked  and  he  barely  escaped  being 
killed  because  of  his  loyalty  to  the  Union  and  support  of  Presi- 
dent Lincoln,  he  never  wavered  or  changed  the  policy  of  his 
paper. 

In  1859  Alonzo  B.  Cornell  appointed  Mr.  Abell  Deputy  Sur- 
veyor of  the  Port.  Later  he  was  appointed  by  ex-President — 
then  Collector — Arthur,  of  the  Port,  to  prosecute  violations  of 
the  navigation  laws.  In  this  capacity  he  succeeded  in  putting  a 
stop  to  a system  of  fraud  that  had  long  been  practiced  in  the 
registration  of  vessels. 

In  1879,  when  Mr.  Cornell  became  Governor  of  the  State,  he 
made  Mr.  Abell  his  private  secretary,  and  held  that  position  dur- 
ing the  Governor’s  term.  In  1894  he  was  elected  to  the  Assembly 
by  the  largest  plurality  ever  received  by  a candidate  in  his  dis- 
trict. In  1896  he  was  re-elected  to  the  Legislature  and  served 
with  credit  to  the  State  and  his  party. 

As  to  his  qualifications  for  Police  Commissioner  it  is  only 
necessary  to  refer  to  the  above  record,  which  speaks  for  itself. 


'5 


226 


JACOB  HESS, 

POLICE  COMMISSIONER. 

Jacob  Hess,  who,  previous  to  his  appointment  to  the  above 
office  a few  months  ago,  had  been  a member  of  the  Board  of  Elec- 
trical Control  for  ten  years,  was  born  in  Germany  forty-seven 
years  ago. 

Previous  to  the  above  period  Mr.  Hess  has  held  various  pub- 
lic offices,  behind  all  of  which  he  has  left  a good  record.  Among 
the  other  positions  he  has  filled  in  the  City  Government  were 
Alderman-at-Large  (1876),  Public  School  Inspector  and  Commis- 
sioner of  Charities  and  Correction.  In  1875  he  was  a member  of 
the  State  Assembly. 

Mr.  Hess,  who  is  a very  popular  man  and  is  known  to  every 
one  worth  knowing  in  the  life  of  the  city, will  enhance — his  friends 
say — the  regard  the  public  holds  for  him  in  his  present  position. 

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL  WILLIAM  H.  KIPP. 

CHIEF  CLERK,  POLICE  DEPARTMENT. 

Lieutenant-Colonel  William  H.  Kipp  was  born  in  New 
York  City  in  1839.  He  attended  the  public  schools  and  later 
took  up  a course  of  study  by  which  he  qualified  himself  for  a 
lawyer  and  an  expert  accountant. 

In  1857  Lieut. -Col.  Kipp  became  a member  of  the  Seventh 
Regiment,  and  when  the  army  needed  troops  in  1861  he  went  to 
the  front  as  a private  with  his  regiment. 

When  the  Seventh  was  called  back  to  New  York  to  suppress 
the  Draft  Riots  in  1863  he  returned  with  them,  bearing  the  title 
of  Second  Lieutenant.  For  his  services  since  and  the  interest  he 
has  always  taken  in  military  matters  his  promotion  to  Major  and 
later  to  the  position  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  his  regiment  was 
a most  natural  one. 

In  civil  life  Col.  Ki^p  has  spent  the  last  twenty-five  years  in 
the  Police  Department,  entering  the  Department  in  1873 
succeeding  Seth  C.  Hawley  as  Chief  Clerk  in  1884. 

Lieut-Col.  Kipp’s  record  since  his  connection  with  the  Police 
Department  is  one  of  the  highest  efficiency,  and  the  personnel  of 
the  different  Police  Boards  with  whom  he  has  been  associated 
in  an  official  capacity  all  speak  good  words  of  him  as  a gentleman 
of  dignity  and  character. 

i.. 


227 


WILLIAM  S.  DEVERY, 

CHIEF  OF  POLICE. 

William  S.  Devery  was  born  in  New  York  in  1854.  He 
was  educated  in  the  public  schools,  and  at  twenty-four  years  of 
age,  in  1878,  beame  a Patrolman  on  the  Police  force. 

In  1881  he  was  promoted  to  a Roundsman,  and  three  years 
later  was  made  a Sergeant  in  the  Eleventh  Precinct.  His  pro- 
motion to  Captain  was  just  as  rapid  and  was  justified  because  of 
the  bravery  and  ability  he  displayed  both  in  general  and  special 
Police  work.  It  was  during  his  early  career  as  a Captain  that  he 
earned  special  distinction  by  capturing  a band  of  railroad  thieves, 
and  later,  during  the  Third  Avenue  Railroad  strike,  displayed 
fine  abilities  as  an  organizer  and  a commander. 

Chief  Devery,  who  has  now  spent  twenty  years  on  the  Force, 
has  been  identified  since  he  has  been  in  the  service  with  much  of 
the  important,  difficult  and  dangerous  Police  work  in  the  city. 

That  he  has  merited  all  of  his  promotions  his  record  shows. 
That  he  has  been  successful  is  evident  from  the  clamor  of  a class 
of  critics  who  always  assail  successful  men. 

Mr.  Devery  was  appointed  Chief  of  Police  by  the  Police  Board 
in  May,  1898.  Since  that  time  his  administration  has  been  equal 
to  the  best  New  York  has  had  for  a decade.  . ■ 


MUNICIPAL  CIVIL  SERVICE  COMMISSION. 


CHARLES  H.  KNOX, 

PRESIDENT  OF  THE  MUNICIPAL  CIVIL  SERVICE  COMMISSION. 

Charles  H.  Knox  was  born  in  the  City  of  New  York  on 
February  20,  1852,  and  is  now  forty-six  years  of  age. 

He  belongs  to  a Colonial  family  and  his  ancestors  took  part 
in  the  Revolution. 

He  was  graduated  from  Columbia  College  in  1872  and  also 
the  same  year  was  graduated  from  the  Law  School  of  the  Uni- 
versity of  the  City  of  New  York. 

In  1876,  in  conjunction  with  Henry  E.  Woodward,  he  formed 
his  present  law  firm  of  Knox  & Woodward. 

In  1884  he  ran  for  Judge  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  but 
was  defeated. 

In  1891  he  was  appointed  a School  Commissioner  by  Mayor 
Grant;  in  January,  1894,  he  was  elected  President  of  the  Board 
of  Education;  in  November,  1S94,  he  was  reappointed  a School 
Commissioner  by  Mayor  Gilroy,  and  in  January,  1895,  was  re- 
elected President  of  the  Board  of  Education,  which  office  he  re- 
signed in  June,  1895. 

On  the  1st  of  January,  1S98,  he  was  appointed  by  Mayor 
Van  Wyck  a Municipal  Civil  Service  Commissioner  and  was 
elected  by  his  colleagues  the  President  of  the  Commission. 

He  is  a member  of  the  Bar  Association  of  the  City  of  New 
York  and  of  the  State  and  American  Bar  Associations;  also  of 
the  Lawyers’,  Manhattan,  Lotos  and  Democratic  Clubs. 


WILLIAM  N.  DYKMAN, 

CIVIL  SERVICE  COMMISSIONER. 

William  N.  Dykman  was  born  in  the  Village  of  Cold 
Spring,  on-the-Hudson,  in  1854. 

In  1871  he  was  appointed  a Cadet  in  the  U.  S.  Military  Acad- 
emy at  West  Point,  and  after  his  graduation,  in  1875,  was  as- 
signed to  the  Twenty-second  U.  S.  Infantry,  stationed  at  Fort 
Brady. 


230 


He  took  part  in  the  campaign  against  the  Sioux  Indians  that 
followed  the  Custer  massacre  in  1876,  and  after  another  year  in 
the  army — during  which  he  saw  considerable  service — resigned 
to  take  up  the  study  of  law.  In  1877  he  entered  the  office’  of  W. 
H.  Robertson,  and  after  a course  of  study  and  reading  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar  in  Brooklyn. 

]\Ir.  Dykman,  who  has  been  in  active  practice  since,  is  now  a 
member  of  the  well-known  law  firm  of  Bergen  & Dykman,  and 
has  conducted  much  of  the  important  litigation  for  the  firm. 
Among  the  cases  that  attracted  attention  in  which  he  was  success- 
ful was  the  litigation  of  the  NewYork  and  Brooklyn  Bridge  Trus- 
tees to  secure  adequate  terminal  facilities  in  New  York  City. 
Mr.  Dykman  is  a member  of  many  clubs  and  societies  in  Brook- 
lyn. He  is  a man  of  fine  social  qualities,  and  this,  in  addition  to 
his  military  and  legal  training,  together  with  a taste  for  good  poli- 
tics, has  made  him  one  of  the  popular  public  figures  of  Greater 
New  York. 


ROBERT  E.  DEYO, 

jrUNICIPAL  CIVIL  SERVICE  COMMISSIONER. 

Robert  E.  Deyo  was  born  in  New- 
burgh, N.  Y.,  on  August  19,  1843.  He 
attended  the  public  schools  of  his  native 
place  and  later  entered  Princeton  University, 
where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1864. 

He  then  took  up  the  study  of  law  and 
took  the  course  in  the  Albany  Law  School, 
from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1865.  He 
was  admitted  to  the  Bar  the  same  year  and 
returned  to  New  York,  where  he  was  en- 
gaged in  active  practice  for  over  a year. 

In  September,  1866,  Mr.  Deyo  came  to  New  York  and  en- 
tered the  office  of  David  Dudley  Eield  and  Dudley  Eield  as  a 
clerk.  After  a short  period  in  the  above  employ  he  went  into 
[iractice  for  himself  and  continued  in  this  way  until  1873,  when 
he  again  became  connected  with  David  Dudley  Eield  under  the 
name  of  Eield  & Deyo.  Mr.  Deyo  was  associated  thereafter 
with  Mr.  Field,  and  in  all  the  years  they  were  together  there 
grew  out  of  them  an  ideal  law  partnership,  an  unique  friendship, 
which  was  only  broken  by  the  death  of  Mr.  Field. 


231 


Mr.  Deyo  is  now  the  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Deyo  & 
Bauerdorf,  and,  despite  the  fact  that  their  practice  is  an  extensive 
and  valuable  one,  Mr.  Deyo  has  found  time  to  take  more  than  a 
passing  interest  in  public  affairs.  He  has  never  sought  a public 
office,  but  has,  nevertheless,  served  the  City  and  State  on  occa- 
sions where  the  work  involved  required  men  of  the  highest  char- 
acter and  judgment.  Mr.  Deyo  was  one  of  the  members  of  the 
Constitutional  Convention  in  1894,  and  his  appointment  as  a 
Civil  Service  Commissioner  in  the  same  year  was  a slight  recog- 
nition of  the  public  services  he  had  heretofore  rendered.  Mr. 
Deyo  is  a member  of  the  Democratic  and  Manhattan  Clubs,  the 
Alumni  of  Princeton  University,  the  New  York  Historical  Soci- 
ety and  the  Huguenot  Society  of  America. 


LEE  PHILLIPS, 

SECRETARY  CIVIL  SERVICE  COMMISSION. 

Lee  Phillips,  the  Secretary  and  Executive  Officer  of  the 
Civil  Service  Commission,  was  born  in  Rensselaer  County,  New 
York  State,  where  his  boyhood  days  were  spent  on  his  father’s 
farm.  He  went  to  Troy,  where,  after  studying  law  for  three 
years  in  the  office  of  the  well  known  lawyers  R.  A.  & F.  J.  Par- 
menter,  was  admitted,  upon  reaching  twenty-one  years  of  age,  to 
the  Bar.  He  began  his  practice  as  first  assistant  to  the  Corpora- 
tion Counsel  of  Troy,  and  although  he  soon  became  one  of  the 
leading  young  lawyers  of  that  city,  he  always  had  a latent  desire 
to  try  his  fortune  in  a new  and  broader  field,  and  acting  upon  this 
desire,  came  to  New  York  in  1880. 

Mr.  Phillips’s  career  in  this  city  was  successful  from  the 
start.  His  knowledge  of  civil  and  municipal  law  which  he 
brought  with  him.  a mental  equipment  of  a high  order,  developed 
by  close  application,  soon  won  him  spurs  and  a prominent 
place  in  the  legal  profession. 

Although  never  an  applicant  for  public  office  he  attracted  at- 
tention from  the  outside  by  his  ability.  In  1886  Mayor  Grace 
tendered  him  the  appointment  to  the  position  which  he  now 
holds,  and  which  he  has  filled  since  that  time  with  the  exception 
of  an  interval  of  one  year  under  Mayor  Grant,  and  two  years 
under  Mayor  Strong. 

It  is  needless  to  say  that  Mr.  Phillips  has  discharged  his 
duties  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  Mayors  under  whom  he  has 


232 


T 


served.  More  than  that,  he  has  discharged  these  duties  to  the 
satisfaction  of  a critical  press  and  public  as  well. 

Mr.  Phillips’s  position  is  one  of  which  there  can  always  be  a 
close  estimate  kept  of  the  quality  and  amount  of  work  performed. 
The  records  of  his  office  are  kept  so  that  they  be  examined  by  the 
public  at  any  time,  and  he  is  always  on  hand  to  further  any  ex- 
amination necessary.  Coming  in  contact,  as  he  does,  with  people 
in  every  walk  of  life,  no  public  official  stands  higher.  Courteous 
and  obliging  to  every  one  who  does  business  with  the  Civil  Ser- 
vice Board,  carrying  the  same  qualities  in  social  life,  it  is  not  too 
much  to  say  that  he  comes  as  near  the  ideal  public  official  and 
gentleman  as  any  one  ever  meets  or  cares  to  meet. 

Mr.  Phillips  is  a member  of  the  Sons  of  the  American  Revo- 
lution, the  Colonial  Club  and  the  West  End  Association,  and  is 
just  as  popular  in  these  bodies  as  he  is  as  a city  official. 

His  name  is  identified  with  the  Civil  Service  movement  from 
one  end  of  the  country  to  the  other,  and  he  is  frequently  quoted 
as  being  one  of  the  best  informed  men  on  this  subject  in  the 
United  States. 


THE  NEW  EAST  RIVER  BRIDGE. 

The  New  East  River  Bridge  is  now  sufficiently  in  evidence  to 
furnish  the  public  with  a few  facts  concerning  the  work  already 
completed  and  under  way.  At  the  present  writing  the  tower 
foundations  on  the  New  York  side  are  practically  completed,  and 
on  the  Brooklyn  side  about  three-fourths  finished.  On  both 
sides  the  anchorage  is  one-fourth  completed,  and  when  this  work 
is  finally  finished  and  passed  upon  the  work  of  stringing  the  cable 
will  be  begun. 

The  approach  to  the  New  York  end  of  the  bridge,  which  will 
exceed  the  approach  to  the  Brooklyn  Bridge  by  over  600  feet,  will 
follow  the  south  side  of  Delancey  street  thirteen  blocks  before  it 
comes  to  the  street  level  at  Clinton  street.  On  the  Brooklyn  side 
it  will  follow  a line  parallel  with  South  Sixth  street  to  Berry  street. 
From  there  it  will  extend  diagonally  across  South  Fifth  street  to 
Bedford  avenue,  and  taking  in  an  approach  from  South  Fourth 
street  to  Broadway  the  bridge  will  have  an  approach  of  2,450  feet, 
which  is  also  over  600  feet  longer  than  the  Brooklyn  Bridge  ap- 
proach on  that  side.  The  span  between  the  towers  will  not  be 
materially  increased  in  the  new  bridge,  the  difference  being  less 
than  5 feet.  Taken  as  a whole  the  new  bridge  will  therefore  be 
over  1,200  feet  longer  than  the  Brooklyn  Bridge.  The  width  of 
the  bridge  will  be  118  feet  (33  feet  wider  than  the  present  bridge), 
and  the  towers  135  feet  above  the  river  at  the  centre,  which  is 
about  the  same  as  the  Brooklyn  Bridge. 

The  law  which  provided  for  the  building  of  the  present  bridge 
was  passed  by  the  Legislature  in  1895  and  went  into  effect  May 
27  of  that  year.  The  act  required  the  Mayors  of  both  cities  to 
each  appoint  three  persons,  who,  including  themselves,  should 
compose  a Commission  to  build  a bridge,  the  cost  (which  is  now 
closely  estimated  at  $12,000,000,  three  millions  less  than  the 
Brooklyn  Bridge),  to  be  equally  divided  between  the  two  cities, 
over  the  East  river,  from  Broadway,  in  Brooklyn,  to  Grand  street, 
in  New  York. 

Although  the  above  terminals  and  course  of  approaches  were 
of  necessity  changed  and  modified  to  their  present  location,  this 
change  will  in  nowise  interfere  with  or  inconvenience  the  travel 


234 


from  either  city.  The  present  location  covers  practically  the 
same  territory  as  originally  laid  out  and  will  call  for  the  same 
amount  and  character  of  travel.  What  effect  the  new  bridge  will 
have  on  the  densely  populated  East  Side  district  is  at  present  a 
matter  of  speculation.  Whether  its  inhabitants  will  take  advan- 
tage of  the  new  means  of  travel  and  migrate  to  the  suburbs  of 
Brooklyn  and  Queens  Boroughs  is  a puzzle  to  the  citizen  who 
has  studied  the  characteristics  of  the  East  Side  residents.  In 
either  event,  ’however,  it  is  certain  that  the  new  bridge  will  not 
only  be  of  great  general  benefit  to  the  community,  but  will  also, 
by  the  character  of  its  travel  and  the  changes  which  will  follow  in 
its  wake,  necessarily  improve  the  living  conditions  and  the  prop- 
erty surroundings  of  what  is  now  the  most  deplorable  section  of 
Greater  New  York. 


LEWIS  NIXON, 

PRESIDENT,  EAST  RIVER  BRIDGE  COMMISSION. 

Lewis  Nixon  was  born  in  i86i  at  Leesburg,  Virginia,  and 
after  receiving  a public  school  education,  was  appointed  a cadet- 
midshipman,  at  the  United  States  Naval  Academy,  by  General 
Eppa  Hunton,  then  Representative  in  Congress  from  Virginia. 

Mr.  Nixon  was  graduated  at  the  head  of  his  class  in  the  Naval 
Academy  in  1882.  Lie  then  went  to  England  and  took  a course 
in  naval  architecture  and  marine  engineering  at  the  Royal  Naval 
College,  Greenwich.  During  his  stay  in  Europe  he  was  assigned 
by  the  Naval  Department  of  the  United  States  to  visit  the  leading 
ship  and  armor  building  plants  in  England  and  Erance.  In  1884 
he  was  appointed  to  the  Construction  Corps  of  the  United  States 
Navy,  and  a year  later  was  graduated  from  the  Royal  Naval 
College.  Mr.  Nixon’s  first  work  upon  his  return  from  Europe 
was  in  connection  with  the  building  of  the  “ Chicago  ” and  “ Bos- 
ton.” His  knowledge  of  naval  and  mechanical  architecture  in 
this  connection  resulted  in  his  being  ordered  to  serve  on  various 
Boards,  where  he  was  thus,  at  the  beginning,  prominently  identi- 
fied with  the  policy  and  details  of  modern  naval  reconstruction. 
He  was  appointed  to  the  staff  of  the  Chief  Constructor  of  the 
Navy,  serving  as  Superintending  Constructor  at  Cramp’s  ship- 
yard, the  New  York  Navy  Yard  and  later  was  detailed  by  the 
Chief  Constructor  in  the  spring  of  i8go  to  design  the  battleships 
afterwards  named  the  “ Indiana,”  “ Massachusetts  ” and  “ Ore- 
gon.” 


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236 


The  above-named  battleships,  which  are  everywhere  acknowl- 
edged to  be  the  finest  fighting  machines  of  10,000  tons  displace- 
ment in  existence,  were  built  after  plans  made  by  Mr.  Nixon 
in  ninety  days. 

After  the  designs  of  the  above  battleships  were  made,  Mr. 
Nixon  resigned  from  the  Navy  to  accept  the  position  of  Superin- 
tending Constructor  at  Cramp’s  shipyard.  He  remained  in  this 
capacity  until  the  battleships  were  launched,  and  then  resigned 
to  open  a shipyard  of  his  own.  Mr.  Nixon’s  plant,  which  is  at 
Elizabeth,  N.  J.,  has  turned  out  in  the  short  time  he  has  been  in 
business  for  himself,  the  Gunboat  “ Annapolis,”  the  “ Josephine,’^ 
the  U.  S.  S.  “ Vixen  ” and  “ Mangrove,”  and  the  submarine 
torpedo  boat  “ Holland.” 

Both  outside  and  inside  the  service  Mr.  Nixon’s  connection 
with  the  United  States  Navy  has  been  of  an  unique  character, 
and  there  is  probably  no  one  else  in  this  country  who  possesses 
so  much  specific  knowledge,  combined  with  a general  all-round 
experience  in  naval  matters.  He  was  graduated  as  a line  officer, 
became  a member  of  a staff  corps,  designed  and  built  ships,  and. 
as  a private  citizen  still  did  work  for  the  Navy  Department. 

Mr.  Nixon  is  a member  of  the  Tammany  Society,  the  Society 
of  Naval  Architects  and  Marine  Engineers,  the  Chamber  of  Com- 
merce, a Trustee  of  Webb’s  Academy  and  Home  for  Ship-build- 
ers, a member  of  the  Democratic  and  Press  Clubs,  the  Richmond 
County  Club,  the  Army  and  Navy  Club  of  Washington,  and  the 
Rittenhouse  Club  of  Philadelphia. 

JULL4N  D.  EAIRCHILD. 

Julian  D.  Eairchild,  President  of  the  Kings  County  Trust 
Company,  was  for  some  years  chairman  of  its  Executive  Commit- 
tee prior  to  his  election  to  his  present  position.  He  is  also  treas- 
urer of  the  New  East  River  Bridge  and  a director  of  the  Bedford 
Bank  of  Brooklyn  and  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  of  the 
same  city.  He  has  been  a resident  of  Brooklyn  since  1875.  In 
1895  he  was  offered  the  Democratic  nomination  for  Mayor,  but 
his  business  interests  would  not  permit  his  acceptance.  He  is 
Vice-President  of  the  Brooklyn  Central  Dispensary  and  is  a 
member  of  the  Brooklyn,  Montauk  and  Dyker  Meadow  Golf 
Clubs.  He  is  also  a member  of  the  New  York  Chamber  of  Com- 
merce and  the  New  York  Produce  Exchange.  He  was  born  in 
Stratford,  Conn.,  April  17,  1850,  and  at  thirteen  years  of  age  en- 


237 


tered  the  employ  of  a large  New  Haven  hardware  manufacturing 
company,  remaining  with  this  company  for  about  three  years, 
occupying  the  positions  of  office  boy,  entry  clerk  and  assistant 
bookkeeper. 

During  these  years  he  saved  his  money  and  at  the  age 
of  seventeen  started  in  the  tea,  cofifee  and  spice  business  for 
himself,  with  a capital  of  about  $400.  After  remaining  in  this 
business  for  a short  time  he  sold  out  and  went  into  the  agricultu- 
ral business,  and  four  years  later  changing  to  the  manufacture  of 
commercial  fertilizers  as  secretary  of  the  Quinnipiac  Fertilizer 
Company  of  New  Haven  and  New  London,  Conn.  He  sold  out 
his  interest  in  this  company  in  1874  and  became  connected  with 
the  E.  Frank  Coe  Fertilizer  Company  in  New  York  City  and 
eventually  became  the  president  of  the  company.  In  1894  he 
disposed  of  his  interest  in  this  company  and  is  now  giving  his 
attention  to  the  Kings  County  Trust  Company. 


JAMES  W.  BOYLE, 

VICE-PRESIDENT  EAST  RIVER  BRIDGE  COMMISSION. 

James  W.  Boyle  was  born  in  the  City  of  New  York  May  14, 
1845.  His  education  was  received  at  Mechanics’  Institute,  and 
he  was,  through  the  death  of  his  father,  compelled  at  the  age  of 
fifteen  to  assume  charge  of  his  large  trucking  business.  Being 
progressive  and  enterprising,  he  entered  the  wholesale  oyster 
business  at  the  age  of  seventeen.  The  stripling  lad,  by  persever- 
ance and  energy,  soon  stood  in  the  front  ranks  of  the  trade,  and 
numbered  amongst  his  patrons  the  finest  hotels  and  restaurants, 
not  only  in  New  York  City,  but  throughout  the  entire  country. 

At  an  early  age  he  took  an  active  interest  in  politics  and  allied 
himself  with  the  Tammany  Hall  organization.  Recogriizing  his 
loyalty  and  ability,  he  was  elected  Chairman  of  Tammany  Hall 
Committee,  Ninth  Assembly  District,  in  1892,  and  which,  through 
reapportionment,  is  now  the  Seventh  Assembly  District.  He  has, 
through  hard  and  persistent  work,  redeemed  it  from  the  Repub- 
lican party  and  made  it  one  of  the  strongest  Democratic  districts. 
His  faithful  services  in  the  cause  of  Democracy  were  acknowl- 
edged by  Mayor  Van  Wyck,  who  honored  him  by  appointment 
as  one  of  the  New  East  River  Bridge  Commissioners,  of  which 
body  he  is  Vice-President. 

He  has  a large  circle  of  social  as  well  as  political  friends  and 


238 

is  a member  of  tlie  Democratic,  Alanhattan  and  New  York  Ath- 
letic Clubs. 


SMITH  EDWARD  LANE. 

Smith  Edward  Lane  was  born  in  the  City  of  New  York  on 
the  22(1  of  July,  1829.  He  was  descended  on  his  mother’s  side 
from  a Huguenot  refugee  nobleman,  who  settled  in  New  York 
City  about  the  year  1685,  and  on  his  father’s  side  from  an 
Englishman,  who  came  to  this  country  about  the  year  1665. 

At  the  age  of  fourteen  he  entered  the  University  of  the  City 
of  New  York  and  was  graduated  there  in  1848.  In  June,  1898, 
at  the  recent  annual  meeting  of  the  alumni  of  the  University, 
representing  the  survivors  of  his  class,  he  delivered  the  semi- 
centennial address.  Mr.  Lane  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  of  New 
York  in  1852,  and  has  since  been  a practising  lawyer  in  that  city, 
where  he  has  always  resided. 

Mr.  Lane  has  been  actively  engaged  in  politics  since  1852, 
having  been  identified  with  the  Democratic  party  and  frequently 
a delegate  to  its  State  conventions  from  the  City  of  New  York. 
He  is  an  old  member  of  the  Society  of  Tammany  or  Columbian 
Order  and  a member  of  the  General  Committee  of  Tammany  Hall 
for  nearly  thirty  years.  He  was  appointed  a Commissioner  of 
Parks  of  the  City  of  New  York  in  1878  and  held  the  office  for 
five  years.  In  this  capacity  he  became  well  known  by  displaying 
two  traits  of  character  that  are  well  fitted  for  such  a position- — • 
activity  and  sound  judgment.  In  January,  1898,  Mayor  Van 
Wyck  appointed  him  as  one  of  the  Commissioners  of  the  New 
East  River  Bridge,  and  at  the  organization  he  was  elected  its 
Secretary,  and  is  now  actively  engaged  in  furthering  the  work 
of  the  construction  of  the  bridge. 

For  services  rendered  to  the  United  States  of  Venezuela  in 
1887  the  President  of  that  Republic  conferred  upon  him  the  order 
of  El  Busto  del  Libertador,  of  the  class  of  Officer,  and  in  1889, 
for  further  services,  he  was  advanced  to  the  higher  class  of  Com- 
mander. He  was  also  made  an  honorary  foreign  member  of  the 
Government  institution,  “ La  Academia  Nacional  de  la  Historia,” 
of  Venezuela.  He  has  traveled  extensively  in  this  country  and 
in  Europe,  and  possesses  the  polish  that  comes  from  having  “seen 
the  cities  of  many  men.”  He  is  an  old  and  active  member  of  the 
Union  Club  of  the  Borough  of  Manhattan,  of  the  Delta  Phi  Club, 
of  the  New  York  Historical  Society,  and  of  many  other  kindred 


239 


institutions.  His  family,  on  both  the  paternal  and  maternal 
sides,  having  continuously  resided  on  the  Island  of  Manhattan 
for  more  than  two  hundred  years — a remarkable  case — he  may 
claim  to  be  a genuine  New  Yorker. 


THOMAS  S.  MOORE, 

NEW  EAST  RIVER  BRIDGE  COMMISSIONER. 

Thomas  S.  Moore,  Commissioner  of  the  New  East  River 
Bridge,  was  born  in  Newburgh,  N.  Y.,  in  1842.  He  was  gradu- 
ated from  the  Lawrence,  Mass.,  Scientific  School,  and  later  was 
assistant  to  Prof.  E.  M.  Hosford,  the  Rumford  Professor  of 
Chemistry  at  Harvard  University. 

In  the  year  i860  he  came  to  New  York  and  entered  the  office 
of  Judge  Fullerton.  He  studied  law  while  he  attended  to  his 
clerical  duties,  and  in  the  year  1863  was  graduated  and  admitted 
to  the  Bar. 

Mr.  Moore,  who  has  been  in  active  practice  ever  since,  and  is 
now  senior  member  of  a well-known  law  firm  in  this  City,  repre- 
sents as  counsellor  some  of  the  leading  corporations  in  Greater 
New  York. 

The  success  which  he  has  attained  in  winning  important  cases 
involving  fine  points  of  law,  and  his  record  as  an  Assistant  Dis- 
trict Attorney  in  Kings  County,  has  given  him  a high  standing 
both  in  official  and  private  circles. 

Mr.  Moore,  who  has  always  shown  public  spirit  and  enthu- 
siasm concerning  city  works  and  improvements,  was  appointed 
an  East  River  Bridge  Commissioner  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck  early 
in  1898. 

Mr.  Moore  is  a member  of  the  Century,  University,  Lawyers’, 
Brooklyn,  Hamilton,  Rockaway  Hunt  and  Brooklyn  Riding  and 
Driving  Clubs,  and  the  New  York  Bar  Association. 


JOHN  W.  WEBER, 

EAST  RIVER  BRIDGE  COMMISSIONER. 

John  W.  Weber  was  born  in  Kingston,  N.  Y.,  in  1851.  He 
was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  place,  where  he 
remained  long  enough  to  equip  himself  for — which  has  since 
proven  to  be — a fine,  successful  business  career. 


240 


In  i88i  Mr.  Weber  removed  to  Brooklyn  and  embarked  in 
the  brewing  business  with  William  Ulmer  and  John  F.  Becker, 
of  the  William  Ulmer  Brewery,  continuing  the  business  associa- 
tion up  to  the  present  time. 

From  1889  to  1895  Mr.  Weber  was  a member  of  the  Brooklyn 
Board  of  Education,  and  in  his  capacity  as  such  was  instru-  j 

mental  in  obtaining  much  needed  school  accommodation  of  the  | 

Eighteenth,  Twenty-seventh  and  Twenty-eighth  Wards  of  that  j 

city.  ! 

In  1892  he  was  one  of  the  Democratic  electors  which  made 
Mr.  Cleveland  President  of  the  United  States. 

In  January,  1898,  his  standing  as  a citizen  and  ability  as  a 
business  man  were  recognized  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck,  who  ap- 
pointed him  a member  of  the  New  East  River  Bridge  Commis- 
sion. 

Mr.  Weber  is  a member  of  the  Bushwick  Club,  Parkway  Driv- 
ing Club,  Arion  Society  and  the  Democratic  Club  of  New  York. 


1 

i 


THE  EXAMINING  BOARD  OF  PLUMBERS. 


The  Examining  Board  of  Plumbers  was  created  (chap.  602, 
Laws  of  1892,  and  chap.  622,  Laws  of  1894)  for  the  purpose  of 
examining  all  applicants  desiring  to  become  employing  or  master 
plumbers. 

The  Board  is  composed  of  five  members,  two  of  them  being 
ex  officio.  One  of  the  ex  officio  members  is  by  law  Chief  Inspector 
of  Plumbing,  Lighting  and  Ventilation  in  the  Department  of 
Buildings.  The  other  ex  officio  member  is  Chief  Engineer  of  the 
Department  of  Sewers. 

The  Board  meets  three  days  a week  and  holds  sessions  at 
which  applicants  are  examined.  For  this  examination  a fee  of 
$5  is  charged,  which  is  turned  over  to  the  City.  The  first  meet- 
ing under  the  present  Board  was  held  March  i,  1898.  Since  that 
date  the  Board  has  examined  248  applicants. 


JOHN  RENEHAN, 

PRESIDENT  EXAMINING  BOARD  OF  PLUMBERS. 

John  Renehan  was  born  in  Ireland  forty-eight  years  ago. 
He  came  to  New  York  with  his  parents  when -a  child,  and  re- 
ceived a good  public  school  education  in  this  city.  For  the  past 
thirty-five  years  Mr.  Renehan  has  made  New  York  his  business 
home,  and  in  that  time  he  has  developed  from  a plumbers’  appren- 
tice into  one  of  the  most  expert  master  workmen  and  authorities 
in  his  trade.  Much  of  the  important  work  required  in  his  line 
for  hospitals,  colleges  and  schools,  both  in  and  out  of  the  city, 
has  been  done  under  his  plans  and  supervision,  and  the  attention 
he  attracted  because  of  this  work  has  given  him  a high  standing 
in  other  walks. 

His  appointment,  therefore,  as  a member  of  the  Board  of 
Plumbers  was  a natural  one,  and  his  election  to  the  Presidency 
of  the  Board  a further  recognition  of  his  executive  ability. 

Previous  to  the  consolidation  of  Greater  New  York  Mr. 
Renehan  was  for  one  year  President  of  the  Village  of  Far  Rock- 
away,  two  years  a Village  Trustee,  and  five  years  a member  of 
16 


‘JOHN  RENE^ 


JAMES  E.M5GOVERN 
SECRETARY  /■ 


examining  Board  of  Plumbers 


243 


the  Health  Board  of  that  place.  Mr.  Renehan  is^a  member  of 
the  Master  Plumbers’  Association  of  New  York,  the  Mohawk 
Hose  of  Far  Rockaway,  and  a Tammany  Hall  Democrat  in  the 
Twenty-ninth  Assembly  District. 

EDWARD  HALEY, 

TRE.\SURER  EXAMINING  BOARD  OF  PLUMBERS. 

Edward  Haley  was  born  in  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  in  1855.  He 
attended  the  public  schools  and  St.  Joseph’s  Roman  Catholic 
School  in  that  city,  and,  after  leaving  the  latter  institution,  was 
apprenticed  to  the  plumbing  trade. 

After  learning  his  trade  in  all  its  branches,  he  worked  for  a 
number  of  the  best  firms  in  that  line  in  Brooklyn.  Desiring  to 
go  into  business  for  himself,  however,  he  opened  up  an  establish- 
ment of  his  own  and  has  been  successfully  engaged  as  an  employ- 
ing plumber  since. 

Mr.  Haley,  who  joined  the  Democratic  party  in  1876,  is  a 
member  of  the  Ninth  Ward  Democratic  Club  in  Brooklyn,  and 
has  been  prominently  identified  with  his  party  for  a number  of 
years. 

He  was  appointed  a member  of  the  Examining  Board  of 
Plumbers  on  July  13,  1898. 


JAMES  E.  McGovern, 

SECRETARY  EXAMINING  BOARD  OF  PLUMBERS. 

James  E.  McGovern  was  born  in  Greenwich,  Conn.,  July  4, 
1858.  He  attended  the  public  schools  there  until  1872.  In  that 
year  he  came  to  New  York  and  entered  the  plumbing  trade  as 
an  apprentice.  He  served  four  years  in  this  capacity  and 
attended  evening  school  during  sessions  of  same  for  that  period. 

After  learning  his  trade  he  became  interested  in  trade  associa- 
tions and  in  this  connection  has  held  several  important  positions, 
among  them  being  President  of  the  New  York  City  Association 
of  Journeymen  Plumbers,  which  he  held  for  two  terms.  He  was 
also  at  one  time  a member  of  the  Examining  Board  of  Plumbers’ 
National  Association. 

In  1893  Mayor  Gilroy  appointed  him  a member  of  the  Exam- 
ining Board  of  Plumbers,  and  in  February,  1898,  he  was  reap- 


L- 


244 


pointed  to  the  same  position  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck.  Apart  from 
any  official  position  he  has  held,  Mr.  McGovern  has,  since  he  be- 
came a journeyman,  always  had  a responsible  place  in  the  active 
work  connected  with  his  trade,  and  has  been  and  is  at  present  em- 
ployed as  foreman  on  some  of  New  York’s  largest  buildings. 

In  politics  Mr.  McGovern  is  a Democrat.  He  is  a member 
of  the  Cherokee  Club  of  the  Twenty-eighth  Assembly  District,  in 
which  he  has  been  a resident  for  twelve  years. 


L. 


PUBLIC  ADMINISTRATOR. 


The  office  of  Public  Administrator  of  New  York  is  con- 
ducted for  the  purpose  of  protecting  the  interests  of  creditors 
and  next  of  kin  in  cases  of  intestacy  where  no  relatives  reside  in 
the  County. 

The  City  derives  a commission  of  5 per  cent,  on  all  amounts 
collected  by  the  Bureau  up  to  $2,500,  and  a commission  of  2| 
per  cent,  on  all  amounts  exceeding  that  sum.  No  other  charges 
are  made  by  the  Bureau  and  no  disbursements  are  made,  except 
for  the  necessary  expenses  of  administration,  there  being  no  fees 
or  allowances.  Large  sums  are  annually  paid  by  this  Bureau  into 
the  City  Treasury  for  the  benefit  of  the  unknown  next  of  kin. 
These  remain  to  a large  extent  unclaimed  and  the  City  derives 
the  benefit  of  the  interest  thereon,  aside  from  the  commissions 
above  mentioned. 

During  the  first  six  months  of  the  year  1898,  $187,529.40  have 
been  collected,  and  $158,517.50  have  been  disbursed. 

Under  the  new  Charter  the  jurisdiction  of  the  Bureau  has 
been  extended  to  take  in  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx.  It  formerly 
had  jurisdiction  only  over  The  City  of  New  York  proper. 


WILLIAM  M.  HOES, 

PUBLIC  ADMINISTRATOR. 

William  M.  Hoes  was  born  at  Kinderhook,  Columbia 
County,  New  York;  attended  the  Kinderhook  Academy,  was 
graduated  from  Williams  College  in  1861 ; later  attended  the 
Columbia  College  Law  School,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Bar 
thereafter  and  has  been  engaged  in  active  practice  until  his  ap- 
pointment as  Public  Administrator. 

Mr.  Hoes  is  of  Holland  Dutch  descent,  his  father,  who  died 
at  Kinderhook,  spoke  the  Holland  Dutch  language. 

He  is  a member  and  Past  Master  of  Kane  Lodge,  No.  454, 
F.  & A.  M.;  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Holland  Society;  a 
member  of  the  Down  Town,  Manhattan  and  Democratic  Clubs, 
and  of  the  Association  of  the  Bar.  In  politics  Mr.  Hoes  is  a 
Democrat. 


L_ 


246 


WILLIAM  B.  DAVENPORT, 

PUBLIC  ADMINISTRATOR BROOKLYN. 


William  B.  Davenport  was  born  in 
the  Borough  of  Manhattan  March  10, 
1847.  He  is  descended  on  his  father’s 
side  from  Rev.  John  Davenport,  who 
founded  the  New  Haven  Colony  in  1638, 
and  on  his  mother’s  side  from  Joris  Van 
Alst,  who  emigrated  from  Utrecht  in  the 
Netherlands,  and  settled  at  Flushing 
Bay  in  1636. 

In  September,  1848,  Mr.  Davenport’s 
father  removed  to  Brooklyn,  where  he 

has  since  resided. 

He  was  educated  at  the  Brooklyn  Polytechnic  and  was  a 
member  of  the  Class  of  1867  of  Yale  College.  In  1887  he  re- 
ceived the  honorary  degree  of  Master  of  Arts  from  Yale  Univer- 
sity. ! 

He  read  law  and  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  of  the  State  of  New 
York  in  1870.  He  has  been  actively  engaged  in  the  practice  of 
his  profession  since  that  time. 

He  was  appointed  Public  Administrator  of  the  County  of 
Kings  in  February,  1889,  and  reappointed  in  March,  1894,  for 
a term  not  yet  expired. 

He  was  a member  of  the  Constitutional  Convention  of  1894 
and  served  as  a member  of  the  Committee  on  Cities  and  on  Cor- 
porations. He  is  a Trustee  of  the  Brooklyn  Institute  of  Arts 
and  Sciences  and  its  Treasurer;  a Trustee  of  the  Peoples’  Trust 
Company;  a Trustee  of  the  Polhemus  Memorial  Clinic  and  its 
President;  a Trustee  of  the  Kings  County  Jeffersonian  Associa- 
tion and  its  President;  a Director  of  the  American  District  Tele- 
graph Company;  a Director  of  the  Brooklyn  New  England  So- 
ciety and  its  President;  an  ex-President  of  the  Long  Island  Yale- 
Alumni  Association  and.  of  the  Polytechnic  Association. 

He  is  a member  of  University  and  Yale  Clubs  in  the  Borough 
of  Manhattan,  and  of  Brooklyn,  Hamilton,  Crescent  Athletic  and 
Polytechnic  Clubs,  in  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn. 

He  is  a member  of  the  New  York  Bar  Association,  Society 
of  the  Colonial  Wars  and  Sons  of  the  Revolution. 

He  resides  at  No.  201  Washington  Park,  in  the  Borough  of 
Brooklyn.  ' 


COUNTY  CLERK^S  OFFICE. 

WILLIAM  SOHMER, 

COUNTY  CLERK. 

WiLLi.-\M  SoHMER  was  bom  at  Wurtemberg,  Germany,  on 
I\[ay  26,  1852.  He  was  scarcely  three  months  old  when  his  father, 
who  was  a physician  and  mayor  of  his  native  town,  died.  He  left 
a widow  with  eight  children.  In  1858'  the  family  emigrated  to 
America  and  settled  in  this  city. 

Young  Sohmer  was  sent  to  the  public  schools  and  also  to  Dr. 
^linrath’s  Academy  on  Second  avenue,  where  he  specially  pur- 
sued the  study  of  mathematics  and  foreign  languages. 

It  was  planned  by  the  family  that  William  should  prepare 
himself  for  the  medical  profession,  but  their  means  were  too 
limited  to  enable  him  to  prosecute  his  studies,  and  he  took  up 
the  trade  of  a piano-maker.  For  four  years  he  worked  at  his 
trade  and  acquired  considerable  expertness  as  a mechanic.  At 
the  end  of  that  period  it  was  deemed  advisable  by  the  family  that 
in  addition  to  having  acquired  a trade  William  should  take  up 
some  mercantile  pursuit. 

Accordingly,  in  1872,  he  entered  the  insurance  business.  He 
established  an  agency  in  the  populous  section  of  the  city,  and 
within  a few  years  his  office  transacted  an  enormous  volume  of 
annual  business.  The  reputation  he  gained  in  the  insurance 
field  soon  induced  the  leading  insurance  corporations  to  eagerly 
compete  for  Mr.  Sohmer’s  services. 

Mr.  Sohmers’s  entrance  into  the  field  of  active  politics  dates 
back  to  the  year  i88c),  when  he  was  made  the  candidate  for  the 
Assembly  in  the  Tenth  District.  Representative  citizens  organ- 
ized a movement  in  his  behalf.  In  a call  which  they  issued  they 
described  the  man  of  their  choice  as  follows: 

“ He  is  not  a pronounced  partisan  nor  a politician,  but  simply 
an  intelligent  and  public-spirited  citizen  of  firm  character  and 
high  motives,  who  would  represent  the  true  interests  of  the 
people.” 

Tvlr.  Sohmer  served  three  successive  terms  in  the  Assembly, 
being  re-elected  by  increased  majorities  each  time,  and  left  an 
enviable  record.  His  Anti-Pinkerton  bill,  which  became  a law, 


249 


won  him  the  lasting  gratitude  of  the  labor  element.  He  voted  for 
the  Saxton  Ballot  Reform  bill,  and  was  highly  commended  for 
his  ^courageous  course  by  the  press'  and  the  public. 

At  the  end  of  his  third  term  he  was  made  a Deputy  Tax  Com- 
missioner. To  secure  the  latter  office  he  was  obliged  to  pass  a 
difficult  civil  service  examination.  He  came  out  first  among 
sixteen  competitors.  He  was  appointed  in  1893  and  held  the 
office  until  1896,  when  he  resigned  to  accept  the  nomination  for 
Register. 

His  management  of  the  Register’s  Office  is  generally  ac- 
knowledged to  have  been  business-like  and  efficient  in  the  highest 
degree. 

To  those  who  know  Mr.  Sohmer  intimately,  he  sizes  up  well 
as  a man  of  character  and  capacity.  He  is  readily  to  be  ranked 
among  the  higher  type  of  public  men.  He  possesses  strong  in- 
tellectual qualities,  a firm  and  upright  character,  and  that  public 
experience  which  fits  him  for  positions  requiring  executive  ability 
of  a higher  order. 

Mr.  Sohmer  married  in  1872  and  has  four  children.  He  is 
a member  of  the  Arion,  the  Eickenkranz,  Beethoven,  Leider- 
kranz.  New  York  Turn  Verein,  Century  Wheelmen,  Democratic 
Club,  and  a large  number  of  other  associations. 

GEORGE  H.  EAHRBACH. 

George  H.  Fahrbach  was  born  in  New  York  City  on  the 
1st  day  of  February,  1863.  He  entered  public  life  at  the  age  of 
twenty-three;  was  educated  in  the  common  schools  of  New  York 
City. 

His  first  position  was  that  of  Recording  Clerk,  from  1886  to 
1888,  under  County  Clerk  James  A.  Flack;  in  1888  he  received 
the  appointment  of  Chief  Application  Clerk  of  the  Excise  Board 
and  served  under  Commissioner  Charles  H.  Woodman  until 
1890,  when  County  Clerk  P.  Joseph  Scully  appointed  him  Equity 
Clerk  of  the  Supreme  Court,  which  place  he  held  until  January 
I,  1898,  when  County  Clerk  William  Sohmer  appointed  him 
Deputy  County  Clerk.  Mr.  Fahrbach  is  married  and  has  one 
child. 


SHERIFFS  OFFICE. 

THOMAS  J.  DUNN, 

SHERIFF  OF  NEW  YORK  COUNTY. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  is  an  interesting  study.  Interest- 
ing to  the  curious  phrenologist,  who  is  fond  of  weighing  up  fine 
characteristics  and  shaping  them  to  see  how  near  he  comes  to 
Nature’s  estimate.  The  world-at-large,  however,  needs  no  one 
to  tell  it  what  manner  of  man  the  Sheriff  of  New  York  County 
is,  for  he  is  what  artists  would  call  an  “ easy  study.”  There  is 
nothing  about  him  that  is  not  as  clear  as  crystal,  and  there  has 
been  nothing  in  his  life  that  does  not  bear  this  out.  Mr.  Dunn 
has  lived  up  to  himself  at  ever}'  stage  of  his  career,  and  that 
career  up  to  date  is  about  as  follows  : 

He  was  born  forty-eight  years  ago  in  Clonmel,  Ireland,  and 
he  comes  from  good  Tipperary  stock.  His  parents  were  well-to- 
do,  and  he  received  a good  education  in  English  and  mathematics 
in  the  national  schools  of  his  native  land.  His  imagination  saw 
America,  however,  so  he  landed  in  New  York  one  fine  day  about 
thirty  years  ago.  His  first  work  in  the  new  land  was  done  on  a 
farm.  He  soon  found  something  better,  however,  and  joining  a 
firm  of  stone-cutters  learned  the  trade,  in  which  he  has  since 
carved  his  way  to  a fortune.  When  he  had  time  to  take  an 
interest  in  politics,  he  joined  Tammany  Hall  and  became  the 
leader  of  that  organization  in  the  old  Twentieth  District,  in  1891. 
When  the  districts  were  re-arranged  in  1895,  and  parts  of  the 
Twentieth  and  Twenty-second  were  consolidated  with  the 
Twenty-sixth,  there  was  no  one  but  Mr.  Dunn  thought  of  for 
the  leadership.  Up  in  his  district  every  other  man  gives  a differ- 
ent reason  for  his  popularity.  ' The  phrenologist  says  that  this 
means  that  the  foundation  of  the  Sheriff’s  character  is  heart,  and 
with  it  is  linked  a combination  of  qualities  which  are  not  common 
in  one  man.  Some  of  these  qualities  are  simplicity,  honesty  and 
reliability.  Combine  with  these  the  general  qualities  of  humor,, 
cheerfulness,  a romantic  and  a poetic  temperament  and  the  pic- 
ture is  one  of  a man  the  world  likes  to  look  upon. 

Examples  of  the  use  the  Sheriff  has  made  of  his  natural  gifts 
are  on  every  hand.  His  friends  (no  limit)  say  that  it  would 


252 


take  a force  of  recording  angels  to  write  his  kind  acts,  and  that 
his  flashes  of  wit  and  humor  would  make  an  entertaining  book. 

Is  it  any  wonder,  then,  when  he  was  elected  Sheriff  of  the 
County  of  New  York  he  polled  more  votes  than  both  of  the  other 
candidates?  The  wonder  is  that  the  other  candidates  consented 
to  run. 


HENRY  P.  MULVANY, 

UNDER  SHERIFF. 

Henry  P.  Mulvany  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1852. 
He  attended  the  public  schools  of  this  city,  and  after  a short 
period,  in  which  he  served  as  a messenger  boy,  learned  the  steam 
and  gas  fitting  trade.  ' 

In  1874  Mr.  Mulvany  was  appointed  a Keeper  in  the  Sheriff’s 
Office,  under  Sheriff  Connor.  In  1878  he  was  made  a Clerk  to 
Deputy  Sheriff,  under  Bernard  Reilly,  and  remained  in  this  capa- 
city during  different  administrations  up  to  1891,  when  he  was 
appointed  Deputy  Sheriff. 

In  1897  he  was  made  Acting  Warden  of  the  New  York 
County  Jail,  and  in  January  of  this  year  was  appointed  Under 
Sheriff. 

Mr.  Mulvany  is  not  only  thoroughly  familiar  with  his  present 
•duties,  but  his  general  knowledge  of  the  workings  of  other  City 
Departments  has  made  him  a valuable  City  official. 

Apart  from  his  official  duties  Mr.  Mulvany  has  found  time 
fo  associate  himself  with  a number  of  fraternal  societies  and 
political  clubs,  in  all  of  which  he  is  popular  and  takes  a promi- 
nent part.  Among  these  organizations  are  the  A.  O.  U.  W.,  of 
which  he  is  Past  Master;  Exalted  Ruler  of  Lodge  No.  i,  B.  P. 
O.  E.;  member  of  the  Democratic  Club  and  Tammany  Hall,  and 
Secretary  of  the  Tammany  Central  Association. 

PATRICK  H.  PICKETT, 

warden  new  YORK  COUNTY  JAIL. 

Patrick  H.  Pickett  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1842. 
He  received  a common  school  education,  and  when  he  was  old 
enough  to  fight  for  his  country,  enlisted  in  the  Tenth  Regiment, 
Kew  York  Volunteers,  and  went  to  the  front. 

He  took  part  in  the  battles  of  Bull  Run  and  Fredericksburg, 
and  at  the  close  of  the  war  returned  to  New  York  and  became 


253 


a member  of  the  Police  force.  He  was  appointed  on  the  force 
in  1865,  five  years  later  was  made  a Serg'eant,  and  a few  years 
later  was  promoted  to  a Captain. 

He  remained  in  the  above  capacity  for  about  twenty  years, 
serving  under  eight  Superintendents  of  Police  and  doing  efficient 
Police  work  in  ten  precincts. 

Captain  Pickett  was  appointed  Warden  of  Ludlow  Street  Jail 
early  in  1898,  and  since  his  appointment  has  conducted  the  office 
in  a thoroughly  business-like  manner,  to  the  satisfaction  of  the 
public  and  the  heads  of  the  City  Government  with  whom  he  has 
official  relations. 


COMMISSIONER  OF  JURORS. 

CHARLES  WELDE, 

COMMISSIONER  OF  JURORS. 

Charles  Welde  was  born  in  Stuttgart. 
Germany,  on  March  22,  1843,  attended 
school  there  until  eleven  years  old,  when  he 
came  with  his  father  to  this  country  in 
1854,  and  settled  in  this  city.  At  an  early 
age  he  was  apprenticed  to  the  sash  and 
blind  branch  of  the  carpentering  trade; 
while  learning  his  trade  he  was  also  edu- 
cating himself  by  attending  night  school. 
In  1865,  being  then  twenty-two  years  old, 
Mr.  Welde  went  into  business,  and  almost 
at  once  establfshed  himself  in  a prosperous  trade;  from  that  time 
until  he  retired  from  business  in  1888  it  is  probable  that  he  fur- 
nished more  material  in  his  line  toward  building  up  Harlem  than 
any  living  man;  he  built  also,  and  that  very  extensively. 

He  was  appointed  Police  Justice  by  Mayor  Edson  in  1884, 
and  was  reappointed  by  Mayor  Grant  in  1892,  and  served  with 
credit  until  legislated  out  of  office  through  change  of  politics. 
He  was  appointed  Commissioner  of  Jurors  by  Mayor  Van  Wyck, 
which  position  he  holds  at  present.  He  is  leader  of  the  Thirty- 
first  Assembly  District,  a member  of  the  Sagamore  Club,  Demo- 
cratic Club,  and  a member  of  the  Tammany  Hall  Executive 
Committee. 

H.  W.  GRAY, 

SPECIAI.  COMMISSIONER  OF  JURORS. 

H.  W^  Gray  was  born  in  New  York  City 
in  1839.  He  was  educated  at  private  schools 
and  the  New  York  University,  after  which  he 
entered  the  shipping  business,  in  which  he 
remained  for  eight  years. 

In  1891  Mr.  Gray  was  appointed  a 
Park  Commissioner  and  served  the  city 
in  that  capacity  for  two  years.  In  1893 
he  was  made  a Eire  Commissioner,  but  re- 
signed a year  before  Mayor  Strong  as- 
sumed office.  In  May,  1896,  he  was 
appointed  Special  Commissioner  of  Jurors. 


255 


Apart  from  and  previous  to  any  official  positions  he  has  held, 
Mr.  Gray  has  always  been  active  in  a business  sense,  and  is  now 
and  has  been  a prominent  member  of  the  Stock  Exchange  for 
many  years. 

Mr.  Gray  is  a gentleman  who  possesses  strong  social  qualities, 
and  in  this  respect  has  gratified  his  taste  by  becoming  a member 
of  a number  of  the  best  clubs  in  New  York.  Among  the  clubs  of 
which  he  is  a member  are  the  Union,  Knickerbocker,  Century, 
Psi  Upsilon  and  Metropolitan  Clubs. 

In  politics  he  is  and  always  has  been  a Democrat. 


REGISTER'S  OFFICE. 

ISAAC  FROMME. 

Isaac  Fromme  was  born  in  New  York 
City  August  4,  1854,  and  after  being  gradu- 
ated from  Grammar  School  No.  20,  in  Chrys- 
tie  street,  in  1869,  entered  the  College  of  the 
City  of  New  York,  whence  he  was  graduated 
in  1874.  Then  determining  on  adopting  the 
legal  profession  he  entered  Columbia  Law 
School  and  at  the  same  time  served  in  the  of- 
fice of  a law  firm  in  the  city,  thus  acquiring 
at  once  a knowledge  of  the  theoretical  and 
practical  details  of  his  chosen  profession.  He 
completed  his  studies  at  Columbia  in  1876  and  at  once  entered  on 
his  profession,  in  which  from  the  first  day  he  has  been  successful. 
He  now,  after  nearly  a quarter  of  a century’s  active  business  en- 
joys a large  and  lucrative  practice  and  numbers  among  his  clients 
the  largest  business  and  mercantile  houses  in  this  city,  including 
large  real  estate  interests. 

His  predecessor  was  hampered  by  the  Reform  Administration 
in  the  discharge  of  the  duties  of  his  office,  but  with  the  co-opera- 
tion and  assistance  of  a friendly  administration  Mr.  Fromme  was 
enabled  to  dispose  of  6,000  unrecorded  deeds  and  mortgages  and 
3,500  satisfaction  pieces,  thus  enabling  him  to  keep  up  with  the 
daily  work  of  the  office  and  returning  papers  in  twenty-four  and 
forty-eight  hours.  Register  Fromme  has  made  the  office  adapt  it- 
self to  the  convenience  and  interests  of  the  lawyers  and  real  estate 
men  who  do  business  with  said  office.  As  a result  of  his  labors 
Mr.  Fromme  has  received  almost  daily  congratulatory  letters 
from  distinguished  lawyers  and  others  interested  in  the  affairs  of 
the  Register’s  Office.  This  was  effectively  voiced  in  an  editorial 
in  The  Record  and  Guide  of  February  5,  1898,  which  said:  “ Real 
estate  men  and  lawyers  are  already  commenting  with  satisfaction 
upon  the  administration  of  the  new  Register,  Mr.  Isaac  Fromme. 
He  has  in  great  measure  reorganized  the  Department,  in  ad- 
dition to  establishing  a very  much  higher  standard  of  require- 
ment for  his  force  than  has  hitherto  prevailed.  We  are  able  tO’ 
vouch  for  the  fact  that  now,  for  the  first  time  within  our  knowl- 


257 


edge  of  thirty  years,  the  work  of  the  office  is  completely  finished 
every  day,  so  that  nothing  is  carried  over.  This  is  a great  con- 
venience for  lawyers  and  others.  It  proves  what  was  stated  in 
these  columns  when  Mr.  Fromme  was  nominated,  that  the  Reg- 
ister’s Office  can  only  be  conducted  by  some  one  intimately  ac- 
quainted, as  Mr.  Fromme  is,  with  the  requirements  of  the  legal 
and  real  estate  professions.  Mr.  Fromme  is  one  of  the  good  re- 
sults of  the  late  election.” 

Mr.  Fromme  is  a prominent  Mason.  Fie  is  a member  of 
Hope  Lodge  No.  244,  F.  & A.  M.,  was  last  District  Deputy 
of  5,162  Masons,  and  has  just  been  appointed  Grand  Marshal 
of  the  Grand  Lodge  of  IMasons  of  the  State  of  New  York. 
Is  Past  Grand  Master  of  the  Lodge  of  Perfection,  Scottish 
Rite  Masons;  a member  of  all  the  Scottish  Rite  bodies 
and  of  the  Mystic  Shrine.  He  is  also  a member  of  Mount 
Horeb  Lodge,  Free  Sons  of  Israel,  No.  61,  is  the  Past  President 
of  Zion  Lodge  No.  2 of  the  Independent  Order  of  B’nai  Brith; 
is  an  ex-Governor  of  the  Home  for  Aged  Hebrews,  at  Yonkers; 
is  a member  of  the  West  Side  Association  and  the  West  End 
Club,  the  Progress  Club,  and  also  of  IMount  Sinai  Hospital, 
Montefiore  Home,  the  German  Society  of  New  York  and  the 
Elizabeth  Home.  He  is  also  a member  of  the  City  College  Club, 
of  the  Columbian  Order  or  Tammany  Society,  the  Democratic 
Club;  is  a member  of  the  Committee  on  Flunicipal  Affairs  and  of 
the  Executive  Committee  of  Tammany  Hall,  on  the  Committee  on 
Organization  of  the  Nineteenth  and  Twenty-first  Assembly  Dis- 
tricts, a member  of  the  Pontiac  and  Narragansett  Clubs,  and  or- 
ganized the  Pontiac  Building  Company  and  the  Narragansett 
Building  Company.  He  is  also  very  popular  with  the  principals 
of  the  public  schools  of  the  City  of  New  York  and  persons  in- 
terested in  public  school  education,  in  which  he  has  always 
taken  an  active  interest.  He  has  a host  of  warm  personal  friends 
and  a strong  following  of  distinguished  citizens. 

Register  Fromme  is  fortunate  in  his  domestic  life  and 
has  a most  happy  home.  He  is  married  and  has  five  children, 
three  boys  and  two  girls. 

The  foregoing  gives  an  idea  of  the  character  of  a man  who 
holds  so  high  a position  in  political  and  social  life. 


n 


JUDGES  OF  THE  SUPREME  COURT. 


Judge  Abraham  R.  LAWRE^•CE  was  born  in  this  city  in  1832. 
He  was  educated  at  a private  school  and  read  law  with  his  father 
until  1854,  when  he  was  admitted  to  the  Bar.  In  1867  he  was 
elected  a member  of  the  Constitutional  Convention  and  in  1873 
was  nominated  and  elected  a Judge  of  the  Superior  Court.  He 
was  elected  a Supreme  Court  Judge  in  1874  and  re-elected  in 
1887  for  a term  of  fourteen  years. 

Judge  Charles  H.  Truax  was  born  in  Oneida  County  in 
1846.  He  attended  the  public  schools,  the  Oneida  Seminary  and 
Hamilton  College,  receiving  from  the  latter  the  degrees  of  iMaster 
of  Arts  and  Doctor  of  Laws. 

He  removed  to  New  York  in  1868,  and  after  his  admission  to 
the  Bar,  engaged  in  the  actual  practice  of  his  profession  until 
1880.  In  that  year  he  was  elected  Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court 
for  a term  of  fourteen  years.  In  the  fall  of  1895  he  was  elected 
to  the  Supreme  Court  for  the  First  Judicial  District,  beginning 
January,  1896. 

He  was  a delegate  to  the  Constitutional  Convention  in  1894. 

Judge  Charles  F.  MacLe.\n  was  born  in  New  York  fifty- 
one  years  ago.  He  received  his  early  education  in  this  city  and 
later  entered  Yale  College,  from  which  he  was  graduated.  In 
1879  he  was  appointed  a Police  Commissioner  and  served  with 
credit  on  the  Board  for  one  year  when  he  was  made  a Park 
Commissioner.  In  1882  he  was  re-appointed  a Police  Commis- 
sioner and  served  as  such  for  a number  of  years.  In  1888  he 
was  again  appointed  to  the  same  position  and  remained  a mem- 
ber of  the  Board  until  1894.  In  1895  he  was  counsel  to  Sheriff 
Tamsen  and  the  following  year  was  elected  a Judge  of  the 
Supreme  Court  for  a term  of  fourteen  years. 

Judge  Frederick  Smvtii,  of  the  Supreme  Court,  was  born 
in  County  Galway.  Ireland,  aliout  fifty-five  years  ago.  He  came 
to  New  York  when  he  was  a young  man  and  studied  law  in  the 
office  of  John  McKeon.  In  1879  he  was  selected  as  Recorder  of 
the  General  Sessions  by  the  Board  of  Aldermen  and  elected  for 
the  same  office  in  1880. 


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He  was  defeated  for  the  above  office  in  1895  on  the  Demo- 
cratic ticket,  but  elected  to  the  Supreme  Court  Bench  in  1897, 
when  his  party  was  victorious  in  the  election  of  officials  for 
Greater  New  York. 

Justice  Joseph  F.  Daly  was  elected  upon  the  regular  Demo- 
cratic ticket  to  the  foimer  Court  of  Common  Pleas  in  1870  and 
1884.  By  the  constitutional  consolidation  of  Courts  in  1896  he 
became  a Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court. 

Justice  Daly  was  born  in  Plymouth,  North  Carolina,  on  De- 
cember 3,  1840.  He  is  the  son  of  Captain  Denis  Daly,  formerly 
of  Limerick,  Ireland,  and  a brother  of  Augustin  Daly,  the  man- 
ager and  dramatist. 

Miles  Beach  was  born  in  1833.  His  father,  the  late  Hon. 
William  A.  Beach,  was  one  of  the  prominent  leaders  of  the  Bar, 
and  from  him  Mr.  Beach  inherited  a natural  taste  of  the  law. 

Judge  Beach  graduated  from  Union  College  in  1854,  studied 
law  in  the  office  of  his  father,  and  in  1871  became  a partner  with 
his  father  in  a prominent  law  firm  in  this  city. 

In  1879  Governor  Robinson  appointed  him  Judge  of  the 
Court  of  Common  Pleas,  to  succeed  Judge  Robinson,  deceased. 
In  1893  he  was  elected  Judge  to  the  same  Court  for  the  full  term 
of  fourteen  years,  but  the  following  year  was  transferred,  through 
the  consolidation  of  the  Courts,  to  the  Supreme  Court  Bench. 

Judge  Roger  A.  Pryor  was  born  in  Virginia  in  1828.  He 
was  graduated  from  the  Hampden  Sidney  College,  in  his  State, 
at  the  head  of  his  class,  took  up  the  study  and  was  admitted  to 
the  Bar,  but,  instead  of  taking  up  active  practice,  entered  journal- 
ism. 

In  his  newspaper  career  he  has  been  editor  of  the  Petersburg 
Southside  Democrat,  Washington  Union  and  the  Richmond  En- 
quirer. In  1855  he  was  appointed  by  President  Pierce  on  a spe- 
cial diplomatic  mission  to  Greece.  In  1857  he  was  elected  to 
Congress  from  his  State  and  in  1858  was  re-elected. 

After  Virginia  had  seceded  from  the  Union  he  remained  loyal 
to  his  State  and  was  elected  a member  of  the  first  Confederate 
Congress.  During  the  war  he  was  a Colonel  and  later  a General 
in  the  Gonfederate  Army,  but  resigned  his  command  for  political 
reasons  and  re-enlisted  as  a private  in  1864.  He  was  captured 
and  confined  in  Fort  Lafayette,  N.  Y.,  removing  to  New  York 
City  after  his  liberation,  and  began  the  study  of  law  again  at 


26i 


thirty-five  years  of  age.  His  practice  soon  became  a large  one 
and  he  was  identified  as  counsel  with  important  cases.  Among 
the  cases  which  attracted  the  most  attention  was  the  Beecher 
trial,  in  which  he  was  counsel  for  Theodore  Tilton. 

In  1890  he  was  appointed  to  the  Bench  of  Common  Pleas  by 
Governor  Hill  and  the  following  year  was  elected  to  succeed  him- 
self. 

In  1896,  by  the  Consolidation  Act  of  1894,  he  was  transferred 
to  the  Supreme  Court  Bench. 

Judge  Leonard  A.  Geigerich  was  born  in  Bavaria  in  1855 
and  came,  when  one  year  old,  with  his  parents  to  this  country. 
He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools,  St.  Nicholas  Parochial 
School  and  the  De  la  Salle  Institute,  and  after  a course  at  the 
latter  college  studied  law  and  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1877. 

In  1886  he  was  elected  to  the  State  Assembly  and  the  follow- 
ing year  was  appointed  Collector  of  Internal  Revenue  for  the 
Third  District.  In  1890  Governor  Hill  appointed  him  Judge  of 
the  City  Court  to  succeed  Judge  Nehrbas  (deceased),  and  the 
following  year  was  elected  County  Clerk,  which  office  he  resigned 
to  succeed  Judge  Allen  in  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas.  In  1892 
he  was  nominated  by  both  parties  to  succeed  himself  for  a term 
of  fourteen  years.  In  1896,  by  the  Consolidation  Act  of  1894,  he 
was  transferred  to  the  Supreme  Court  Bench. 

Justice  Henry  W.  Bookstaver  was  born  in  1835.  He  re- 
ceived his  early  education  at  an  academy  in  Orange  County  and 
prepared  himself  for  Rutgers  College,  from  which  he  was  gradu- 
ated with  honors. 

He  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1861  and  later  became  a mem- 
ber of  the  law  firm  of  Brown,  Hull  & Vanderpoel. 

Among  the  official  places  he  has  filled  previous  to  his  election 
to  the  Bench  of  the  Supreme  Court  are  Sheriff’s  Attorney,  Coun- 
sel to  the  Police  Board  and  Counsel  to  the  Commissioner  of 
Charities  and  Correction. 

Justice  Henry  Rutgers  Beekman  is  of  Dutch  ancestry 
and  was  born  in  the  City  of  New  York  in  December,  1845.  He 
received  his  education  at  Columbia  College,  graduating  in  1865. 
After  a course  in  the  law  school  of  that  institution  he  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  Bar  in  1867,  where  he  continued  the  active  practice 
of  his  profession  until  his  elevation  to  the  Bench  in  1894. 

In  1884  he  was  appointed  Park  Commissioner  by  Mayor 


262 


Grace.  In  1886  he  was  elected  President  of  the  Board  of  Aider- 
men  and  at  the  expiration  of  a year’s  service  in  that  capacity  he 
was  appointed  Counsel  to  the  Corporation  by  Mayor  Hewitt. 

In  1889  Governor  Hill  named  him  as  one  of  the  Commis- 
sioners for  the  Promotion  of  Uniformity  of  Legislation  in  the 
United  States,  in  which  work  he  was  actively  engaged  until  his 
election  as  Judge. 

Justice  Beekman  was  elected  Judge  of  the  Superior  Court  of 
the  City  of  New  York  in  November,  1894,  on  the  union  ticket 
headed  by  Mayor  Strong.  Upon  the  consolidation  of  the  courts 
under  the  new  Constitution,  January  i,  1896,  he  became  a Justice 
of  the  Supreme  Court  in  the  First  Department. 

Judge  Hexrv  A.  Cildersleeve  was  born  in  1840.  He 
received  a good  school  education,  and  when  the  Union  Army 
needed  troops  in  the  Civil  War  he  recruited  a company  of  volun- 
teers in  1862  and  went  to  the  front. 

He  participated  in  the  battle  of  Gettysburg  and  later  was 
assigned  to  special  duty,  but,  recpiesting  active  service,  he  joined 
Sherman’s  force  and  was  with  him  until  the  close  of  the  war. 

Upon  his  return  to  civil  life  he  was  made  Lieutenant-Colonel 
of  the  Twelfth  Regiment,  incorporated  the  National  Rifle  Asso- 
ciation, and  in  1875  was  appointed  Captain  of  the  American 
Rifles,  who  were  sent  to  Ireland  in  1875. 

Previous  to  this  time  he  had  studied  law  and  was  graduated 
from  Columbia  College  Law  School  in  1866.  In  1875 
elected  Judge  of  the  Court  of  General  Sessions,  and  in  May,  1891, 
after  his  term  in  the  above  Court  had  expired.  Governor  Hill 
appointed  him  Judge  of  the  Superior  Court.  In  1892  he  was 
elected  to  the  Bench  for  fourteen  years,  and  when  the  Court  of 
Common  Pleas  was  abolished,  was  transferred  to  the  Supreme 
Court. 

Judge  Fr.vncis  iM.  Scott  was  born  in  1848.  He  was  edu- 
cated in  the  public  schools  and  College  of  the  City  of  New  York, 
graduating  from  the  latter  college  in  1867.  In  that  year  he 
entered  Columbia  College  Law  School  and  two  years  later 
received  his  diploma. 

In  1885  he  was  appointed  First  Assistant  Corporation  Coun- 
sel and  remained  in  that  capacity  until  1888.  In  1895  iMayor 
Strong  appointed  him  Corporation  Counsel,  in  which  position 
he  performed  good  service  for  the  City.  In  1897  he  was  elected 
on  the  Democratic  ticket  to  the  Supreme  Court  Bench. 


263 


Judge  Henrv  Bischoff,  Jr.,  was  born  in  1852.  He  attended 
the  public  schools  of  New  York,  graduated  from  the  Bloomfield 
Academy  of  Bloomfield,  N.  J.,  and  finished  his  general  education 
under  a private  tutor. 

In  1871  he  graduated  from  Columbia  College  Law  School 
and  two  years  later  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  and  at  once  acquired 
a large  practice,  consisting  largely  of  important  civil  cases. 

In  1879  he  was  appointed  Collector  of  Arrears  of  Personal 
Taxes  and  held  the  post  until  he  was  elected  Judge  of  the  Court 
of  Common  Pleas  in  1889.  In  1894,  when  this  Court  was  abol- 
ished, he  became  Supreme  Court  Judge. 

Judge  John  J.  Friedman  was  born  in  Nuremberg,  Germany, 
in  1835.  He  came  to  New  York  when  he  was  sixteen  years  old, 
and,  after  studying  law  for  a number  of  years,  was  admitted  to 
the  Bar  in  i860.  He  soon  acquired  a large  practice,  particularly 
among  the  Germans,  and  for  nearly  ten  years  was  the  counsel 
for  many  of  his  countrymen  who  were  at  the  head  of  important 
business  interests.  In  1869  Governor  Hoffman  appointed  him 
Judge  of  the  Superior  Court,  and  when  his  term  expired  was 
elected  to  the  same  position  for  a term  of  six  years. 

In  1876  he  was  elected  for  a term  of  fourteen  years  to  succeed 
Judge  Monell.  In  1890  he  was  again  elected,  and  in  1896,  when 
the  Courts  were  consolidated,  he  became  Judge  of  the  Supreme 
Court. 

Judge  William  N.  Cohen  was  born  in  New  York  City  m 
1859.  He  attended  the  public  schools  and  at  thirteen  years  of 
age  entered  a law  office  as  an  errand  boy.  When  he  was  seven- 
teen he  entered  Dartmouth  College,  from  which  he  was  gradu- 
ated in  1879.  He  returned  to  New  York  and  attended  Columbia 
College  Law  School.  In  1881  he  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  and 
TWO  years  later  became  a member  of  a well-known  law  firm. 

In  1897  he  was  appointed  a Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  to 
fill  the  vacancy  caused  by  the  death  of  Justice  Sedgwick. 

Judge  P.  Henry  Dugro  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1855. 
He  was  educated  in  Columbia  College  and  Law  School,  and  in 
1878  was  admitted  to  the  Bar.  When  he  was  but  twenty-seven 
years  old  he  was  elected  to  the  Assembly.  In  November,  1880, 
he  ran  against  William  Waldorf  Astor  for  Congress  and  was 
elected.  He  was  elected  a Judge  of  the  Superior  Court  in  1887 
for  a term  of  fourteen  years,  and  in  1894,  when  the  Courts  were 
consolidated,  he  became  a Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court. 


1 


264 


Judge  David  McAdam  was  born  in  New  York  October, 
1838.  He  attended  the  city  schools  until  he  was  eleven  years 
old,  at  which  age  he  entered  a lawyer’s  office,  read  law  in  his 
spare  moments  and  finally  became  managing  clerk  for  his  em- 
ployer. He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1859  soon  attained  a 
lucrative  practice. 

In  1873  he  received  the  Democratic  nomination  for  Judge  of 
the  Marine  Court  and  was  elected  by  a large  plurality.  He  was 
re-elected  in  1879,  and  in  January,  1884,  he  was  chosen  Chief 
Justice  by  his  associates.  During  this  period — principally 
through  his  efforts — the  jurisdiction  of  the  Court  was  enlarged 
and  its  name  changed  to  City  Court. 

In  1885  he  was  re-elected  for  a third  term,  but  did  not  serve 
for  a full  term,  owing  to  the  fact  that  he  was  elected  Justice  ot 
the  Superior  Court.  When  the  Consolidation  Act  of  1894  con- 
solidated the  courts  he  became  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court. 

Judge  McAdam  is  the  author  of  several  standard  works  on 
the  law,  and  in  addition  to  his  literary  ability  is  an  eloquent  and 
engaging  speaker  and  lecturer. 

APPELLATE  DIVISION. 

Judge  Morgan  J.  O’Brien  was  born  in  this  City  in  1852. 
He  received  his  first  education  in  the  public  schools  and  later 
attended  the  Christian  Brothers,  from  which  he  was  graduated. 
In  1872  he  took  a course  in  St.  John’s  College,  Fordham,  and 
also  took  a post-graduate  course  at  St.  Francis  Xavier,  where  he 
received  the  degree  of  Master  of  Arts.  In  1889  he  was  given  the 
degree  of  Doctor  of  Laws  from  St.  John’s  College.  He  read  law 
while  attending  college  and  entered  Columbia  College  Law 
School.  He  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  May,  1875.  He  at  once 
opened  up  a law  office,  and  as  counsel  for  large  property-holders 
and  others  built  up  a fine  practice. 

In  1887  he  was  made ‘Corporation  Counsel  of  the  City  and  in 
1888  was  elected  Associate  Justice  of  the  Superior  Court.  In 
1892  he  was  assigned  by  Governor  Hill  as  one  of  the  Justices  of 
the  General  Term  in  the  First  District,  which  position  he  filled 
until  selected  by  Governor  Morton  as  Justice  in  the  Appellate 
Division  of  the  Supreme  Court,  his  term  on  the  Bench  of  this 
Court  being  five  years  from  January  i,  1896. 

Judge  George  C.  Barrett  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1838.  He 
is  the  son  of  a prominent  clergyman  who  removed  to  Canada, 


L.A.Giegerich. 


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Miles  Beach 


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J.F.DALY. 


266 


and  where  Judge  Barrett  received  his  early  education.  Remov- 
ing to  New  "^.'ork  he  entered  Columbia  College  Grammar  School 
and  Columbia  College,  leaving  the  latter  institution  to  take  up 
the  study  of  la\v. 

After  his  admission  to  the  Bar,  Judge  Barrett  practiced  law 
successfully  up  to  the  time  of  his  election  as  Judge  of  the  Sixth 
Judicial  Court.  In  1869  he  was  elected  Judge  of  the  Court  of 
Common  Pleas,  and  two  years  later  was  elected  a Justice  of  the 
Supreme  Court.  In  1885  he  was  re-elected  to  the  same  position 
for  a term  of  fourteen  years. 

Judge  William  Rumsey,  of  the  Appellate  Division  of  the 
Supreme  Court,  was  born  in  Bath,  New  York,  about  fifty-five 
years  ago.  He  is  the  son  of  Judge  David  Rumsey,  well  known 
in  his  time  as  a distinguished  lawyer  and  jurist. 

Judge  Rumsey  left  Williams  College  the  year  before  he  was 
to  graduate  to  enter  the  Army.  He  distinguished  himself  by 
meritorious  services,  and  in  1865  he  was  mustered  out  with  the 
rank  of  Colonel.  Two  years  later  he  was  appointed  Secretary  of 
the  Legation  to  the  ^Minister  to  Japan,  and  after  his  return  from 
the  Orient  took  up  the  study  of  law.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
Bar  in  1870,  and,  upon  the  retirement  of  his  father,  was  elected 
Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  in  the  Seventh  District. 

In  1893  he  was  appointed  Judge,  by  Governor  Morton,  in  the 
Appellate  Division. 

Judge  Chester  B.  ]\IcL,aughlin  was  born  in  Moriah,  New 
York,  about  forty  years  ago.  He  was  graduated  from  the  Uni- 
versity of  Vermont  in  1879,  and  in  1881  was  admitted  to  the  Bar. 

In  1891  he  was  elected  County  Judge.  In  1894  was  a mem- 
ber of  the  Constitutional  Convention  and  took  an  active  and 
important  part  in  the  proceedings  of  that  Body. 

In  1895  Judge  McLaughlin  was  elected  to  the  Supreme  Court 
Bench,  and  now  sits  in  the  Appellate  Division. 

Judge  George  L.  Ingraham,  of  the  Appellate  Division, 
Supreme  Court,  was  born  in  this  city  in  1847.  He  comes  from 
a family  distinguished  in  the  law,  his  father  having  been  the 
predecessor  of  Judge  Noah  Davis  on  the  Supreme  Court  Bench. 

Judge  Ingraham  studied  law  in  the  office  of  his  father,  and 
was  graduated  from  Columbia  College  Law  School  in  1869.  In 
1882  he  was  elected  Judge  of  the  Superior  Court  and  later  was 
transferred  from  this  Court  to  the  Supreme  Court,  to  fill  the 


26; 


vacancy  caused  by  the  death  of  Judge  Van  \*orst.  In  1891  he 
was  elected  to  the  Supreme  Court  and  is  now  one  of  the  seven 
Judges  in  the  Appellate  Division. 

Judge  Charles  H.  \'ax  Brunt,  of  the  Supreme  Court,  was 
born  in  Bay  Ridge,  Long  Island,  in  1836.  In  1856  he  was 
graduated  from  the  University  of  the  City  of  New  York.  After 
his  admission  to  the  Bar  in  i860  he  was  associated  for  a number 
of  years  with  the  late  Governor  Hoffman,  and  continued  in  active 
practice  up  to  the  time  of  his  appointment  to  the  Bench  in  1869. 
In  that  year  he  was  appointed  Judge  of  the  Court  of  Common 
Pleas,  to  succeed  Judge  Brady,  and  in  1870  was  elected  to  suc- 
ceed himself  for  a term  of  fourteen  years.  In  1883  he  was 
elected  to  the  Supreme  Court  Bench  and  is  now  Presiding 
Justice  of  the  Appellate  Division. 

Judge  Van  Brunt  is  a member  of  the  Manhattan  and  Lotus 
Clubs  and  the  St.  Nicholas  Society,  and  is  also  one  of  the  Counsel 
of  the  Lmiversity  of  the  City  of  New  York. 

Judge  Edward  Patterson,  of  the  Supreme  Court,  Appel- 
late Division,  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1839.  He  was 
educated  in  Philadelphia  and  at  Williams  and  Hobart  Colleges, 
in  which  institutions  he  received  the  degrees  of  LL.D. 

Judge  Patterson  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  i860  and  was 
engaged  in  private  practice  until  1887  when  he  became  Judge 
of  the  Supreme  Court.  He  was  later  appointed  to  the  Appellate 
Division  by  Governor  Morton. 

Judge  Patterson  is  a member  of  the  IManhattan,  Century, 
Players,  Alpha  Delta  Phi,  Democratic  and  Metropolitan  Clubs, 
and  the  Uptown  Association. 

He  is  also  President  of  the  Law  Institute  of  New  York. 


L 


THE  COURT  OF  GENERAL  SESSIONS. 


The  Court  of  General  Sessions  of  the  Peace  is  a criminal 
court,  with  the  same  jurisdiction  in  criminal  actions  as  the 
Supreme  Court.  The  jurisdiction  of  this  Court  covers  every 
felony  except  treason.  The  Court  of  General  Sessions  is  bound 
to  try  any  misdemeanor  whenever  any  of  its  Judges  certifies  that 
it  is  reasonable  such  charge  shall  be  prosecuted  by  indictment. 

The  Grand  Jury  is  the  important  branch  of  this  Court,  and  a 
new  Grand  Jury  is  selected  for  each  term  of  the  Court,  there 
being  twelve  terms  a year.  The  law  requires  the  Court  of  Gen- 
eral Sessions  to  begin  a new  term  on  the  first  Monday  of  each 
month,  regardless  of  the  fact  that  the  Monday  might  fall  upon  a 
legal  holiday. 

The  Grand  Jury  must  investigate  every  case  and  bring  an 
indictment  for  the  same  before  any  criminal  action  brought 
before  the  Gourt  can  be  prosecuted. 

The  Grand  Jun,-  being  the  highest  power  in  the  County,  has, 
under  the  Code,  the  power  to  inquire  into  the  corrupt  miscon- 
duct in  office  of  any  public  official  in  the  County. 

ivlore  than  4,000  cases  are  disposed  of  every  year  in  the  Court 
of  General  Sessions.  All  of  these  are  criminal  cases,  and  it  is  said 
on  good  authority  that  this  is  the  busiest  Court  in  the  world. 
Outside  of  the  County,  where  the  Court  of  General  Sessions  has 
no  jurisdiction,  the  Supreme  Court  in  this  State  does  the  work. 
In  New  York  County  four  parts  of  the  General  Sessions  and 
often  one  part  of  the  Supreme  Court  are  necessary  to  conduct 
the  criminal  cases.  There  are  five  Judges  in  the  Court  of  Gen- 
eral Sessions,  who  rank  in  order  of  procedure  as  follows: 

Judge  Rufus  B.  Cowing,  who,  after  serving  the  City  as  an 
Alderman  was  elected  for  a term  of  fourteen  years  a City  Judge 
in  1878  and  still  holds  that  title,  has  been  chosen  by  his  colleagues 
as  Chief  Justice  of  the  Court  of  General  Sessions.  Judge  Cow- 
ing was  unanimously  re-elected  Judge  of  this  Court  in  1892,  the 
length  of  his  term  being  fourteen  years. 

Judge  James  Fitzgerald,  who  has  been  in  the  public  service 
for  some  years,  began  his  career  in  the  Assembly.  He  was  after- 
ward elected  State  Senator  and  then  became  Assistant  District 


269 


Attorney,  in  which  capacity  he  displayed  a fine  ability  and  per- 
formed six  years  of  effective  work.  In  1889  he  was  elected  Judge 
of  the  Court  of  General  Sessions  for  a term  of  fourteen  years. 

Judge  Joseph  E.Newburger,w1io  was  also  an  Assemblyman 
before  ser\-ing  on  the  Bench, was  for  six  years  a City  Court  Judge 
previous  to  his  election  as  Judge  of  the  Court  of  General  Sessions. 
He  was  elected  a Judge  of  this  Court  in  1895. 

Judge  M.\rtin  T.  McMahon,  who  was  elected  a Judge  of  the 
Court  of  General  Sessions  at  the  same  time  as  Judge  Newburger, 
has  been  prominently  in  public  life  ever  since  he  returned  from 
the  army  at  the  close  of  the  war  with  the  rank  of  IMajor-General. 
Among  the  offices  he  has  filled  (previous  to  his  election  to  the 
Bench)  in  the  State  of  New  York  are  United  States  Marshal, 
State  Senator  and  Receiver  of  Taxes. 

Recorder  John  W.  Goff’s  first  public  service  was  as  Assist- 
ant District  Attorney  under  the  late  Colonel  John  D.  Fellows. 
During  the  investigation  of  the  Police  Department  by  the  Lexow 
Committee  he  distinguished  himself  as  the  counsel  for  the  com- 
mittee, and  for  this  work  attracted  public  attention  to  that  extent 
that  he  was  elected  Recorder  in  the  fall  of  1894  for  a term  of 
fourteen  years. 

Edward  R.  Carroll,  Clerk,  Court  of  General  Sessions,  was 
born  in  New  York  City  thirty-one  years  ago.  ]\Ir.  Carroll’s  first 
education  was  received  in  the  public  schools  of  this  city,  from 
which  he  entered  Manhattan  College,  where  he  was  graduated 
with  honors. 

Upon  leaving  college  he  engaged  in  the  railroad  business,  his 
last  connection  in  this  line  being  with  the  New  York  Central 
Railroad,  where  he  filled  the  position  as  Chief  Clerk  in  the 
Freight  Department.  He  resigned  the  above  position  to  accept 
the  office  of  Clerk  to  the  Court  of  Special  Sessions,  and  later  was 
connected  with  the  Surrogate’s  Office,  which  position  he  also 
resigned  to  enter  into  the  building  material  business. 

Mr.  Carroll  has  always  taken  an  active  interest  in  politics  and 
has  done  good  work  for  the  Democratic  Party  as  a member  of 
Tammany  Hall,  in  which  organization  he  is  popular  and  re- 
spected. He  is  a member  of  the  Home,  IMohican,  Cannon  and 
Saturday  Night  Clubs,  and  is  looked  upon  in  these  organizations 
as  a factor  in  the  future  of  his  party. 


COURT  OF  SPECIAL  SESSIONS. 


The  present  Court  of  Special  Sessions  was  called  into  being- 
on  July  I,  1895,  under  a Legislative  Act  comprising  chapter  601 
of  the  Laws  of  1895,  and  popularly  known  as  the  City  Magis- 
trates’ Bill.  L’nder  the  pre-existing  regime  three  Police  Justices 
were  chosen  from  the  then  existing  Board,  to  sit  as  trial  judges 
in  what  was  then  known  as  the  Court  of  Special  Sessions.  These 
justices  alternated  each  month.  When  the  City  Magistrates’ 
Bill  went  into  force,  the  present  Court  of  Special  Sessions  was 
created  as  a separate  and  distinct  tribunal.  A necessary  cpialifi- 
cation  for  appointment  is  made  that  each  appointee  shall  have 
been  a lawyer  of  at  least  ten  years’  standing.  Under  the  Charter 
the  same  Court  was  continued,  but  the  name  was  changed  to  the 
Court  of  Special  Sessions  of  the  First  Division  of  The  City  of 
New  York,  a similar  Court,  known  as  the  Court  of  Special  Ses- 
sions of  the  Second  Division,  having  been  created  under  the 
Charter  for  the  remaining  boroughs  of  Greater  New  York. 

There  are  five  Justices  of  the  Court  of  Special  Sessions  of  the 
First  Division,  namely,  Elizur  B.  Hinsdale,  Y'illiam  Travers  Je- 
rome, Ephraim  A.  Jacob,  John  Hayes  and  William  C.  Holbrook. 
Justice  Hinsdale  was  appointed  for  ten  years.  Justice  Jerome  for 
eight  years.  Justice  Jacob  for  six  years,  Justice  Hayes  for  four 
years,  and  Justice  Holbrook  for  two  years.  Upon  the  expiration 
of  Justice  Holbrook’s  term  in  July,  1897,  he  was  re-appointed 
by  Mayor  Strong  for  ten  years.  Under  the  act  above  specified 
the  Justices,  upon  the  expiration  of  the  terms  of  the  present 
Justices,  will  be  appointed  for  ten  years  each,  one  Justice  going 
out  of  office  every  two  years.  The  salaries  of  the  Justices  were 
fixed  by  the  Legislature  at  $9,000  per  year  each. 

The  Court  of  Special  Sessions  is  essentially  a Trial  Court  for 
all  classes  of  misdemeanors.  It  has  also  exclusive  jurisdiction  in 
bastardy  proceedings.  Three  Justices  constitute  the  Bench,  one 
Justice  presiding  on  each  alternate  month.  A majority  vote 
counts  as  a verdict  of  the  Court.  Nearlv  30,000  cases  have  been 
presented  to  the  Court  for  trial  since  its  inception  in  July,  1895. 
Included  in  the  list  of  misdemeanors  coming  before  the  Court 
are  violations  of  the  Liquor  Tax  Law,  Crueltv  to  Animals,  all 
crimes  in  which  children  are  involved,  disorderlv  house  cases. 


271 


food  adulterations,  petit  larceny,  assaults  in  the  third  degree, 
violations  of  Trade  Mark,  Medical,  Pharmacy,  Plumbing  and 
other  similar  laws.  The  Court  has  collected  in  fines  and  turned 
over  to  the  City  Treasury  about  $150,000.  All  persons  charged 
with  misdemeanors  were,  under  the  Legislative  Act,  given  the 
privilege  of  a trial  by  jury  under  certain  conditions.  It  was 
necessary  for  one  so  charged  to  sign  a statement  setting  forth 
his  innocence,  and  to  swear  to  the  same  before  a Justice  of  the 
Supreme  Court  or  a Judge  of  General  Sessions.  It  then  became 
mandatory  upon  such  Judge  to  order  the  case  to  be  presented  to 
the  Grand  jury  for  indictment.  The  Charter  changed  this  by 
making"  it  discretionary  with  the  Judges  of  the  higher  Courts  as 
to  whether  the  case  should  be  presented  to  the  Grand  Jury  or 
not. 

Attached  to  the  Court  are  a Clerk,  Deputy  Clerk,  Assistant 
Clerk,  Court  Stenographer,  Interpreter,  Stenographer,  Messen- 
ger and  seven  Subpeena  Clerks.  The  salary  of  the  Clerk  is 
$4,000  and  of  the  Deputy  Clerk,  $3,000.  The  Clerk,  Mr.  William 
M.  Fuller,  was  appointed  in  March,  1896,  succeeding  Theodore 
McDonald,  resigned.  He  was  appointed  Deputy  Clerk  at  the 
inception  of  the  Court.  Prior  to  that  he  was  engaged  in  repor- 
torial  work  on  the  staff  of  the  New  York  “ Herald  ” for  eight 
years.  Mr.  Fuller -was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Jersey  City 
“ News,”  and  was  engaged  for  several  years  in  mining  and  other 
business  ventures  in  the  west.  He  is  a son  of  the  late  W.  J.  A. 
Fuller,  of  the  law  firm  of  Abbett  & Fuller,  and  had  a legal  train- 
ing in  the  office  of  that  firm.  The  Deputy  Clerk,  Mr.  Joseph  H. 
Jones,  was  Managing  Clerk  of  the  Law  Department  of  the  Long 
Island  Railroad  for  many  years,  and  was  appointed  in  March, 
1896,  to  succeed  Mr.  Fuller  as  Deputy  Clerk. 

Justice  Elizur  P.  Hinsdale,  of  the  Court  of  Special  Ses- 
sions, was  born  in  1831.  He  received  a common  school  educa- 
tion at  a local  academy,  followed  by  the  study  of  law  and  his 
admission  to  the  Bar  in  Buffalo  in  1856. 

During  the  campaign  of  President  Lincoln  in  i860  he  was 
Chairman  of  the  Genesee  County  Republican  Central  Committee. 
In  1861  he  moved  to  New  York  and  immediately  attained  a suc- 
cessful practice. 

In  1885  he  was  appointed  by  Mayor  Strong  Judge  of  the  Court 
of  Special  Sessions,  and  made  Presiding  Justice  of  the  Court,  in 
recognition  of  his  ability  as  an  organizer. 


2/2 

Judge  WiLuiAii  Travers  Jerome,  of  the  Court  of  Special 
Sessions,  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1859.  He  was  educated 
by  tutors  and  entered  Amherst  College,  where,  after  his  gradua- 
tion, he  attended  Columbia  College  Law  School.  He  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  Bar  in  1884,  and  practiced  law  until  1888,  in  rvhich 
year  he  was  appointed  Assistant  District  Attorney  and  continued 
to  act  in  this  capacity  for  three  years.  In  1890  Judge  Jerome 
resumed  the  practice  of  law  and  continued  so  successfully  for 
five  years.  During  that  period  he  acted  as  counsel  and  was 
associated  prominently  in  a number  of  famous  cases,  among  them 
being  the  Carlyle  Harris  murder  case,  in  which  he  appeared  for 
the  defendant,  and  the  Lexow  Investigation,  with  which  he  was 
connected  as  an  Assistant  Counsel  to  Recorder  Goff. 

Judge  Jerome  is  a member  of  the  Union,  Heights,  Manhat- 
tan, Chess  and  Citv  Clubs,  and  the  Bar  Association  of  New 
York. 

Judge  Ephraim  A.  Jacob,  of  the  Court  of  Special  Sessions, 
was  born  in  Philadelphia  in  1845.  He  was  graduated  in  the 
Class  of  ’64,  College  of  the  City  of  New  York,  and  the  Class  of 
'66,  Columbia  College  Law  School.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
Bar  in  June,  1866,  and  has  practiced  law  up  to  the  time  of  his 
appointment  to  the  Special  Sessions  Bench  two  years  ago. 

Judge  Jacob  is  the  author  of  a number  of  legal  works,  among 
others,  “Fisher’s  Digest  of  the  English  Common  Law,”  in  ii 
volumes,  of  which  many  editions  were  printed. 

Judge  John  Hayes,  of  the  Court  of  Special  Sessions,  was 
born  in  New  York  City  in  March,  1838.  He  attended  private 
and  public  schools  in  this  city,  took  up  the  study  of  law  before 
he  reached  his  majority,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  his 
twenty-first  year. 

Up  to  the  time  of  his  appointment  to  the  Special  Sessions 
bench.  Judge  Hayes  had  practiced  law  successfully  for  thirty-five 
vears,  his  career  having  been  such  that  when  his  name  was  men- 
tioned as  Judge  of^the  Court  of  Special  Sessions  he  received  the 
indorsement  of  the  entire  City  Judiciary  for  the  place. 

Judge  Hayes,  who  has  never  been  prominent  in  official  life 
until  recently,  has,  nevertheless,  served  the  City  as  a School 
Commissioner  and  the  State  as  a member  of  the  Legislatufe, 
1872.  In  both  of  these  capacities  he  displayed  the  same  in- 
terest, clear-sightedness  and  good  judgment  that  he  has  shown 
during  his  first  year  upon  the  Bench. 


274 


Judge  William  C.  Holbrook,  of  the  Court  of  Special 
Sessions,  was  born  in  Battleboro,  Vermont,  in  1842.  He  was 
educated  at  tlie  public  schools  and  a private  academy  in  his  native 
State,  and  later  entered  Harvard  Law  School,  from  which  he 
was  graduared. 

From  1861  to  1865  Judge  Holbrook  served  his  country  as 
Lieutenant  and  Adjutant  of  the  Fourth  Vermont  Volunteers, 
Sixth  Corps,  Army  of  the  Potomac,  and  as  iMajor  and  Colonel 
Seventh  \’ermont  Volunteers,  in  the  Department  of  the  Gulf. 
He  afterward  commanded  for  one  year  the  District  of  West 
Florida,  and  also  served  as  Brigade  Commander  in  the  Thirteenth 
and  Nineteenth  Army  Corps. 

While  in  the  Army  Judge  Holbrook  participated  in  numerous 
engagements,  and  was  twice  brevetted  for  gallantry  and  efficient 
service. 

In  1866  he  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  and  practiced  law  in  New 
York  City  until  appointed  Justice  of  Special  Sessions  in  July, 
1895. 

Judge  Holbrook  is  a member  of  the  Bar  Association,  Army 
and  Navy  Club,  Loyal  Legion,  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  and 
the  New  England  Society. 


JUDGES  OF  THE  CITY  COURT. 

Judge  John  H.  McCarthy,  of  the  City  Court,  was  born  in 
New  York  City  in  1849.  He  was  educated  at  the  public  schools 
and  the  Christian  Brothers  Academy,  and  after  his  graduation 
entered  upon  the  study  of  law.  He  finished  his  course  of  study 
in  the  office  of  Judge  Me  Adam,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in 
1873.  He  at  once  engaged  in  active  practice,  and  continued  at 
his  profession  until  1878,  in  which  year  he  was  elected  to  the 
Assembly.  He  was  re-elected  in  1880  and  in  1881  was  elected 
a Civil  Justice.  In  1890  he  was  elected  a Member  of  Congress 
by  a large  plurality,  and  while  serving  in  the  national  legislature 
made  a fine  record  for  his  course  upon  all  measures  aflecting  the 
interests  of  the  people. 

In  January,  1891,  Governor  Hill  appointed  him  Justice  of  the 
City  Court  to  succeed  Judge  Me  Adam.  In  the  fall  of  1897  he 
was  re-elected  to  the  same  position  for  a term  of  six  years. 

Judge  Edward  F.  O’Dwyer  was  born  in  New  York  in  i860. 
He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  by  private  tutors.  He 
was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1881- — upon  reaching  his  majority — 
and  at  once  entered  upon  the  general  practice  of  law. 

In  1882  Judge  O’Dwyer  became  counsel  for  the  members  of 
the  Brooklyn  Fire  Department,  and  in  the  course  of  several  years 
obtained  nearly  one  hundred  restorations  of  illegally  removed 
firemen. 

In  1884  he  was  elected  to  the  Board  of  Aldermen  from  the  old 
Twenty-first  Assembly  District,  and  served  during  1885  as 
Chairman  of  the  Faw  Committee.  In  1893  he  successfully  de- 
fended the  Aldermen,  Supervisors  and  County  officers  of  Kings 
County,  of  Brooklyn  and  Kings  County,  upon  charges  growing 
out  of  the  alleged  Columbian  frauds.  He  was  elected  to  the 
City  Court  Bench  in  1895  to  succeed  the  late  Chief  Justice 
Ehrlich.  In  1897  he  was  re-elected  for  a full  term  of  ten  years 
to  the  same  office. 

Judge  O’Dwyer  has  been  Vice-President  of  the  Democratic 
Club  for  the  past  seven  years,  and  has  now  received  the  nomina- 
tion for  the  same  office  next  year. 

Judge  John  P.  Schuchman  was  born  in  Germany  in  1851, 
graduated  from  the  Real-Gymnasium  and  Technical  High  School 


276 


at  Darmstadt  (Hesse)  in  1868,  and  in  same  year  came  to  New 
York,  where  his  family  then  resided  since  1848.  He  at  once  en- 
tered upon  the  study  of  law  and  in  1873  admitted  to  the  Bar 
on  a successful  examination  before  the  Supreme  Court,  where- 
upon he  started  to  practice  law  on  his  own  account  and  continued 
to  do  so  until  1895,  during  which  time  he  enjoyed  a very  lucra- 
tive and  successful  practice.  In  1895  he  was  elected  a City 
Court  Justice  for  a term  of  six  years. 

In  politics  he  steadily  was  an  active  and  stanch  Democrat; 
was  a Presidential  Elector  in  1888,  and  a member  of  the  Tene- 
ment House  Commission  appointed  by  the  Governor  in  1894. 

\V.  M.  K.  Olcott,  Judge  of  the  City  Court,  was  born  in  this 
city  in  1862.  He  was  educated  at  Grammar  School  No.  35  and 
was  graduated  from  the  College  of  the  City  of  New  York  in 
1881  and  from  Columbia  College  Law  School  in  1883.  He  was 
admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1883,  and  practiced  law  with  his  brother, 
J.  Van  Vechten  Olcott,  under  the  firm  name  of  Olcott  & Olcott, 
until  December  15,  1896,  when  he  was  appointed  by  Governor 
Morton  to  be  District  Attorney  of  New  York  County,  which 
appointment  he  held  until  January  i,  1898.  He  was  appointed 
by  Governor  Black  to  be  Justice  of  the  City  Court  of  New  York 
in  the  place  of  Justice  Robert  A.  Van  Wyck,  resigned,  which 
office  he  still  fills.  Mr.  Olcott  has  always  been  a Republican  in 
politics,  and  during  1895  ^^d  1896  he  represented  the  Twenty- 
first  Assembly  District  in  the  Board  of  Aldermen.  He  was 
Chairman  of  the  Finance  Committee,  and,  as  such,  a member  of 
the  Sinking  Fund  Commission  of  The  City  of  New  York. 

Thomas  F.  Smith,  Clerk  of  the  City  Court,  was  born  in  New 
York  City  on  July  24,  1865.  He  attended  the  public  schools 
and  St.  Francis  Xavier’s  and  Manhattan  Colleges,  and  was  subse- 
quently employed  by  the  Western  Union  Telegraph  Company  as 
Clerk  and  promoted  to  operator  and  manager.  Later  he  became 
a newspaper  reporter,  working  on  the  “ World,”  “ Journal,”  and 
“ Tribune  ” at  various  times  and  for  the  United  Press  up  to  its 
dissolution.  Fie  was  appointed  Stenographer  to  the  Building 
Department  in  1892,  and  two  years  later  promoted  to  the  sten- 
ographership  of  the  Eighth  District  Court,  which  he  held  until 
April,  1898,  when  he  was  made  Chief  Clerk  of  the  City  Court  of 
New  York  City. 

When  John  C.  Sheehan  succeeded  Richard  Croker  as  leader 
of  Tammany  Hall  in  1895,  he  selected  Mr.  Smith  as  his  private 


278 


secretary.  In  1898,  when  Mr.  Croker  resumed  the  leadership  of 
that  organization,  he  also  appointed  Mr.  Smith  his  private  sec- 
retary, subsequently  making  him  Secretary  of  the  Tammany 
Society,  Tammany  General  Committee  and  the  Executive  Com- 
mittee of  Tammany  Hall,  he  being  the  youngest  man  to  ever 
hold  any  of  these  important  positions. 

Mr.  Smith  was  one  of  the  founders  and  the  first  President  of 
the  famous  Tenderloin  Club,  which  was  organized  some  years 
ago  by  newspaper  men.  He  is  a Trustee  of  the  New  York  Press 
Club  and  a member  of  the  following  organizations  : Demo- 

cratic Club,  Pequod  Club,  State  Stenographers’  Association,  Tel- 
egraphers’ Club,  Excelsior  Council,  C.  B.  L.,  and  Knickerbocker 
Council,  Knights  of  Columbus. 


SURROGATES^  COURT, 


The  Surrogates’  Court  in  its  present  form  was  established  in 
1787,  when  an  act  was  passed  which  took  away  from  the  then 
Court  of  Probate  the  granting  of  probate  and  letters  of  adminis- 
tration and  transferring  these  rights  to  the  Surrogates  of  each 
county. 

The  Surrogates  are  now  vested  with  the  same  power  as 
Judges  of  Probate — to  cite  the  Administrators  of  Accounts,  to 
decree  distribution  or  the  payment  of  bequests  and  legacies  and 
to  compel  it  by  execution. 

All  of  the  wealth  that  is  transferred  by  will,  and  the  disposal 
of  property  and  money  of  those  who  die  intestate,  practically 
passes  through  the  Surrogates’  Office.  When  it  is  said  that 
millions  of  dollars’  worth  of  property — real  and  personal — are 
adjudicated  in  the  Surrogates’  Court  of  this  county  every  year, 
an  idea  of  the  importance  of  this  office  as  a protector  of  widows 
and  orphans  and  a defender  of  their  rights  can  be  imagined.  ■ 

No  like  Court  in  this  country  disposes  of  anything  near  the 
amount  of  business  that  is  transacted  in  the  Court  presided  over 
by  Surrogates  Frank  T.  Fitzgerald  and  John  H.  V.  Arnold. 

The  present  force  in  the  Surrogates’  Office  now  numbers 
seventy  persons.  Next  in  rank  to  the  Surrogates  are  Chief 
Clerk  William  V.  Leary,  who  is  also  Chief  Law  Assistant,  and 
J.  Fairfax  McLaughlin,  who  is  Clerk  of  the  Court.  Both  of 
these  gentlemen  have  been  connected  with  the  Court  for  many 
vears,  and  in  addition  to  their  knowledge  and  training  possess 
the  special  legal  and  executive  ability  which  the  peculiar  and 
intricate  duties  of  their  positions  demand.  Associated  with  them 
are  Edward  W.  Bonynge,  who  is  Deputy  Chief  Clerk,  Mhlliam 
Rav  De  Lano.  First  Law  Assistant,  and  John  A.  O’Brien,  Sec- 
ond Law  Assistant. 

Surrogate  John  H.  Ah  Arnold  was  born  in  1839.  He  was 
admitted  to  the  Bar  in  i860,  and  in  the  practice  of  his  profession 
soon  gained  distinction  as  a man  possessing  a wide  knowledge 
of  the  law  and  a devotion  to  the  same  which — with  his  large  ex- 
perience— has  given  him  a high  standing  and  an  unique  place 
before  the  Bench  and  Bar  of  the  United  States. 


28o 


In  1888  ^vlr.  Arnold  was  elected  President  of  the  Board  of 
Aldermen,  to  succeed  President  Foster,  and  in  this  position  dis- 
played the  same  fine  ability  that  characterized  his  private  prac- 
tice. 

In  the  fall  of  1893,  when  Surrogate  Ransom’s  term  expired, 
he  was  elected  to  succeed  him,  and  since  that  time  has  performed, 
with  Surrogate  Fitzgerald,  the  judicial  duties  of  that  Court. 

Aside  from  his  official  career  Judge  Arnold  has  devoted  much 
of  his  leisure  time  to  literature,  politics  and  social  affairs.  He 
is  considered  one  of  the  best  posted  men  on  criminal  law  in  the 
country,  and  his  collections  of  books  and  autographs  on  this  and 
other  subjects  is  one  of  the  most  valuable  in  the  English  speaking 
world.  His  political  and  social  career  has  been  equally  active  and 
in  addition  to  having  been  for  years  President  of  the  Democratic 
Club,  he  was  one  of  the  first  members  of  the  Players’  Club,  and 
has  been  a member  of  the  New  York  Athletic  Club  since  1868. 

Surrogate  Frank  T.  Fitzgerald  was  born  thirty-nine  years 
ago  in  the  old  First  Ward  of  this  city.  He  was  educated  in  St. 
Francis  Xavier’s  College,  in  New  York,  and  in  St.  Mary’s  Col- 
lege, Niagara  Falls.  In  1878  he  was  graduated  from  Columbia 
College  Law  School,  and  finished  his  legal  studies  in  the  offices 
of  Smith  M.  Weed  and  the  late  General  Husted. 

He  at  once  obtained  a successful  practice,  and  at  the  same 
time  took  an  active  interest  in  political  affairs.  In  1888  he  was 
elected  to  represent  the  Sixth  Congressional  District  in  Congress, 
and  before  his  term  had  expired  was  elected  County  Register. 
In  1892,  when  Rastus  B.  Ransom  was  the  only  Surrogate,  the 
Legislature  passed  a bill  providing  for  another,  and  in  the  election 
of  that  year  Mr.  Fitzgerald  was  chosen  by  the  people  as  the  first 
Surrogate  to  fill  a term  of  fourteen  years. 


JUDGES  OF  THE  MUNICIPAL  COURT. 

Joseph  H.  Stiner,  Judge  of  the  Municipal  Court,  Eighth 
District,  was  born  in  this  city  fifty-nine  years  ago. 

At  eighteen  years  of  age  he  became  a member  of  the  repor- 
torial  staff  of  the  New  York  Sun,  and  contributed  to  that  paper 
such  unique  and  brilliant  matter  that  he  was  requested  to  take 
and  accepted  a place  on  the  Leader,  under  John  Clancy. 

He  remained  with  the  above  paper  for  two  years,  at  the  end 
of  which  he  took  up  the  study  of  law.  He  was  graduated  at  the 
New  York  University,  and  after  his  admission  to  the  Bar  prac- 
tised law  with  success  until  the  Civil  War  broke  out,  when  he 
joined  the  Fifty-ninth  New  York  Volunteers  and  went  to  the 
front.  He  was  made  a Major  in'the  above  regiment  for  gallant 
and  efficient  service  and  since  the  close  of  hostilities  has  been 
further  recognized  by  an  appointment  as  Colonel  of  the  Hebrew 
Union  Veteran  Association.  He  is  also  a member  of  Phil. 
Kearney  Post,  G.  A.  R. 

In  1893  Mr.  Stiner  was  elected  Justice  of  the  Eighth  District 
Court,  and  since  then  he  has  tried  many  important  cases,  in  all 
of  which  he  has  shown  a fine  knowledge  of  the  law  and  a splendid 
judgment  in  administering  the  same. 

He  is  at  present  the  President  of  the  Board  of  Municipal 
Justices. 

Judge  Stiner  is  a prominent  member  of  Tammany  Hall  and 
has  charge  of  the  Press  Department  of  the  organization.  He  is 
a member  of  the  Progress,  Pequod,  New  York  Press,  Democratic 
and  Masonic  Clubs. 

Hermann  Bolte,  Justice  of  the  Second 
District  Court,  was  born  in  Hoexter,  Ger- 
many. 

His  father  was  a brewer  and  a prominent 
citizen;  President  of  the  Board  of  Council, 
and  Mayor  of  the  City  for  several  years. 
Judge  Bolte  came  to  New  York  in  1853,  at 
the  age  of  ten  years. 

He  attended  the  William  Street  Public 
School,  and  after  completing  the  course  of 
instruction  there  entered  the  office  of  Banker 
Bischoff,  where  he  continued  until  1861,  when  he  commenced  the 
importing  business  on  Broadway,  in  which  he  was  very  success- 
ful. 


L 


282 


In  1869  he  withdrew  from  commercial  pursuits  and  entered 
Columbia  College  Law  School,  graduating  therefrom  in  1874. 
After  graduating,  Judge  Bolte  went  to  the  University  of  Heidel- 
berg, Germany,  wdiere  he  pursued  a course  of  studies  in  the  Civil 
Law  for  one  year;  returning  to  New'  York  in  1875,  entered 
upon  the  practice  of  the  law,  adopting  real  estate  and  matters  in 
the  Surrogates’  Courts  as  a specialty. 

He  has  the  management,  as  executor  and  counsel,  of  about 
forty  estates. 

In  1893  he  was  elected  Justice  of  the  Second  District  Court, 
and  it  is  worthy  to  be  noted  that  out  of  a registration  of  over 
12,800  voters  he  received  the  largest  majority  of  votes,  namely, 
10,975,  ever  cast  in  the  District. 

During  the  three  years  of  his  service  on  the  Bench,  out  of 
about  250  appeals  taken  to  the  Appellate  Court,  only  5 reversals 
have  been  made  in  matters  of  which  his  Court  has  jurisdiction. 

The  Astor  House  Clam  Case,  wdiich  attracted  wide  attention, 
was  tried  before  him,  and,  upon  appeal,  the  Court  above  unani- 
mously sustained  him. 

Throughout  his  entire  course  Judge  Bolte  has  showm  much 
ability  in  the  discharge  of  his  judicial  duties,  and  has  proven  an 
impartial  and  painstaking  officer,  and  deservedly  enjoys  the  es- 
teem of  the  members  of  the  Bar,  for  his  decisions  are  based  upon 
justice  and  a clear  conception  of  the  law. 

Judge  Bolte  is  a man  of  high  aims  and  ideas,  and  his  entire 
course,  both  in  public  and  private  life,  has  been  a logical  and 
consistent  one.  Throughout  his  w'hole  official  career  he  has 
never  permitted  anything,  save  a sane  judgment  and  a fine  sense 
of  justice,  to  influence  any  of  his  acts  and  decisions. 

Ji'Dr.]:  George  F.  Roesch  w'as  born  of 
German  parentage  in  this  city  on  June  19, 
1855,  and  was  educated  in  St.  Nicholas 
Parochial  School,  De  La  Salle  Institute  of 
the  Christian  Brothers  and  Columbia  Law 
L'niversity.  He  also  read  law'  in  the  offices 
of  Cyrus  Lawton  and  Barnum  & Rebham, 
and  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  on  October  30, 
1876.  He  has  always  been  a Tammany 
Democrat,  and  has  been  a speaker  for  his 
party,  in  both  the  English  and  German  lan- 
guages since  1874.  He  had  delivered  his  first  political  speech 


283 


before  he  was  seventeen  years  of  age,  at  Jef¥erson  Hall,  in  Bank, 
near  Bleecker  street,  in  this  city,  before  an  organization  of  work- 
ingmen. He  is  a member  of  the  Democratic  Club,  New  York 
Press  Club,  State  Bar  Association,  Catholic  Club,  Knights  of 
Columbus,  Knickerbocker  Athletic  Club,  Catholic  Benevolent 
Legion,  Director  of  the  German  Poliklinik,  Gesellig  Wissen- 
schaftlicher  Verein,  Taxpayers’  Association,  Tenth  and  Eleventh 
Y’ards,  Beethoven  Maennerchor,  and  several  other  German  or- 
ganizations. 

He  was  a Member  of  Assembly  in  1863,  1885,  1888  and 
1889,  and  a Senator  from  1890  to  1894.  He  was  Chairman  of  the 
Senate  Judiciary  Committee  in  1892  and  1893. 

During  his  legislative  career  he  was  identified  with  much 
important  legislation.  Among  many  others,  he  secured  the 
passage  of  the  bills  repealing  the  law  which  had  prohibited  ac- 
tions being  brought  in  this  State  to  collect  life  insurance  policies 
in  cases  in  which  the  insured  died  outside  of  the  State;  to  compel 
corporations  to  pay  their  employees  weekly  in  cash;  protect 
trades-union  labels  by  injunction  and  action  for  damages;  abolish 
maximum  periods  of  punishment  and  give  Judges  of  Criminal 
Courts  a larger  discretion  in  the  imposition  of  sentences,  and  to 
permit  the  mother  of  a child  to  dispose  of  its  custody  equally  with 
the  father. 

Since  his  accession  to  the  Bench  he  has  utilized  his  spare 
moments  in  rounding  out  his  legal  education. 

During  the  winter  of  1894  he  attended  the  special  lectures 
in  the  New  York  Law  on  international,  patent  and  admiralty  law, 
by  Professors  Phelps,  Lee  and  Goodrich;  pleading  and  evidence, 
and  actions  and  assignments,  by  Professors  Chase  and  Hughes. 

He  has  also  entered  the  lecture  field  and  delivered  an  address 
on  Pharmaceutical  Jurisprudence  before  the  College  of  Phar- 
macy, which  now  forms  chapter  42  of  the  recent  work  of  Dr. 
Justin  Heroic!  on  legal  medicine  for  the  use  of  physicians  and 
lawyers. 

Judge  Wauhope  Lynn  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1856.  He 
attended  the  common  schools  in  his  native  land  for  four  years, 
and  after  his  arrival  in  New  York  spent  one  year  in  the  public 
schools  here. 

After  leaving  school  he  learned  the  trade  of  a mechanic  and 
studied  law  while  supporting  himself  at  his  trade.  In  1880  and 
1881  he  acted  as  clerk  in  a law  office,  and  later  entered  New  York 


University  Law  School,  from  which  he  was  graduated.  He  was 
admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1882  and  in  the  same  year  was  appointed 
Docket  Clerk  in  the  County  Clerk’s  Office.  In  1891  and  1892 
he  was  Assistant  District  Attorney,  and  later  in  the  latter  year 
was  appointed,  by  Governor  Flower,  Judge  of  the  First  District 
Court  of  New  York,  which  office  he  has  been  elected  to  twice 
since. 

Judge  Lynn  is  a forcible  speaker  and  lecturer,  and  has  done 
good  service  in  this  direction,  both  for  his  party  and  the  Irish 
Land  League,  to  which  cause  he  has  devoted  much  of  his  time. 

Judge  William  F.  Moore,  of  the  Third  District  Municipal 
Court,  was  born  in  Newburg,  New  York,  August  29,  1855.  He 
was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  city  and  also 
attended  the  Newburg  Academy,  in  which  institution  he  acquired 
an  education  in  the  higher  branches  and  also  a foundation 
for  the  study  of  law,  which  he  read  in  the  office  of  Fullerton, 
Knox  & Crosby. 

Judge  Moore  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1880  and  at  once 
built  up  a large  and  successful  practice,  consisting  of  some  of  the 
most  important  litigation  brought  before  the  City  and  State 
Courts. 

In  June,  1890,  he  was  appointed  by  Governor  Hill  to  fill  the 
vacancy  caused  by  the  death  of  Judge  Dean,  and  in  the  fall  of 
that  year,  although  there  were  two  other  candidates  in  the  field, 
and  one  of  them  of  the  same  political  faith  as  Judge  Moore,  he 
was  nevertheless  elected  by  a plurality  of  2,000,  being  the  first 
Democrat  elected  from  his  district  to  the  Bench.  As  a further 
evidence  of  his  standing  and  popularity  in  1893  he  received  the 
united  Democratic  nomination  of  his  party  for  the  same  office  to 
which  he  was  elected  for  a term  of  six  years. 

Judge  Moore  is  a member  of  the  Tammany  Society  and  is 
Chairman  of  the  General  Committee  of  that  organization  in  the 
Fifth  District.  He  is  also  President  of  the  Iroquois  Club,  and  a 
member  of  the  Democratic  and  New  York  Athletic  Clubs. 


285 


James  A.  O'Gorman,  Justice  of  the 
iNIunicipal  Court,  Tenth  District,  was  born 
New  York  City  in  i860.  He  was  educated 
in  the  public  schools  and  the  College  of  The 
City  of  New  York,  from  which  he  was 
graduated  in  1882.  He  was  admitted  the 
same  year  to  the  Bar  and  attained  a suc- 
cessful practice. 

He  was  elected  a few  years  ago  to  the 
Bench,  and  since  his  incumbency  has  dis- 
played the  same  ability  which  marked  his 
success  in  private  life. 

He  is  a member  of  the  Catholic  Club  and  the  Tammany  So- 
ciety, and  is  popular  in  both  organizations. 


Judge  Henry  M.  Goldfogle  was  born 
in  this  city  in  1856.  His  education,  up  to 
the  time  he  took  up  the  study  of  law,  was 
largely  received  at  his  own  hands.  Judge 
Goldfogle’s  school-house  life  was  as  short  in 
his  early  days  as  were  his  financial  resources. 
In  spite  of  his  limited  means,  however,  he 
supported  his  aged  mother  and  a helpless 
brother  while  studying  law  and  attending 
college,  from  which  he  was  graduated  at  the 
head  of  his  class.  Upon  attaining  his  ma- 
jority he  was  admitted  to  the  Bar,  and  at  the  age  of  twenty-three 
had  already  established  a fine  reputation  for  ability  and  courage 
by  winning  an  important  suit  involving  a quarter  of  a million 
dollars  in  property. 

In  1887  he  was  elected  Justice  of  the  Fifth  District  Court,  and 
his  record  was  so  satisfactory  that  he  was  re-elected  in  1893  for 
another  term.  He  is  now  one  of  the  Justices  of  the  Municipal 
Court. 

Judge  Goldfogle’s  decisions  have  always  been  so  just  and 
sound  that  in  the  many  thousands  of  cases  he  has  disposed  of 
only  in  two  instances  have  his  decisions  been  set  aside  by  the 
Appellate  Division  of  the  Supreme  Court. 

Judge  Goldfogle  has  always  taken  an  active  interest  in  poli- 
tics, and  while  he  is  a sincere  and  consistent  Democrat,  has  never 
held  any  public  office  other  than  the  one  he  now  fills. 

He  has,  on  several  occasions,  however,  been  tendered  the 


L. 


286 


nominations  for  Assembly  and  Congress,  both  of  which  he  de- 
clined. He  has,  nevertheless,  been  conspicuous  in  the  councils 
of  his  party,  and  in  addition  to  being  a delegate  to  every  Demo- 
cratic State  Convention  since  1877,  '''^s  a delegate  to  the  last  two 
National  Conventions. 

Judge  Goldfogle  is  a member  of  the  Empire  City  Lodge,  Free 
and  Accepted  Masons;  Equitable  Lodge,  Independent  Order  of 
Odd  Fellows;  Liberty  Lodge,  Knights  of  Pythias;  Manhattan 
Lodge,  Free  Sons  of  Israel;  Americus  Lodge  of  the  Sons  of  Ben- 
jamin; and  of  the  Democratic  Club;  the  Progress  Club;  Jeffer- 
son Club  of  the  Sixteenth  Assembly  District;  Columbian  Club; 
New  York  Club;  and  he  is  President  of  the  Seminole  Club,  as 
well  as  of  a number  of  other  social  organizations.  He  is  also  the 
counsel  for  some  of  the  permanent  fraternal  bodies  and  for  several 
labor  organizations. 

Daniel  F.  Martin,  Justice  of  the  Municipal  Court,  Sixth 
District,  was  born  in  this  city  in  1865.  He  was  educated  in  the 
parochial  and  public  schools  and  later  took  a course  in  the  Col- 
lege of  The  City  of  New  York  from  which  he  was  graduated. 

After  graduation  he  taught  school  and  while  thus  employed 
studied  law. 

He  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  and  became  a Clerk  in  the 
United  States  District  Attorney’s  office,  in  which  position  he 
gained  much  practical  experience  in  his  profession,  which  has 
served  him  well  in  his  subsequent  career. 

In  1890  he  was  elected  to  the  Assembly  and  during  his  term 
there  introduced  several  important  bills,  among  them  being  a 
measure  making  it  a misdemeanor  for  the  proprietors  of  news- 
papers to  misrepresent  their  circulation.  This  bill  created  quite  a 
discussion  at  the  time,  but  he  was  nevertheless  sustained  by  the 
better  element  of  the  press  and  public  and  these  indorsements 
liave  in  a measure  helped  to  call  attention  to  his  fitness  for  the 
Bench  of  the  Municipal  Court. 

John  B.  McKean,  Justice  of  the  Municipal  Court,  Seventh 
District,  was  born  in  Ireland  fifty-five  years  ago. 

He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  this  city  and  was 
admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1864,  having  studied  law  while  he  was  a 
Clerk  in  the  Marine  Court,  which  position  he  filled  for  sixteen 
vears.  He  resigned  from  the  above  place  to  take  the  office  of 
Police  Court  Clerk,  which  he  held  until  December,  1889.  He 
was  appointed  by  Governor  Hill  to  the  iMunicipal  Court  Bench, 
caused  by  the  death  of  Judge  Monell. 


CITY  MAGISTRATES. 


CiTV  Magistrate  Clarence  W.  Meade 
was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1841.  He 
attended  the  public  schools  in  the  city  long- 
enough  to  acquire  an  education  sufficient  to 
equip  himself  for  a business  career,  and  then 
left  to  enter  the  dry  goods  business  in  1856. 
In  1861  he  engaged  in  the  commission  busi- 
ness, in  which  he  remained  for  five  years. 
In  1866  he  was  appointed  an  Assistant  Ap- 
praiser and  held  that  position  for  ten  years 
when  he  again  engaged  in  the  commission 
business  until  1880,  which  year  he  was  appointed  Port  Warden 
by  Governor  Cornell. 

In  1890  he  was  made  a Police  Justice  by  Mayor  Grant,  and 
acted  as  such  until  1897,  when  the  Board  of  Police  Justices  were 
legislated  out  of  office  by  the  “ reform  ” administration.  In 
1897,  however,  he  was  reappointed  in  the  same  capacity  as  a 
City  Magistrate,  a special  act  having  been  passed — Magistrate 
Meade  not  being  a lawyer — qualifying  him  for  the  place  by 
reason  of  his  past  services  and  familiarity  with  the  work. 

City  Magistr.\te  John  O.  Mott  was  born  in  Saratoga 
County  sixty  years  ago.  In  the  Fremont  campaign  he  was 
elected  District  Attorney  for  that  county,  and  during  the  war 
received  the  appointment  ,of  Paymaster  in  the  Army. 

In  1890  he  was  appointed  Assistant  United  States  District 
Attorney  and  held  that  office  for  many  years. 

City  Magistrate  Mott  is  a member  of  Lafayette  Post,  the 
G.  A.  R.,  and  the  Loyal  Legion. 

City  Magistr.a.te  Joseph  M.  Deuel  was  born  in  Deerfield, 
N.  Y.,  in  1846.  He  was  graduated  from  the  Whitestone  Sem- 
inary there  and  later  taught  school  to  enable  him  to  study  law. 

After  he  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  he  went  to  Virginia,  where 
he  became  Commonwealth  Attorney  for  Elizabeth  and  Warwick 
Counties. 

In  1871  he  became  Secretary  to  Roscoe  Conkling,  and  while 
serving  in  this  capacity  fulfilled  the  duties  of  Clerk  to  the  United 


288 


States  Senate  Committee  on  the  Revision  of  Laws.  In  1874  he 
was  appointed  Assistant  United  States  District  Attorney,  under 
Col.  George  Bliss,  and  in  1876  was  made  Deputy  Clerk,  United 
States  Circuit  Court.  In  1880  he  was  appointed  Clerk  of  the 
Circuit  Court,  and  at  the  expiration  of  his  term  resumed  the 
practice  of  law  until  his  appointment  as  City  Itlagistrate  by 
Mayor  Strong  in  1895. 

City  Magistrate  Robert  C.  Cornell  is  about  forty-five 
years  of  age.  He  was  graduated  from  Columbia  College  in  1874 
and  two  years  later  from  the  Columbia  College  Law  School. 
After  his  admission  to  the  Bar,  Magistrate  Cornell  at  once  took 
up  the  practice  of  law,  in  which  he  attained  a successful  and 
lucrative  practice.  Apart  from  his  practice  Magistrate  Cornell 
has  always  taken  a warm  interest  in  the  social  condition  of  the 
masses,  and  a short  time  before  his  appointment  on  the  bench 
was  Chairman  of  the  Committee  on  Mendicancy  of  the  Charity 
Organization  Society,  in  which  office  he  displayed  good  judg- 
ment and  a fine  executive  ability,  which  serves  him  well  in  his 
present  position  as  a City  Magistrate. 

City  Magistrate  Leroy  B.  Crane  was 
born  in  Lowell,  Mass.,  June  9,  1849.  He 
was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  the 
Franklin  Grammar  School  of  his  native  city 
and  came  to  New  York  in  1865.  In  1870  he 
entered  the  law  office  of  his  brother,  where 
he  read  and  studied  law  for  five  years. 

He  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1880,  and 
has  continued  in  active  practice  since  up  to 
the  time  of  his  appointment  as  a City  Magis- 
trate. In  1882-1883  Magistrate  Crane  was 
a member  of  the  Legislature,  and,  as  such,  was  identified  promi- 
nently with  much  of  the  important  legislation  passed  during 
those  sessions.  Among  these  measures  were  the  " Five  Cent 
Fare  Bill  ” and  the  law  providing  for  new  parks  in  the  Bronx 
District. 

In  1885  he  was  appointed,  by  the  Supreme  Court,  one  of  the 
New  York  Cable  Railway  Commissioners,  and  two  years  later 
was  appointed  City  Magistrate  by  Mayor  Strong.  i\Ir.  Crane  is 
a member  of  the  Republican  Club,  Mount  }»Iorris  Republican 
Club  and  the  Patricia  Club.  Although  his  political  affiliations 
are  all  aggressively  Republican,  he  has  earned  a good  name  in 


L. 


289 

all  parties  for  the  fair  and  square  way  he  has  fought  for  the  suc- 
cess of  his  jrartv. 

City  Magistrate  Charles  A.  Flam- 
MER  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  1845. 
He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools;  later 
attended  the  Free  Academy  of  the  City,  and 
after  completing  the  course  began  the  study 
of  law.  Entering  the  office  of  a well-known 
lawyer,  where  he  gained  much  practical  ex- 
perience, he  read  and  studied  law  until  his 
admission  to  the  Bar  in  1866. 

In  1872,  after  a varied  and  successful  ex- 
perience in  all  branches  of  his  profession,  he 
was  elected  a member  of  the  Legislature,  where  he  was  honored 
by  having  been  made  a member  of  the  Judiciary  Committee, 
which  was  composed  at  the  time  of  Samuel  J.  Tilden,  David  B. 
Hill  and  himself. 

In  1873  Mayor  Havemeyer  appointed  him  a Police  Justice, 
which  position  he  held  until  1881.  In  that  year  Magistrate 
Flammer  resumed  the  practice  of  law,  and  continued  so  actively 
and  successfully  until  1895,  in  which  year  he  was  appointed  a 
City  Magistrate  by  Maj'or  Strong. 

Magistrate  Flammer  was  at  one  time  a School  Trustee  of  the 
Twenty-second  Ward,  and  in  this,  as  in  other  public  positions  he 
has  held,  gave  his  best  efforts  and  time  to  the  cause  at  hand. 

He  has  been  a member  of  the  Bar  Association  since  1872  and 
is  also  a member  of  the  Liederkranz  Society,  Medico-Legal  So- 
ciety, Adirondack,  and  the  League  Club. 

City  Magistrate  Henry  A.  Brann  was  born  in  Ireland  in 
1847.  He  came  to  America  with  his  parents  in  1850,  who,  for  a 
time,  resided  in  Kingston,  New  York. 

Magistrate  Brann  removed  to  this  city,  and  after  taking  a 
course  in  the  public  schools  went  to  Suspension  Bridge,  N.  Y., 
where  he  attended  the  Seminary  of  Our  Lady  of  the  Angels. 

From  the  above  institution  he  entered  St.  Mary’s  College, 
Wilmington,  Delaware,  from  which  place  of  learning  Archbishop 
Corrigan  and  a number  of  other  men  distinguished  in  the  clergy, 
law  and  literature  were  graduated. 

IMagistrate  Brann  completed  his  studies  in  St.  Charles  Col- 
lege, Ellicott,  Md.,  from  which  college  he  entered  the  office  of 


19 


290 


r' 


T.  R.  & T.  L.  Westbrook,  of  Kingston,  N.  Y.,  where  he  read  law 
for  a number  of  years.  In  1869  he  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in 
Albany,  and  from  that  time  up  to  1895  had  been  in  active  prac- 
tice. 

Magistrate  Brann  has  been  associated  in  the  practice  of  law 
with  Judge  Callahan,  the  late  Senator  T.  C.  Ecclesing  and  John 
C.  Tomlinson. 

In  1881,  however,  the  partnership  with  the  latter  gentleman 
was  dissolved,  and  from  that  time  up  to  his  appointment  as  a 
City  Magistrate  in  1895,  practiced  law  alone. 

During  the  above  years  he  acquired  a successful  practice  and 
a reputation  as  a practitioner  for  fairness  to  opponents  and  a 
loyalty  to  his  clients,  which  made  his  appointment  on  the  Bench 
a deservedly  popular  one. 

Magistrate  Brann  is  a member  of  the  Catholic,  Democratic 
and  Sagamore  Clubs,  the  Bar  Association  of  New  York,  Tam- 
many Society  and  the  Friendly  Sons  of  St.  Patrick. 

City  Magistrate  Willard  H.  Olmstead  was  born  in 
Connecticut  about  forty  years  ago.  At  an  early  age  he  removed 
to  Auburn,  N.  Y.,  where  he  received  his  first  education,  studied 
law,  was  admitted  to  the  Bar. 

For  a number  of  years  he  was  prominent,  in  one  way  and 
another,  in  public  affairs  of  Auburn,  having  been  City  Clerk  of 
that  place,  a leading  member  of  the  Auburn  Volunteer  Fire  De- 
partment and  an  active  worker  there  of  the  Republican  party  in 
local.  State  and  National  campaigns.  Magistrate  Olmstead  came 
to  New  York  in  1887,  and  for  ten  years — up  to  the  time  of  his 
appointment  on  the  Bench  one  year  ago — was  engaged  in  news- 
paper work,  having  served  chiefly  as  a reporter  on  the  Associated 
Press,  “ Evening  World  ” and  “ Sun.”  For  a number  of  years 
he  was  local  political  reporter  on  the  latter  newspaper,  and  in 
addition  to  this,  wrote  a series  of  sketches  for  the  “ Sun,”  which 
have  been  equal  to  the  best  that  newspaper  has  printed  in  the  line 
of  humorous  and  faithful  portrayal  of  character. 

In  addition  to  the  above,  he  has  been  a quiet  worker  for  the 
Republican  party  in  this  city,  and  although  decidedly  a partisan, 
he  has  never  permitted  it  to  interfere  with  his  official  duties  or 
prejudice  his  actions  in  any  particular. 


291 


City  Magistrate  Thomas  F.  Went- 
worth was  born  in  South  Berwick,  Maine, 
in  1845.  He  was  educated  in  the  Phillips 
Academy,  in  which  institution  he  prepared 
for  college. 

In  1868,  after  he  was  graduated  with 
honors  from  Yale  College,  he  attended 
Columbia  College  Law  School,  and  after 
taking  the  full  course  there  was  admitted  to 
the  Bar  in  1870.  He  practiced  law  contin- 
uously after  his  admission  and  soon  acquired 
a line  of  clients  which  stamped  him  at  once  as  a man  capable  of 
handling  important  law  cases.  Among  the  cases  which  helped  to 
establish  his  reputation  was  the  Levinson  embezzlement  case,  in 
which  Magistrate  Wentworth,  as  counsel  for  the  Manufacturers 
and  Merchants’  Bank,  was  successful  in  winning. 

In  July,  1895,  Mayor  Strong  appointed  him  a City  Magistrate, 
which  position  he  holds  at  the  present  time. 

Magistrate  Wentworth  is  a member  of  the  Bar  Association, 
University  Club,  the  New  England  Society  and  a prominent 
member  of  the  Republican  Club,  of  which  organization  he  was 
President  in  1886. 

City  Magistrate  Herman  C.  Kudlich 
was  born  in  i860. 

He  attended  the  New  York  University 
and  Columbia  College  and  was  admitted  to 
the  Bar  in  1881. 

He  at  once  entered  into  a professional 
life,  and  as  a member  of  the  firm  of  Kud- 
lich & Finck,  established  a successful  and  lu- 
crative practice.  Their  clientage  consisted  of 
a number  of  the  largest  and  most  important 
concerns  in  the  city,  among  them  being  the 
Legal  Aid  Society,  of  which  Magistrate  Kudlich  was  counsel 
for  some  years  previous  to  his  appointment  on  the  Bench.  He 
was  appointed  a City  Magistrate  by  Mayor  Strong,  in  1895,  for 
a term  of  four  years,  and  thus  far  his  service  in  the  above  capacity 
has  been  up  to  the  high  standard  which  has  made  the  body  of 
which  he  is  a member  such  an  efficient  one. 


292 


City  Magistrate  Charles  E.  Simms, 
Jr.,  was  born  in  the  City  of  New  York  in 
1861.  He  attended  Public  School  No.  58, 
from  which  he  graduated  in  1877  and  en- 
tered the  College  of  the  City  of  New  York. 
He  thereafter  became  a clerk  in  the  law  office 
of  Roswell  D.  Hatch,  Esq.,  of  this  city,  and 
while  with  him  attended  the  Law  School  of 
the  University  of  the  City  of  New  York,  from 
which  he  received  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in 
1883,  having  received  the  prize  for  the  best 
written  examination,  and  honorable  mention  for  the  excellence 
of  his  oral  examination,  and  in  June  of  the  same  year  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  Bar.  He  practised  law  in  this  city  until  January  i, 
1891,  when  he  was  appointed  Assistant  District  Attorney  by  the 
Hon.  De  Lancey  Nicoll.  While  Assistant  District  Attorney  he 
prepared  for  trial  and  assisted  in  the  trial  of  many  important 
criminal  cases,  among  them  being  the  Ben  Ali,  or  “ Jack  the 
Ripper,”  murder  case;  the  Stephani-Reynolds  murder  case,  and 
the  Carlyle  Harris  murder  case. 

On  January  4,  1893,  he  was  appointed  a Police  Justice,  and 
served  as  such  until  July  i,  1895,  when  the  old  Board  of  Police 
Justices  was  superseded  by  the  Board  of  City  Magistrates.  Dur- 
ing the  year  ending  July  i,  1895,  he  had  over  twelve  thousand 
prisoners  brought  before  him.  In  June,  1895,  he  was  appointed 
a City  Magistrate,  being  the  only  man  on  the  old  Board  identified 
with  Tammany  Hall  who  was  reappointed.  He  is  a member  of 
Tammany  Hall,  and  of  the  Democratic  Club;  also  of  the  Morris 
and  Country  Cycle  Clubs,  the  Indian  Harbor  Yacht  Club,  and  is 
President  of  the  Associated  Cycle  Clubs  of  The  City  of  New 
York. 

City  M.ygistrate  Joseph  Pool  was  born  in  Minerva,  Ohio, 
in  1833.  He  comes  from  a distinguished  Quaker  ancestry,  his 
grandfather  being  credited  with  valuable  services  to  the  American 
Army  under  George  Washington  during  the  Revolutionan.^  War. 

Mr.  Pool  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native 
town,  and  studied  law  with  Judge  George  W.  Belden,  who  was 
United  States  District  Attorney  under  President  Pierce. 

Mr.  Pool  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  when  he  was  twenty-one 
years  of  age.  In  the  year  i860  he  removed  to  Cleveland,  Ohio, 
and  practiced  law  until  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  War,  when  he 


293 


enlisted  under  President  Lincoln’s  call  for  75,000  Volunteers. 
He  was  appointed  Second  Lieutenant  in  the  67th  Ohio  Infantry, 
and  assisted  in  organizing  the  regiment.  Following  this  appoint- 
ment President  Lincoln  made  him  Assistant  Quartermaster,  with 
the  rank  of  Captain  in  the  U.  S.  Volunteer  Service,  and  later,  at 
the  request  of  Secretary  of  War  Stanton,  President  Lincoln  ap- 
pointed him  additional  Paymaster  in  the  U.  S.  Army,  with  the 
rank  of  Major.  He  was  mustered  out  December  i,  1865,  with 
the  rank  of  Lieutenant-Colonel,  U.  S.  Volunteers,  by  brevet, 
for  faithful  services  in  the  Army  of  the  Republic.” 

In  1868  he  removed  to  New  York,  and  after  a short  period 
he  was  elected  President  of  the  American  National  Bank,  in 
which  capacity  he  served  for  two  years.  He  then  spent  two 
years  in  Europe,  and  upon  his  return  was  elected  President  of  the 
Manufacturers  and  Merchants’  Bank.  In  1880  he  bought  the 
New  York  and  West  Shore  Railroad  under  foreclosure,  reorgan- 
ized it  and  was  elected  its  first  President. 

In  1897  he  was  appointed  a City  Magistrate  by  Mayor  Strong 
for  a term  of  ten  years. 

Magistrate  Pool  is  a Director  in  a number  of  financial  insti- 
tutions and  a prominent  member  of  the  Ohio  Society,  Loyal 
Legion  and  I.afayette  Post,  G.  A.  R. 


! 


CORONERS. 

ANTONIO  ZUCCA. 

Antonio  Zucca  was  born  in  the  year 
1851  in  Trieste,  Austria.  As  his  family  was 
strongly  in  favor  of  the  unity  of  Italy,  and 
therefore  opposed  to  the  Austrian  Govern- 
ment, decided  to  move  to  Italy  and  resided 
in  Milan.  Young  Antonio,  however,  pre- 
ferred and  decided  to  emigrate  to  America, 
making  his  residence  New  York,  about 
thirty  years  ago.  Although  he  embarked 
for  this  country  provided  with  the  best  mer- 
chant’s recommendations  for  a position  in 
New  York,  he  had  a pretty  hard  time  at  the  beginning,  but  finally 
secured  employment  in  the  Hotel  Brunswick,  then  one  of  the  best 
hotels  in  the  city.  Through  his  energy  and  untiring  efforts  to 
succeed  it  was  not  long  before  he  established  the  firm  of  Zucca 
Elrothers,  introducing  in  this  country  most  of  the  Italian  products, 
such  as  oil,  chestnuts,  cheese,  Chianti  wine,  etc.,  articles  which 
are  now  very  well  known  and  are  used  in  large  quantities  here. 

As  soon  as  Mr.  Zucca  became  naturalized  as  an  American  citi- 
zen he  began  to  take  a very  active  part  in  politics.  While  living 
in  what  is  now  called  the  First  Assembly  District,  he  was  ap- 
pointed trustee  of  Public  School  No.  39,  and  served  there  for 
many  years.  He  later  went  to  reside  uptown  in  the  Twenty-third 
District;  served  in  the  General  Committee  of  Tammany  Hall  and 
was  also  later  a member  of  the  Executive  Committee.  It  was 
Mr.  Zucca  who  organized  the  Italo-Democratic  Union,  com- 
posed of  district  clubs  and  associations,  which  labor  in  unison 
with  Tammany  Hall.  As  a result  of  his  efforts  the  First,  Second, 
Third,  Sixth,  Fourteenth,  Thirty-second,  Thirty-third  and  Thirty- 
fifth  Assembly  Districts,  also  the  Boroughs  of  Queens,  Kings 
and  Richmond  are  well  organized,  and  are  exercising  a great 
influence  over  the  Italians  in  assisting  them  to  obtain  their 
naturalization  papers  as  American  citizens,  with  a voice  in  the 
government  of  their  adopted  country;  it  is  actually  supposed  that 
through  this  agency  the  Italian  vote  will  be  found  almost  double 
in  the  next  election.  In  the  election  of  1897.  Tammany  Hall 


295 


nominated  him  as  a Coroner  of  the  Borough  of  Manhattan,  to 
which  office  he  was  elected.  Although  not  a lawyer  he  gives  evi- 
dence of  good  common  sense,  and  certainly  fills  his  office  with 
honor  to  the  party  that  elected  him.  In  the  horrifying  case  of 
the  collapse  of  a building  on  One  Hundred  and  Sixteenth  street, 
where  a great  many  vvorkingmen  were  killed,  he  most  admirablv 
conducted  the  inquest  in  behalf  of  the  sufferers  of  this  calamity. 

Mr.  Zucca’s  career,  however,  is  not  exclusively  in  the  political 
field.  He  was  for  a number  of  years  President  of  the  Fruit 
Dealers’  Association;  also  of  the  United  Italian  Societies,  which 
includes  144  different  societies  of  New  York.  Was  Vice-Presi- 
dent of  the  Italian  Chamber  of  Commerce,  but  on  the  death  of  its 
President,  Cav.  Baratoni,  now  acts  as  its  President.  Is  a trustee 
of  the  Fruit  Exchange  and  chairman  of  the  Law  Committee  of 
that  institution. 

It  is  also  true  that  Mr.  Zucca  has  been  of  service  to  other 
countries,  as  during  the  controversy  of  Venezuela  with  England, 
he  so  endeared  himself  to  President  Crespo,  as  a result  of  work 
performed  in  favor  of  Venezuela,  that  President  Crespo  pre- 
sented him  with  the  cross  of  “ Cavalier  ” of  the  Order  of  “ Liber- 
tador.” 

JACOB  E.  BAUSCH. 

J.ACOB  E.  Bausch,  a member  of  the  Board  of  Coroners,  Bor- 
ough of  Manhattan,  was  born  at  No.  63  Lewis  street,  this  city, 
on  the  5th  of  October,  1867. 

He  attended  Public  School  No.  22  at  Stanton  annd  Sheriff 
streets,  until  at  the  age  of  thirteen  he  became  engaged  with  a 
publishing  house.  He  subsequently  began  an  apprenticeship  in 
a wood-carving  shop  where  he  learned  his  trade.  Immediately 
upon  becoming  a journeyman  he  applied  for  admission  into  the 
Union  of  that  trade  and  took  an  active  part  in  its  affairs.  In  1887 
he  was  elected  Secretary  of  the  Union  and  two  years  later  was 
elected  its  business  agent.  He  held  this  position  until  1896  when 
the  Democratic  party  offered  him  the  nomination  for  Coroner. 
He  was  for  years  the  secretary  of  the  New  York  Central  Labor 
Union  and  was  one  of  the  most  prominent  advocates  of  labor 
known  in  this  vicinity.  In  almost  all  gigantic  strikes  where  arbi- 
tration was  agreed  upon,  the  name  of  Coroner  Bausch  will  be 
found  as  having  been  one  of  the  gentlemen  selected  to  adjust  the 
differences.  His  greatest  achievement  that  brought  him  before  the 
public  was  his  agitation  against  imported  decorations,  which  were 


296 


being  brought  here,  causing  idleness  at  home.  He  fearlessly 
aavocated  home  products  and  succeeded  in  keeping  many  con 
tracts  for  work  in  the  city.  When  the  returns  were  complete  after 
the  election  of  1896  it  was  seen  that  he  was  defeated  by  about 
5,600  votes,  although  he  led  his  ticket  and  received  8,000  votes 
more  than  did  the  Presidential  candidate.  His  vote  in  that  cam- 
paign was  137,000.  In  1897  Tammany  Hall  once  again  sub- 
mitted his  name  to  the  nominating  convention,  and  with  his  run- 
ning mates  was  triumphantly  elected  for  a term  of  four  years. 


JOHN  SEAVER. 

John  Seaver,  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Coroners  of  Rich- 
mond Borough,  was  born  on  Staten  Island  at  the  old  homestead 
near  Richmond.  After  leaving  school  he  learned  the  trade  of 
a miller,  at  which  he  worked  for  six  years.  In  1874  Mr.  Seaver 
engaged  in  the  express  business  and  continued  in  that  line  until 
January  i,  1898.  He  was  school  trustee  of  the  Eirst  District  of 
Southfield  and  Northfield  six  years,  and  chairman  of  the  Board 
five  years.  In  1889  he  was  elected  Highway  Commissioner  for 
the  Town  of  Southfield,  and  held  the  office  continuously  until 
January  i,  1898.  During  the  entire  term  he  was  treasurer  of 
the  Board. 

It  was  largely  through  the  efforts  of  Mr.  Seaver  that  the 
people  of  Richmond  and  Southfield  secured  a five-cent  fare  from 
Richmond  to  St.  George  on  the  Midland  Electric  Railroad,  with 
transfers  over  all  the  other  branches.  The  company  proposed  to 
charge  ten  cents  to  St.  George  and  not  to  give  transfers  over  the 
Port  Richmond  branch,  but  Commissioner  Seaver  refused  to 
consent  to  these  terms  and  thereby  secured  a five-cent  fare  over 
the  entire  line. 


MISCELLANEOUS. 

MUNICIPAL  ART  COMMISSION. 

The  Charter  provides  for  a Municipal  Art  Commission,  com- 
posed as  follows  : 

The  Mayor  of  the  City  of  New  York,  ex  officio. 

The  President  of  the  Metropolitan  Musum  of  Art,  ex  officio. 

The  President  of  the  New  York  Public  Library,  ex  officio. 

The  President  of  the  Brooklyn  Institute  of  Arts  and  Sciences, 
ex  officio. 

One  painter,  one  sculptor  and  one  architect,  all  residents  of 
the  City  of  New  York,  and  three  other  residents  of  said  city, 
none  of  whom  shall  be  a painter,  sculptor  or  architect,  or  member 
of  any  other  profession  in  the  fine  arts;  All  of  the  last  six  men- 
tioned shall  be  appointed  by  the  Mayor  from  a list  of  not  less 
than  three  times  the  number  to  be  appointed,  proposed  by  the 
Fine  Arts  Federation  of  New  York. 

All  works  of  art  intended  for  the  City  of  New  York,  whether 
by  purchase,  gift  or  loan,  must  be  submitted  to  and  approved 
by  the  Commission.  No  existing  work  of  art  in  the  possession 
of  the  City  shall  be  removed,  relocated  or  altered  in  any  way, 
without  the  similar  approval  of  the  Commission.  The  Commis- 
sion, which  serves  without  pay,  now  consists  of  Charles  T. 
Barney,  Henry  E.  Howland,  S.  P.  Avery,  John  Le  Forge,  the 
painter,  Daniel  C.  French,  the  well-known  sculptor,  and  Charles 
F.  McKim,  the  architect. 

The  ex  officio  members  of  the  Commission  are,  in  addition  to 
the  Mayor,  Henry  G.  Marquand,  President  of  the  Metropolitan 
Museum  of  Art,  John  Bigelow,  President  of  the  Public  Library 
(Astor,  Lenox  and  Tilden  foundations),  and  A.  Augustus  Healy, 
President  of  the  Brooklyn  Institute  of  Arts  and  Sciences. 

WILLIA^I  H.  MAXWELL, 

SUPERINTENDENT  OF  PUBLIC  SCHOOLS. 

William  H.  Maxwell  was  born  in  County  Tyrone,  Ireland, 
in  1852.  He  is  of  Scotch  origin,  his  father,  John  Maxwell,  hav- 
ing been  a Presbyterian  clergyman.  Mr.  Maxwell  was  educated 


298 


at  the  local  national  schools  in  his  native  county,  after  which  he 
read  classics  with  his  father,  who,  with  the  assistance  of  a neigh- 
boring clergyman,  prepared  him  for  college. 

In  1868  Mr.  Maxwell  entered  Queens  University,  which  insti- 
tution has  three  colleges,  one  in  Belfast,  one  in  Cork  and  a third 
in  Galway.  Mr.  Maxwell’s  course  embraced  the  Colleges  of  Bel- 
fast and  Galway,  and  while  a student  in  these  universities,  en- 
tirely supported  himself  by  taking  prizes  in  Latin,  Greek,  French, 
Logic  and  Metaphysics. 

In  1872  he  was  graduated  with  honors  and  the  degree  of  A.B., 
and  was  appointed  Sub-Master  in  the  Royal  Academic  Institute, 
the  largest  classical  and  preparatory  school  in  Ireland.  In  1874 
he  obtained  the  degree  of  M.A.  with  honors  by  examination  in 
the  ancient  classics. 

In  that  year  Mr.  Maxwell  came  to  America  and  engaged  in 
newspaper  work,  his  last  connection  in  this  field  being  with  the 
Brooklyn  Times,  of  which  he  was  Managing  Editor.  While  fill- 
ing the  above  position  he  was  selected  by  the  Brooklyn  Board  of 
Education  to  deliver  a course  of  lectures  in  connection  with  the 
evening  schools.  Elis  services  in  this  field  attracted  attention  to 
his  abilities,  and  finally  led  to  his  election  in  1882  as  Assistant 
Superintendent  of  Schools  in  Brooklyn.  In  1887  he  was  elected 
Superintendent  of  the  Brooklyn  Schools,  and  after  his  term  had 
expired  was  re-elected  three  times  for  terms  of  three  years.  In 
IMarch,  1898,  he  was  elected  City  Superintendent  of  Schools  for 
Greater  New  York. 

In  addition  to  the  valuable  school  service  he  has  rendered,  Mr. 
Maxwell  is  the  author  of  a number  of  standard  educational  works. 
Among  these  works  are  “ Primary  Lessons  in  English,”  “ Intro- 
ductory Lessons  in  English  Grammar  ” and  “Advanced  Lessons 
in  English  Grammar.” 

Mr.  Maxwell’s  versatile  educational  work  has  given  him  a 
high  standing  in  his  chosen  field,  and  he  is  looked  upon  as  one  of 
the  most  progressive  and  aggressive  leaders  of  education  in  the 
United  States. 


299 


■HORACE  LOOMIS, 

CHIEF  ENGINEER,  DEPARTMENT  OF  SEWERS. 

Horace  Loomis,  Chief  Engineer,  De- 
partment of  Sewers,  and  ex  ofUcio  member  of 
the  Examining  Board  of  Plumbers,  was 
born  in  Binghamton,  N.  Y.,  in  1840.  He 
was  educated  at  the  Binghamton  Academy 
and  the  State  Normal  School,  in  which  latter 
institution  he  prepared  himself  for  the  higher 
branches  of  civil  engineering  and  kindred 
studies. 

In  September,  1862,  he  entered  the  Rens- 
selaer Institute,  in  Troy  (at  that  time  the 
only  college  of  the  kind  in  the  country),  from  which  he  was  grad- 
uated in  1865  with  the  degree  of  C.  E.,  and  immediately  after  took 
up  an  active  professional  career.  For  some  years  he  was  largely 
employed  in  railroad  construction,  and  in  New  York,  Pennsyl- 
vania and  Connecticut  was  identified  with  the  construction  of  the 
leading  railroads  in  those  States. 

In  1875  Loomis  came  to  New  York  and  became  con- 
nected with  the  Department  of  Public  Works,  under  General 
Porter,  who  was  then  Commissioner.  As  the  Civil  Engineer  in 
the  Department  he  made  the  first  surveys  for  the  New  Croton 
Aqueduct,  following  up  this  work  by  further  surveys  along  the 
Bronx  river  and  the  Housatonic  river  for  the  purpose  of  locating 
the  source  and  means  of  an  additional  water  supply  for  the  city. 
Mr.  Loomis  remained  in  the  Department  of  Public  Works, 
Bureau  of  the  Chief  Engineer,  Croton  Aqueduct,  until  1886,  at 
which  time  he  was  placed  in  charge  of  the  Bureau  of  Sewers  and 
remained  in  charge  thereof  from  that  time  to  January,  1898,  when 
the  Department  was  abolished.  There  has  been  no  better  service 
in  the  same  capacity  rendered  the  City. 

For  the  past  twelve  years  Mr.  Loomis  has  been  Chief  En- 
gineer in  the  Department  of  Sewers,  and  the  fact  that  all  the 
powers  that  be  and  have  been  have  recognized  his  fitness  for  the 
position  without  a suggestion  or  thought  of  disturbing  him  is  evi- 
dence enough  that  he  is  in  his  right  place. 

Mr.  Loomis  is  a member  of  the  American  Society  of  Civil 
Engineers  and  the  Engineers’  Club,  and  in  both  organizations  is 
held  in  high  standing  and  esteem. 


300 


THOMAS  J.  BYRNE, 

DEPUTY  COMMISSIONER  OF  SEWERS,  BOROUGH  OF  THE  BRONX. 

Mr.  Byrne  was  born  in  the  old  Town  of 
Morrisania  on  December  28,  1856,  and  has 
resided  all  his  life  in  what  is  now  the  Bor- 
ough of  The  Bronx. 

His  father,  Thomas  Byrne,  has  been  a 
resident  of  the  same  district  for  over  fifty- 
five  years. 

The  Deputy  Commissioner  was  educated 
in  the  public  schools.  After  his  graduation 
from  school  he  learned  the  machinists’  trade, 
but  gave  up  that  employment  to  take  a posi- 
tion with  the  Knickerbocker  Ice  Company.  He  resigned  the 
latter  position  to  go  into  the  ice  business  for  himself. 

He  has  always  been  a Tammany  Hall  Democrat,  and  in  1891 
was  the  Democratic  candidate  for  Assembly  in  what  was  then 
the  Twenty-ninth  District.  It  was  a bad  year  for  Democrats 
and  Mr.  Byrne  was  defeated.  He  ran,  however,  several  hundred 
votes  ahead  of  his  ticket. 

Since  1891,  and  up  to  the  time  of  his  appointment  as  Deputy 
Commissioner,  ]\fr.  Byrne  has  been  engaged  in  the  contracting 
business. 


FRANCIS  J.  WORCESTER. 

Fr.vncis  j.  Worcester,  Judge,  Municipal  Court,  Eleventh 
District,  was  born  in  New  Hampshire  in  1848,  and  was  brought 
up  on  a farm,  which  had  been  in  the  possession  of  his  ancestors 
for  five  generations.  His  grandfather  had  nine  sons,  among 
them  being  J.  E.  Worcester,  the  author  of  the  well-known 
Worcester  Dictionaries,  and  the  late  Judge  S.  T.  Worcester,  of 
Ohio. 

As  a boy  Mr.  Worcester  had  a strong  desire  to  obtain  a col- 
lege education.  The  common  schools  of  his  native  place  afforded 
only  eight  or  nine  weeks’  “ schooling  ” a year,  but  he  so  improved 
his  time  at  home,  under  the  instruction  of  his  father,  that  when 
an  uncle,  in  1865,  gave  him  $300  to  assist  him  in  his  college 
course,  he  prepared  himself  in  a little  over  a year  at  a country 
academy  in  a neighboring  town  to  enter  Harvard,  which  he  did 


301 


in  1866.  He  was  graduated  with  honors,  having  defrayed,  by  his 
own  exertions,  the  greater  part  of  his  college  expenses. 

After  teaching  school  for  several  years  in  Massachusetts,  he 
came  to  New  York  and  took  the  law  course  at  the  Columbia 
College  Law  School,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1875.  He 
served  as  a clerk  in  a law  office  a few  years,  and  in  1878  opened 
an  office  of  his  own,  and  since  that  time  has  been  in  the  active 
practice  of  his  profession,  and  has  gathered  around  him  a client- 
age and  business  creditable  to  any  lawyer,  and  especially  so  to 
him,  in  view  of  the  fact  that  when  he  came  to  New  York  he  had 
almost  no  acquaintances  or  connections.  He  was  elected  Judge 
of  the  Municipal  Court  in  the  fall  of  1897. 


CHARLES  V.  ADEE, 

CLERK,  BOARD  OF  ESTIMATE  AND  APPORTIONMENT. 

Charles  V.  Adee  was  born  in  Columbia 
County,  New  York,  in  1836.  He  is  the  son  of 
an  old  and  well-known  Nev/  York  dry  goods 
merchant.  At  the  age  of  twelve  he  removed 
to  this  city,  where  he  was  graduated  from  a 
public  school  and  immediately  began  a busi- 
ness career. 

Early  in  the  ’6o’s  Mr.  Adee  entered  the 
employ  of  the  New  York  Exchange  Com- 
pany in  Wall  street,  where  the  site  of  the 
Custom-house  now  stands.  In  1864  Mr. 
Adee  established  the  Real  Estate  Exchange  (which  is  now  such 
a conspicuous  and  important  headquarters  for  the  leading  real 
estate  dealers  in  the  city)  at  No.  iii  Broadway. 

Mr.  Adee  was  also  employed  for  a time  by  the  American  In- 
surance Company,  but  in  1873  was  appointed  in  a clerical 
capacity  in  the  Department  of  Taxes  and  Assessments.  In  1874 
he  was  promoted  to  the  position  of  a Deputy  Tax  Commissioner, 
but  resigned  the  place  in  1878  and  was  appointed  Clerk  to  the 
Board  of  Estimate  and  Apportionment,  which  position  he  has 
held  continuously  for  twenty  years. 

Mr.  Adee’s  long  experience  in  the  above  position  has  put  him 
in  closer  touch  with  the  scope  and  functions  of  the  departments 
which  make  up  the  City  Government  than  almost  any  official 


302 


now  holding  office.  This  experience,  combined  with  a splendid 
memory  and  a never-failing  courtesy,  has  made  him  a valuable 
and  important  official  whom  it  is  always  a pleasure  to  meet.  Mr. 
Adee  is  a Democrat,  but  never  lets  politics  escape  him  until  after 
dark.  As  such,  however,  he  is  a member  of  the  Democratic,  the 
Bedford  Democratic  and  the  Young  Men’s  Democratic  Clubs. 

EDWARD  J.  CONNELL. 

Edward  J.  Connell,  Auditor  of  the 
Borough  of  The  Bronx,  has  lived  all  his 
life  in  New  York  City,  and  was  educated 
at  the  College  of  St.  Francis  Xavier. 

His  first  business  experience  was  with 
the  old  Metropolitan  National  Bank,  of 
which  institution  he  was  Note  Teller. 

In  1892  he  was  appointed  Bank  Exam- 
iner of  the  State  of  New  York  by  the  Hon. 
Charles  M.  Preston,  then  Superintendent  of 
Banks,  which  position  he  held  until  1897. 
In  the  summer  of  last  year  he  was  selected  by  former  Comp- 
troller Fitch  as  one  of  the  expert  accountants  to  make  an 
examination  of  the  financial  condition  of  the  boroughs  to  be 
annexed  under  the  Greater  New  York  Charter,  and  was  assigned 
to  the  Borough  of  Brooklyn. 

At  the  commencement  of  the  present  year  he  was  appointed 
by  the  Hon.  Bird  S.  Coler,  Comptroller,  and  sworn  in  by  Mayor 
Van  Wyck  as  Auditor  for  the  Borough  of  The  Bronx. 

In  politics  Mr.  Connell  has  always  been  a Democrat,  and  is 
now  and  has  been  for  a long  time  a member  of  the  Tammany  Hall 
General  Committee  of  the  Thirty-fifth  Assembly  District. 

P.  J.  ANDREWS. 

P.  J.  Andrews,  Chief  Inspector  of  Light,  Ventilation  and 
Plumbing  in  the  Department  of  Buildings  and  ex  ofHcio  member 
of  the  Examining  Board  of  Plumbers,  was  born  in  Dublin.  Ire- 
land, in  1858.  He  came  to  New  York  in  1864,  and  after  taking 
a course  at  the  De  La  Salle  Institute,  entered  the  plumbing  busi- 
ness and  continued  at  his  trade  until  1896. 

In  the  above  year  he  was  elected  a member  of  the  Assembly 
and  serv^ed  two  terms  as  the  representative  of  the  Twenty-sixth 


303 


District.  During  his  career  in  the  Assembly  he  took  an  active , 
part  in  the  proceedings  and  was  identified  with  much  of  the  labor 
legislation  that  was  passed  during  those  sessions. 

Mr.  Andrews,  who  is  one  of  the  lieutenants  of  Sheriflf  Dunn 
in  the  Twenty-sixth  Assembly  District,  is  a gentleman  of  engag- 
ing personality  and  good  executive  ability,  and  the  success  which 
he  attained  therefor,  both  in  his  trade  and  the  political  field  can  be 
easily  accounted  for. 

Mr.  Andrews  is  a member  of  Tammany  Hall  and  the  Demo- 
cratic Club,  and  in  both  these  organizations  he  is  one  of  the  pop- 
ular workers. 


JOSEPH  P.  FALLON. 

Judge  Joseph  P.  Fali.on,  of  Municipal 
Court,  Ninth  District,  was  born  in  Ireland  in 
1845.  He  came  to  American  with  his 
parents  in  1849  settled  in  this  city,  where 
he  has  since  lived. 

He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools, 
and  after  taking  a course  at  the  Christian 
Brothers  Institute,  took  up  the  study  of  law. 
He  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  1866,  and 
practised  law  successfully  until  1887,  when 
he  was  elected  Judge  of  the  Ninth  District 
Court  for  a term  of  six  years. 

In  addition  to  the  above.  Judge  Fallon  was  a School  Trustee 
of  the  Twelfth  Ward  in  1873-1875,  and  in  the  latter  year  was 
elected  a member  of  the  Legislature  and  served  the  State  in  this 
capacity  during  the  session  of  1876.  In  both  of  the  above  posi- 
tions he  displayed  a fine  ability,  and  this,  added  to  his  knowledge 
of  public  affairs  and  legal  training,  has  given  him  a high  standing 
in  the  position  which  he  now  fills.  Judge  Fallon  is  a member 
of  Tammany  Hall  General  Committee;  of  the  Catholic,  Harlem 
Democratic,  Democratic  and  Sagamore  Clubs. 


304 


ASSOCIATION  OF  CITY  HALL  REPORTERS. 

The  Association  of  City  Hall  Reporters  is  no  part  of  the 
municipal  government,  but  the  relation  of  its  members  to  the 
affairs  of  the  city  gives  it  a sort  of  semi-official  standing.  It  is 
through  this  association  that  the  public  at  large  is  kept  in  touch 
and  made  acquainted  with  the  acts  of  city  officials.  The  mem- 
bership of  the  association  is  composed  of  the  representatives  of 
the  metropolitan  daily  newspapers  who  are  assigned  to  report 
matters  of  public  interest  in  the  city  departments  and  also  to 
write  the  news  of  politics. 

There  are  from  twenty-five  to  thirty  members  in  the  associa- 
tion, and,  collectively,  they  represent  all  the  newspapers  in  the 
City  of  New  York.  The  association  is  less  than  two  years  old, 
having  been  formed  in  December,  1896.  The  object  of  its 
organization  was  the  mutual  benefit  of  the  members  and  a desire 
for  united  action  on  all  matters  affecting  the  rights  and  duties  of 
the  reporters  detailed  to  the  City  Hall.  Members  of  the  associa- 
tion are  not  elected.  As  soon  as  a reporter  is  assigned  by  the 
editor  of  his  newspaper  to  “ cover  ” City  Hall,  or  politics,  or 
both,  he  is  formally  admitted  to  membership.  When  he  ceases 
to  remain  at  City  Hall  he  relinquishes  his  connection  with  the 
organization. 

The  officers  of  the  association  are  elected  annually.  In  July 
of  the  present  year  death  robbed  the  organization  of  its  President, 
Major  John  B.  Hays,  whose  demise  was  sincerely  regretted,  not 
only  by  his  colleagues  but  an  unusually  wide  circle  of  friends  in 
social  and  political  circles. 

The  Association  of  City  Hall  Reporters  has  a constitution 
and  by-laws.  Regular  meetings  are  held  on  the  first  Monday  of 
every  month,  and  special  meetings  when  occasion  requires.  The 
officers  are  a President,  Vice-President,  Secretary  and  Treasurer, 
and  a Room  Committee,  appointed  by  the  President,  to  regulate 
the  use  of  the  room  in  City  Hall  which  is  occupied  by  the  mem- 
bers. There  is  also  a list  of  honorary  members,  but  those  enti- 
tled to  such  designation  are  persons  who,  at  some  time,  have  been 
regular  members.  The  list  is,  therefore,  necessarily  a limited 
one. 

The  association  is  self-sustaining,  expenses  being  met  by 
assessments  levied  upon  the  members. 


20 


3o6 

GEORGE  C.  TRANTOR. 

George  C.  Trantor,  Coroner  of  Richmond  Borough,  was 
born  in  Richmond  County  and  educated  in  the  public  school  of 
Port  Richmond.  After  leaving  school  he  learned  the  trade  of  a 
carpenter  and  in  1875  began  business  for  himself  as  a contractor 
and  builder.  In  1876  he  moved  to  Sanford,  Florida,  and  for  a 
number  of  years  was  prominently  identified  with  the  local  gov- 
ernment of  that  place,  and  in  1877,  when  the  city  was  incorpo- 
rated, he  was  elected  the  first  City  Marshal. 

In  1879,  O’T-  account  of  the  death  of  his  father,  he  returned  to 
Staten  Island  and  again  engaged  in  the  building  business.  In 
1882  he  was  elected  Chief  Engineer  of  the  North  Shore  Fire  De- 
partment. In  1892  he  was  elected  Trustee  of  the  Village  of  Port 
Richmond,  and  two  years  lated  was  re-elected  for  a second  term. 
He  was  elected  a member  of  the  first  Board  of  County  Excise 
Commissioners,  but  refused  to  accept  the  office.  In  1896  he  was 
nominated  for  the  Assembly,  but  withdrew  from  the  ticket.  In 
1898  he  was  elected  Coroner  of  Richmond  Borough. 


WILLIAM  HANNAH. 

William  H.\nnah,  Deputy  Clerk  of  the  Court  of  General 
Sessions,  was  born  in  New  York  City  in  i860.  He  attended  the 
public  schools  until  he  was  old  enough  to  strike  out  for  himself, 
when  he  engaged  in  a mercantile  business,  at  which  he  remained 
until  1892. 

In  the  above  year  he  was  appointed  an  Attendant  in  the  Su- 
preme Court  and  discharged  the  duties  of  the  same  for  four  years. 
In  1896  he  was  appointed  to  the  position  which  he  now  fills. 

Mr.  Hannah  is  a member  of  Tammany  Hall  and  the  Demo- 
cratic Club,  and  in  the  Eleventh  Ward,  where  he  resides,  is  one 
of  the  popular  Lieutenants  of  City  Chamberlain  Keenan. 


PUBLIC  SPIRITED  CITIZENS. 

RICHARD  CROKER. 


There  is  a similarity  in  the  lives  of  political  leaders  and  actors 
in  so  far  that  they  display  only  one  side  of  themselves  to  the 
public.  A great  politician  frequently  masks  many  of  those  qual- 
ities which  would  most  appeal  to  human  nature,  because  they 
have  no  place  in  the  cold-blooded  struggle  of  political  endeavor. 

Naturally,  then,  Mr.  Croker  is  very  much  misunderstood  by 
those  not  so  fortunate  as  to  know  him  well.  Even  those  who 
have  frequent  political  affairs  to  transact  with  him  know  him 
simply  as  a reserved,  tactful  and  rather  reticent  man.  But  to  his 
friends  he  is  the  opposite.  Many  of  Mr.  Croker’s  intimates 
often  have  expressed  the  wish  that  his  birth  had  taken  place 
fifteen  or  twenty  years  earlier,  for  if  it  had,  they  believe  that  he 
would  have  been  one  of  the  great  figures  in  our  civil  war.  This 
is  a frequent  expression  for  them  : “ Richard  Croker  possesses 

the  material  of  which  great  generals  are  made.”  That  he  is  one 
of  the  greatest  leaders  of  men  of  this  period  must  be  conceded 
even  by  those  who  are  not  politically  friendly  to  him. 

Most  persons  who  are  in  any  way  interested  in  Mr.  Croker 
wonder  at  the  secret  of  his  long-continued  and  steadily  increas- 
ing power.  It  is  chiefly  to  explain  this  and  to  show  Mr.  Croker 
not  as  a political  leader,  but  as  an  individual,  that  this  is  written. 
To  begin  with,  Mr.  Croker  possesses  force  of  character  to  a 
remarkable  degree,  and  that,  in  itself,  is  indicative  of  the  fact 
that  he  is  a brave  man.  Indeed,  those  who  have  been  long 
associated  with  him  know  that  he  is  incapable  of  fear.  His  great 
determination  makes  him  incapable  of  appreciating  the  word 
“ failure.” 

Probably  the  greatest  and  strongest  characteristic  possessed 
by  Mr.  Croker  is  his  ability  to  judge  men  correctly  and  never  to 
underestimate  the  strength  of  his  enemies.  I cannot  imagine 
that  Charles  Dickens  could  have  been  a much  closer  observer 
of  human  nature,  or  rather  of  men,  than  the  leader  of  the  New 
York  Democracy. 

Possessing  the  traits  that  I have  indicated  it  may  be  readily 
concluded  that  Mr.  Croker  finds  it  easy  to  win  men  to  him.  But 
it  also  is  just  as  important  that  he  should  hold  them  after  having 


308 


won  their  confidence,  and  this  he  succeeds  in  doing  because  he 
is  sympathetic  and  always  intends  to  be  just.  There  is  some- 
thing in  his  very  presence  that  indicates  he  is  far  from  being  an 
ordinary  man,  and  this  in  itself  compels  respect. 

The  writer  has  been  in  Mr.  Croker’s  company  when  he  was 
surrounded  by  strangers.  I have  wondered  why  he  attracted 
their  attention,  and  often  concluded  that  there  was  some  one  in 
the  crowd  who  knew  him  and  had  informed  the  others  of  his 
identity;  but  it  would  be  learned  that  no  one  knew  who  he  was, 
but  that  he  attracted  attention  simply  owing  to  his  striking  per- 
sonality. 

Mr.  Croker  is  a man  who  is  always  learning.  He  has  had 
great  opportunity  during  the  past  four  years  to  acquire  knowl- 
edge. Any  one  who  would  judge  him  as  the  same  man  he  was 
a few  years  ago  would  be  greatly  mistaken.  He  has  developed 
just  as  much  in  four  years  as  a boy  at  college  would  during  the 
same  period.  He  broadens  steadily  and  develops  every  week 
and  month  and  year,  for  his  mind  is  just  as  curious  and  absorbent 
as  a young  person’s. 

The  writer  had  known  Mr.  Croker  very  well  for  several  years, 
but  an  eight  days’  voyage  on  the  ocean  with  him  gave  a clearer 
insight  to  Mr.  Croker’s  character,  and  it  will  probably  be  as 
good  a way  as  any  other  in  showing  Mr.  Croker  as  a man  to 
narrate  some  experiences  with  him  on  the  trip.  While  they  may 
seem  trivial  in  a way,  still  it  is  these  little  things  that  are  some- 
times the  most  important  as  indicating  character. 

It  was  not  long  until  Mr.  Croker  showed  himself  to  be  a 
many-sided  man,  and  full  of  human  interest.  I was  the  only 
person  among  the  passengers  who  was  personally  acquainted 
with  Mr.  Croker  and  we  were  together  constantly.  I had  heard 
him  talk  only  upon  public  questions  and  upon  the  branch  of 
sport  in  which  he  is  interested.  I often  wondered  about  his 
range  of  reading.  While  he  has  never  been  a bookworm,  I dis- 
covered that  he  had  been  a very  practical  and  methodical  reader. 
He  told  me  that  with  the  exception  of  historical  novels  he  had 
never  read  a romance  in  his  life;  that  he  considered  it  to  be  a 
great  waste  of  time. 

Nearly  all  his  reading  had  been  confined  to  biographies  of 
the  great  leaders  of  men  of  the  different  periods,  beginning  with 
early  civilization.  I found  that  he  made  it  a rule  to  make  a study 
of  almost  everything  relating  to  Napoleon.  That  subject  was  of 
great  fascination  for  him,  although,  in  discussing  Napoleon,  I 


309 


saw  that  he  was  not  an  admirer  of  him.  Mr.  Croker  seemed  to 
be  unable  to  forgive  the  great  Emperor  for  having  been  defeated 
at  Waterloo.  I really  think  that  the  New  York  leader  thinks 
that  no  man  deserves  sympathy  who  has  made  a failure  in  any 
important  af¥air.  He  argued  that  Napoleon  should  have  known 
when  to  stop.  At  that  time  Mr.  Croker  had  just  announced  that 
he  had  retired  permanently  from  political  leadership,  and  I won- 
dered if  he  was  not  trying  to  benefit  by  Napoleon’s  experience 
in  avoiding  a Waterloo.  In  concluding  his  discussion  of  Na- 
poleon he  stated  that  no  man  ought  to  undertake  anything  in 
which  he  is  not  reasonably  sure  of  succeeding.  This  goes  to 
show  also  that  Mr.  Croker,  while  sometimes  considered  auda- 
cious, is  an  exceedingly  prudent  and  conservative  man. 

Mr.  Croker  has  probably  admired  Parnell  more  than  any 
other  man  of  modern  times.  He  has  spent  a great  deal  of  time 
in  Ireland  in  personally  interviewing  people  who  were  well 
acquainted  with  the  great  Irish  leader.  It  is  very  natural  that 
Mr.  Croker  should  take  Parnell  as  the  best  type  for  him  to  study, 
because  Parnell  had  to  deal  very  much  with  the  same  class  of 
people  that  Mr.  Croker  had  to  do  early  in  his  political  leader- 
ship. Several  Irish  members  of  Parliament  who  know  Mr. 
Croker  have  told  me  that  in  many  ways  he  reminds  them  of 
Parnell.  Parnell  was  a very  quiet  and  uncommunicative  man 
to  all  except  his  intimates,  and  he  had  become  considerable  of 
a political  force  before  he  ever  attempted  to  make  a speech.  The 
first  time  he  arose  to  speak  in  the  houses  of  Parliament  his 
effort  was  a most  pitiable  failure,  but  through  sheer  force  of 
character  he  overcame  this  early  embarrassment  and,  as  the 
world  knows,  proved  himself  a most  forcible  debater.  There  is 
no  doubt  but  that  Mr.  Croker  possesses  all  that  determination, 
and  that  he  would,  if  necessary,  be  able  to  become  a strong 
character  in  debate. 

What  most  interested  me  in  Mr.  Croker  was  that  during  the 
first  day  of  the  voyage  he  would  pick  out  conspicuous  men 
among  the  passengers  and  predict  to  me  that  they  were  such 
and  such  a kind  of  beings.  For  instance,  the  first  person  he 
selected  was  a dry,  bloodless  looking  man  with  a shrewd 
Yankee  face.  The  man  discovered  Mr.  Croker’s  identity,  and 
he  in  turn  was  studying  the  Tammany  chieftian.  They  sat  at  the 
same  table,  but  it  was  plain  to  be  seen  that  the  man  did  not  want 
to  become  acquainted  with  Mr.  Croker. 

“ That  man  is  a Reformer,”  said  Mr.  Croker  to  me,  ” and  if 


310 


you  watch  him  you  will  find  before  the  voyage  is  over  that  he  is 
a typical  Reformer,  and  probably  worships  at  Dr.  Parkhurst’s 
church — provided  he  lives  in  New  York.” 

Mr.  Croker  became  a great  favorite  among  the  passengers 
within  a few  days,  for  he  associated  with  them  very  freely.  He 
had  thrown  off  the  reserve  he  maintains  in  politics.  Even  the 
Reformer,  for  such  he  proved  to  be,  became  interested  in  him, 
and  one  day  at  dinner  managed  to  engage  in  the  conversation  in 
which  Mr.  Croker  was  interested.  Finally  something  was  said 
of  the  heat  of  the  previous  night,  and  complaint  was  made  upon 
the  custom  of  steamship  companies  in  causing  the  port-holes  to 
be  screwed  up  after  a fixed  hour,  so  that  the  state-rooms  become 
very  stuffy. 

“ Oh,  I know  how  to  get  around  that,”  spoke  up  the  Re- 
former, “ I carry  a monkey-wrench  with  me,  and  after  I know 
that  the  steward  is  off  watch,  so  that  he  cannot  know  it,  I open 
the  port-hole.” 

“ But  don’t  you  fear  that  there  might  be  a terrible  storm 
during  the  night  and  the  state-room  might  be  flooded  and  even 
the  safety  of  the  ship  threatened?” 

“ Oh,  I am  only  looking  out  for  my  own  comfort.  I will 
take  the  chances  on  the  other  part,”  responded  the  bloodless 
looking  gentleman. 

“ Didn’t  I tell  you  that  he  was  a Reformer,”  chuckled  Mr. 
Croker  in  a whisper  to  me.  “ Nobody  but  a Reformer  would 
carry  a monkey-wrench.” 

A day  or  two  after,  Mr.  Croker  and  the  Reformer  were  seen 
walking  the  deck  together.  The  Reformer  took  a great  fancy 
to  Mr.  Croker,  and  I heard  him  say  : 

“ I always  thought  that  you  were  a very  bad  man,  because 
I had  read  so  in  the  newspapers,  but  I will  never  believe  any- 
thing bad  I see  published  about  you  again.  Although  I may 
never  be  able  to  agree  with  you  politically,  I have  watched  you 
closely  and  nobody  could  come  to  any  other  conclusion  than 
that  you  are  a kind-hearted  man.” 

Probably  one  of  the  reasons  that  caused  this  remark  was 
Mr.  Croker’s  kindness  to  the  second-class  and  steerage  passen- 
gers. Nearly  every  morning  after  breakfast  he  would  walk 
down  into  the  steerage  and  say  a pleasant  word  or  two  to  some 
of  the  unfortunates,  for  there  were  many  traveling  in  this  uncom- 
fortable way  who  had  seen  better  days.  There  were  four  chil- 
dren in  a family  in  which  Mr.  Croker  took  great  interest,  and 


he  would  carry  them  fruit  from  his  table.  One  day  he  took  an 
orange,  a pear,  an  apple  and  a banana  to  distribute  to  the  chil- 
dren. With  these  in  his  hand  he  stood  for  a moment  or  so 
watching  the  faces  of  the  children.  Then  he  handed  the  fruit  to 
them,  and  it  was  very  plain  to  be  observed  that  the  one  who  had 
craved  for  the  orange  received  it,  and  so  with  the  banana,  the  ap- 
ple and  the  pear.  I could  not  help  thinking,  “ There  is  the  secret 
of  Mr.  Croker’s  political  success.”  He  was  able  to  tell  how  to 
please  each  child.  Undoubtedly  each  of  them,  as  they  stood  look- 
ing at  the  fruit,  was  wondering  which  would  get  the  orange,  and 
the  one  who  did  not  want  it  feared  that  it  would  be  given.  How 
easily  this  ability  to  read  people  could  be  applied  to  politics  as 
he  had  just  done  to  the  children.  If  he  had  four  offices,  of 
which  he  had  the  filling,  and  four  men  had  been  selected  for 
them,  he  knew  just  which  office  to  give  in  a way  that  would 
please  all  four  and  make  each  one  think  that  he  had  received  the 
most  preferable. 

I should  say  that  Mr.  Croker’s  predictions  as  to  the  character 
of  the  passengers  proved  to  be  thoroughly  correct  in  every  in- 
stance. Almost  as  remarkable  in  its  accuracy  as  the  prediction 
of  the  Reformer,  was  made  about  one  passenger  who  was  stand- 
ing on  a tender  waiting  to  board  the  steamer  at  Cherbourg.  Mr. 
Croker  pointed  him  out  to  me.  He  was  smooth  shaven. 

“ That  fellow  is  made  up  to  look  like  an  actor,  but  he  isn’t,” 
said  Mr.  Croker.  “ He  has  a deceitful  face.  I will  bet  that  he 
will  prove  to  be  anything  but  a favorite  during  the  voyage.” 

This  turned  out  to  be  correct.  Everybody  in  the  smoking- 
room  detested  the  man.  He^thought  that  he  knew  more  than 
anybody  else  and  tried  to  give  the  impression  that  he  was  a lead- 
ing member  of  the  theatrical  profession. 

It  is  in  his  own  home,  however,  that  Mr.  Croker  shines  with 
the  most  glory.  There  political  subjects  are  tabooed,  and  a more 
hospitable  host  and  kind-hearted  father  or  more  devoted  husband 
cannot  be  well  imagined.  In  Mrs.  Croker  he  has  a wife  who 
possesses  intellectual  qualities  as  strong  for  a woman  as  he  does 
for  a man.  Among  his  four  boys  he  is  a big  boy  himself.  In 
many  ways  Mr.  Croker  is  as  guileless  as  a child,  and  can  enter 
into  the  spirit  of  boyish  pranks  with  as  much  enthusiasm  as  anv 
of  his  sons.  If  a person  was  to  meet  him  in  his  own  home  and 
not  know  him  as  a great  political  leader,  they  would  never  pick 
him  out  as  a resourceful  tactician. 


Harry  W.  Walker. 


312 


NATHAN  STRAUS. 

Nathan  Straus,  ex-President  of  the  Health  Board,  was  born 
in  Ottenburg,  Germany,  forty-eight  years  ago.  He  came  to 
America  when  he  was  five  years  old,  with  his  father,  Lazarus 
Straus,  who  settled  in  Talooton,  Ga.,  where  his  son  attended 
Collensworth  Institute. 

When  the  war  was  over  his  father  removed  to  New  York 
where  Nathan  and  his  brother,  Isidor,  after  attending  a business 
college,  entered  the  employ  of  their  father,  and  soon  became 
members  of  the  firm  under  the  name  L.  Straus  & Sons. 

The  success  of  the  business  was  so  great  that  father  and  sons 
gradually  acquired  other  interests,  and,  until  a few  months  ago, 
when  the  father  died,  were  declared  to  be  the  finest  trio  of 
merchants  in  this  country. 

Be  that  as  it  may,  however,  it  is  a fact  that  the  Straus  Brothers 
stand  to-day  as  the  finest  examples  of  what  successful  business 
men  and  good  citizens  should  be. 

Nathan  Straus,  by  reason  of  his  active  interest  in  public 
affairs,  is  one  of  the  best  known  men  in  New  York.  Public 
affairs  to  Mr.  Straus  means  something  more  than  an  appointment 
to  a public  office.  To  a man  of  the  stamp  of  Mr.  Straus  it  means, 
has  meant  and  will  mean  a human  interest  in  anything  he  devotes 
his  time  to. 

Mr.  Straus’s  charitable  enterprises  show  him  to  be  a man 
who  knows  his  fellow  men  and  the  best  way  to  minister  to  them. 
In  all  of  his  practical  charities  he  has  shown  to  have  too  high  a 
regard  for  the  worthy  poor  to  treat  them  as  beggars.  Whether 
it  was  the  selling  of  coal,  of  milk  or  running  a lodging-house,  he 
has  applied  to  these  enterprises  just  enough  of  the  business  prin- 
ciple to  allow  his  patrons  to  preserve  their  self-respect. 

It’s  no  trouble  for  a rich  man  to  give  money  away.  It’s  both 
time  and  trouble  to  apply  the  methods  of  Mr.  Straus  to  the  cause 
of  the  poor.  How  many  rich  men,  how  many  men  situated  as 
Mr.  Straus  is,  would  undertake  these  charities  to  make  the  profit 
out  of  them  Mr.  Straus  does? 

Mr.  Straus,  although  a very  busy  man  of  affairs,  is  a person 
of  striking  executive  ability.  He  has  trained  those  under  him 
to  perform  their  duties  so  intelligently  that  at  a moment’s  notice 
he  can  turn  to  any  important  detail  of  his  various  interests.  He 
is  a man  of  keen  perception,  believes  in  order,  system  and  direct- 
ness, and  this,  added  to  an  energy  and  aggressiveness  that  few 
men  possess  to  such  a degree,  has  contributed  largely  to  his 
commercial  supremacy  and  success. 


313 


JOHN  F.  CARROLL. 

One  of  the  most  prominent  figures  in  the 
politics  of  Greater  New  York  is  John  F.  Car- 
roll,  former  Clerk  of  the  Court  of  General 
Sessions  and  a Sachem  of  the  Tammany 
Society.  In  the  absence  of  Mr.  Croker  he 
aVrects  the  affairs  of  Tammany  Hall,  and  it 
is  admitted  by  every  one  conversant  with  the 
management  of  a great  organization  that  no 
mistake  was  made  in  selecting  him  for  a 
position  of  such  vital  importance.  He  is  a 
politician  by  instinct  and  training,  and  in  the 
trying  and  extensive  field  of  political  labor  in  which  he  is 
now  engaged  he  has  displayed  wonderful  tact  and  judg- 
ment. He  is  thoroughly  conversant  with  the  details  of 
every  Department  of  the  City  Government,  and,  in  addition, 
his  mind  is  well  stored  with  information  on  general  sub- 
jects gathered  during  a busy  life.  He  is  an  adept  in 
the  art  of  hearing  and  amicably  arranging  the  innumerable 
difficulties  incidental  to  the  management  of  a great  or- 
ganization, and  his  decisions  are  as  prompt  as  they  are  just. 
In  his  early  youth  Mr.  Carroll  entered  the  political  field  in  the 
old  Twentieth  (now  the  Twenty-second)  Assembly  District,  and 
has,  therefore,  although  still  a young  man,  had  an  experience  of 
over  a quarter  of  a century  in  practical  politics.  Brought  up  in 
a school  of  politics  which  has  produced  some  of  the  ablest  poli- 
ticians New  York  has  ever  known,  he  developed,  at  an  early 
age,  the  qualities  of  which  great  leaders  are  made,  and  his  present 
prominence  as  one  of  the  triumvirate  who  control  the  govern- 
ment of  the  second  city  in  the  world  is  but  the  natural  recogni- 
tion of  his  personal  popularity  and  keen,  sound  political  judg- 
ment. During  his  administration  as  Tammany  Hall  leader  in 
his  home  district,  he  proved  an  able  and  brilliant  campaigner 
and  scored  repeated  victories  where  defeat  had  frequently  been 
the  rule. 

He  has  always  been  unswerving  in  his  loyalty  to  Tammany 
Hall,  and  his  proudest  boast  is  that  he  never  belonged  to  any 
other  organization.  In  the  critical  campaign  of  1897  he  labored 
enthusiastically  for  the  success  of  Tammany  Hall,  whose  standard 
bearer.  Judge  Van  Wyck.  was  his  life-long  personal  and  political 
friend.  Mr.  Croker,  Mr.  Carroll  and  ex-Mayor  Grant  conducted, 


314 


with  consummate  ability,  the  campaign  which  resulted  in  so  over- 
whelming a victory  for  the  Democracy  of  Greater  New  York.  As 
executive  member  of  the  Twenty-ninth  Assembly  District,  in 
which  he  resides,  Mr.  Carroll,  at  the  call  of  his  party,  is  prominent 
as  the  friend  and  adviser  of  Richard  Croker,  the  leader  of  the 
organization.  Mr.  Croker  recognizes  the  fact  that  Mr.  Carroll  is 
a shrewd,  level-headed  politician,  whose  intima'^e  knowledge  of 
public  men  and  public  affairs  and  rare  skill  in  studying  human 
character,  render  his  services  to  the  party  with  which  he  is  allied 
invaluable. 

Mr.  Carroll  was  first  appointed  to  public  office  as  Clerk  to 
the  Grand  Jury,  by  Supreme  Court  Justice  Frederick  Smyth 
(then  Recorder),  in  1879.  His  abilities  as  displayed  in  this  posi- 
tion brought  the  usual  reward.  He  was  appointed  Clerk  of  the 
Seventh  District  Civil  Court,  and  was  subsequently  promoted  to 
the  Clerkship  of  the  Court  of  Special  Sessions.  In  1891  he  was 
unanimously  selected  by  the  Judges  for  the  responsible  position 
of  Clerk  of  the  Court  of  General  Sessions.  This  office  he  held 
conjointly  with  that  of  Clerk  of  the  Criminal  Branch  of  the  Su- 
preme Court  until  the  fall  of  1898,  when  he  resigned  to  become 
Chairman  of  the  Finance  Committee  of  Tammany  Hall. 

Mr.  Carroll’s  private  life  is  above  reproach.  He  is  devoted 
to  his  wife  and  children  and  finds  his  greatest  pleasure  in  their 
society.  He  thoroughly  enjoys  social  life,  and  is  popular  in  the 
large  circle  of  acquaintances  in  which  he  moves.  He  is  a brainy 
man  of  business,  and  had  his  lot  been  cast  in  the  commercial 
or  financial  world,  he  would  undoubtedly  have  been  as  great  a 
success  as  he  has  been  in  politics.  He  is  a member  of  the  New 
York  Athletic,  Catholic,  Arkwright,  Democratic,  Home  ' and 
other  clubs.. 


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